Mayor of Rome

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Mayor of Rome
Sindaco di Roma Capitale
Coat of arms of Rome.svg
Ignazio Marino - Festivaletteratura 2012 02.JPG
Incumbent
Ignazio Marino

since 12 June 2013
Style No title or style
Appointer Electorate of Rome
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Giuseppe Lunati
Formation 23 September 1870

The Mayor of Rome (Italian: Sindaco di Roma Capitale) is an elected politician who, along with the Rome’s City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina) of 48 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Rome. As Rome is a comune speciale since 2009, the office is different from the offices of the other Italian cities. The title is the equivalent of Lord Mayor in the meaning of an actual executive leader.

Since 12 June 2013, Ignazio Marino holds the position. Previously, the position was held by Gianni Alemanno from April 2008 until his succession by Marino.

Overview[edit]

Current seat of the Mayor, Palazzo Senatorio on Capitoline Hill.

According to the Italian Constitution, the Mayor of Rome is member of the Rome's City Council (Italian: Assemblea Capitolina). Although the title Mayor is not held by the heads of the fifteen municipi of Rome, because they do not actually preside over self-governmental municipalities.

The Mayor is elected by the population of Rome. Citizens elect also the members of the City Council, which also controls Mayor's policy guidelines and is able to enforce his resignation by a motion of no confidence. The Mayor is entitled to appoint and release the members of his government, which are twelve (Italian: Assessori delle Giunta Capitolina) according to the Italian Constitution.

The seat of the City Council is the city hall Palazzo Senatorio on the Capitoline Hill.

History[edit]

As capital of the Papal States, Rome did not receive its Mayor until 1870, when it became the capital of Kingdom of Italy. The new Mayor served as member of the city council and he was appointed every three years by the King of Italy. Then since 1889 the Mayor was elected every four years by the City Council. Although, fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with a single authoritarian Rector (Podestà) chosen by the National Fascist Party. The rector of Rome was called "Governatore" (Governor).

After the Second World War, the Mayor was chosen by the City Council and only in 1993 the Mayor was firstly elected by the population (originally every four, then every five years).

List[edit]

From 1870, when Rome was annexed, the Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Rome (Sindaco di Roma), chosen by the City council:

  • 1870, Giuseppe Lunati
  • 1870–1871, Filippo Doria Pamphili
  • 1871, Giovanni Angelini
  • 1871, Francesco Pallavicini
  • 1871–1872, Francesco Grispigni
  • 1872, Pietro Venturi
  • 1872–1874, Luigi Pianciani
  • 1874–1877, Pietro Venturi
  • 1877–1880, Emanuele Ruspoli
  • 1880–1881, Augusto Armellini
  • 1881–1882, Luigi Pianciani
  • 1882–1887, Leopoldo Torlonia
  • 1888–1889, Alessandro Guiccioli
  • 1889–1890, Augusto Armellini
  • 1890, Camillo Finocchiaro Aprile
  • 1890–1892, Onorato Caetani
  • 1892–1899, Emanuele Ruspoli
  • 1899, Enrico Galluppi
  • 1899–1904, Prospero Colonna
  • 1904, Carlo Palomba
  • 1904–1905, Giovanni Cruciani Alibrandi
  • 1905–1907, Giovanni Cruciani Alibrandi
  • 1907, Cesare Salvarezza
  • 1907–1913, Ernesto Nathan (Radical Party)
  • 1913–1914, Fausto Aphel
  • 1914–1919, Prospero Colonna
  • 1919–1920, Adolfo Apolloni
  • 1920–1921, Luigi Rava
  • 1921–1922, Giovanni Valli
  • 1922–1926, Filippo Cremonesi

Fascist Governors[edit]

Fascist dictatorship abolished mayors and City councils in 1926, replacing them with a single authoritarian Rector (Podestà) chosen by the National Fascist Party. The rector of Rome was called "Governatore" (Governor):

  • 1926–1928, Ludovico Spada Potenziani
  • 1928–1935, Francesco Boncompagni Ludovisi
  • 1935–1936, Giuseppe Bottai
  • 1936–1939, Piero Colonna
  • 1939–1943, Giangiacomo Borghese
  • 1943–1944, Riccardo Motta
  • 1944–1945, Giovanni Orgera

Democratic Mayors[edit]

From 1944 to 1993, the Mayor of Rome was chosen by the City council:

# Name Start
date
End
date
Party Coalition Elections
1 Andrea Doria Pamphili 4 June 1944 27 December 1946 none CLN none
2 Mario De Cesare 27 December 1946 4 November 1947 none none
3 Salvatore Rebecchini 4 November 1947 27 May 1956 Christian Democratic DCPLI - UQ (1947–52)
DC - PRI - PLI - PSDI (1952–56)
1947
1952
4 Umberto Tupini 2 July 1956 10 January 1958 Christian Democratic DCPRIPSDI 1956
5 Urbano Ciocchetti 10 January 1958 29 April 1961 Christian Democratic DCPLI - PSDI 1960
6 Glauco Della Porta 17 July 1962 4 March 1964 Christian Democratic DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI 1962
7 Americo Petrucci 4 March 1964 29 December 1967 Christian Democratic DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI 1966
8 Rinaldo Santini 29 December 1967 6 May 1969 Christian Democratic DC - PSI - PSDI - PRI -
9 Clelio Darida 6 May 1969 9 August 1976 Christian Democratic DC - PSI - PSDI (1969–71)
DC (1971–76)
1971
10 Giulio Carlo Argan 9 August 1976 25 September 1979 Communist PCI - PSI 1976
11 Luigi Petroselli 25 September 1979 8 October 1981 Communist PCI - PSI 1981
12 Ugo Vetere 8 October 1981 12 May 1985 Communist PCI - PSI -
13 Nicola Signorello 31 July 1985 10 May 1988 Christian Democratic DC - PSI - PLI - PRI - PSDI 1985
14 Pietro Giubilo 6 August 1988 18 December 1989 Christian Democratic DC - PSI - PLI - PRI - PSDI
15 Franco Carraro 18 December 1989 19 April 1993 Socialist DC - PSI - PLI - PRI - PSDI 1989

Elected Mayors[edit]

Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Rome is chosen by popular election, originally every four, and since 2001 every five years:


Mayor of Rome Took office Left office Party Coalition
16 Francesco Rutelli-cropped.JPG Francesco Rutelli 5 December 1993 8 January 2001[1] Greens PDS - PPI - Greens
5 December 1993 – 16 November 1997
DS - PPI - Greens
16 November 1997 – 1 June 2001
17 Walter Veltroni 3 cropped.jpg Walter Veltroni 1 June 2001 13 February 2008[2] Democrats of the Left then
Democratic Party
The Olive Tree
1 June 2001 – 1 June 2006
The Olive Tree
1 June 2006 – 28 April 2008
18 Alemanno Colosseo.jpg Gianni Alemanno 28 April 2008 12 June 2013 People of Freedom PdL
28 April 2008 – 12 June 2013
19 Ignazio Marino - Festivaletteratura 2012 01.JPG Ignazio Marino 12 June 2013 incumbent Democratic Party PDSEL
since 12 June 2013

Timeline[edit]

Ignazio Marino Gianni Alemanno Walter Veltroni Francesco Rutelli Franco Carraro Nicola Signorello Giulio Carlo Argan Clelio Darida

Election[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the general election as Prime Minister.
  2. ^ He left the office because he was candidate at the general election as Prime Minister.