List of members of bands featuring members of the Beatles

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The Beatles began in 1956, when John Lennon formed a skiffle group with his friends called the Quarrymen. The band underwent many name and membership changes, culminating in 1962 with the famous line-up of Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr. After the Beatles disbanded in 1970, each of the four members went on to have success, both as solo acts and with their own groups. Although Lennon died in 1980, the remaining Beatles re-united in 1994 to record new songs for the Anthology project. Harrison died in 2001 and, since then, no new material has been jointly recorded by the remaining two Beatles.

Pre-Beatles[edit]

John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison[edit]

The Quarrymen
(November 1956)[1]
The Quarrymen
(November–December 1956)[2]
The Quarrymen
(December 1956 - Early 1957)[2]
The Quarrymen
(Early 1957 - 7 August)[3]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Rod Davis - banjo
  • Eric Griffiths – guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
  • Pete Shotton - washboard
The Rebels
(Spring 1957)[4]
The Quarrymen
(August 1957)[5]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Eric Griffiths – guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
  • Pete Shotton - Washboard
The Quarrymen
(August - 18 October 1957)[5]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Eric Griffiths – guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
The McCartney Brothers
(August 1957)[6]
The Quarrymen
(18 October 1957)[7]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney - lead guitar, vocals
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Eric Griffiths – rhythm guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
The Quarrymen
(October 1957 - February 1958)[8]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney - vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Eric Griffiths – rhythm guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
The Quarrymen
(February 1958)[9]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Eric Griffiths – rhythm guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
The Quarrymen
(February–March 1958)[10]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • John Duff Lowepiano
  • Len Garry – tea chest bass
  • Eric Griffiths – rhythm guitar
  • Colin Hanton – drums
The Quarrymen
(March - July 1958)[11]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • John Duff Lowe – piano
  • Colin Hanton – drums
The Quarrymen
(July - November 1958)[12]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
The Vikings
(Summer 1958)[13]
  • John Bierly – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar

other members unknown

Johnny and the Moondogs
(Late 1958)[14]
  • John Lennon – vocals
  • Paul McCartney – rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
Japage 3
(19 December[15] - May 1959[16])
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
The Les Stewart Quartet
(22 February – 22 August 1959)[17]
  • Les Stewart – vocals, lead guitar
  • Ken Brown – rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – rhythm guitar
  • Geoff Skinner – drums
The Quarrymen
(22 August 1959 - 9 January 1960)[18]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Ken Brown – rhythm guitar
The Quarrymen
(9–21 January 1960)[19]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
The Quarrymen
(21 January – 27 March 1960)[20]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – guitar, lead vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffe – bass

Pete Best[edit]

The Blackjacks
(20 December 1959[21] - March 1960[22])

Ringo Starr[edit]

The Eddie Clayton Skiffle Group
(1957– Spring 1959)[23]
  • Eddie Clayton (Eddie Myles) – vocals, lead guitar
  • Peter Healey – rhythm guitar
  • Roy Trafford – tea chest bass, vocals
  • John Dougherty/Micky McGrellis – washboard, vocals
  • Richy Starkey – drums
Richy Starkey's unnamed group
(Spring 1959)[24]
  • Richy Starkey - drums
  • Roy Trafford - guitar
  • Jimmy Roughley - clarinet
  • Johnny Mooney - trumpet
  • unknown - tea chest bass
Darktown
(Spring - Summer 1959)[24]
  • Ritchy Starkey – drums
  • other members unknown
The Raving Texans
(May - 11 November 1959)[24]
  • Alan Caldwell – vocals
  • John Byrne – lead guitar
  • Charles O'Brien – rhythm guitar
  • Walter Eymond - bass, vocals
  • Richy Starkey – drums
Rory Storm and the Hurricanes
(11 November 1959 - December 1961)[25]
  • "Rory Storm" (Alan Caldwell) – vocals
  • "Johnny Guitar" (John Byrne) – lead guitar
  • "Ty Brien" (Charles O'Brien) – rhythm guitar
  • "Lu Walters" (Walter Eymond) - bass, vocals
  • "Ringo Starr" (Richy Starkey) – drums, vocals
Lu Walters
(15 October 1960)[26]
  • Lu Walters – vocals, bass
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • Ringo Starr – drums
Top Ten Club house band
(December 1961 - March 1962[27]
  • Tony Sheridan - vocals, guitar
  • Roy Young - piano
  • Colin Crawley - bass
  • Ringo Starr - drums
Rory Storm and the Hurricanes
(March - 18 August 1962)[28]
  • Rory Storm – vocals
  • Johnny Guitar – lead guitar
  • Ty Brien – rhythm guitar
  • Bobby Thompson - bass
  • Ringo Starr – drums

The Beatles[edit]

The Beatles
(27 March - 10 May 1960)[29]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffebass
The Nerk Twins
(23–24 April 1960)[30]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, guitar
Long John and the Silver Beatles
(10–12 May 1960)[31]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffe – bass
  • Tommy Moore – drums
The Beatles
(13–17 May 1960)[31]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffe – bass
  • Tommy Moore – drums
Johnny Gentle and his group
(18–30 May 1960)[32]
  • "Johnny Gentle" (John Askew) – vocals
  • "Johnny Lennon" (John Lennon) – rhythm guitar
  • "Paul Ramon" (Paul McCartney) – rhythm guitar
  • "Carl Harrison" (George Harrison) – lead guitar
  • "Stuart de Staël" (Stuart Sutcliffe) – bass
  • "Thomas Moore" – drums
The Beatles
(31 May - 11 June 1960)[33]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul Ramon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Carl Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart de Staël – bass
  • Thomas Moore – drums
The Beatles
(June 1960)[34]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul Ramon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Carl Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart de Staël – bass
  • Various guest drummers
The Beatles
(June 1960)[35]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul Ramon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Carl Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart de Staël – bass
  • Norman Chapman - drums
The Beatles
(July - 12 August 1960)[36]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul Ramon – drums
  • Carl Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart de Staël – bass
The Beatles
(12 August – 30 November 1960)[37]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffe – bass, vocals
  • Pete Best – drums
Lu Walters
(15 October 1960)[26]
  • Lu Walters – vocals, bass
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • Ringo Starr – drums
The Beatles
(1 December 1960)[38]
  • John Lennon – vocals, lead guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Stuart Sutcliffe - bass, vocals
  • Pete Best – drums
The Beatles
(17 December 1960 - January 1961)[39]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Pete Best – drums
  • Chas Newby - bass
The Beatles
(January 1961)[40]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Pete Best – drums
The Beatles
(15 January - 1 April 1961)[41]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffe - bass, vocals
  • Pete Best – drums
The Beatles
(1 April - 1 July 1961)[42]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Paul McCartney – piano, vocals
  • George Harrison – lead guitar, vocals
  • Stuart Sutcliffe - bass, vocals
  • Pete Best – drums
  • Tony Sheridan - vocals, guitar (although not an official member, Sheridan played with the Beatles almost every night at the Top Ten Club)
Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers
(22 June 1961)[43]
  • Tony Sheridan – vocals, lead guitar
  • John Lennon – rhythm guitar, vocals
  • Paul McCartney – bass
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • Pete Best – drums
The Beatles
(2 July 1961 - 17 August 1962)[44]
  • John Lennon – vocals, rhythm guitar, harmonica
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass
  • George Harrison – vocals, lead guitar
  • Pete Best – drums, vocals
The Beatmakers
(19 October 1961)[45]
  • John Lennon – piano
  • Paul McCartney – rhythm guitar
  • George Harrison – lead guitar
  • Pete Best - drums
  • Gerry Marsden - vocals, lead guitar
  • Fred Madsen - drums
  • Les Chadwick - bass
  • Les Maguire - saxophone
The Beatles
(18 August 1962 – 20 September 1969)[46]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar, harmonica, keyboards, percussion, bass
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, keyboards, percussion, drums
  • George Harrison – guitar, vocals, sitar, bass, keyboards, percussion, moog synthesizer
  • Ringo Starr – drums, percussion, vocals, keyboards
The Beatles
(3–13 June 1964)
Ringo Starr is ill[46]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass
  • George Harrison – guitar, vocals
  • Jimmie Nicol – drums
The Beatles
(22 August – 5 September 1968)
Ringo Starr briefly quits[47]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar, keyboards, percussion, drums
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, drums, percussion, keyboards, guitar
  • George Harrison – guitar, vocals, bass, percussion, drums
The Beatles with Billy Preston
(22–31 January 1969)
Get Back sessions[46]
  • John Lennon – vocals, guitar, keyboards, bass, percussion
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, keyboards, percussion
  • George Harrison – guitar, vocals, bass, percussion
  • Ringo Starr – drums, percussion, vocals
  • Billy Preston – keyboards
The Beatles
(21 September 1969 – 10 April 1970)
Lennon leaves the group[46]
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, keyboards, maracas
  • George Harrison – vocals, guitar
  • Ringo Starr – drums
The Beatles ("The Threetles")
(1994–1995)
Anthology reunion ("Free as a Bird" and "Real Love")[48]
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, keyboards, double bass, percussion
  • George Harrison – vocals, guitar, ukulele, percussion
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals, percussion

Timeline[edit]

Post-Beatles[edit]

John Lennon[edit]

Plastic Ono Band
(June 1969)
Plastic Ono Band
(September 1969)
Plastic Ono Band
(September 1969)
  • John Lennon - lead vocals, rhythm guitar
  • Yoko Ono - vocals
  • Eric Clapton - lead guitar, backing vocals
  • Klaus Voormann - bass
  • Ringo Starr - drums
Plastic Ono Band
(December 1969)
Plastic Ono Band
(January 1970)
  • John Lennon - vocals, piano, guitar
  • George Harrison - guitar, piano, backing vocal
  • Klaus Voormann - bass guitar, electric piano, backing vocal
  • Alan White - drums, piano, backing vocal
  • Billy Preston - organ, backing vocal
  • Yoko Ono - backing vocal
  • Mal Evans - chimes, handclaps, backing vocal
John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
(September-October 1970)
  • John Lennon - vocals, guitar, piano, organ
  • Ringo Starr - drums
  • Klaus Voormann - bass
Plastic Ono Mothers
John Lennon and Yoko Ono/Plastic Ono Band with Elephant's Memory plus Invisible Strings
(1972)
  • John Lennon - guitars, vocals
  • Yoko Ono - vocals
  • Jim Keltner - drums, percussion
  • Wayne 'Tex' Gabriel - guitar
  • Gary Van Scyoc - bass
  • Stan Bronstein - saxophone, flute
  • Adam Ippolito - piano, organ
  • John La Boosca - piano
  • Richard Frank Jr. - drums, percussion
Plastic Ono Elephant's Memory Band
(1972)
  • John Lennon - vocals, rhythm guitar,keyboard
  • Yoko Ono - vocals, keyboard
  • Jim Keltner - drums
  • Wayne 'Tex' Gabriel - lead guitar
  • Gary Van Scyoc - bass
  • John Ward - bass
  • Stan Bronstein - saxophone
  • Adam Ippolito - keyboards
  • Richard Frank Jr. - drums
Plastic U.F.Ono Band
(1973)
  • John Lennon - vocals, rhythm guitar, slide guitar, percussion
  • Jim Keltner - drums
  • David Spinozza - lead guitar
  • Kenneth Ascher - piano, organ
  • Gordon Edwards - bass
  • Arthur Jenkins - percussion
  • Michael Brecker - saxophone
  • Sneaky Pete Kleinow - pedal steel guitar.
  • Rick Marrotta - drums
Plastic Ono Nuclear Band
(1974
  • John Lennon - vocals, guitar, piano
  • Klaus Voormann - bass
  • Jim Keltner - drums
  • Nicky Hopkins - piano
  • Bobby Keys - tenor saxophone
  • Kenneth Ascher - electric piano, clavinet, Mellotron
  • Arthur Jenkins - percussion
  • Jesse Ed Davis - lead guitar
  • Eddie Mottau - acoustic guitar

Paul McCartney[edit]

Wings
(1971–1972)
Paul McCartney and Wings
(1972–1973)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar
  • Henry McCullough – guitar
  • Denny Seiwell – drums
Paul McCartney & Wings
(1973–1974)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar
Wings
(1974–1975)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar, vocals
  • Jimmy McCulloch – guitar, vocals
  • Geoff Britton – drums
Wings
(1975–1977)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar, vocals
  • Jimmy McCulloch – guitar, vocals
  • Joe English – drums, vpcals
Wings
(1977–1978)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar, vocals
Wings
(1978–1980)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, piano
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar, vocals
  • Laurence Juber – guitar, vocals
  • Steve Holley - drums, vocals
Rockestra
(1979)
Wings
(1980-1981)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, guitar, piano, keyboards
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Denny Laine – guitar, vocals
Paul McCartney
(1989–1990)
Paul McCartney
(1991–1993)
  • Paul McCartney – vocals, bass, piano, guitar,
  • Linda McCartney – keyboards, vocals
  • Paul Wickens – keyboards
  • Hamish Stuart – guitar
  • Robbie McIntosh – guitar
  • Blair Cunningham – drums
Paul McCartney
(2002–present)

George Harrison[edit]

George Harrison & Friends
(1970)
George Harrison
(1974)
Traveling Wilburys
(1988)
  • Nelson Wilbury (George Harrison) – vocals, guitar
  • Otis Wilbury (Jeff Lynne) – vocals, guitar, keyboards
  • Charlie T. Wilbury Jr (Tom Petty) – vocals, bass, acoustic guitar
  • Lefty Wilbury (Roy Orbison) – vocals, acoustic guitar
  • Lucky Wilbury (Bob Dylan) – vocals, acoustic guitar, harmonica
Traveling Wilburys
(1990)
  • Spike Wilbury (George Harrison) – vocals, guitar, mandolin, sitar
  • Clayton Wilbury (Jeff Lynne) – vocals, acoustic guitar, bass, keyboards
  • Boo Wilbury (Bob Dylan) – vocals, acoustic guitar, harmonica
  • Muddy Wilbury (Tom Petty) – vocals, acoustic guitar, bass guitar
George Harrison
(1991)

Ringo Starr[edit]

Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(1989)
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(1992)
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(1995)
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(1997–1998)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals
  • Peter Frampton – guitar, vocals
  • Gary Brooker – keyboards, organ, vocals
  • Jack Bruce – bass, keyboards, guitar, vocals
  • Simon Kirke – drums, vocals
  • Mark Rivera – saxophone, guitar, organ, keyboards, percussion, vocals
  • Scott Gordon – harmonica (1998)
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(1999)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals
  • Todd Rundgren – guitar, percussion, vocals
  • Gary Brooker – organ, keyboards, vocals
  • Jack Bruce – bass, keyboards, vocals
  • Simon Kirke – drums, vocals
  • Timmy Cappello – saxophone, keyboards, harmonica, guitar, vocals
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2000)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals
  • Dave Edmunds – guitar, vocals
  • Eric Carmen – keyboards, guitar, bass, vocals
  • Jack Bruce – bass, keyboards, vocals
  • Simon Kirke – drums, vocals
  • Mark Rivera – saxophone, harmonica, vocals
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2001)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals
  • Roger Hodgson – guitar, keyboards, vocals
  • Ian Hunter – guitar, keyboards, vocals
  • Howard Jones – keyboards, vocals
  • Greg Lake – bass, acoustic guitar, vocals
  • Sheila E. – drums, vocals
  • Mark Rivera – saxophone, percussion, guitar, bass, harmonica, flute, vocals
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2003)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, keyboards, vocals
  • Colin Hay – guitar, vocals
  • Paul Carrack – keyboards, guitar, vocals
  • John Waite – bass, guitar, vocals
  • Sheila E. – drums, vocals
  • Mark Rivera – saxophone, flute, bass, guitar, vocals
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2006)
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2008)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals
  • Billy Squier – guitar, bass, vocals
  • Colin Hay – guitar, vocals
  • Edgar Winter – keyboards, saxophone, vocals
  • Gary Wright – keyboards, vocals
  • Hamish Stuart – bass, guitar, vocals
  • Gregg Bissonette - drums, vocals
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2010-2011)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, vocals
  • Wally Palmar – guitar, harmonica, vocals
  • Rick Derringer – guitar, vocals
  • Edgar Winter – keyboards, saxophone, vocals
  • Gary Wright – keyboards, vocals
  • Richard Page – bass, vocals
  • Gregg Bissonette – drums, vocals|}
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2012-2013)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, keyboards, percussion, vocals
  • Steve Lukather – guitar, vocals
  • Gregg Rolie – organ, keyboards, vocals
  • Todd Rundgren – guitar, harmonica, bass, percussion, keyboards, vocals
  • Richard Page – bass, acoustic guitar, vocals
  • Mark Rivera – saxophone, percussion, keyboards, acoustic guitar, vocals
  • Gregg Bissonette – drums, percussion, vocals
Ringo Starr & His All-Starr Band
(2014)
  • Ringo Starr – drums, keyboard, vocals
  • Steve Lukather – lead and rhythm guitar, vocals
  • Gregg Rolie – organ, keyboards, vocals
  • Todd Rundgren – lead and rhythm guitar, bass, percussion, harmonica, keyboard, vocals
  • Richard Page – bass, acoustic guitar, vocals
  • Warren Ham – saxophone, percussion, keyboards, vocals
  • Gregg Bissonette - drums, percussion

Pete Best[edit]

Lee Curtis and the All-Stars
(Sept. 1962 - mid 1963)
The Original All-Stars /
The Pete Best Four /
The Pete Best Combo
(1963–1968)
  • Pete Best – drums
  • Tony Waddington – lead guitar, vocals
  • Wayne Bickerton – bass, vocals
  • Tommy McGurk – guitar
The Pete Best Band
(1988–present)
  • Pete Best – drums
  • Phil Melia – lead guitar, vocals
  • Tony Flynn – guitar, vocals
  • Paul Parry – bass, vocals
  • Roag Best - drums

Stuart Sutcliffe[edit]

The Bats
(2–9 February 1962)[49][50]
  • Peter Bosch - guitar
  • Rüdiger Neber - drums
  • Waldemar Krop - guitar
  • Stuart Sutcliffe - bass

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 103-104.
  2. ^ a b Lewisohn 2013, p. 105.
  3. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 109.
  4. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 120.
  5. ^ a b Lewisohn 2013, p. 138.
  6. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 139.
  7. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 144.
  8. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 145.
  9. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 159.
  10. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 160.
  11. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 163.
  12. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 195.
  13. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 188.
  14. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 196.
  15. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 199.
  16. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 213.
  17. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 206.
  18. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 224.
  19. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 277.
  20. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 276.
  21. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 242.
  22. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 296.
  23. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 112.
  24. ^ a b c Lewisohn 2013, p. 211.
  25. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 240.
  26. ^ a b Lewisohn 2013, p. 369.
  27. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 521, 576.
  28. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 593.
  29. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 292.
  30. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 295.
  31. ^ a b Lewisohn 2013, p. 299.
  32. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 305.
  33. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 323.
  34. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 325.
  35. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 327.
  36. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 336.
  37. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 341.
  38. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 384.
  39. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 390.
  40. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 399.
  41. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 403.
  42. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 427.
  43. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 446.
  44. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 443.
  45. ^ Tobler 1992, p. 99.
  46. ^ a b c d Joe 2014, p. 1.
  47. ^ The Beatles Anthology (1995)
  48. ^ The Beatles Anthology (1995)
  49. ^ Lewisohn 2013, p. 856.
  50. ^ "The Bats". Retrieved November 29, 2014. 

References[edit]