List of metropolitan areas by population

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One concept which measures the world's largest cities is that of the metropolitan area, which is based on the concept of a labor market area and is typically defined as an employment core (an area with a high density of available jobs) and the surrounding areas that have strong commuting ties to the core. There is currently no generally accepted, globally consistent definition of exactly what constitutes a metropolitan area, thus making comparisons between cities in different countries especially difficult.[1]

One attempt at arriving at a consistently defined metropolitan area concept is the study by Richard Forstall, Richard Greene, and James Pick. The basic principles of their definition involve delineating the urban area as the core, then adding surrounding communities that meet two criteria: (1) Less than 35% of the resident workforce must be engaged in agriculture or fishing; and (2) At least 20% of the working residents commute to the urban core.[1]

Based on their consistently defined metropolitan area criteria, they tabulate a list of the twenty largest metropolitan areas in 2003.[1][2] As population figures are interpreted and presented differently according to different methods of data collection, definitions and sources, these numbers should be viewed as approximate. Data from other sources may be equally valid but differ due to being measured according to different criteria or taken from different census years.

List[edit]

Metropolitan area Country Rank Forstall
2003 est.[2]
Official population Year
Ahmedabad  India 6,352,254[3] 2011
Atlanta  United States 5,522,942[4] 2013
Bangalore  India 8,728,906[3] 2011
Barcelona  Spain 5,357,422[5] 2012
Belo Horizonte  Brazil 5,504,635[6] 2012
Beijing  China 19 12,500,000
Berlin  Germany 5,097,712[5] 2012
Bogotá  Colombia 9,023,644[7][8] 2014
Buenos Aires  Argentina 17 13,170,000 12,801,364[9] 2010
Cairo  Egypt 16 14,450,000
Chennai  India 8,917,749[3] 2011
Chicago  United States 9,175,000 9,537,289[4] 2013
Dallas–Fort Worth  United States 6,810,913[4] 2013
Delhi  India 8 18,600,000 21,753,486[3] 2011
Dhaka  Bangladesh 12,797,394[10] 2008
Houston  United States 6,313,158[4] 2013
Hyderabad  India 7,749,334[3] 2011
İstanbul  Turkey 14,160,467[11] 2014
Jakarta  Indonesia 6 18,900,000 28,019,545[12] 2010
Karachi  Pakistan 20 11,800,000
Kolkata  India 14 15,100,000 14,617,882[3] 2011
Lima  Peru 9,735,587[13] 2014
London  United Kingdom 18 12,875,000 15,010,295[5][14] 2012
Los Angeles  United States 13 15,250,000 13,131,431[4] 2013
Madrid  Spain 6,387,824[5] 2012
Manila  Philippines 11 16,300,000 11,855,975[15] 2010
Mexico City  Mexico 3 20,450,000 20,116,842[16] 2010
Miami  United States 5,828,191[4] 2013
Moscow  Russia 15 15,000,000 17,000,000[17][18]
Mumbai  India 5 19,200,000 20,748,395[3] 2011
Nagoya  Japan 9,107,000[19] 2010
New York  United States 4 19,750,000 19,949,502[4] 2013
Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto (Keihanshin)  Japan 9 17,375,000 19,342,000[19] 2010
Paris  France 12,292,895[20] 2011
Philadelphia  United States 6,034,678[4] 2013
Pune  India 5,049,968[3] 2011
Ruhr  Germany 5,135,136[5] 2012
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 11,846,530[6] 2012
São Paulo  Brazil 7 18,850,000 19,956,590[6] 2012
Santiago  Chile 6,683,852[21] 2012
Shanghai  China 10 16,650,000
Seoul  South Korea 2 20,550,000 25,721,000[22] 2012
Singapore  Singapore 5,312,000[23] 2012
Tokyo  Japan 1 32,450,000 36,923,000[19] 2010
Toronto  Canada 5,941,488[24] 2011
Washington, D.C.  United States 5,949,859[4] 2013

See also[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by region[edit]

Lists of metropolitan areas by country or region[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, Which are the largest? Why lists of major urban areas vary so greatly, Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie 100, 277 (2009), Table 4
  2. ^ a b R.L. Forstall, R.P. Greene, and J.B. Pick, "Which are the largest? Why published populations for major world urban areas vary so greatly", City Futures Conference, (University of Illinois at Chicago, July 2004) – Table 5 (p.34)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - United States -- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico more information. 2013 Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Eurostat: Metropolitan regions". Eurostat. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "IBGE releases the population estimates of the municipalities in 2012". IBGE. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Censo DANE 2005
  8. ^ Estimaciones de población de los municipios colombianos 2005 -2009 según DANE.
  9. ^ "Censo 2010. Resultados provisionales: cuadros y gráficos" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC). Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Population of Statistical Metropolitan Areas (SMA): Dhaka". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). p. 13. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2013". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Central Bureau of Statistics provincial data" (in Indonesian). Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia. 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "PERÚ: ESTIMACIONES Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN TOTAL POR SEXO DE LAS PRINCIPALES CIUDADES". Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica (INEI) (in Spanish). Scribd. March 2012. p. 32. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  14. ^ London
  15. ^ "National Capital Region. Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  16. ^ "Cuadro 5.13. Zona metropolitana del Valle de México: Población, tasa de crecimiento y densidad media urbana, 1990-2010" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  17. ^ http://www.undp.ru/nhdr2006_07eng/Chapter1.pdf
  18. ^ Moscow - Moscow International Portal :: Transport and road infrastructure. Moscow.ru. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  19. ^ a b c "Table 2.10 Population of Three Major Metropolitan Areas". Statistics Bureau of Japan. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Aire urbaine 2010 : Paris (001)". Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE). Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  21. ^ "Región Metropolitana de Santiago" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  22. ^ "통계표명 : 수도권 권역" (in Korean). Statistics Korea. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Population (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  24. ^ . Statistics Canada (Census metropolitan area) http://www.fin.gov.on.ca/en/economy/ecupdates/factsheet.html (Census metropolitan area). Retrieved 22 December 2012.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]