List of mayors of Hamburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hamburg greater coat of arms used by the Hamburg Senate.

The following is a chronological list of mayors of Hamburg, a city-state in Germany. The mayors are the head of the city-state, part of the government of Hamburg. Since 1861 according to the constitution of 28 September 1860 the state has been governed by the ten-member Senate, which had been called council (in the German language of that time: Rath) before that time. It is headed by the First Mayor of Hamburg (German title: Erster Bürgermeister der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg) as the President of the Senate. His deputy is the Second Mayor.

As Hamburg for much of its history was a free imperial city and later a sovereign state, the position of First Mayor historically was equivalent to that of a sovereign head of state. In the 1871–1918 German Empire, the Hamburg First Mayor was equivalent to the federal princes of the 23 German monarchies (4 of whom holding the title King and the others holding titles such as Grand Duke, Duke or Sovereign Prince).

Prior to World War I the two mayors were elected for one-year-terms. Until 1997 the First Mayor was primus inter pares among his colleagues in the Senate, by whom he was elected. Since then, he has been elected by the Hamburg Parliament (German: Hamburgische Bürgerschaft) and been able to appoint and dismiss other Senators.

1293–1860[edit]

The function of burgomaster (mayor) was usually held simultaneously by three persons, serving as an executive college. One of the three being burgomaster in chief for a year, the second being the prior burgomaster in chief, the third being the upcoming one. Therefore sometimes up to three names are mentioned for one year, since the names of the three appear in deeds, signed with or mentioning their names. The names in the list from 1239 until 1820 were archived in a book by Johann August Meister (1820). This is an incomplete list of burgomasters and uses the spelling in Meister's book, which is preserved in the Hamburg state library. After 1820 the list were added by hand.[1] On 6 August 1806 Hamburg gained sovereignty as an independent country. From 1811 to 1814 Hamburg was part of France in the Bouches-de-l'Elbe.[2]

If another reference is not noted, all mayors are taken from: Domizlaff. Das Hamburger Rathaus.

Name Image In office Note
Hartwicus de Erteneborch 1293
Werner de metzendorp 1293
Johann Miles 1300
Henricus Longus 1300
Johann, filius Oseri 1300
Johann de Monte 1325
Henricus de Hetfield 1325
Nicolaus Fransoisser 1341
Nicolaus de Monte 1341
Hellingbernus Hetvelt 1341
Johann Horborch 1343
Thidericus uppen Perde 1343
Johann Militis 1347
Hinrich Hoop 1350
Thidericus uppen Perde 1350
Henricus de Monte 1356
Henricus Hoyeri 1361 Also known as Hein Hoyer
Bertrammus Horborch 1366
Werner de Wighersen 1367
Ludolfus de Holdenstedte 1375
Christian Militis 1378 Also known as Kersten Miles
Henricus (Heino) Ybing 1381
Johannes Hoyeri 1389
Marquard Schreye 1319
Meinard Buxtehude 1397
Hilmar Lopow 1401
Johann Lüneborg 1411
Henricus de Monte 1413
Henricus Hoyeri 1417
Johannes Wighe (Wye) 1420
Bernhard Borstelt 1422
Vicco de Hove 1431
Simon van Utrecht 1433
Hinrich Köting 1493
Thidericus Lüneborg 1443
Detlev Bremer 1447
Henricus Lopow 1451
Thidericus Gerlefstorp 1492
Henricus Lesemann 1458
Erich de Tzevena 1464
Albert Schilling 1464
Hinrich Murmester 1466
Johann Meiger 1472
Johann Huge 1478
Nicolaus de Schworen 1480
Hermann Langenbeck 1481
Henning Büring 1486
Christian Berchampe 1492
Erich von Tzeven 1499
Detlev Bremer 1499
Bartholomäus vom Rhyne 1505
Marquard vam Lo 1507–1519 [2]
Johann Spreckelsen 1512
Nicolaus Thode 1517
Thidericus Hohusen 1517
unoccupied 1519–1520 Second Mayor was Dietrich [Thidericus?] Hohusen (1517–1546)[2]
Erhard vom Holte 1520–1529 Also Gerhard vom Holte[2]
Hinrich Salsborg 1523
Johann Hülpe 1524
Johann Wetken 1529–1533 [2]
Paul Grote 1531
Albert Westede 1533–1538 [2]
Johann Rodenborg 1536
Peter von Spreckelsen 1538– 1553 [2]
Jürgen Plate 1546
Matthias Rheder 1547
Dithmar Kohl (Koel) 1548
Albert Hackmann 1553–1580 [2]
unoccupied 1580–1581 Second Mayor was Paul Grote (1580–1584)[2]
Lorenz Niebur 1557
Hermann Wetken 1564
Eberhard Moller 1571
Paul Grote 1580
Johann Niebur 1557 (1581–1590)[2]
Nicolaus Vögeler 1581
Joachim vom Kape 1588
Diedrich von Eitzen 1589
unoccupied 1590–1591 Second Mayor: Joachim von Kape (1588–1594)[2]
Erich von der Fechte 1591–1613 [2]
Joachim Bekendorp 1593
Diederich vom Holte 1595
Vincent Moller 1599
Eberhard Twestreng 1606
Hieronimus Vögeler 1609
unoccupied 1613–1614 Second Mayor: Hieronymus Vögeler (1609–1642)[2]
Sebastian von Bergen 1614–1623 [2]
Johann Wetken: 1614
Bartholomäus Beckmann 1617
Joachim Claen 1622
Albert von Eitzen 1623
unoccupied 1623–1624
Ulrich Winkel 1624–1649 [2]
Johannes Brand 1633
Bartholomäus Moller 1643
unoccupied 1649–1650 Second Mayor: Bartholomäus Moller (1643–1667)[2]
Nicolaus Jarre 1650–1678 [2]
Johann Schlebusch 1653
Peter Lütkens 1654
Wolfgang Meurer 1660
Bartholomäus Twestreng 1663
Johannes Schötteringk 1667
Johann Schulte 1668
Bruderus Pauli Broderus Pauli (Auszug).jpg 1670
Johann Schröder 1676
Heinrich Meurer 1678–1684 (First term)[2]
Diedrich Moller 1680
Johann Schlüter 1684–1688 [2]
Joachim Lemmermann 1684
Heinrich Meurer 1686 (1688–1690) Second term[2]
Peter Lütkens 1687
Johannes Schafshausen 1690–1697 [2]
Hieronimus Harticus Moller 1697
Peter von Lengerke (or Lengerks) 1697–1709 [2]
Julius Surland 1702
Gerhard Schröder 1703
Paul Paulsen 1704
Lucas von Borstel 1709–1716 [2]
Ludwig Becceler 1712
Manfred Matfeld 1716–1720 [2]
Garlieb Sillem 1717
Hinrich Diedrich Wiese 1720–1928 (or Heinrich Dietrich Wiese)[2]
Hans Jacob Faber 1722
Johann Anderson 1723
Rütger Rulant 1728–1742 [2]
Daniel Stockfleth 1729
Martin Lucas Schele 1733
Johann H. Luis 1739
Cornelius Poppe 1741
Conrad Widow 1742 (1743–1754)[2]
Nicolaus Stempeel 1743
Clemens Samuel Lipstrop 1749
Lucas von Spreckelsen 1750
Martin H. Schele 1751
Lucas Corthum 1751
Nicolaus Schuback 1759 (1754–1783)[2]
Peter Greve 1759
Vincent Rumpff 1765
Johann Schlüter 1774
Albert Schule 1778
Frans Doormann 1780
Jacob Albrecht von Sienen 1781
Johann Anderson 1781 (1783–1790)[2]
Johann Luis 1784
Johann Adolph Poppe 1786
Martin Dorner 1788
Franz Anton Wagener 1790–1801 [2]
Daniel Lienau 1798
Peter Hinrich Widow 1800
Friedrich von Graffen 1801–1810 First term[2]
Wilhelm Amsinck 1802
Johann Arnold Heise 1807
Amandus Augustus Abendroth Amandus Augustus Abendroth 1811–1813[2] Not included in the Meister's book.[3]
Friedrich von Graffen 1815–1820 Second term[2]
Christian Matthias Schröder Christian Matthias Schröder 1816
Johann Heinrich Bartels 1820–1850
Johann Daniel Koch 1821
Martin Garlieb Sillem 1829
Amandus Augustus Abendroth 1831
Martin H. Schötteringk 1832
Christian Daniel Benecke 1835
Heinrich Kellinghusen Dr. Heinrich Kellinghusen 1842
Johann Ludwig Dammert 1843
Nicolaus Binder 1855
unoccupied 1850–1861 Second Mayor: Christian Daniel Benecke (1835–1851)
Third Mayor: Heinrich Kellinghusen (1842–1880)
Forth Mayor: Nicolaus Binder (1855–1861)
All:[2]

After the constitutional changes of 1860–1919[edit]

Since 1860 Hamburg had a constitution. Members of the Hamburg senate were elected by the Hamburg Parliament—not coopted by the existing senate. They were lifelong members of the senate. From the three eldest and juristic trained members the senate elected annually the First Mayor of Hamburg (German title: Erster Bürgermeister der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg) – the presiding head – and his deputy (Second Mayor of the Free and Hanseatic city of Hamburg, German title: Zweiter Bürgermeister der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg).

Description of the method
Year First mayor Second mayor „sabbatical year“
1 Senator A Senator B Senator C
2 Senator B Senator C Senator A
3 Senator C Senator A Senator B
4 Senator A Senator B Senator C

All mayors are taken from Domizlaff: Das Hamburger Rathaus and are listed in Erste Bürgermeister Hamburgs 1507–2008, only changes in dates are marked by an added reference.

Name Image In office Note
Friedrich Sieveking 1861–1862
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1863–1864
Friedrich Sieveking 1865
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1866–1867 (−1868)[2]
Friedrich Sieveking 1868
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1869
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1870
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1871–1872
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1873 (1872–1873)[2]
Hermann Goßler 1874
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1875
Carl Friedrich Petersen Carl Friedrich Petersen 1876–1877
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1878
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1879
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1880
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1881
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1882
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1883
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1884
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1885 The list Erste Bürgermeister Hamburgs 1507–2008 state Carl Friedrich Petersen.
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1886 List: Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1887 List: Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 14 March 1887 – 1888
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1889 (1888)[2]
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1889 [2]Not mentioned in Domizlaff: Das Hamburger Rathaus
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1890
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1891
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1892
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1893
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1894
Johannes Christian Eugen Lehmann 1895
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1896
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1897
Johannes Christian Eugen Lehmann 1898
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1899
Johannes Christian Eugen Lehmann 1 January 1900 – 15 September 1900
Gerhard Hachmann Gerhard Hachmann 1904 19 November 1900 – 1901
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1902
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 1903
Gerhard Hachmann Gerhard Hachmann 1904 until 11 July 1904
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 11 July 1904 – 1905
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 1906
Johann Otto Stammann Johann Stammann 1905 1907
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg until 27 March 1908
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 3 April 1908 – 1909
Max Predöhl Max Predöhl 1905 1910–1911
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 1912
Carl August Schröder August Schröder 1905 3 September 1912 – 1913
Max Predöhl Max Predöhl 1905 1914
Werner von Melle Werner von Melle 1905 1915
Carl August Schröder August Schröder 1905 1916
Max Predöhl Max Predöhl 1905 1917
Werner von Melle Werner von Melle 1905 1918–1919
List of Second Mayors from 1860–1919
Name Image In office Note
Ascan Wilhelm Lutteroth 1862–1863
Friedrich Sieveking 1864
Ascan Wilhelm Lutteroth Legat 1865–1866
Friedrich Sieveking 1867
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1868
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1869
Hermann Goßler 1870–1871
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1872
Hermann Goßler 1873
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1874
Nicolaus Ferdinand Haller 1875
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1876
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1877
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1878
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1879
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1880
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1881
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1882
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1883
Hermann Anthony Cornelius Weber 1884
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1885
Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer Gustav Heinrich Kirchenpauer 1886
Max Theodor Hayn 14 March 1887 – 31 December 1887
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1888
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1889
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1890
Carl Friedrich Petersen 1891
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1892
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1893
Johannes Christian Eugen Lehmann 1894
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1895
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1896
Johannes Christian Eugen Lehmann 1897
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1898
Johannes Georg Andreas Versmann Johannes Versmann 1899
Johannes Christian Eugen Lehmann 5 July 1899 – 31 December 1899
Gerhard Hachmann Gerhard Hachmann 1904 1 January 1900 – 19 November 1900
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 19 November 1900 – 1901
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 1902
Gerhard Hachmann Gerhard Hachmann 1904 1903
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1 January 1904 – 11 July 1904
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 11 July 1904 – 1905
Johann Otto Stammann Johann Stammann 1905 1906
Johann Georg Mönckeberg Johann Georg Mönckeberg 1907
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 1 January 1908 – 3 April 1908
William Henry O'Swald William O'Swald 1905 3 April 1908 – 1909
Carl August Schröder August Schröder 1905 1910
Johann Heinrich Burchard Johann Heinrich Burchard 1905 1911
Carl August Schröder August Schröder 1905 1 January 1912 – 13 September 1912
Max Predöhl Max Predöhl 1905 13 September 1912 – 1913
Werner von Melle Werner von Melle 1905 1914
Carl August Schröder August Schröder 1905 1915
Max Predöhl Max Predöhl 1905 1916
Werner von Melle Werner von Melle 1905 1917
Carl August Schröder August Schröder 1905 1918–1919

Weimar Republic 1919–1933[edit]

During the German Revolution of 1918–1919 an Arbeiter- und Soldatenrat (Council of the Workers and Soldiers) was formed. From 12 November 1918 to 1919, a chairman was the head of state and city government: Heinrich Lauffenberg (−1919), Carl Hense (1919).[2] This is not mentioned in Domizlaff: Das Hamburger Rathaus. The period in Germany after the First World War until the takeover of power – by the Nazi Party in 1933 – is called Weimar Republic. The Hamburg Parliament was democratically elected.

First Mayor of Hamburg
Image Party In office Note
Werner von Melle Werner von Melle 1905 31 March 1919 – 31 December 1919 (−1920)[2]
Gustav Friedrich Carl Johann Sthamer Gustav Friedrich Sthamer 1905 1 January 1920 – 1 February 1920
Arnold Diestel Arnold Diestel 1905 German Democratic Party (DDP) 2 February 1920 – 31 December 1923 (−1924)[2]
Carl Wilhelm Petersen DDP 1 January 1924 – 31 December 1929
Rudolf Adolf Wilhelm Roß Rudolf Roß 1932 Social Democratic Party (SPD) 1 January 1930 – 31 December 1931
Carl Wilhelm Petersen DDP 1 January 1932 – 7 March 1933
Second Mayor
Image Party In office Note
Otto Stolten SPD 31 March 1919 – 1925
Max Schramm SPD 1925 – 4 April 1928
Rudolf Adolf Wilhelm Roß Rudolf Roß 1932 SPD 5 April 1928 – 31 December 1929
Carl Wilhelm Petersen DDP 1 January 1930 – 31 December 1931
Rudolf Adolf Wilhelm Roß Rudolf Roß 1932 SPD 1 January 1932 – 3 March 1933

Third Reich 1933–1945[edit]

In Nazi Germany the Gesetz über den Neuaufbau des Reiches (Law concerning the reconstruction of the Reich) (30 January 1934) abandoned the concept of a federal republic. The political institutions of the Länder were practically abolished altogether, passing all powers to the central government. The Hamburg Parliament had been dissolved. The First Mayor was appointed by the Reich Interior Minister, though Hitler himself reserved the right to appoint him (as was also the case with Berlin and Vienna). The real head of the Hamburg executive was the Reichsstatthalter (Regional governor or imperial governor) Karl Kaufmann: 1933–1945[4]

Image Party In office Note
Carl Vincent Krogmann NSDAP 8 March 1933 – 3 May 1945 (−1936)[2]
Second Mayor
Image Party In office Note
Wilhelm Amsinck Burchard-Motz Burchard Motz by Anita Rée.jpg DVP 8 March – 18 May 1933

Appointed by the British occupation forces 1945–1946[edit]

After the Second World War until 1949, Hamburg was in the British occupation zone.

Image Party In office Note
Rudolf Hieronymus Petersen Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 15 May 1945 – 22 November 1946
Second Mayor
Image Party In office Note
Adolph Schönfelder SPD 6 June 1945 – 15 November 1946

Since 1946[edit]

Mayors during the federal parliamentary republic of Germany.

Image Party In office Note
Max Brauer Max Brauer 1927 SPD 22 November 1946 – 2 December 1953
Kurt Sieveking Sieveking Kurt 7. CDU-Bundesparteitag.JPG CDU 2 December 1953 – 4 December 1957
Max Brauer Max Brauer 1927 SPD 4 December 1957 – 31 December 1960
Paul Nevermann SPD 1 January 1961 – 9 June 1965
Herbert Weichmann SPD 9 June 1965 – 9 June 1971
Peter Schulz PeterSchulzErsterBürgermeisterHamburg.jpg SPD 9 June 1971 – 4 November 1974
Hans-Ulrich Klose Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F055059-0030, Köln, SPD-Parteitag, Klose.jpg SPD 12 November 1974 – 22 May 1981 [5]
Klaus von Dohnanyi Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F055059-0017, Köln, SPD-Parteitag, Dohnanyi.jpg SPD 24 June 1981 – 8 June 1988 [6]
Henning Voscherau Henning Voscherau SPD 8 June 1988 – 8 October 1997 [7][8]
Ortwin Runde SPD 12 November 1997 – 31 October 2001 [9]
Ole von Beust Ole von Beust CDU 31 October 2001 – 25 August 2010 [10]
Christoph Ahlhaus Christoph Ahlhaus CDU 25 August 2010 – 7 March 2011
Olaf Scholz Olaf Scholz SPD Since 7 March 2011
Second Mayor
Image Party In office Note
Christian Koch Free Democratic Party (FDP) 19 November 1946 – 18 February 1950
Paul Nevermann SPD 24 February 1950 – 2 December 1953
Edgar Engelhard FDP 2 December 1953 – 27 April 1966
Wilhelm Drexelius 27 April 1966 – 2 April 1970
Peter Schulz PeterSchulzErsterBürgermeisterHamburg.jpg SPD 22 April 1970 – 9 June 1971
Helmuth Kern SPD 9 June 1971 – 3 October 1972
Hans Rau FDP 3 October 1972 – 30 April 1974
Dieter Biallas FDP 30 April 1974 – 28 June 1978
Helga Elstner SPD 28 June 1978 – 13 June 1984
Alfons Pawelczyk SPD 13 June 1984 – 2 September 1987
Ingo von Münch FDP 2 September 1987 – 26 June 1991
Hans-Jürgen Krupp SPD 26 June 1991 – 1 December 1993
Erhard Rittershaus STATT 15 December 1993 – 12 November 1997
Krista Sager GAL 12 November 1997 – 31 October 2001 [11]
Ronald B. Schill Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive (PRO) 31 October 2001 – 19 August 2003 [9]
Mario Mettbach PRO 21 August 2003 – 17 March 2004 [12]
Birgit Schnieber-Jastram CDU 17 March 2004 – 7 May 2008 [13]
Christa Goetsch Christa Goetsch GAL 7 May 2008 – 29 November 2010 [14]
Dietrich Wersich CDU 30 November 2010 – 7 March 2011
Dorothee Stapelfeldt Dorothee Stapelfeld.jpg SPD Since 7 March 2011

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Verg, Erik; Verg, Martin (2007). Das Abenteuer das Hamburg heißt (4th ed.). Hamburg: Ellert&Richter. p. 264. ISBN 978-3-8319-0137-1.  (German)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap Erste Bürgermeister Hamburgs 1507–2008 (in German). Senat der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg, Senatskanzlei. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  3. ^ "Abendroth, Amandus Augustus". Leipzig: Historische Commission bei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften. 1875. Retrieved 2008-09-30. [dead link] Retrieved from Elektronische Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (German) (Sütterlin script)
  4. ^ Verg, pp 161–163
  5. ^ Last mayor in Domizlaff as no. 182
  6. ^ "Dr Klaus von Dohnanyi". Celebrity Speakers Ltd. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  7. ^ "Henning Voscherau: Langjähriger Bürgermeister Hamburgs". NDR online. Retrieved 2008-10-05.  (German)
  8. ^ "Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek". German National Library. Retrieved 2008-10-05.  (German)
  9. ^ a b "Schroeder's Party Appears to Lose Pivotal Vote". Retrieved 2008-10-06. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Mayor von Beust to govern alone after victory in Hamburg election". Deutsche Welle. 2004. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  11. ^ Martin Christensen. "German Parties". Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
  12. ^ "Hamburg's conservative government collapses after another farce". City Mayors Archive. Retrieved 2008-10-05. 
  13. ^ "Senatorin Schnieber-Jastram zieht sich zurück". Welt online. Retrieved 2008-10-05.  (German)
  14. ^ Sloan, Gene. "Christa Goetsch (Greens Party) newly elected ..". USAtoday Cruise log. Retrieved 2008-10-06. 
General
  • (1293–1977) Domizlaff, Svante (2002). Das Hamburger Rathaus (in German) (first ed.). Hamburg: Edition Maritim. ISBN 978-3-89225-465-2.  (Note: not included in the 2nd edition.)

External links[edit]