List of mayors of Toronto

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Mayor of
Toronto
Toronto Flag.svg
Rob Ford Mayor.jpg
Incumbent
Rob Ford(on leave)

since December 1, 2010
Style Mayor, His/Her Worship
Member of City Council
Reports to City Council
Residence No Official Residence
Seat Toronto City Hall
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
Appointer Direct election by residents of Toronto
Term length 4 years/term
Inaugural holder William Lyon Mackenzie
Formation March 6, 1834; 180 years ago (1834-03-06)
Salary $172,803 annual
(including $102,608 City Councillor's salary)
Website Toronto City website

This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Toronto's first mayor, William Lyon Mackenzie was appointed in 1834 after his Reform coalition won the new City of Toronto's first election, and Mackenzie was chosen by the Reformers. Toronto's 64th and current mayor, Rob Ford, was elected on October 25, 2010.

History[edit]

From 1834 to 1857, and again from 1867 to 1873, Toronto mayors were not elected directly by the public. Instead, after each annual election of aldermen and councilmen, the assembled council would elect one of their members as mayor. For all other years, mayors were directly elected by popular vote, except in rare cases where a mayor was appointed by council to fill an unexpired term of office. Prior to 1834, Toronto municipal leadership was governed by the Chairman of the General Quarter Session of Peace of the Home District Council.

Through 1955 the term of office for the mayor and council was one year; it then varied between two and three years until a four-year term was adopted starting in 2006. (See List of Toronto municipal elections.)

The "City of Toronto" has changed substantially over the years: the city annexed or amalgamated with neighbouring communities or areas 49 times from in 1883 to 1967.[1] The most sweeping change was in 1998, when the six municipalities comprising Metropolitan TorontoEast York, Etobicoke, North York, Scarborough, York, and the former city of Toronto–and its regional government were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto (colloquially dubbed the "megacity") by an act of the provincial government. The newly created position of mayor for the resulting single-tier mega-city replaced all of the mayors of the former Metro municipalities. It also abolished the office of the Metro Chairman, which had formerly been the most senior political figure in the Metro government before amalgamation.

According to Victor Loring Russell, author of Mayors of Toronto Volume I, 14 out of the first 29 mayors were lawyers. According to Mark Maloney who is writing The History of the Mayors of Toronto, 58 of Toronto's 64 mayors (up to Ford) have been Protestant, white, English-speaking, Anglo-Saxon, property-owning males.[2] There have been two women (Hall and Rowlands) and three Jewish mayors (Phillips, Givens[3] and Lastman).

Art Eggleton is the longest-serving mayor of Toronto, serving from 1980 until 1991. Eggleton later served in federal politics from 1993 until 2004, and was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 2005. David Breakenridge Read held the post of mayor of Toronto for the shortest period. Read was mayor for only fifty days in 1858.

No Toronto mayor has been removed from office. Toronto's 64th and current mayor, Rob Ford, lost a conflict of interest trial in 2012, and was ordered to vacate his position; but the ruling was stayed pending an appeal, which Ford won to remain in office.[4][5] For unrelated reasons, Council stripped him of many powers the following year, transferring them to the Deputy Mayor.[6] On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence from the mayoralty to enter drug rehabilitation.

Original City of Toronto era[edit]

Appointed by City Council
No. Mayor Took office Left office
1 WilliamLyonMackenzie.jpeg William Lyon Mackenzie March 27, 1834 1835
2 Robert Baldwin Sullivan.png Robert Baldwin Sullivan January 15, 1835 1836
3 Thomas David Morrison.png Thomas David Morrison 1836 1837
4 Kane George Gurnett.jpg George Gurnett 1837 1838
5 John Powell.png John Powell 1838 1841
6 George Monro.png George Monro 1841 1842
7 Henry Sherwood.png Henry Sherwood 1842 1845
8 William Henry Boulton.png William H. Boulton 1845 1848
- George Gurnett
(2nd incumbency)
1848 1851
9 John George Bowes.png John George Bowes 1851 1854
10 Joshua George Beard.png Joshua George Beard 1854 1855
11 George William Allan.jpg George William Allan 1855 1856
12 John Beverley Robinson.png John Beverley Robinson 1856 1857
13 John Hutchison.png John Hutchison 1857 1858 (resigned)
- William H. Boulton
(2nd incumbency)
1858 November 8, 1858 (resigned)
14 David Breakenridge Read.png David Breakenridge Read November 11, 1858 December 31, 1858
Elected directly by the public
No. Mayor Took office Left office
15 Adam Wilson.png Sir Adam Wilson 1859 1861
- John George Bowes
(2nd incumbency)
1861 1864
16 Francis H. Medcalf, Mayor of Toronto, 1864-1866 and 1874-1875.jpg Francis Henry Medcalf 1864 1867
Appointed by City Council
No. Mayor Took office Left office
17 James Edward Smith.png James Edward Smith 1867 1869
18 Samuel Bickerton Harman.png Samuel Bickerton Harman 1869 1871
19 Joseph Sheard.png Joseph Sheard 1871 1873
20 Alexander Manning.jpg Alexander Manning 1873 1874
Elected directly by the public
No. Mayor Took office Left office
- Francis Henry Medcalf
(2nd incumbency)
1874 1875
21 AngusMorrison23.jpg Angus Morrison 1876 1878
22 James Beaty.jpg James Beaty 1879 1880
23 William Barclay McMurrich.png William Barclay McMurrich 1881 1882
24 Arthur Radcliffe Boswell.png Arthur Radcliffe Boswell 1883 1884
- Alexander Manning
(2nd incumbency)
1885 1885
25 William Holmes Howland.png William Holmes Howland 1886 1887
26 Edward Frederick Clarke.png Edward Frederick Clarke 1888 1891
27 R. J. Fleming 1906.jpg Robert John Fleming 1892 1893
28 Warring Kennedy.png Warring Kennedy 1894 1895
- Robert John Fleming
(2nd incumbency)
1896 August 5, 1897 (resigned)
29 John Shaw.png John Shaw August 6, 1897 1899
30 Ernest Albert Macdonald.png Ernest A. Macdonald 1900 1900
31 Oliver Aiken Howland.jpg Oliver Aiken Howland 1901 1902
32 Thomas Urquhart.png Thomas Urquhart 1903 1905
33 Emerson Coatsworth.png Emerson Coatsworth 1906 1907
34 Joseph Oliver.png Joseph Oliver 1908 1909
35 George Reginald Geary.png George Reginald Geary 1910 October 21, 1912 (resigned)
36 Horatio Clarence Hocken.png Horatio C. Hocken 1912 1914
37 Mayor Thomas Langston Church.jpg Thomas Langton Church 1915 1921
38 C. Alfred Maguire.png Charles A. Maguire 1922 1923
39 Bill Hiltz Toronto.jpg W. W. Hiltz 1924 1924
40 Thomas Foster.PNG Thomas Foster 1925 1927
41 Sam McBride.jpg Sam McBride 1928 1929
42 Bert Wemp.jpg Bert Sterling Wemp 1930 1930
43 William James Stewart 1931 1934
44 Mayor James Simpson 1935.jpg James Simpson 1935 1935
- Sam McBride
(2nd incumbency)
1936 November 10, 1936 (died)
45 William D. Robbins.jpg William D. Robbins November 18, 1936 1937
46 Ralph Day.jpg Ralph C. Day 1938 1940
47 Frederick J. Conboy 1941 1944
48 Robert Hood Saunders.jpg Robert Hood Saunders 1945 February 23, 1948 (resigned)
49 Hiram E. McCallum.jpg Hiram E. McCallum 1948 1951

The Metro Toronto era (1953–97)[edit]

Beginning in 1953, Toronto was part of a federated municipality known as Metropolitan Toronto. This regional entity had the same boundaries as present-day Toronto, but consisted of the City of Toronto and 12 other municipalities, each with its own mayor and council. From 1953 to 1997, the most senior political figure in the Metropolitan Toronto government was the Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (for a list of Metro Chairmen, see Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto). In 1967, (during the incumbency of William Dennison), an internal amalgamation eliminated the seven smallest municipalities in Metropolitan Toronto. Of these, the villages of Forest Hill and Swansea were amalgamated into the City of Toronto.

No. Mayor Took office Left office Prior political experience Deputy Mayor
50 Lamport, AllanAllan Lamport January 1, 1952 June 28, 1954 MPP for St. David (1937–1943)
Toronto Board of Control (1950–1952)
N/A
51 Saunders, Leslie HowardLeslie Howard Saunders June 28, 1954 December 31, 1954 Alderman for North Bay (1918–1924)
Toronto School Trustee (1936–1938)
Alderman for Riverdale (1942–1945)
Toronto Board of Control (1949–1954)
Nathan Phillips
52 Mayor Nathan Phillips wearing chain of office.jpg Phillips, NathanNathan Phillips January 1, 1955 December 31, 1962 City Councillor for St. Andrew (1926–1955) N/A
53 Dean Summerville, DonaldDonald Dean Summerville January 1, 1963 November 19, 1963 (died in office) [7] City Councillor for The Beaches (1955–1958)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1961)
Philip Givens
54 Givens, PhilipPhilip Givens November 19, 1963 (acting mayor, appointed permanently on November 25)[8][3] December 31, 1966 City Councillor for York (1950—1958)
Toronto Board of Control (1960—1963)
President of City Council (1963)
Allan Lamport [3]
55 Dennison, WilliamWilliam Dennison January 1, 1967 December 31, 1972 Toronto School Trustee (1938–1941)
City Councillor for St. David (1941–1943)
MPP for St. David (1943—1945, 1948—1951)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1963)
N/A
56 Crombie, DavidDavid Crombie January 1, 1973 August 31, 1978 City Councillor for Rosedale (1970–1972) Fred Beavis
57 Beavis, FredFred Beavis September 1, 1978 November 30, 1978 City Councillor for Riverdale (1961–1978) Anne Johnston
58 Sewell, JohnJohn Sewell December 1, 1978 November 30, 1980 City Councillor for Regent Park (1968–1978) Art Eggleton
59 Art Eggleton 1.JPG Eggleton, ArtArt Eggleton December 1, 1980 November 30, 1991 City Councillor for Parkdale (1978–1980) N/A
60 Rowlands, JuneJune Rowlands December 1, 1991 November 30, 1994 City Councillor for Toronto Centre (1976–1988)
Chairman of the Toronto Police Commission (1988–1991)
Alan Tonks
61 Hall, BarbaraBarbara Hall December 1, 1994 December 31, 1997 City Councillor for St. George-St. David (1985–1994) N/A

Post-amalgamation era[edit]

As of 1998, Metropolitan Toronto and all its municipalities were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto. The new Mayoral position shares its scope with the position it replaced, Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto.

The Deputy Mayor is appointed by the Mayor from among the elected members of the City Council.[9] The Deputy Mayor acts in place of the Mayor whenever the incumbent is unable to be present to perform his normal functions and duties, assists the Mayor, and serves as vice-chair of the city council's executive committee.

On November 18, 2013, city council removed most powers from the office of Mayor for the term of the current Council, including chairing the executive committee. These powers were given to the office of the Deputy Mayor, held by Norm Kelly at the time of the motion.[6] The action occurred after Mayor Rob Ford admitted to drug abuse. On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence for drug rehabilitation. Kelly took over the remainder of the Mayoral duties and powers at that time.[10]

No. Mayor Terms of office Took office Left office Prior political experience Deputy Mayor
62 Lastman, MelMel Lastman 2 January 1, 1998 November 30, 2003 Mayor of North York (1973—1997)[11] Case Ootes
63 David miller points at paper.jpg Miller, DavidDavid Miller 2 December 1, 2003 November 30, 2010 City Councillor for Parkdale—High Park (1994–2003) Joe Pantalone
64 Rob Ford Mayoral Candidates Forum June 2010 (crop).jpg Ford, RobRob Ford - December 1, 2010 May 1, 2014 (leave of absence) City Councillor for Etobicoke North (2000–2010)
Interim Blank.JPG Kelly, NormNorm Kelly - May 2, 2014 June 30, 2014 Deputy Mayor of Toronto (2014-) N/A
64 Rob Ford Mayoral Candidates Forum June 2010 (crop).jpg Ford, RobRob Ford - June 30, 2014 (return from leave) Incumbent City Councillor for Etobicoke North (2000-2010)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derek Hayes. Historical Atlas of Toronto. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-1-55365-290-8. 
  2. ^ Mark Maloney (January 3, 2010). "Toronto's mayors: Scoundrels, rogues and socialist". Toronto Star. 
  3. ^ a b c Globe Staff (November 26, 1963). "Givens Mayor by Unanimous Vote". The Globe & Mail (Toronto). p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Toronto Mayor Rob Ford to appeal his ouster". CTV News. November 26, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  5. ^ Ontario Superior Court of Justice, Divisional Court (January 25, 2013). "Magder v. Ford". CanLii. .
  6. ^ a b Mendleson, Rachel; Peter Edwards (November 18, 2013). "Rob Ford stripped of power as mayor by Toronto council". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  7. ^ Globe Staff (November 20, 1963). "Heart Attack at 48: Stricken Playing Hockey, Mayor Summerville Dead". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). p. 1. 
  8. ^ Star staff (November 20, 1963). "Givens becomes Toronto's acting mayor". The Toronto Daily Star. p. 1. 
  9. ^ CP24 News Staff (August 19, 2013). "Coun. Norm Kelly appointed as Toronto's new deputy mayor". CTV News (Toronto). Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  10. ^ "Ford scandal: Mayor takes leave after lewd audio, alleged drug video emerge". 680 News (Toronto, Ontario). May 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ Star Staff (December 5, 1972). "Mel Lastman sweeps North York". The Toronto Star. pp. 1, 11. "All municipal elected officials that won in the 4 DEC 1972 election took office on 1 JAN 1973." 
  • Russell, Victor (1982). Mayors of Toronto, Volume 1 1834–1899. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press. ISBN 0-919822-77-0. 

See also[edit]

2010 Article on Mayors of Toronto by history writer Mark Maloney http://www.thestar.com/news/city_hall/2010/01/03/torontos_mayors_scoundrels_rogues_and_socialists.html

External links[edit]