List of members of the Académie française

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This is a list of members of the Académie française (French Academy) by seat number. The primary professions of the academicians are noted. The dates shown indicate the terms of the members, who generally serve for life. Some, however, were "excluded" during the reorganisations of 1803 and 1816 and at other times.

Seat 1[edit]

  1. Pierre Séguier, 1635–1643, politician and magistrate
  2. Claude Bazin de Bezons, 1643–1684, lawyer
  3. Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, 1684–1711, poet
  4. Jean d'Estrées, 1711–1718, ecclesiastic and politician
  5. Marc-René d'Argenson, 1718–1721, politician
  6. Jean-Joseph Languet de Gergy, 1721–1753, ecclesiastic
  7. Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, 1753–1788, essayist
  8. Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, 1788–1794, medical doctor
  9. François-Urbain Domergue, 1803–1810, grammarian
  10. Ange-François Fariau, 1810, poet and translator
  11. François-Auguste Parseval-Grandmaison, 1811–1834, poet
  12. Narcisse-Achille de Salvandy, 1835–1856, politician and historian
  13. Émile Augier, 1857–1889, poet and playwright
  14. Charles de Freycinet, 1890–1923, politician and physicist
  15. Charles Émile Picard, 1924–1941, mathematician
  16. Louis de Broglie, 1944–1987, physicist and mathematician
  17. Michel Debré, 1988–1996, politician
  18. François Furet, 1997, historian
  19. René Rémond, 1998–2007, historian
  20. Claude Dagens, elected 2008, ecclesiastic

Seat 2[edit]

  1. Valentin Conrart, 1634–1675, poet and grammarian
  2. Toussaint Rose, 1675–1701, orator
  3. Louis de Sacy, 1701–1727, lawyer
  4. Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu, 1728–1755, magistrate and philosopher
  5. Jean-Baptiste Vivien de Châteaubrun, 1755–1775, poet and playwright
  6. François-Jean de Chastellux, 1775–1788, musician
  7. Aimar-Charles-Marie de Nicolaï, 1788–1794, magistrate
  8. François de Neufchâteau, 1803–1828, politician and philologist
  9. Pierre-Antoine Lebrun, 1828–1873, politician and poet
  10. Alexandre Dumas, fils, 1874–1895, playwright and novelist
  11. André Theuriet, 1896–1907, novelist and poet
  12. Jean Richepin, 1908–1926, poet and novelist
  13. Émile Mâle, 1927–1954, art historian
  14. François Albert-Buisson, 1955–1961, magistrate and politician
  15. Marc Boegner, 1962–1970, ecclesiastic and theologian
  16. René de La Croix de Castries, 1972–1986, historian
  17. André Frossard, 1987–1995, essayist and journalist
  18. Hector Bianciotti, 1996–2012, novelist
  19. Dany Laferrière, elected 2013, writer

Seat 3[edit]

  1. Jacques de Serisay, 1634–1653, poet
  2. Paul-Philippe de Chaumont, 1654–1697, ecclesiastic
  3. Louis Cousin, 1697–1707, historian and journalist
  4. Jacques-Louis de Valon, marquis de Mimeure, 1707–1719, poet and translator
  5. Nicolas Gédoyn, 1719–1744, ecclesiastic
  6. François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, 1744–1794, ecclesiastic
  7. Roch-Ambroise Cucurron Sicard, 1803–1822, ecclesiastic and grammarian
  8. Denis-Luc Frayssinous, 1822–1841, ecclesiastic
  9. Étienne-Denis Pasquier, 1842–1862, politician
  10. Jules Armand Dufaure, 1863–1881, politician and lawyer
  11. Victor Cherbuliez, 1881–1899, novelist and playwright
  12. Émile Faguet, 1900–1916, literary critic and historian
  13. Georges Clemenceau, 1918–1929, politician and doctor
  14. André Chaumeix, 1930–1955, journalist and critic
  15. Jérôme Carcopino, 1955–1970, historian and archaeologist
  16. Roger Caillois, 1971–1978, essayist and sociologist
  17. Marguerite Yourcenar, 1980–1987, novelist and essayist
  18. Jean-Denis Bredin, elected 1989, magistrate and essayist

Seat 4[edit]

  1. Jean Desmarets, 1634–1676, poet and novelist
  2. Jean-Jacques de Mesmes, 1676–1688, magistrate
  3. Jean Testu de Mauroy, 1688–1706, ecclesiastic
  4. Camille le Tellier de Louvois, 1706–1718, ecclesiastic
  5. Jean Baptiste Massillon, 1718–1742, ecclesiastic
  6. Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, 1742–1798, politician and poet
  7. Gabriel-Marie Legouvé, 1803–1812, poet
  8. Alexandre-Vincent Pineux Duval, 1812–1842, poet and playwright
  9. Pierre-Simon Ballanche, 1842–1847, philosopher
  10. Jean Vatout, 1848, poet
  11. Alexis Guignard, comte de Saint-Priest, 1849–1851, politician and historian
  12. Antoine Pierre Berryer, 1852–1868, lawyer
  13. François-Joseph de Champagny, 1869–1882, historian
  14. Charles de Mazade, 1882–1893, poet and critic
  15. José-Maria de Heredia, 1894–1905, poet
  16. Maurice Barrès, 1906–1923, novelist and politician
  17. Louis Bertrand, 1925–1941, novelist and historian
  18. Jean Tharaud, 1946–1952, novelist
  19. Alphonse Juin, 1952–1967, soldier
  20. Pierre Emmanuel, 1968–1984, poet
  21. Jean Hamburger, 1985–1992, doctor and essayist
  22. Albert Decourtray, 1993–1994, ecclesiastic
  23. Jean-Marie Lustiger, 1995–2007, ecclesiastic
  24. Jean-Luc Marion, elected 2008, philosopher and academic

Seat 5[edit]

  1. Jean Ogier de Gombauld, 1634–1666, poet and playwright
  2. Paul Tallement le Jeune, 1666–1712, ecclesiastic
  3. Antoine Danchet, 1712–1748, playwright and poet
  4. Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset, 1748–1777, playwright
  5. Claude-François-Xavier Millot, 1777–1785, ecclesiastic
  6. André Morellet, 1785–1819, ecclesiastic
  7. Pierre-Édouard Lémontey, 1819–1826, politician and lawyer
  8. Joseph Fourier, 1826–1830, mathematician and physicist
  9. Victor Cousin, 1830–1867, politician and philosopher
  10. Jules Favre, 1867–1880, politician and lawyer
  11. Edmond Rousse, 1880–1906, lawyer
  12. Pierre de Ségur, 1907–1916, historian
  13. Robert de Flers, 1920–1927, playwright and journalist
  14. Louis Madelin, 1927–1956, historian
  15. Robert Kemp, 1956–1959, literary and dramatic critic
  16. René Huyghe, 1960–1997, art historian and essayist
  17. Georges Vedel, 1998–2002, magistrate
  18. Assia Djebar, elected 2005, author

Seat 6[edit]

  1. François le Métel de Boisrobert, 1634–1662, ecclesiastic and poet
  2. Jean Regnault de Segrais, 1662–1701, poet and novelist
  3. Jean Galbert de Campistron, 1701–1723, playwright
  4. Philippe Néricault Destouches, 1723–1754, playwright and diplomat
  5. Louis de Boissy, 1754–1758, poet
  6. Jean-Baptiste de La Curne de Sainte-Palaye, 1758–1781, archaeologist
  7. Sébastien-Roch-Nicolas (Chamfort), 1781–1794, playwright and publisher
  8. Pierre Louis Roederer, 1803–1815,[1] politician and lawyer
  9. Pierre Marc Gaston de Lévis, Duke of Lévis, 1816–1830, politician
  10. Philippe Paul, comte de Ségur, 1830–1873, diplomat and historian
  11. Charles de Viel-Castel, 1873–1887, diplomat
  12. Edmond Jurien de La Gravière, 1888–1892, admiral
  13. Ernest Lavisse, 1892–1922, historian
  14. Georges de Porto-Riche, 1923–1930, playwright and poet
  15. Pierre Benoît, 1931–1962, novelist
  16. Jean Paulhan, 1963–1968, literary and art critic
  17. Eugène Ionesco, 1970–1994, playwright
  18. Marc Fumaroli, elected 1995, historian and essayist

Seat 7[edit]

  1. Jean Chapelain, 1634–1674, royal advisor
  2. Isaac de Benserade, 1674–1691, poet and playwright
  3. Étienne Pavillon, 1691–1705, lawyer and poet
  4. Fabio Brulart de Sillery, 1705–1714, ecclesiastic and poet
  5. Henri-Jacques Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force, 1715–1726, economist
  6. Jean-Baptiste de Mirabaud, 1726–1760, translator
  7. Claude-Henri Watelet, 1760–1786, painter
  8. Michel-Jean Sedaine, 1786–1793, poet and playwright
  9. Jean-François Collin d'Harleville, 1803–1806, playwright and poet
  10. Pierre Daru, 1806–1829, politician and historian
  11. Alphonse de Lamartine, 1829–1869, politician and poet
  12. Émile Ollivier, 1870–1913, politician and lawyer
  13. Henri Bergson, 1914–1941, philosopher
  14. Édouard Le Roy, 1945–1954, philosopher and mathematician
  15. Henri Petiot (Daniel-Rops), 1955–1965, poet and novelist
  16. Pierre-Henri Simon, 1966–1972, literary historian and novelist
  17. André Roussin, 1973–1987, playwright
  18. Jacqueline de Romilly, 1988–2010, philologist and essayist
  19. Jules Hoffmann, elected 2012, biologist

Seat 8[edit]

  1. Claude de Malleville, 1634–1647, poet
  2. Jean Ballesdens, 1648–1675, lawyer
  3. Géraud de Cordemoy, 1675–1684, philosopher and historian
  4. Jean-Louis Bergeret, 1684–1694, lawyer
  5. Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, 1694–1743, ecclesiastic
  6. Pierre Louis Maupertuis, 1743–1759, astronomer
  7. Jean-Jacques Lefranc, Marquis de Pompignan, 1759–1784, magistrate and economist
  8. Jean-Sifrein Maury, 1784–1793, see also seat 15, ecclesiastic and politician
  9. Michel-Louis-Étienne Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély, 1803–1814, politician and lawyer
  10. Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1816–1827, politician and mathematician
  11. Pierre Paul Royer-Collard, 1827–1845, politician
  12. Charles de Rémusat, 1846–1875, politician and philosopher
  13. Jules Simon, 1875–1896, politician and philosopher
  14. Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, 1897–1914, politician and soldier
  15. Alfred-Henri-Marie Baudrillart, 1918–1942, ecclesiastic and historian
  16. Octave Aubry, 1946–1946, historian and bureaucrat
  17. Édouard Herriot, 1946–1957, politician and literary historian
  18. Jean Rostand, 1959–1977, biologist and philosopher
  19. Michel Déon, elected 1978, novelist

Seat 9[edit]

  1. Nicolas Faret, 1634–1646, poet
  2. Pierre du Ryer, 1646–1658, playwright
  3. César d'Estrées, 1658–1714, ecclesiastic and politician
  4. Victor-Marie d'Estrées, 1715–1737, politician and soldier
  5. Charles Armand René de La Trémoille, 1738–1741, aristocrat
  6. Armand de Rohan-Soubise, 1741–1756, ecclesiastic
  7. Antoine de Montazet, 1756–1788, ecclesiastic
  8. Stanislas de Boufflers, 1788–1815, poet
  9. Pierre-Marie-François Baour-Lormian, 1815–1854, poet and playwright
  10. François Ponsard, 1855–1867, playwright
  11. Joseph Autran, 1868–1877, poet
  12. Victorien Sardou, 1877–1908, playwright
  13. Marcel Prévost, 1909–1941, novelist
  14. Émile Henriot, 1945–1961, novelist and literary critic
  15. Jean Guéhenno, 1962–1978, essayist
  16. Alain Decaux, elected 1979, historian

Seat 10[edit]

  1. Antoine Godeau, 1634–1672, ecclesiastic and poet
  2. Esprit Fléchier, 1672–1710, ecclesiastic
  3. Henri de Nesmond, 1710–1727, ecclesiastic
  4. Jean-Jacques Amelot de Chaillou, 1727–1749, politician
  5. Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet, duc de Belle-Isle, 1749–1761, politician and soldier
  6. Nicolas-Charles-Joseph Trublet, 1761–1770, ecclesiastic
  7. Jean François de Saint-Lambert, 1770–1793, poet and philosopher
  8. Hugues-Bernard Maret, duc de Bassano, 1803–1815, politician and diplomat
  9. Joseph Lainé, 1816–1835, politician and magistrate
  10. Emmanuel Dupaty, 1836–1851, poet and playwright
  11. Alfred de Musset, 1852–1857, playwright and poet
  12. Victor de Laprade, 1858–1883, poet
  13. François Coppée, 1884–1908, poet and novelist
  14. Jean Aicard, 1909–1921, poet and novelist
  15. Camille Jullian, 1924–1933, historian and philologist
  16. Léon Bérard, 1934–1960, politician and lawyer
  17. Jean Guitton, 1961–1999, theologian and philosopher
  18. Florence Delay, elected 2000, novelist and playwright

Seat 11[edit]

  1. Philippe Habert, 1634–1638, poet
  2. Jacques Esprit, 1639–1678, politician
  3. Jacques-Nicolas Colbert, 1678–1707, ecclesiastic
  4. Claude-François Fraguier, 1707–1728, ecclesiastic
  5. Charles d'Orléans de Rothelin, 1728–1744, ecclesiastic
  6. Gabriel Girard, 1744–1748, ecclesiastic
  7. Marc-Antoine-René de Voyer d'Argenson de Paulmy, 1748–1787, politician
  8. Henri-Cardin-Jean-Baptiste d'Aguesseau, 1787–1826, politician
  9. Charles Brifaut, 1826–1857, poet and playwright
  10. Jules Sandeau, 1858–1883, novelist and playwright
  11. Edmond François Valentin About, 1884–1885, novelist and playwright
  12. Léon Say, 1886–1896, politician and economist
  13. Albert Vandal, 1896–1910, historian
  14. Denys Cochin, 1911–1922, politician
  15. Georges Goyau, 1922–1939, historian
  16. Paul Hazard, 1940–1944, historian and philosopher
  17. Maurice Garçon, 1946–1967, lawyer, novelist and historian
  18. Paul Morand, 1968–1976, diplomat, novelist, playwright and poet
  19. Alain Peyrefitte, 1977–1999, scholar and politician
  20. Gabriel de Broglie, elected 2001, historian

Seat 12[edit]

  1. Germain Habert, 1634–1654, ecclesiastic
  2. Charles Cotin, 1655–1681, ecclesiastic
  3. Louis de Courcillon, 1682–1723, ecclesiastic and politician
  4. Charles Jean-Baptiste Fleuriau, 1723–1732, politician
  5. Jean Terrasson, 1732–1750, ecclesiastic and philosopher
  6. Claude de Thiard de Bissy, 1750–1810, soldier
  7. Joseph-Alphonse Esménard, 1810–1811, politician
  8. Jean Charles Dominique de Lacretelle, 1811–1855, historian
  9. Jean-Baptiste Biot, 1856–1862, scientist and mathematician
  10. Louis de Carné, 1863–1876, historian and politician
  11. Charles Blanc, 1876–1882, art critic
  12. Édouard Pailleron, 1882–1899, poet and playwright
  13. Paul Hervieu, 1900–1915, novelist and playwright
  14. François, Vicomte de Curel, 1918–1928, playwright
  15. Charles Le Goffic, 1930–1932, novelist and historian
  16. Abel Bonnard, 1932–1945, poet, novelist and politician; expelled for his collaboration with Vichy regime
  17. Jules Romains, 1946–1972, novelist, playwright and poet
  18. Jean d'Ormesson, elected 1973, novelist

Seat 13[edit]

  1. Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac, 1634–1638, grammarian and mathematician
  2. François de La Mothe Le Vayer, 1639–1672, critic, grammarian and philosopher
  3. Jean Racine, 1672–1699, playwright, mathematician, physicist and doctor
  4. Jean-Baptiste-Henri de Valincour, 1699–1730, historiographer and admiral
  5. Jean-François Leriget de La Faye, 1730–1731, politician
  6. Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, 1731–1762, playwright
  7. Claude-Henri de Fusée de Voisenon, 1762–1775, ecclesiastic, playwright and poet
  8. Jean de Dieu-Raymond de Cucé de Boisgelin, 1776–1804, ecclesiastic
  9. Jean-Baptiste Dureau de la Malle, 1804–1807, translator
  10. Louis-Benoît Picard, 1807–1828, comedian, poet, novelist and playwright
  11. Antoine-Vincent Arnault, 1829–1834, poet, fabulist and playwright - see also seat 16
  12. Eugène Scribe, 1834–1861, playwright
  13. Octave Feuillet, 1862–1890, novelist and playwright
  14. Pierre Loti, 1891–1923, novelist and soldier
  15. Paul-Albert Besnard, 1924–1934, painter and engraver
  16. Louis Gillet, 1935–1943, historian of art and literature
  17. Paul Claudel, 1946–1955, poet, playwright, novelist and diplomat
  18. Wladimir d'Ormesson, 1956–1973, politician, chronicler and novelist
  19. Maurice Schumann, 1974–1998, politician, essayist, journalist, novelist and historian
  20. Pierre Messmer, 1999–2007, soldier and politician
  21. Simone Veil, elected 2008, lawyer and politician

Seat 14[edit]

  1. François Maynard, 1634–1646, magistrate and poet
  2. Pierre Corneille, 1647–1684, playwright and lawyer
  3. Thomas Corneille, 1684–1709, playwright
  4. Antoine Houdar de la Motte, 1710–1731, playwright
  5. Michel-Celse-Roger de Bussy-Rabutin, 1732–1736, ecclesiastic
  6. Étienne Lauréault de Foncemagne, 1736–1779, ecclesiastic
  7. Michel Paul Guy de Chabanon, 1779–1792, playwright
  8. Jacques-André Naigeon, 1803–1810, encyclopaedist
  9. Népomucène Lemercier, 1810–1840, poet and playwright
  10. Victor Hugo, 1841–1885, poet, playwright and novelist
  11. Leconte de Lisle, 1886–1894, poet and playwright
  12. Henry Houssaye, 1894–1911, historian and novelist
  13. Hubert Lyautey, 1912–1934, soldier
  14. Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, 1934–1942, politician and soldier
  15. Robert d'Harcourt, 1946–1965, literary historian and essayist
  16. Jean Mistler, 1966–1988, novelist, essayist, literary historian, music critic and politician
  17. Hélène Carrère d'Encausse, elected 1990, historian

Seat 15[edit]

  1. Guillaume Bautru, 1634–1665, politician
  2. Jacques Testu de Belval, 1665–1706, ecclesiastic and poet
  3. François-Joseph de Beaupoil de Sainte-Aulaire, 1706–1742, soldier and poet
  4. Jean-Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, 1743–1771, physicist and mathematician
  5. François Arnaud, 1771–1784, ecclesiastic
  6. Gui-Jean-Baptiste Target, 1785–1806, magistrate
  7. Jean-Sifrein Maury, 1806-excluded by ordinance 1816, ecclesiastic and politician; see also seat 8
  8. François-Xavier-Marc-Antoine de Montesquiou-Fézensac, 1816–1832, ecclesiastic and politician
  9. Antoine Jay, 1832–1854, politician
  10. Ustazade Silvestre de Sacy, 1854–1879, literary critic
  11. Eugène Marin Labiche, 1880–1888, playwright and novelist
  12. Henri Meilhac, 1888–1897, playwright
  13. Henri Lavedan, 1898–1940, playwright and novelist
  14. Ernest Seillière, 1946–1955, historian of literature and of philosophy, and essayist
  15. André Chamson, 1956–1983, novelist, essayist and historian
  16. Fernand Braudel, 1984–1985, historian of civilisations
  17. Jacques Laurent, 1986–2000, novelist, essayist and journalist
  18. Frédéric Vitoux, elected 2001, writer and journalist

Seat 16[edit]

  1. Jean Sirmond, 1634–1649, historiographer
  2. Jean de Montereul, 1649–1651, ecclesiastic
  3. François Tallemant l'Aîné, 1651–1693, ecclesiastic
  4. Simon de la Loubère, 1693–1729, diplomat and poet
  5. Claude Sallier, 1729–1761, ecclesiastic and philologist
  6. Jean-Gilles du Coëtlosquet, 1761–1784, ecclesiastic
  7. Anne-Pierre, marquis de Montesquiou-Fézensac, 1784–1793, politician
  8. Antoine-Vincent Arnault, 1803, excluded by ordinance 1816, re-elected in 1829 to seat 13, poet, fabulist and playwright
  9. Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, 1816–1822, politician
  10. Bon-Joseph Dacier, 1822–1833, philologist
  11. Pierre François Tissot, 1833–1854, poet and historian
  12. Félix Dupanloup, 1854–1878, ecclesiastic
  13. Gaston Audiffret-Pasquier, 1878–1905, politician
  14. Alexandre Ribot, 1906–1923, politician, lawyer, magistrate and jurist
  15. Henri-Robert, 1923–1936, lawyer and historian
  16. Charles Maurras, 1938, not excluded, but seat "declared vacant" for Vichy collaboration in 1945, journalist, politician, essayist and poet
  17. Antoine de Lévis Mirepoix, 1953–1981, novelist, historian and essayist
  18. Léopold Sédar Senghor, 1983–2001, head of state (Senegal), politician, poet and essayist
  19. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, elected 2003, former president of France

Seat 17[edit]

  1. François de Cauvigny de Colomby, 1634–1649, poet
  2. François Tristan l'Hermite, 1649–1655, playwright and poet
  3. Hippolyte-Jules Pilet de La Mesnardière, 1655–1663, critic, poet and historian
  4. François de Beauvilliers, 1st duc de Saint-Aignan, 1663–1687, soldier
  5. François-Timoléon de Choisy, 1687–1724, ecclesiastic
  6. Antoine Portail, 1724–1736, politician
  7. Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, 1736–1754, playwright
  8. Jean-Pierre de Bougainville, 1754–1763, historian
  9. Jean-François Marmontel, 1763–1793, philosopher and essayist
  10. Louis-Marcelin de Fontanes, 1803–1821, politician, poet and journalist
  11. Abel-François Villemain, 1821–1870, politician and literary critic
  12. Émile Littré, 1871–1881, philologist and philosopher
  13. Louis Pasteur, 1881–1895, chemist
  14. Gaston Paris, 1896–1903, philologist and literary historian
  15. Frédéric Masson, 1903–1923, historian
  16. Georges Lecomte, 1924–1958, novelist, essayist, art critic and historian
  17. Jean Delay, 1959–1987, psychiatrist, essayist and novelist
  18. Jacques Cousteau, 1988–1997, oceanographer, film-maker and essayist
  19. Érik Orsenna, elected 1998, politician and novelist

Seat 18[edit]

  1. Jean Baudoin, 1634–1650, translator
  2. François Charpentier, 1650–1702, novelist
  3. Jean-François de Chamillart, 1702–1714, ecclesiastic
  4. Claude Louis Hector de Villars, 1714–1734, politician and soldier
  5. Honoré Armand de Villars, 1734–1770, politician
  6. Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne, 1770–1794, ecclesiastic, politician and philosopher
  7. Jean-Gérard Lacuée, count of Cessac, 1803–1841, politician
  8. Alexis de Tocqueville, 1841–1859, politician
  9. Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire, 1860–1861, ecclesiastic
  10. Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, 1862–1901, politician, diplomat and historian
  11. Charles-Jean-Melchior de Vogüé, 1901–1916, archaeologist and historian
  12. Ferdinand Foch, 1918–1929, soldier
  13. Philippe Pétain, 1929–1945, soldier (expelled from the Academy after trial; in 1945-1952 the seat was vacant)
  14. André François-Poncet, 1952–1978, politician and diplomat
  15. Edgar Faure, 1978–1988, politician and historian
  16. Michel Serres, elected 1990, philosopher

Seat 19[edit]

  1. François de Porchères d'Arbaud, 1634–1640, poet
  2. Olivier Patru, 1640–1681, lawyer
  3. Nicolas Potier de Novion, 1681–1693, magistrate
  4. Philippe Goibaud-Dubois, 1693–1694, translator
  5. Charles Boileau, 1694–1704, ecclesiastic
  6. Gaspard Abeille, 1704–1718, ecclesiastic
  7. Nicolas-Hubert de Mongault, 1718–1746, ecclesiastic
  8. Charles Pinot Duclos, 1746–1772, grammarian and historian
  9. Nicolas Beauzée, 1772–1789, grammarian
  10. Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, 1789–1795, ecclesiastic
  11. Joseph Chénier, 1803–1811, poet and playwright
  12. François-René de Chateaubriand, 1811–1848, politician, poet and novelist
  13. Paul, 6th duc de Noailles, 1849–1885, historian
  14. Édouard Hervé, 1886–1899, politician
  15. Paul Deschanel, 1899–1922, politician
  16. Auguste Jonnart, 1923–1927, politician, senior bureaucrat and diplomat
  17. Maurice Paléologue, 1928–1944, diplomat and historian
  18. Charles de Chambrun, 1946–1952, diplomat
  19. Fernand Gregh, 1953–1960, poet, literary critic and historian
  20. René Clair, 1960–1981, film director and novelist
  21. Pierre Moinot, 1982–2007, senior bureaucrat and novelist
  22. Jean-Loup Dabadie, elected 2008, journalist, lyricist and screenwriter

Seat 20[edit]

  1. Paul Hay du Chastelet, 1634–1636, lawyer
  2. Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt, 1637–1664, translator
  3. Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, 1665–1693, novelist
  4. Jean-Paul Bignon, 1693–1743, ecclesiastic
  5. Armand-Jérôme Bignon, 1743–1772, politician
  6. Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, 1772–1795, historian
  7. Ponce Denis Écouchard Lebrun, 1803–1807, poet
  8. François Juste Marie Raynouard, 1807–1836, lawyer, poet and playwright
  9. François Mignet, 1836–1884, historian
  10. Victor Duruy, 1884–1894, politician and historian
  11. Jules Lemaître, 1895–1914, playwright and critic
  12. Henry Bordeaux, 1919–1963, lawyer and novelist
  13. Thierry Maulnier, 1964–1988, journalist and playwright
  14. José Cabanis, 1990–2000, magistrate and novelist
  15. Angelo Rinaldi, elected 2001, writer

Seat 21[edit]

  1. Marin le Roy de Gomberville, 1634–1674, novelist
  2. Pierre Daniel Huet, 1674–1721, ecclesiastic
  3. Jean Boivin le Cadet, 1721–1726, professor
  4. Paul-Hippolyte de Beauvilliers, duke of Saint-Aignan, 1726–1776, politician
  5. Charles-Pierre Colardeau, 1776, poet and playwright
  6. Jean-François de La Harpe, 1776–1793, poet, playwright and critic
  7. Pierre Louis de Lacretelle, 1803–1824, lawyer
  8. Joseph Droz, 1824–1850, philosopher and historian
  9. Charles Forbes René de Montalembert, 1851–1870, philosopher
  10. Henri d'Orleans, duke of Aumale, 1871–1897, soldier, politician and historian
  11. Jean-Baptiste Claude Eugène Guillaume, 1898–1905, sculptor
  12. Étienne Lamy, 1905–1919, essayist, politician and lawyer
  13. André Chevrillon, 1920–1957, essayist and literary historian and critic
  14. Marcel Achard, 1959–1974, playwright and journalist
  15. Félicien Marceau, 1975–2012, playwright, novelist and essayist
  16. Alain Finkielkraut, elected 2014, philosopher and essayist

Seat 22[edit]

  1. Antoine Girard de Saint-Amant, 1634–1661, poet
  2. Jacques Cassagne, 1662–1679, ecclesiastic and poet
  3. Louis de Verjus, 1679–1709, politician
  4. Jean-Antoine de Mesmes, 1710–1723, magistrate
  5. Pierre-Joseph Alary, 1723–1770, ecclesiastic
  6. Gabriel-Henri Gaillard, 1771–1806, ecclesiastic, historian, grammarian and journalist
  7. Louis Philippe, comte de Ségur, 1806–1830, diplomat, historian, poet and playwright
  8. Jean-Pons-Guillaume Viennet, 1830–1868, politician, poet and playwright
  9. Joseph d'Haussonville, 1869–1884, politician and diplomat
  10. Ludovic Halévy, 1884–1908, playwright, librettist and novelist
  11. Eugène Brieux, 1909–1932, playwright
  12. François Mauriac, 1933–1970, writer, essayist and literary critic
  13. Julien Green, 1971–1998, novelist and playwright
  14. René de Obaldia, elected 1999, playwright and poet

Seat 23[edit]

  1. Guillaume Colletet, 1634–1659, lawyer and playwright
  2. Gilles Boileau, 1659–1669, poet
  3. Jean de Montigny, 1670–1671, ecclesiastic and poet
  4. Charles Perrault, 1671–1703, poet
  5. Armand Gaston Maximilien de Rohan, 1703–1749, ecclesiastic and politician
  6. Louis-Gui de Guérapin de Vauréal, 1749–1760, ecclesiastic and politician
  7. Charles Marie de La Condamine, 1760–1774, explorer
  8. Jacques Delille, 1774–1813, ecclesiastic and poet
  9. François-Nicolas-Vincent Campenon, 1813–1843, poet
  10. Marc Girardin, 1844–1873, politician and literary critic
  11. Alfred Mézières, 1874–1915, literary historian, politician and essayist
  12. René Boylesve, 1918–1926, novelist and poet
  13. Abel Hermant, 1927–1945, novelist, essayist and journalist
  14. Étienne Gilson, 1946–1978, philosopher
  15. Henri Gouhier, 1979–1994, philosopher and literary critic
  16. Pierre Rosenberg, elected 1995, art historian and essayist

Seat 24[edit]

  1. Jean de Silhon, 1634–1667, politician
  2. Jean-Baptiste Colbert, 1667–1683, politician
  3. Jean de La Fontaine, 1684–1695, poet
  4. Jules de Clérambault, 1695–1714, ecclesiastic
  5. Guillaume Massieu, 1714–1722, ecclesiastic
  6. Claude-François-Alexandre Houtteville, 1722–1742, ecclesiastic
  7. Pierre de Marivaux, 1742–1763, playwright and novelist
  8. Claude-François Lysarde de Radonvilliers, 1763–1789, ecclesiastic
  9. Constantin-François Chassebœuf, 1803–1820, philosopher
  10. Claude-Emmanuel de Pastoret, 1820–1840, politician, lawyer and poet
  11. Louis de Beaupoil de Saint-Aulaire, 1841–1854, politician
  12. Victor de Broglie, 1855–1870, politician
  13. Prosper Duvergier de Hauranne, 1870–1881, politician
  14. Sully Prudhomme, 1881–1907, poet and essayist
  15. Henri Poincaré, 1908–1912, mathematician, astronomer, engineer and philosopher
  16. Alfred Capus, 1914–1922, playwright, journalist and essayist
  17. Édouard Estaunié, 1923–1942, novelist and engineer
  18. Louis-Pasteur Vallery-Radot, 1944–1970, doctor
  19. Étienne Wolff, 1971–1996, biologist
  20. Jean-François Revel, 1997–2006, historian and essayist
  21. Max Gallo, elected 2007, journalist and novelist

Seat 25[edit]

  1. Claude de L'Estoile, 1634–1652, playwright and poet
  2. Armand de Camboust, duc de Coislin, 1652–1702, soldier
  3. Pierre de Camboust, duc de Coislin, 1702–1710, aristocrat
  4. Henri Charles du Cambout de Coislin, 1710–1732, ecclesiastic
  5. Jean-Baptiste Surian, 1733–1754, ecclesiastic
  6. Jean Le Rond, dit d'Alembert, 1754–1783, philosopher and mathematician
  7. Marie-Gabriel-Florent-Auguste de Choiseul-Gouffier, 1783–1793, biographer
  8. Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis, 1803–1807, politician, philosopher and lawyer
  9. Pierre Laujon, 1807–1811, poet and songwriter
  10. Charles-Guillaume Étienne, 1811–1816. Excluded by ordinance; see also seat 32, poet and playwright
  11. Marie-Gabriel-Florent-Auguste de Choiseul-Gouffier, (2nd time), 1816–1817
  12. Jean-Louis Laya, 1817–1833, poet and playwright
  13. Charles Nodier, 1833–1844, novelist, poet and grammarian
  14. Prosper Mérimée, 1844–1870, novelist
  15. Louis de Loménie, 1871–1878, essayist
  16. Hippolyte Taine, 1878–1893, essayist and historian
  17. Albert Sorel, 1894–1906, historian
  18. Maurice Donnay, 1907–1945, playwright
  19. Marcel Pagnol, 1946–1974, playwright, film-maker and novelist
  20. Jean Bernard, 1976–2006, medical doctor
  21. Dominique Fernandez, elected 2007, novelist and literary critic

Seat 26[edit]

  1. Amable de Bourzeys, 1634–1672, ecclesiastic and scholar
  2. Jean Gallois, 1672–1707, ecclesiastic
  3. Edme Mongin, 1707–1746, ecclesiastic
  4. Jean Ignace de La Ville, 1746–1774, ecclesiastic and diplomat
  5. Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Suard, 1774–1817, essayist
  6. Jean-François Roger, 1817–1842, poet and playwright
  7. Henri Patin, 1842–1876, professor
  8. Marie-Louis-Antoine-Gaston Boissier, 1876–1908, historian and philologist
  9. René Doumic, 1909–1937, literary historian and critic, and essayist
  10. André Maurois, 1938–1967, novelist, essayist, literary historian and critic
  11. Marcel Arland, 1968–1986, novelist, essayist, literary historian and critic
  12. Georges Duby, 1987–1996, historian
  13. Jean-Marie Rouart, elected 1997, novelist and essayist

Seat 27[edit]

  1. Abel Servien, 1634–1659, politician
  2. Jean-Jacques Renouard de Villayer, 1659–1691, politician
  3. Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, 1691–1757, playwright and philosopher
  4. Antoine-Louis Séguier, 1757–1792, lawyer
  5. Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, 1803–1814, essayist
  6. Étienne Aignan, 1814–1824, journalist and playwright
  7. Alexandre Soumet, 1824–1845, poet and playwright
  8. Ludovic Vitet, 1845–1873, archaeologist
  9. Elme Marie Caro, 1874–1887, philosopher
  10. Gabriel Paul Othenin de Cléron, comte d'Haussonville, 1888–1924, politician and lawyer
  11. Auguste-Armand de la Force, 1925–1961 historian
  12. Joseph Kessel, 1962–1979, journalist and novelist
  13. Michel Droit, 1980–2001, novelist
  14. Pierre Nora, elected 2001, historian

Seat 28[edit]

  1. Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac, 1634–1654, essayist
  2. Paul Hardouin de Péréfixe de Beaumont, 1654–1670, ecclesiastic and historian
  3. François de Harlay de Champvallon, 1671–1695, ecclesiastic
  4. André Dacier, 1695–1722, philologist and translator
  5. Guillaume Dubois, 1722–1723, ecclesiastic and politician
  6. Charles-Jean-François Hénault, 1723–1770, magistrate
  7. Charles Juste de Beauvau, 1771–1793, politician and soldier
  8. Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai, 1803–1815, politician and lawyer; removed by ordinance
  9. Antoine-François-Claude Ferrand, 1816–1825, magistrate, poet, historian and playwright
  10. Casimir Delavigne, 1825–1843, poet and playwright
  11. Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, 1844–1869, essayist and poet
  12. Jules Janin, 1870–1874, novelist and critic
  13. John Lemoinne, 1875–1892, diplomat and journalist
  14. Ferdinand Brunetière, 1893–1906, literary critic, historian of literature and essayist
  15. Henri Barboux, 1907–1910, lawyer
  16. Henry Roujon, 1911–1914, senior bureaucrat, essayist and novelist
  17. Louis Barthou, 1918–1934, politician, magistrate, historian and historian of literature; assassinated
  18. Claude Farrère, 1935–1957, novelist, essayist and historian
  19. Henri Troyat, 1959–2007, novelist, historian of literature, historian
  20. Jean-Christophe Rufin, elected 2008, physician and novelist

Seat 29[edit]

  1. Pierre Bardin, 1634–1635, philosopher and mathematician
  2. Nicolas Bourbon, 1637–1644, ecclesiastic
  3. François-Henri Salomon de Virelade, 1644–1670, lawyer
  4. Philippe Quinault, 1670–1688, poet and playwright
  5. François de Callières, 1688–1717, philologist
  6. André-Hercule de Fleury, 1717–1743, ecclesiastic and politician
  7. Paul d'Albert de Luynes, 1743–1788, ecclesiastic
  8. Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian, 1788–1794, playwright, novelist and poet
  9. Jean-François Cailhava de L'Estandoux, 1803–1813, playwright, poet and critic
  10. Joseph Michaud, 1813–1839, journalist and historian
  11. Jean Pierre Flourens, 1840–1867, physiologist
  12. Claude Bernard, 1868–1878, doctor
  13. Ernest Renan, 1878–1892, philosopher
  14. Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, 1893–1896, politician and diplomat
  15. Gabriel Hanotaux, 1897–1944, politician, diplomat and historian
  16. André Siegfried, 1944–1959, historian and geographer
  17. Henry de Montherlant, 1960–1972, playwright, novelist and essayist
  18. Claude Lévi-Strauss, 1973–2009, anthropologist
  19. Amin Maalouf, elected 2011, novelist

Seat 30[edit]

  1. Honorat de Bueil, seigneur de Racan, 1634–1670, poet
  2. François-Séraphin Régnier-Desmarais, 1670–1713, ecclesiastic and grammarian
  3. Bernard de la Monnoye, 1713–1728, philologist and critic
  4. Michel Poncet de La Rivière, 1728–1730, ecclesiastic
  5. Jacques Hardion. 1730–1766, historian
  6. Antoine Léonard Thomas, 1766–1785, poet
  7. Jacques Antoine Hippolyte, Comte de Guibert, 1785–1790, playwright
  8. Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, 1803- excluded by ordinance 1816, politician; died 1824
  9. Louis Gabriel Ambroise de Bonald, 1816–1840, philosopher and publicist
  10. Jacques-François Ancelot, 1841–1854, poet, novelist and playwright
  11. Ernest Legouvé, 1855–1903, poet, novelist, playwright and essayist
  12. René Bazin, 1903–1932, novelist and essayist
  13. Théodore Gosselin, 1932–1935, historian who wrote under the pen name of G. Lenotre
  14. Georges Duhamel, 1935–1966, doctor, essayist, novelist, poet and playwright
  15. Maurice Druon, 1966–2009, politician and novelist
  16. Danièle Sallenave, elected 2011, novelist and journalist

Seat 31[edit]

  1. Pierre de Boissat, 1634–1662, soldier
  2. Antoine Furetière, 1662–1685, poet, fabulist and novelist; excluded but not replaced, died in 1688
  3. Jean de La Chapelle, 1688–1723, poet
  4. Pierre-Joseph Thoulier d'Olivet, 1723–1768, ecclesiastic and grammarian
  5. Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, 1768–1780, ecclesiastic and philosopher
  6. Louis-Élisabeth de La Vergne de Tressan, 1780–1783, poet and physicist
  7. Jean Sylvain Bailly, 1783–1793, mathematician; guillotined
  8. Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès, 1803–1816, ecclesiastic, essayist and diplomat; excluded by ordinance, died 1836
  9. Gérard de Lally-Tollendal, 1816–1830, politician
  10. Jean-Baptiste Sanson de Pongerville, 1830–1870, poet
  11. Xavier Marmier, 1870–1892, novelist and poet
  12. Henri de Bornier, 1893–1901, playwright and poet
  13. Edmond Rostand, 1901–1918, playwright and poet
  14. Joseph Bédier, 1920–1938, philologist
  15. Jérôme Tharaud, 1938–1953, novelist
  16. Jean Cocteau, 1955–1963, playwright, poet, choreographer, filmmaker and painter
  17. Jacques Rueff, 1964–1978, economist and high bureaucrat
  18. Jean Dutourd, 1978–2011, novelist
  19. Michael Edwards, elected 2013, literary scholar

Seat 32[edit]

  1. Claude Favre de Vaugelas, 1634–1650, grammarian
  2. Georges de Scudéry, 1650–1667, novelist, playwright and poet
  3. Philippe de Courcillon, 1667–1720, soldier, governor and diplomat
  4. Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, 1720–1788, soldier, libertine and politician
  5. François-Henri d'Harcourt, 1788–1802, soldier
  6. Lucien Bonaparte, 1803–1816, politician. Excluded by ordinance.
  7. Louis-Simon Auger, 1816–1829, journalist and playwright
  8. Charles-Guillaume Étienne, 1829–1845 (see also seat 25), poet and playwright
  9. Alfred de Vigny, 1845–1863, poet
  10. Camille Doucet, 1865–1895, poet and playwright
  11. Charles Costa de Beauregard, 1896–1909, historian and politician
  12. Hippolyte Langlois, 1911–1912, soldier
  13. Émile Boutroux, 1912–1921, philosopher and historian of philosophy
  14. Pierre de Nolhac, 1922–1936, historian, art historian and poet
  15. Georges-François-Xavier-Marie Grente, 1936–1959, ecclesiastic, historian and essayist
  16. Henri Massis, 1960–1970, essayist, literary critic and literary historian
  17. Georges Izard, 1971–1973, politician, lawyer, journalist and essayist
  18. Robert Aron, 1974–1975, historian and essayist
  19. Maurice Rheims, 1976–2003, novelist and art historian
  20. Alain Robbe-Grillet, 2004–2008, novelist and filmmaker
  21. François Weyergans, elected 2009, novelist and filmmaker

Seat 33[edit]

  1. Vincent Voiture, 1634–1648, poet
  2. François Eudes de Mézeray, 1648–1683, lawyer
  3. Jean Barbier d'Aucour, 1683–1694, lawyer
  4. François de Clermont-Tonnerre, 1694–1701, ecclesiastic
  5. Nicolas de Malézieu, 1701–1727, tutor and poet
  6. Jean Bouhier, 1727–1746, magistrate and archaeologist
  7. François-Marie Arouet dit Voltaire, 1746–1778, playwright, historian, philosopher and poet
  8. Jean-François Ducis, 1778–1816, poet and playwright
  9. Raymond Desèze, 1816–1828, lawyer
  10. Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière, baron de Barante, 1828–1866, politician
  11. Auguste Joseph Alphonse Gratry, 1867–1872, ecclesiastic and philosopher
  12. René Taillandier, 1873–1879, politician
  13. Maxime Du Camp, 1880–1894, essayist and novelist
  14. Paul Bourget, 1894–1935, novelist, poet and playwright
  15. Edmond Jaloux, 1936–1949, novelist, literary critic and literary historian
  16. Jean-Louis Vaudoyer, 1950–1963, novelist, poet, essayist and art historian
  17. Marcel Brion, 1964–1984, novelist, art historian and essayist
  18. Michel Mohrt, 1985–2011, editor, essayist, novelist and literary historian
  19. Dominique Bona, elected 2013, novelist

Seat 34[edit]

  1. Honorat de Porchères Laugier, 1634–1653, poet
  2. Paul Pellisson, 1653–1693, historian
  3. François de Salignac de La Mothe Fénelon, 1693–1715, ecclesiastic and essayist
  4. Claude Gros de Boze, 1715–1753, erudite and numismatist
  5. Louis de Bourbon Condé de Clermont, 1753–1771, ecclesiastic
  6. Pierre-Laurent Buirette de Belloy, 1771–1775, playwright and actor
  7. Emmanuel-Félicité de Durfort de Duras, 1775–1789, politician and soldier
  8. Dominique Joseph Garat, 1803–1816, politician, lawyer and philosopher. Excluded by ordinance, he refused readmission in 1829, died 1833
  9. Louis-François de Bausset, 1816–1824, ecclesiastic and politician
  10. Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen, 1824–1839, ecclesiastic
  11. Louis-Mathieu Molé, 1840–1855, politician
  12. Frédéric Alfred Pierre, comte de Falloux, 1856–1886, politician and historian
  13. Octave Gréard, 1886–1904, high bureaucrat, literary historian and literary critic
  14. Émile Gebhart, 1904–1908, art historian, literary historian and literary critic
  15. Raymond Poincaré, 1909–1934, head of state, politician, lawyer and essayist
  16. Jacques Bainville, 1935–1936, historian and journalist
  17. Joseph de Pesquidoux, 1936–1946, novelist and essayist
  18. Maurice Genevoix, 1946–1980, novelist
  19. Jacques de Bourbon-Busset, 1981–2001, politician, essayist and novelist
  20. François Cheng, elected 2002, poet, translator and novelist

Seat 35[edit]

  1. Henri Louis Habert de Montmor, 1634–1679, hotel-keeper
  2. Louis de Lavau, 1679–1694, ecclesiastic
  3. François Lefebvre de Caumartin, 1694–1733, ecclesiastic
  4. François-Augustin de Paradis de Moncrif, 1733–1770, poet, musician and playwright
  5. Jean-Armand de Bessuéjouls Roquelaure, 1771–1818, ecclesiastic
  6. Georges Cuvier, 1818–1832, palaeontologist
  7. André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin, 1832–1865, politician and lawyer
  8. Alfred-Auguste Cuvillier-Fleury, 1866–1887, historian and literary critic
  9. Jules Arsène Arnaud Claretie, 1888–1913, novelist, playwright and critic
  10. Joseph Joffre, 1918–1931, politician and soldier
  11. Maxime Weygand, 1931–1965, soldier
  12. Louis Leprince-Ringuet, 1966–2000, physicist, telecommunications engineer, historian of science and essayist
  13. Yves Pouliquen, elected 2001, medical doctor

Seat 36[edit]

  1. Marin Cureau de la Chambre, 1634–1669, medical doctor and philosopher
  2. Pierre Cureau de La Chambre, 1670–1693, ecclesiastic
  3. Jean de La Bruyère, 1693–1696, essayist and moralist
  4. Claude Fleury, 1696–1723, ecclesiastic
  5. Jacques Adam, 1723–1735, philologist
  6. Joseph Séguy, 1736–1761, ecclesiastic
  7. Louis René Édouard, cardinal de Rohan, 1761–1793, ecclesiastic, politician, philosopher and poet
  8. Jean Devaines, 1803, state bureaucrat
  9. Évariste de Parny, 1803–1814, poet
  10. Victor-Joseph Étienne de Jouy, 1815–1846, journalist, critic and playwright
  11. Adolphe-Simonis Empis, 1847–1868, poet and playwright
  12. Henri Auguste Barbier, 1869–1882, poet
  13. Adolphe Perraud, 1882–1906, ecclesiastic
  14. François-Désiré Mathieu, 1906–1908, ecclesiastic and historian
  15. Louis Duchesne, 1910–1922, ecclesiastic, historian and philologist
  16. Henri Brémond, 1923–1933, ecclesiastic, literary historian and literary critic
  17. André Bellessort, 1935–1942, essayist, literary critic, historian and historian of literature
  18. René Grousset, 1946–1952, art historian
  19. Pierre Gaxotte, 1953–1982, historian and journalist
  20. Jacques Soustelle, 1983–1990, Americanist, ethnologist, politician and essayist
  21. Jean-François Deniau, 1990–2007, politician, essayist and novelist
  22. Philippe Beaussant, elected 2007, musicologist and novelist

Seat 37[edit]

  1. Daniel Hay du Chastelet de Chambon, 1635–1671, ecclesiastic and mathematician
  2. Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, 1671–1704, ecclesiastic and historian
  3. Melchior de Polignac, 1704–1741, ecclesiastic, politician, philologist and poet
  4. Odet-Joseph Giry, 1741–1761, ecclesiastic
  5. Charles Batteux, 1761–1780, ecclesiastic
  6. Antoine-Marin Lemierre, 1780–1793, poet and playwright
  7. Félix-Julien-Jean Bigot de Préameneu, 1803–1825, politician and lawyer
  8. Mathieu de Montmorency, 1825–1826, politician and diplomat
  9. Alexandre Guiraud, 1826–1847, playwright, poet and novelist
  10. Jean-Jacques Ampère, 1847–1864, historian of literature
  11. Lucien-Anatole Prévost-Paradol, 1865–1870, literary critic
  12. Camille Rousset, 1871–1892, historian
  13. Paul Thureau-Dangin, 1893–1913, historian
  14. Pierre de La Gorce, 1914–1934, historian, magistrate and lawyer
  15. Maurice, 6th duc de Broglie, 1934–1960, sailor and physicist
  16. Eugène Tisserant, 1961–1972, ecclesiastic and philologist
  17. Jean Daniélou, 1972–1974, ecclesiastic, theologian, historian and essayist
  18. Ambroise-Marie Carré, 1975–2004, ecclesiastic
  19. René Girard, elected 2005, philosopher, literary critic

Seat 38[edit]

  1. Auger de Moléon de Granier, 1635–1636, possibly an ecclesiastic; expelled for theft; died 1650
  2. Balthazar Baro, 1636–1650, playwright and poet
  3. Jean Doujat, 1650–1688, lawyer
  4. Eusèbe Renaudot, 1688–1720, ecclesiastic
  5. Henri-Emmanuel de Roquette, 1720–1725, ecclesiastic
  6. Pierre de Pardaillan de Gondrin, 1725–1733, ecclesiastic
  7. Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur, 1733–1774, economist and statistician
  8. Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, 1775–1794, politician and magistrate; guillotined
  9. François Andrieux, 1803–1833, lawyer, poet and playwright
  10. Adolphe Thiers, 1833–1877, politician and historian
  11. Henri Martin, 1878–1883, historian
  12. Ferdinand de Lesseps, 1884–1894, diplomat
  13. Anatole France, 1896–1924, novelist and poet
  14. Paul Valéry, 1925–1945, poet, literary critic and essayist
  15. Henri Mondor, 1946–1962, surgeon, physician, historian of literature and of science
  16. Louis Armand, 1963–1971, mining engineer, bureaucrat and economist
  17. Jean-Jacques Gautier, 1972–1986, drama critic, novelist, journalist and essayist
  18. Jean-Louis Curtis, 1986–1995, novelist and essayist
  19. François Jacob, 1996–2013, biologist
  20. Marc Lambron, elected 2014, literary critic and writer

Seat 39[edit]

  1. Louis Giry, 1636–1665, lawyer
  2. Claude Boyer, 1666–1698, ecclesiastic, playwright and poet
  3. Charles-Claude Genest, 1698–1719, ecclesiastic
  4. Jean-Baptiste Dubos, 1720–1742, ecclesiastic and historian
  5. Jean-François Du Bellay du Resnel, 1742–1761, ecclesiastic
  6. Bernard-Joseph Saurin, 1761–1781, lawyer and poet
  7. Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet, 1782–1794, philosopher and mathematician
  8. Gabriel Villar, 1803–1826, ecclesiastic
  9. Charles-Marie de Féletz, 1826–1850, ecclesiastic
  10. Désiré Nisard, 1850–1888, essayist
  11. Melchior de Vogüé, 1888–1910, essayist, historian, literary critic and diplomat
  12. Henri de Régnier, 1911–1936, poet, novelist and essayist
  13. Jacques de Lacretelle, 1936–1985, novelist
  14. Bertrand Poirot-Delpech, 1986–2006, journalist, essayist and novelist
  15. Jean Clair, elected 2008, essayist and art historian

Seat 40[edit]

  1. Daniel de Priézac, 1639–1662, law professor
  2. Michel Le Clerc, 1662–1691, lawyer
  3. Jacques de Tourreil, 1692–1714, translator
  4. Jean-Roland Malet, 1714–1736, economist and royal valet de chambre
  5. Jean-François Boyer, 1736–1755, ecclesiastic
  6. Nicolas Thyrel de Boismont, 1755–1786, ecclesiastic
  7. Claude-Carloman de Rulhière, 1787–1791, diplomat, poet and historian
  8. Pierre Jean George Cabanis, 1803–1808, medical doctor and physiologist
  9. Antoine Destutt de Tracy, 1808–1836, philosopher
  10. François Guizot, 1836–1874, politician and historian
  11. Jean-Baptiste Dumas, 1875–1884, politician and chemist
  12. Joseph Louis François Bertrand, 1884–1900, mathematician, historian of science
  13. Marcellin Berthelot, 1900–1907, politician, chemist, essayist, historian of science
  14. Francis Charmes, 1908–1916, diplomat and journalist
  15. Jules Cambon, 1918–1935, diplomat, lawyer, senior civil servant
  16. Marie-Jean-Lucien Lacaze, 1936–1955, admiral
  17. Jacques Chastenet, 1956–1978, journalist, historian and diplomat
  18. Georges Dumézil, 1978–1986, philologist and historian of civilisations
  19. Pierre-Jean Rémy, 1988–2010, diplomat, novelist and essayist
  20. Xavier Darcos, elected 2013, politician, scholar and civil servant

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although Roederer lived until 1835, he was deprived of all offices and dignities on the restoration of the Bourbons to power