List of members of the Parliament of Finland, 1919–22

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This is the list of the members of the Parliament of Finland between April 1, 1919 – September 4, 1922 following the parliamentary election in 1919. In the elections Social Democratic Party of Finland (Finnish: Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue) won 80 seats, Agrarian Party (Maalaisliitto, Agrarian League) 42, National Coalition Party (Kansallinen Kokoomus) 28, National Progressive Party (Kansallinen Edistyspuolue) 26, Swedish People's Party (Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue, Swedish: Svenska folkpartiet) 22 and Christian Workers' Union (Suomen kristillisen työväen liitto) 2.

Lauri Kristian Relander was selected as Speaker of the Parliament of Finland on April 2. He resigned after being appointed the governor of Viipuri Province on May 8, 1920. Kyösti Kallio was then the Speaker until March 29, 1921, when he was replaced by Wäinö Wuolijoki.

Five cabinets were formed during this parliament: 4 composed of parties from right and center, and one caretaker cabinet. Only the cabinet of Erich had the majority in the parliament.[1]

Cabinets during the parliament[1]
Prime minister Start End Days Parties
Kaarlo Castrén April 4, 1919 August 15, 1919 121 National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Swedish People's Party
Juho Vennola August 15, 1919 March 15, 1920 214 National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Rafael Erich March 15, 1920 April 9, 1921 391 National Coalition Party
National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Swedish People's Party
Juho Vennola April 9, 1921 June 2, 1922 420 National Progressive Party
Agrarian Party
Aimo Cajander June 2, 1922 November 14, 1922 166 none (caretaker cabinet)

Members of the Parliament 1919-1922[edit]

In the table, the names written with italics were appointed to the Parliament later than April 1, 1919—the first day of the new Parliament—to replace those who had died or resigned.

English name Finnish name Seats[2]
Social Democratic Party of Finland Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue 80
Agrarian Party Maalaisliitto 42
National Coalition Party Kansallinen Kokoomus 28
National Progressive Party Kansallinen Edistyspuolue 26
Swedish People's Party Ruotsalainen kansanpuolue
Swedish: Svenska folkpartiet
22[N 1]
Christian Workers' Union Suomen kristillisen työväen liitto 2
Name Born Sex Parliamentary group Constituency Notes Source
Aalto, Artturi 1876 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [1]
Aalto, Kalle 1884 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [N 2] [2]
Ahlfors, Fanny 1884 F Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [3]
Ailio, Julius 1872 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province South [4]
Alanen, Ivar 1863 M National Coalition Party Turku Province North [5]
Alfthan, Alex 1865 M National Coalition Party Häme Province South [N 3] [6]
Alkio, Santeri 1862 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province South [7]
Ampuja, Mikko 1882 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [8]
Andersson, Otto 1881 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province North [9]
Arajärvi, Juhani 1867 M National Coalition Party Häme Province North [10]
Arhama, Kusti 1885 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [11]
Arho, Antero 1870 M Social Democratic Party Oulu Province North [12]
Auer, Ilmari 1879 M National Progressive Party Uusimaa Province [13]
von Born, Ernst 1885 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [14]
Broända, Johan 1866 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province North [15]
Byman, Lennart 1875 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [N 4] [16]
Collan, Mikko 1881 M National Progressive Party Turku Province North [N 5] [17]
Colliander, Rafael 1878 M Swedish People's Party Turku Province South [18]
Eklund, Artur 1880 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province North [19]
Elfving, Otto 1874 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province North [20]
Elovaara, Kustavi 1867 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [21]
Erich, Mikko 1888 M National Coalition Party Viipuri Province East [22]
Erich, Rafael 1879 M National Coalition Party Mikkeli Province [23]
Estlander, Ernst 1870 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province South [24]
af Forselles, Arthur 1864 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [25]
Fränti, Aleksanteri 1881 M National Progressive Party Oulu Province South [26]
Furuhjelm, Annie 1859 F Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [27]
Furuhjelm, Ragnar 1879 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [28]
Gebhard, Hedvig 1867 F National Coalition Party Uusimaa Province [29]
Haapasalo, Anna 1882 F Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province East [30]
Hakala, Kalle 1884 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [31]
Hakkila, Väinö 1882 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [32]
Hallsten, Ilmi 1862 F National Coalition Party Turku Province North [33]
Halme, Aatu 1873 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [34]
Hanhisalo, Frans 1893 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province North [N 6] [35]
Hannula, Edvard 1859 M National Coalition Party Turku Province North [36]
Hannula, Mandi 1880 F National Progressive Party Mikkeli Province [37]
Hannunen, Hilda 1882 F Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province South [N 7] [38]
Hatva, Eero 1872 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province West [39]
Heikinheimo, Oskari 1873 M National Coalition Party Vaasa Province East [N 8] [40]
Heikkinen, Juho 1863 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [41]
Heikkinen, Pekka 1883 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province West [42]
Heimonen, Taavetti 1870 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli Province [N 9] [43]
Heinonen, Kaarlo 1878 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [44]
Helenelund, Edvard 1885 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province South [45]
Helenius-Seppälä, Matti 1870 M Christian Workers' Union Turku Province South [N 10] [46]
Helle, Edvard 1879 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [N 11] [47]
Helo, Johan 1889 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [48]
Hiidenheimo, Artturi 1877 M National Coalition Party Uusimaa Province [49]
Hiidenheimo, Elli 1883 F National Coalition Party Häme Province North [50]
Hildén, Leo 1876 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [51]
Hiltunen, Olli 1877 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province East [52]
Holma, Kaarlo 1883 M National Coalition Party Turku Province South [53]
Homén, Theodor 1858 M National Coalition Party Viipuri Province West [54]
Hornborg, Eirik 1879 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [N 12] [55]
Hultin, Tekla 1864 F National Coalition Party Viipuri Province West [56]
Hupli, Väinö 1886 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [57]
Huttunen, Evert 1884 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province West [58]
Huttunen, Petter 1883 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province West [59]
Hämäläinen, August 1874 M National Progressive Party Häme Province South [60]
Hästbacka, Emil 1872 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province North [61]
Ihamuotila, Janne 1868 M Agrarian Party Häme Province North [62]
Itkonen, Rieti 1889 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province West [63]
Jaskari, Mikko 1866 M National Coalition Party Vaasa Province North [64]
Joukahainen, Vilkku 1879 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province West [N 13] [65]
Junes, Antti 1874 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province North [66]
Juustila, Väinö 1884 M National Coalition Party Oulu Province South [67]
Juutilainen, Antti 1882 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province West [68]
Jyske, Jalmari 1884 M National Progressive Party Kuopio Province East [N 14] [69]
Kaila, Erkki 1867 M National Coalition Party Uusimaa Province [70]
Kallio, Kyösti 1873 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [71]
Kananen, Juho 1874 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli Province [72]
Kaskinen, Juho 1865 M National Progressive Party Turku Province South [73]
Kauppinen, Aarne 1889 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli Province [74]
Kekki, Matti 1868 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province East [75]
Kekkonen, Juho 1890 M Christian Workers' Union Turku Province North [76]
Keto, Jaakko 1884 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province South [77]
Kivimäki, Toivo 1886 M National Progressive Party Turku Province South [N 15] [78]
Koivisto, Aleksanteri 1863 M National Coalition Party Vaasa Province East [N 16] [79]
Koivulahti-Lehto, Hilma 1881 F Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [80]
Koivuranta, Janne 1885 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province North [81]
Kojonen, Rope 1874 M National Progressive Party Häme Province South [82]
Kokko, Juho 1865 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [83]
Kontu, Arvi 1883 M National Progressive Party Turku Province South [84]
Korhonen, Vilho 1867 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [85]
Korhonen, Ville 1877 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province West [86]
Koskenkaiku, Artturi 1871 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [87]
Koskinen, August 1878 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [88]
Kotonen, Anton 1876 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province East [89]
Kujala, Jaakko 1882 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province South [90]
Kukkonen, Antti 1889 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [91]
Kärki, Frans 1884 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province South [92]
Kääriäinen, Heikki 1872 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province West [93]
Lahdensuo, Jalo 1882 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province North [N 17] [94]
Laherma, Jonas 1888 M Social Democratic Party Oulu Province North [95]
Laine, Augusta 1867 F National Progressive Party Kuopio Province East [N 18] [96]
Lanne, Kaarlo 1860 M National Coalition Party Vaasa Province South [97]
Lassila, Matti 1865 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [N 19] [98]
Latvala, Matti 1868 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province East [99]
Laukkonen, Matti 1883 M Social Democratic Party Oulu Province South [100]
Laurén, Karl 1879 M Swedish People's Party Turku Province South [101]
Lehikoinen, Antti 1886 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province East [102]
Lehtinen, Mooses 1878 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [103]
Lehtokoski, Aino 1886 F Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [104]
Lehtola, Väinö 1883 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [105]
Lehtonen, Väinö 1883 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [106]
Leino, Emil 1874 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [107]
Leinonen, Olga 1877 F Social Democratic Party Häme Province South [108]
Leivo, Oskari 1876 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [N 20] [109]
Leppälä, Bertta 1891 F Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [110]
Leppälä, Juhani 1880 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [111]
Leskinen, August 1876 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province West [112]
Liakka, Niilo 1864 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province North [113]
Lindroos, Alfred 1883 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [N 21] [114]
Linna, Eemil 1876 M National Progressive Party Häme Province North [115]
Linna, Jalmari 1891 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [116]
Lohi, Kalle 1872 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province North [117]
Loppi, Jaakko 1874 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [118]
Loukko, Jaakko 1870 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province North [119]
Lumio, Kalle 1872 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [N 22] [120]
Luopajärvi, Mikko 1871 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province South [N 23] [121]
Luukkonen, Gabriel 1880 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli Province [122]
Lyytinen, Edla 1874 F Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province East [N 24] [123]
Malmi, Jalmari 1893 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province West [N 25] [124]
Malmivaara, Wilhelmi 1854 M National Coalition Party Vaasa Province North [N 26] [125]
Manner, Albin 1888 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [126]
Mannonen, Matti 1871 M National Coalition Party Viipuri Province West [127]
Mantere, Oskari 1874 M National Progressive Party Häme Province South [128]
Meriläinen, Antti 1887 M Social Democratic Party Oulu Province South [129]
Mero, Aleksanteri 1884 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [N 27] [130]
Mickelsson, Eliel 1886 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [131]
Miemois, Johannes 1866 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province North [132]
Nevanlinna, Ernst 1873 M National Coalition Party Turku Province South [133]
Niemi, Vilho 1881 M Social Democratic Party Oulu Province South [134]
Nikkanen, Ville 1885 M National Coalition Party Viipuri Province West [135]
Niskanen, Henrik 1873 M Agrarian Party Mikkeli Province [136]
Nissinen, Tatu 1883 M National Progressive Party Kuopio Province West [N 28] [137]
Niukkanen, Juho 1888 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [138]
Nix, Oskar 1872 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province South [139]
Nyberg, Johannes 1862 M National Coalition Party Turku Province South [140]
Nyrkkö, Antero 1889 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province West [141]
Nättinen, Nestori 1857 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [N 29] [142]
Oja, Matti 1865 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [143]
Paasivuori, Matti 1866 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province West [144]
Palmgren, Axel 1867 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [145]
Patinen, Niilo 1886 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [N 30] [146]
Paunu, Penna 1868 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [N 31] [147]
Pehkonen, Mikko 1879 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province East [148]
Perälä, Lauri 1881 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province East [149]
Pesonen, Aarno 1886 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [150]
Pesonen, Yrjö 1888 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province South [151]
Peura, Heikki 1882 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province South [N 32] [152]
Piitulainen, Mikko 1878 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [153]
Pilkka, Simson 1880 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province West [154]
Pitkänen, Ari 1876 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province East [155]
Procopé, Hjalmar 1889 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [156]
Puittinen, Matti 1883 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province East [157]
Puro, Olavi 1883 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province South [158]
Pöyhönen, Taavi 1882 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli Province [159]
Raatikainen, August 1874 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province West [160]
Raearo, Emil 1882 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province East [161]
Ramsay, August 1859 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [162]
Rantanen, Eelis 1879 M Christian Workers' Union Turku Province South [N 33] [163]
Rapo, Jussi 1878 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province East [164]
Reinikainen, Oskari 1885 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province West [165]
Relander, Lauri Kristian 1883 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province East [N 34] [166]
Rintala, Toivo 1876 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [167]
Ritavuori, Heikki 1880 M National Progressive Party Turku Province South [N 35] [168]
Roos, Wilhelm 1858 M Swedish People's Party Turku Province South [169]
Roslander, Wivi 1891 F Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [N 36] [170]
Ruuskanen, Kustaa 1881 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli Province [171]
Ryti, Risto 1889 M National Progressive Party Turku Province North [172]
Rytkönen, Anni 1891 F Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province West [173]
Ryynänen, Juho 1873 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province East [174]
Ryömä, Hannes 1878 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [175]
Rönnberg, Sikstus 1861 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province South [N 37] [176]
Saarelainen, Pekka 1868 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province East [177]
Saarikivi, Lyydi 1880 F Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province West [178]
Sarlin, Bruno 1878 M National Progressive Party Kuopio Province West [179]
Schauman, Georg 1870 M Swedish Left[N 1] Uusimaa Province [180]
Selander, Wäinö 1886 M Agrarian Party Turku Province North [181]
Setälä, E. N. 1864 M National Coalition Party Turku Province North [182]
Sihvo, Aarne 1889 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province East [N 38] [183]
Sillanpää, Miina 1866 F Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [184]
Sinkko, Elias 1871 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province West [185]
Sirola, Leander 1871 M Social Democratic Party Uusimaa Province [186]
Snellman, Juho 1866 M National Coalition Party Kuopio Province West [187]
Soininen, Mikael 1860 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli Province [188]
Suolahti, Hugo 1874 M National Coalition Party Häme Province South [189]
Särkkä, Wille 1877 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province West [190]
Takkula, Eetu 1884 M Agrarian Party Oulu Province North [191]
Tanner, Väinö 1881 M Social Democratic Party Turku Province North [192]
Taskinen, Heikki 1888 M Agrarian Party Kuopio Province East [193]
Taskinen, Vili 1874 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli Province [N 39] [194]
Thuneberg, Paul 1865 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province West [195]
Toivari, Anna 1874 F Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province East [N 40] [196]
Toiviainen, Juhana 1879 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province East [N 41] [197]
Tolonen, Jussi 1882 M Social Democratic Party Mikkeli Province [198]
Tonteri, Pekka 1880 M Social Democratic Party Viipuri Province East [N 42] [199]
Torppa, Juho 1859 M National Progressive Party Vaasa Province North [200]
Turtiainen, Toivo 1883 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province East [N 43] [201]
Typpö, Leonard 1868 M National Coalition Party Oulu Province South [202]
Törmä, Heikki 1875 M Social Democratic Party Oulu Province South [203]
Vainio, Ville 1882 M Social Democratic Party
Suomen sosialistinen työväenpuolue
Kuopio Province West [204]
Valavaara, Iisakki 1871 M Social Democratic Party Vaasa Province South [N 44] [205]
Valjakka, Hilma 1881 F Social Democratic Party Mikkeli Province [206]
Valkonen, Matti 1880 M National Progressive Party Viipuri Province East [207]
Vankkoja, Väinö 1880 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [N 45] [208]
Vennola, Juho 1872 M National Progressive Party Uusimaa Province [209]
Vesterinen, Vihtori 1885 M Agrarian Party Vaasa Province East [210]
Viljanen, Emil 1874 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [211]
Vilkemaa, Hilja 1887 F National Progressive Party Turku Province North [N 46] [212]
Virkkunen, Artturi 1864 M National Coalition Party Häme Province South [N 47] [213]
Virkkunen, Paavo 1874 M National Coalition Party Vaasa Province South [214]
Virtanen, Juho 1870 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province South [215]
Virtanen, Nikolai 1884 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [216]
Voionmaa, Väinö 1869 M Social Democratic Party Kuopio Province West [217]
Vuokoski, Kaarlo 1880 M National Progressive Party Mikkeli Province [218]
Väre, Oskari 1884 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province South [219]
von Wendt, Georg 1876 M Swedish Left[N 1] Vaasa Province South [220]
Wuolijoki, Wäinö 1872 M Social Democratic Party Häme Province North [221]
Wuorimaa, Artur 1854 M Agrarian Party Viipuri Province West [N 48] [222]
Åkerblom, Kristian 1877 M Swedish People's Party Vaasa Province South [223]
Österholm, John 1882 M Swedish People's Party Uusimaa Province [224]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Georg Schauman and Georg von Wendt were nominated by Swedish People's Party, but did not join party's parliamentary group after the election and instead formed Swedish Left parliamentary group (Swedish: Svensk Vänster, Finnish: Ruotsalainen vasemmisto). Unlike the majority of Swedish People's Party, Swedish Left supported republican constitution.
  2. ^ Kalle Aalto replaced Sikstus Rönnberg on October 16, 1919
  3. ^ Alex Alfthan replaced Artturi Virkkunen on February 16, 1922
  4. ^ Lennart Byman replaced Eirik Hornborg on May 2, 1922
  5. ^ Mikko Collan resigned on October 8, 1920
  6. ^ Frans Hanhisalo resigned November 25, 1921
  7. ^ Hilda Hannunen replaced Iisakki Valavaara on October 8, 1920
  8. ^ Oskari Heikinheimo replaced Aleksanteri Koivisto on January 27, 1922
  9. ^ Taavetti Heimonen died on June 1, 1920
  10. ^ Matti Helenius-Seppälä died October 18, 1920
  11. ^ Edvard Helle resigned on September 27, 1921
  12. ^ Eirik Hornborg resigned on May 1, 1922
  13. ^ Vilkku Joukahainen replaced Wilhelmi Malmivaara on March 18, 1920
  14. ^ Jalmari Jyske resigned January 27, 1922
  15. ^ Toivo Kivimäki replaced Heikki Ritavuori on February 22, 1922
  16. ^ Aleksanteri Koivisto died on December 22, 1921
  17. ^ Jalo Lahdensuo replaced Frans Hanhisalo on December 7, 1921
  18. ^ Augusta Laine replaced Jalmari Jyske on February 10, 1922
  19. ^ Matti Lassila replaced Penna Paunu on October 12, 1920
  20. ^ Oskari Leivo died on December 12, 1921
  21. ^ Alfred Lindroos replaced Edvard Helle on September 30, 1921
  22. ^ Kalle Lumio replaced Väinö Vankkoja on October 17, 1919
  23. ^ Mikko Luopajärvi died on January 5, 1920
  24. ^ Edla Lyytinen died on May 21, 1919
  25. ^ Jalmari Malmi replaced Artur Wuorimaa on October 11, 1921
  26. ^ Wilhelmi Malmivaara resigned on March 11, 1920
  27. ^ Aleksanteri Mero replaced Lauri Kristian Relander on October 26, 1920
  28. ^ Tatu Nissinen replaced Bruno Sarlin on October 15, 1920
  29. ^ Nestori Nättinen replaced Niilo Patinen on February 28, 1922
  30. ^ NiiloPatinen resigned February 14, 1922
  31. ^ Penna Paunu died on August 24, 1920
  32. ^ Heikki Peura replaced Mikko Luopajärvi on February 13, 1920
  33. ^ Eelis Rantanen replaced Matti Helenius-Seppälä on March 31, 1921
  34. ^ Lauri Relander resigned on October 8, 1920
  35. ^ Heikki Ritavuori was assassinated on February 14, 1922
  36. ^ Wivi Roslander replaced Oskari Leivo on January 24, 1922
  37. ^ Sikstus Rönnberg died on August 30, 1919
  38. ^ Aarne Sihvo resigned on October 4, 1920
  39. ^ Vili Taskinen replaced Taavetti Heimonen on October 4, 1920
  40. ^ Anna Toivari replaced Toivo Turtiainen on October 12, 1920
  41. ^ Juhana Toiviainen replaced Aarne Sihvo on October 12, 1920
  42. ^ Pekka Tonteri replaced Edla Lyytinen on June 3, 1919
  43. ^ Toivo Turtiainen died on September 12, 1920
  44. ^ Iisakki Valavaara resigned on October 8, 1920
  45. ^ Väinö Vankkoja died on August 10, 1919
  46. ^ Hilja Vilkevaara replaced Mikko Collan on October 9, 1920
  47. ^ Artturi Wirkkunen resigned on February 7, 1922
  48. ^ Artur Wuorimaa resigned on September 23, 1921

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ministerikortisto". Valtioneuvosto (Finnish Government). Retrieved 2009-05-17. [dead link]
  2. ^ Jääskeläinen, Mauno (1973). Itsenäisyyden ajan eduskunta 1919–1938. Suomen Kansanedustuslaitoksen Historia 7. Eduskunnan historiakomitea. ISBN 951-859-196-2.