List of mergers and acquisitions by Apple

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Apple's headquarters are at 1 Infinite Loop in Cupertino, California, United States.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing consumer electronics and software products. It was established in Cupertino, California on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne,[1] and incorporated on January 3, 1977.[2] The company's hardware products include the Macintosh line of personal computers, the iPod line of portable media players, the iPad line of tablets, and the iPhone line of mobile phones. Apple's software products include the OS X operating system, the iTunes media browser, and the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software.[3] As of 2014, Apple had acquired fifty-six companies, purchased a stake in two companies, and made five divestments; most of them were software companies. Apple has not released the financial details for most of these mergers and acquisitions.

Apple's business philosophy is to acquire small companies that can be easily integrated into existing company projects.[4] For example, Apple acquired Emagic and its professional music software, Logic Pro, in 2002. The acquisition led to the creation of the digital audio workstation software GarageBand, now part of the iLife software suite.[4]

The company made its first acquisition on March 2, 1988 when it purchased Network Innovations. It has also made five divestments, all in the 1990s, in which parts of the company were sold to another company. The company's largest acquisition was the purchase of NeXT in 1996 for US$400 million.[5][6] In the 2000s, the year in which Apple made its most acquisitions was 2002, with six. In 2013, Apple acquired thirteen companies, more than in any other single year thus far. Of the companies that Apple has acquired, 41 were based in the United States.

Acquisitions[edit]

Number Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References Derived products
1 March 2, 1988 Network Innovations Software  United States [7]
2 June 7, 1988 Orion Network Systems Satellite communication systems  United States [8]
3 June 27, 1988 Styleware Computer software  United States [9] AppleWorks GS
4 July 11, 1988 Nashoba Systems Computer software  United States [10] FileMaker
5 January 3, 1989 Coral Software Computer software  United States [11]
6 February 7, 1997 NeXT Computer programming services  United States US$404,000,000 [12] OS X, iOS
7 September 2, 1997 Power Computing Corporation[note 1] Clone computers  United States US$110,000,000 [13][14]
8 January 8, 1999 Xemplar Education Software  United Kingdom US$4,926,000 [15]
9 November 3, 1999 Raycer Graphics Computer graphic chips  United States US$15,000,000 [16]
10 January 7, 2000 NetSelector Internet software  United States [17]
11 April 11, 2000 Astarte-DVD Authoring Software[note 2] Software  Germany [18] DVD Studio Pro
12 2000 (Q4) SoundJam MP[note 3] Software  United States [19] iTunes
13 2001 Bluefish Labs Productivity software  United States [20] iWork
14 May 11, 2001 bluebuzz Internet service provider  United States [21]
15 July 9, 2001 Spruce Technologies[note 4] Graphics software  United States US$14,900,000 [22][23] DVD Studio Pro
16 December 31, 2001 PowerSchool Online info systems services  United States US$66,100,000 [24][25] PowerSchool
17 February 1, 2002 Nothing Real Special effects software  United States US$15,000,000 [26][27] Shake
18 April 4, 2002 Zayante FireWire chips and software  United States US$13,000,000[note 5] [28][29][30] FireWire
19 June 11, 2002 Silicon Grail Corp-Chalice[note 6][note 7] Digital effects software  United States US$20,000,000 [note 8] [31][32] Final Cut Pro
20 June 20, 2002 Propel Software Software  United States - [33]
21 June 21, 2002 Prismo Graphics[note 9] Special-effects titling software for film and video  United States US$20,000,000[note 10] [34][35] LiveType (Final Cut Studio)
22 July 1, 2002 Emagic Music production software  Germany US$30,000,000 [36][37] Logic Pro, GarageBand
23 March 2005 Schemasoft Software  Canada [38] iWork
24 April 2005 FingerWorks Gesture recognition company  United States [39][40] iOS
25 October 16, 2006 Silicon Color Software  United States [41] Color (Final Cut Studio)
26 December 4, 2006 Proximity Software  Australia [42] Final Cut Server
27 April 24, 2008 P.A. Semi Semiconductors  United States US$278,000,000 [43] Apple SOC
28 July 7, 2009 Placebase Maps  United States [44] Maps
29 December 6, 2009 Lala.com Music streaming  United States US$17,000,000 [45] iCloud, iTunes Match
30 January 5, 2010 Quattro Wireless Mobile advertising  United States US$275,000,000 [46] iAd
31 April 27, 2010 Intrinsity Semiconductors  United States US$121,000,000 [47] Apple SOC
32 April 27, 2010 Siri Voice Control Software  United States [48] Siri
33 July 14, 2010 Poly9 Web-based mapping  Canada [49] Maps
34 September 20, 2010 Polar Rose Face-Recognition  Sweden US$29,000,000 [50] iOS
35 September 14, 2010 IMSense High Dynamic Range Photography  United Kingdom [51] iOS
36 August 1, 2011 C3 Technologies 3D Mapping  Sweden US$267,000,000 [52] Maps
37 December 20, 2011 Anobit Flash Memory  Israel US$390,000,000 [53] iPod, iPhone, iPad
38 February 23, 2012 Chomp App search engine  United States US$50,000,000 [54] App Store
39 June 2, 2012 Redmatica Audio  Italy [55] Logic Pro
40 July 27, 2012 AuthenTec PC and Mobile security products  United States US$356,000,000 [56] Touch ID
41 September 27, 2012 Particle HTML5 web app firm  United States [57] iCloud, iAd
42 2013 Novauris Technologies Speech recognition  United Kingdom [58][59] Siri
43 March 23, 2013 WiFiSlam Indoor location  United States US$20,000,000 [60] Maps
44 July 19, 2013 Locationary Maps  Canada [61] Maps
45 July 19, 2013 HopStop.com Maps  United States [62] Maps
46 August 1, 2013 Passif Semiconductor Semiconductors  United States [63]
47 August 13, 2013 Matcha Media discovery app  United States [64]
48 August 22, 2013 Embark Maps  United States [65] Maps
49 August 28, 2013 AlgoTrim Data Compression  Sweden [66]
50 October 3, 2013 Cue Personal assistant  United States US$50,000,000 [67]
51 November 24, 2013 PrimeSense Semiconductors  Israel US$345,000,000 [68]
52 December 2, 2013 Topsy Analytics  United States US$200,000,000 [69]
53 December 23, 2013 BroadMap Maps  United States [70] Maps
54 December 23, 2013 Catch.com Software  United States [70]
55 January 4, 2014 SnappyLabs Photography Software  United States [71] Camera
56 February 21, 2014 Burstly Software  United States [72] App Testing and Distribution

Stakes[edit]

Date Company Business Country Value (USD) References
June 1, 1999 Akamai Technologies Web site support services  United States US$12,500,000[note 11] [73]
December 18, 2008 Imagination Technologies Chip design  United Kingdom US$4,700,000[note 12] [74]

Divestitures[edit]

Date Acquirer Target company Target business Acquirer country/nationality Value (USD) References
April 22, 1992 Misys Computer Maintenance Sign Express Group Maintenance activities  United Kingdom US$705,000 [75]
May 31, 1996 SCI Systems Apple Computer Computers  United States [76]
April 2, 1997 Al-Waleed bin Talal Apple Computer Personal computers  Saudi Arabia US$115,000,000[note 13] [77]
August 6, 1997 Microsoft Apple Computer Personal computers  United States US$150,000,000[note 14] [78]
August 7, 1997 Grupo Carso Apple Computer Personal computers  Mexico US$60,650,000[note 15] [79]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Acquired from Power Computing Corporation
  2. ^ Acquired from Astarte
  3. ^ Acquired from Casady & Greene
  4. ^ Acquired from Japan Information Processing Service
  5. ^ This figure hasn't been verified by anyone. Regardless, the actual combined price is $20,000,000 for Zayante, Silicon, and Prismo.
  6. ^ Acquired from Silicon Grail
  7. ^ Only "acquired certain technology and patent rights" according to SEC Filing. Not the entire company.
  8. ^ $20,000,000 was the total cost for "certain technology and patent rights" from Zayante, Silicon, and Prismo. Not per company, but for all three combined.
  9. ^ Only "acquired certain technology and patent rights" according to SEC Filing. Not the entire company.
  10. ^ $20,000,000 was the total cost for "certain technology and patent rights" from Zayante, Silicon, and Prismo. Not per company, but for all three combined.
  11. ^ Acquired a 5% stake
  12. ^ Acquired a 3.6% stake, or 8.2 million shares
  13. ^ Acquired a 5% stake, or 6.25 million common shares
  14. ^ Acquired a 5% stake, or 150,000 Series A shares. Microsoft has since sold most of this stake, yet still retains some.
  15. ^ Acquired a 3% stake, or 3.79 million common shares

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
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External links[edit]