List of rocks on Mars

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This is an alphabetical list of named rocks (and meteorites) found on Mars, by mission. This list does not include Martian meteorites found on Earth.

Names for Mars rocks are largely unofficial designations used for ease of discussion purposes, as the International Astronomical Union's official Martian naming system declares that objects smaller than 100 m (330 ft) are not to be given official names. Because of this some less significant rocks seen in photos returned by Mars rovers have been named more than once, and others have even had their names changed later due to conflicts or even matters of opinion. Often rocks are named after the children or family members of astronauts or NASA employees. The name "Jazzy", for example, was taken from a girl named "Jazzy" who grew up in Grand Junction, CO, USA. Her father worked for NASA and contributed to the findings and naming of the rocks.

The following imagemap of the planet Mars has embedded links to geographical features in addition to the noted Rover and Lander locations. Click on the features and you will be taken to the corresponding article pages. North is at the top; Elevations: red (higher), yellow (zero), blue (lower).

Tharsis Montes Hellas Planitia Olympus Mons Valles Marineris Arabia Terra Amazonis Planitia Elysium Mons Isidis Planitia Terra Cimmeria Argyre Planitia Alba MonsMap of Mars
About this image

Spirit (2004) > Spirit

Opportunity (2004) > Opportunity

Pathfinder < Pathfinder/Sojourner (1997)

Viking 1 (1976) > Viking 1

Viking 2 (1976) > Viking 2

Phoenix < Phoenix (2008)

Mars 3 < Mars 3 (1971)

Curiosity (2012) > Curiosity


1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers[edit]

See also: Viking program

Viking 1 Lander – July 20, 1976; Last Earth Contact – November 13, 1982.[1][2]
Mars landing coordinates: 22°29′N 49°58′W / 22.48°N 49.97°W / 22.48; -49.97 (Viking 1 lander)[1]
Viking 2 Lander – September 3, 1976; Last Earth Contact – April 11, 1980.[1][3]
Mars landing coordinates: 47°58′N 225°44′W / 47.97°N 225.74°W / 47.97; -225.74 (Viking 2 lander)[1]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Big Joe
  • Bonneville
  • Delta
  • Midas Muffler
  • Mr. Badger
  • Mr. Moley
  • Mr. Rat
  • Mr. Toad
  • Patch
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 1 Lander (July 20, 1976) - First "clear" image ever transmitted from the surface of Mars.
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 1 Lander (July 23, 1976).
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 2 Lander (1976).


1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder)[edit]

See also: Mars Pathfinder

Sojourner Rover – July 4, 1997; Last Earth Contact – September 27, 1997.[4]
Mars landing coordinates: 19°7′48″N 33°13′12″W / 19.13000°N 33.22000°W / 19.13000; -33.22000 (Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder))
(Raw Images - 1-Camera/Sol and 2-Camera/Sol and 3-Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Anthill
  • Auto
  • Baby Otter
  • Bama
  • Bambam
  • Barnacle Bill
  • Barsoom
  • Basket
  • Bebob
  • Blackhawk
  • Book Shelf
  • Booboo
  • Bosco
  • Boyle
  • Brak
  • Brick
  • Broken Wall
  • Bug
  • Bullwinkle
  • Bunky
  • Cabbage Patch
  • Calvin
  • Cardiac Hill
  • Casper
  • Chimp
  • Clumk
  • Contour
  • Couch
  • Cradle
  • Darth Vader
  • Desert Princess
  • Dilbert
  • Dilbert's Boss
  • Dogbert
  • Dragon
  • Duck
  • Elvis
  • Ender
  • Flat Top
  • Flipper
  • Flute Top
  • Frog
  • Froggy
  • Garfield
  • Garibaldi
  • Garrak
  • Geordi
  • Ginger
  • Goldilocks
  • Goose
  • Gosling
  • Grandma
  • Grizzly
  • Grommit
  • Gumby
  • Half Dome
  • Hamster
  • Hardstop
  • Hassock
  • Hedgehog
  • Hero
  • Hippo
  • Hobbs
  • Homer
  • Hoppy
  • Iggie
  • Iguana
  • Indiana Jones
  • Jailhouse
  • Janeway
  • Jazzy
  • Jedi
  • Jimmy Cricket
  • Kitten
  • Lamb
  • Landon
  • Little Flat Top
  • Longhorn
  • Lookout
  • Lozenge
  • Lumpy
  • Lunchbox
  • Mafalda
  • Marvin the Martian
  • Matterhorn
  • Mesa
  • Mini
  • Mint Julep
  • Moe
  • Mohawk
  • Mouse
  • Mr. Mole
  • Nibbles
  • Nigel
  • Obelisk
  • Otter
  • Pancake
  • Paz
  • Penguin
  • Picnic
  • Piglet
  • Pinky
  • Pinocchio
  • Piper
  • Platypus
  • Pokey
  • Poohbear
  • Poptart
  • Potato
  • Pumpkin
  • Pyramid
  • Pyramid Point
  • Ratbert
  • Ren
  • Rocky
  • Rolling Stone
  • Rye Bread
  • Sandworm
  • Sardine
  • Sassafras
  • Scooby Doo
  • Scout
  • Seawolf
  • Shaggy
  • Shark
  • Simba
  • Sisyphus
  • Smidgen
  • Snoopy
  • Snowy
  • Snukums
  • Souffle
  • Squash
  • Squeeze
  • Space Ghost
  • Spock
  • Spud
  • Stack
  • Stimpy
  • Stripe
  • Stump
  • Sulu
  • T. Rex
  • The Dice
  • Tick
  • Tigger
  • Titus
  • Torres
  • Troll
  • Trooper
  • Turtle
  • Tweak
  • Valentine
  • Warthog
  • Wedge
  • Woodie
  • Yogi
  • Zaphod
  • Zorak
  • Zucchini
Panorama of rocks near the Sojourner Rover (July 10, 1997).
Panorama of rocks near the Sojourner Rover (December 5, 1997).


2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A)[edit]

Spirit Rover – January 4, 2004; Last Earth Contact – May 25, 2011.[5]
Mars landing coordinates: 14°34′06″S 175°28′21″E / 14.5684°S 175.472636°E / -14.5684; 175.472636 (Spirit rover)[6]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Aboa
  • Adirondack
  • Allan Hills (iron meteorite)
  • Arctowski
  • Belgrand
  • Bread-Basket
  • Casey Station
  • Castilla
  • ChanCheng
  • Cheyenne
  • Clovis
  • Coba
  • Cobra Hoods
  • Concordia
  • Davis
  • Druzhnaya
  • Ebenezer
  • El Dorado
  • Esperanza
  • Faget (geological feature)
  • Ferraz
  • Garruchaga
  • Gueslega
  • Halley
  • Home Plate (geological feature)
  • Humphrey
  • Juan Carlos
  • Jubany
  • King George Island
  • Kohnen
  • Korolev
  • Macquarie
  • Magic Carpet
  • Marambio
  • Mazatzal
  • Melchior
  • Mimi
  • Molodezhnaya
  • Montalva
  • Oberth (geological feature)
  • O Higgens
  • Orcadas
  • Pot of Gold
  • Prat
  • Primero
  • Riquelme
  • San Martin
  • Sashimi
  • Scott Base
  • Sejong
  • Signy
  • Sobral
  • Stone Council
  • Sushi
  • Tetl
  • Tor
  • Tyrone
  • Vernadsky
  • Vostok
  • Wasa
  • White Boat
  • Wishstone
  • Zhong Shan (iron meteorite)
Panorama of rocks near the Spirit RoverGusev Crater "Winter Haven" ("McMurdo") (August 17, 2006) (high-resolution description).
Panorama of rocks near the Spirit Rover – Gusev Crater (August 5, 2004).


2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B)[edit]

Opportunity Rover – January 25, 2004; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.[7]
Mars landing coordinates: 1°56′46″S 354°28′24″E / 1.9462°S 354.4734°E / -1.9462; 354.4734 (Opportunity rover)[6]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

Panorama of rocks near the Opportunity Rover – Eagle crater (March 5, 2004).
Panorama of rocks near the Opportunity Rover – Payson outcropErebus crater (February 26, 2006).


2008 – Phoenix lander[edit]

Phoenix Lander – May 25, 2008; Last Earth Contact – November 10, 2008.[11]
Mars landing coordinates: 68°13′N 125°42′W / 68.22°N 125.7°W / 68.22; -125.7 (Phoenix lander)
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Baby Bear
  • Burn Alive
  • Burn Alive 3
  • Dodo
  • Goldilocks
  • Lower Cupboard
  • Mama Bear
  • Neverland
  • Papa Bear
  • Rosy Red 2
  • Rosy Red 3
  • Runaway
  • Snow White
  • Stone Soup
  • Upper Cupboard
Panorama of rocks near the Phoenix Lander (May 25, 2008).
Panorama of rocks near the Phoenix Lander (August 19, 2008).


2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory)[edit]

Curiosity Rover – August 6, 2012; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.[12]
Mars landing coordinates: 4°35′22″S 137°26′30″E / 4.5895°S 137.4417°E / -4.5895; 137.4417 (Curiosity rover) (4°35′31″S 137°26′25″E / 4.59194°S 137.44028°E / -4.59194; 137.44028 (Curiosity rover))
(Raw Images - Camera and Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Alexander Hills (area)
  • Amargosa Valley (area)
  • Bathurst Inlet
  • Bonanza King
  • Burwash
  • Confidence Hills
  • Coronation
  • Crest
  • Crestaurum
  • Cumberland
  • Darwin Outcrop
  • Dingo Gap (area)
  • Discovery Ridge (area)
  • Ekwir 1
  • Et-Then
  • Gillespie (area)
  • Gillespie Lake
  • Glenelg (area)
  • Goulburn
  • Harrison
  • Hidden Valley (area)
  • Hottah
  • Ithaca
  • Jake Matijevic
  • John Klein-A/B/C
  • Kimberley (area)
  • Knorr[13]
  • Lebanon (iron meteorite)
  • Link
  • Not Bones
  • Nova
  • Pahrump Hills (area)
  • Panorama Point (area)
  • Pink Cliffs
  • Point Lake (area)
  • Portage[14]
  • Rapitan
  • Rocknest
  • Rocknest 3[15]
  • Sayunei
  • Selwyn
  • Shaler[16][17]
  • Sheepbed
  • Snake River[18]
  • Sutton Inlier (area)[13]
  • Tintina[13][19]
  • Twin Cairns Island (area)
  • Unnamed-20120902
  • Waypoint 1 (area)
  • Wernecke[13]
  • Wildrose
  • Windjana
  • Winnipesaukee
  • Yellowknife Bay (area)
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover – near "Bradbury Landing" (August 9, 2012).
Panorama of rocks near "Mount Sharp" as viewed from the Curiosity Rover (September 20, 2012; white balanced; raw color).
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover at "Rocknest" (November 16, 2012; white balanced; raw color; interactives).
Panorama of rocks and "Drilling Sites" near the Curiosity Rover at Yellowknife Bay (December 24, 2012).
Panorama of rocks near the "Pahrump Hills" on the slopes of "Mount Sharp" as viewed from the Curiosity Rover (September 11, 2014; white balanced).
Panorama of rocks near "Dingo Gap" on the way to "Mount Sharp" viewed by the Curiosity rover (January 30, 2014; white balanced; raw color).
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover – at Yellowknife Bay around sunset (February 2013; sun simulated by artist).


Other rock formations[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Williams, David R. Dr. (December 18, 2006). "Viking Mission to Mars". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Viking 1". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  3. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Viking 2". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Pathfinder / Sojourner Rover". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  5. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Spirit". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Staff. "Mapping the Mars Rovers' Landing Sites". Esri. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Opportunity". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  8. ^ Chang, Kenneth (7 June 2013). "Martian Rock Another Clue to a Once Water-Rich Planet". New York Times. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c O'Neill, Ian (January 17, 2014). "Mystery Rock 'Appears' in Front of Mars Rover". Space.com. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c Chang, Kenneth (January 24, 2014). "Mars Rover Marks an Unexpected Anniversary With a Mysterious Discovery". New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  11. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Phoenix". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  12. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover". NASA. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne (March 18, 2013). "Curiosity Mars Rover Sees Trend In Water Presence". NASA. Retrieved March 20, 2013. 
  14. ^ Staff (December 3, 2012). "A Sampling of Martian Soils". NASA. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  15. ^ Staff (November 22, 2012). "Thanksgiving on Mars: Working Holiday for Curiosity Rover". Space.com. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  16. ^ Staff (December 11, 2012). "PIA16550: Layered Martian Outcrop 'Shaler' in 'Glenelg' Area". NASA. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  17. ^ Hoagland, Richard C. (December 4, 2012). "NASA Announces Curiosity Rover To Investigate Mysterious Linear Features, Called "Shaler"". Enterprise Mission. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Staff (January 4, 2013). "PIA16564: 'Snake River' Rock Feature Viewed by Curiosity Mars Rover". NASA. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b c Rincon, Paul (March 19, 2013). "Curiosity breaks rock to reveal dazzling white interior". BBC. Retrieved March 19, 2013. 
  20. ^ Anderson, Paul Scott (February 3, 2013). "Curiosity 'hammers' a rock and completes first drilling tests". The Meridiani Journal. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  21. ^ Brown, Dwayne (October 30, 2012). "NASA Rover's First Soil Studies Help Fingerprint Martian Minerals". NASA. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Map of quadrangles on Mars[edit]

The following imagemap of the planet Mars is divided into the 30 quadrangles defined by the United States Geological Survey. The quadrangles are numbered with the prefix "MC" for "Mars Chart." Click on the quadrangle and you will be taken to the corresponding article pages. North is at the top; 0°N 180°W / 0°N 180°W / 0; -180 is at the far left on the equator. The map images were taken by the Mars Global Surveyor.

Mars Quad Map
About this image
0°N 180°W / 0°N 180°W / 0; -180
0°N 0°W / 0°N -0°E / 0; -0
90°N 0°W / 90°N -0°E / 90; -0
MC-01

Mare Boreum
MC-02

Diacria
MC-03

Arcadia
MC-04

Mare Acidalium
MC-05

Ismenius Lacus
MC-06

Casius
MC-07

Cebrenia
MC-08

Amazonis
MC-09

Tharsis
MC-10

Lunae Palus
MC-11

Oxia Palus
MC-12

Arabia
MC-13

Syrtis Major
MC-14

Amenthes
MC-15

Elysium
MC-16

Memnonia
MC-17

Phoenicis
MC-18

Coprates
MC-19

Margaritifer
MC-20

Sabaeus
MC-21

Iapygia
MC-22

Tyrrhenum
MC-23

Aeolis
MC-24

Phaethontis
MC-25

Thaumasia
MC-26

Argyre
MC-27

Noachis
MC-28

Hellas
MC-29

Eridania
MC-30

Mare Australe