List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia

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This page lists official metropolitan areas in Indonesia. Official acronyms are used by government, including national, provincial, and regencies. These acronyms are composed of the constituent cities and regencies within a metropolitan area, however, are not directly comparable with one another.

Metropolitan Areas[edit]

Rank Metro Area Name Official Acronym Region Population 2010 Census Area
(in km2)
Density
(2010 Census)
01 Jabodetabekjur (Jakarta Metropolitan Area)[1] Jabodetabekjur Including DKI Jakarta, covers areas in Banten and West Java, namely Depok, Bogor Regency, Bogor, Tangerang Regency, South Tangerang, Tangerang, Bekasi, Bekasi Regency, and 4 kecamatan in Cianjur Regency not including Cianjur city. 28,336,934 6,682.8 4,240.3/km2
(10,977.3/mi2)
02 Wilayah Metropolitan Bandung/Bandung Metropolitan Area[2] Bandung Raya Bandung, Cimahi, Bandung Regency, West Bandung Regency 7,889,047 3,382.89 2,332.0/km2
(6,037.2/mi2)
03 Zona Surabaya Raya (Surabaya Metropolitan Area)[3] Surabaya Raya** covers Surabaya, Gresik Regency, Sidoarjo Regency 6,484,026 2,116.65 3,063.34/km2
(7,931.1/mi2)
04 Wilayah Metropolitan Semarang / Greater Semarang[4] Kedungsapur Semarang, Salatiga, Semarang Regency, Kendal Regency, Grobogan Regency and Demak Regency 6,544,289 5,287.96 1,238.83/km2
(3,556.4/mi2)
05 Wilayah Metropolitan Medan / Greater Medan Mebidang Medan, Binjai, Deli Serdang Regency 4,144,583 2,739.92 1,512.8/km2
(3,916.3/mi2)
06 Greater Surakarta Solo Raya** Surakarta, Sukoharjo Regency, and Klaten Regency 2,453,622 1,166.25 2,103.8/km2
(5,446.3/mi2)
07 Wilayah Metropolitan Jogjakarta / Greater Yogyakarta[5] Kartamantul Yogyakarta, Sleman Regency, Bantul Regency 2,393,240 1,114.18 2,148.0/km2
(5,560.7/mi2)
08 Wilayah Metropolitan Cirebon / Greater Cirebon Cirebon Raya Cirebon and Cirebon Regency in West Java 2,366,340 1,025.82 2,306.8/km2
(5,971.8/mi2)
09 Greater Malang Malang Raya* Malang and Batu, and 15 kecamatan that comprise the valley between the two.[6] 2,325,109 1,200.43 1,937.1/km2
(5,014.7/mi2)
10 Greater Denpasar Denpasar Raya** Denpasar, Gianyar Regency, and Badung Regency in Bali 1,802,157 910.50 1,979.3/km2
(5,124/mi2)
11 Greater Palembang Palembang Raya Palembang and neighboring large regencies 1.5+ million - -
12 Greater Batam Barelang Batam, Rempang and Galang. 1.2+ million - -
  • Note: Entire Malang Regency is not metropolitan, only kecamatan close to Malang are metropolitan, despite that claim in the Wikipedia Indonesian page. ** These areas also have acronyms other than "raya" but cover so many rural areas they are properly considered extended metro, they are listed again in that table.

Extended Metro Areas[edit]

Below is a list of looser definitions of metropolitan areas within Indonesia, including far more suburban areas, some definitions may include rural areas, using 2010 census figures.

Rank Metro Area Name Official Acronym Region Population
2010 Census
Area
(in km2)
Density
(per km2)
01 Jabodetabekjur-Cirangkarta (Jakarta Extended Metropolitan Area)[7] Unofficial, academic Includes cities from Cilegon to Purwakarta Regency, east to west. Cianjur, Sukabumi, and Rangkasbitung cities are very close but not included in this definition. Very few rural areas. 33,672,408 11,301.6 2,979.4/km2 (7,713.1/mi2)
02 Zona Surabaya Pengaruh Raya (Surabaya Extended Metropolitan Area)[3] Gerbangkertosusila In East Java Province, covers Surabaya, Gresik Regency, Bangkalan Regency, Mojokerto, Mojokerto Regency, Sidoarjo Regency, and Lamongan Regency. Mostly suburban, some rural areas. 9,115,485 5,925.8 1,538.3/km22 (3,982.3/mi2)
03 Surakarta Extended Metropolitan Area) Subosukawonosraten[8][9] In Central Java Province, covers Surakarta Municipality, Sukoharjo Regency, Klaten Regency, Boyolali Regency, Karanganyar Regency, Sragen Regency, and Wonogiri Regency. Suburban with many rural areas. 5,984,519 5,750.49 1,040.7/km2 (2,694.2/mi2)
04 Wilayah Metropolitan Makassar / Greater Makassar id:Mamminasata Makassar and 32 kecamatan of Takalar Regency, Gowa Regency, and Maros Regency of South Sulawesi 2,225,048 2,473.00 899.74/km2
(2,302/mi2)
05 Denpasar Extended Metropolitan Area Sarbagita[10] In Bali Province, covers Denpasar Municipality, Badung Regency, Gianyar Regency and Tabanan Regency. Tabanan is more rural with other regions urban or suburban. 2,223,070 1,749.83 1,270.4/km2 (3,288.8/mi2)
06 Wilayah Metropolitan Banjarmasin / Greater Banjarmasin[11] id:Banjar Bakula Banjarmasin, Banjarbaru, Banjar Regency, Barito Kuala Regency, dan Tanah Laut Regency in South Kalimantan 1,331,800 5,111 260/km2
(673/mi2)

The cities of Pekanbaru (region:Pekansekawan), Padang, Balikpapan-Samarinda have suburbs, yet are not defined here as their suburban zones are too small and rural.[12]

International Metropolitan Regions[edit]

Rank Metro Area Name Official Acronym Region Population 2010 Census Area Density
01 Sijori (Greater Singapore) Unofficial, A Growth Triangle with Special Economic Zone statuses. Includes "SI" Singapore, "JO" Johor Bahru, Iskandar Malaysia, "RI" from Riau Islands (principally Batam and Bintan islands). roughly 8 million - -

Urban Corridors[edit]

Urban corridors are pairs or series of metropolitan zones, that can be thought of as one stretched agglomeration, or adjacent metropolitan areas which have multiple core cities and are elongated.

Rank Urban Corridor Name Region Population 2010 Census Area
01 (Western Java) Serang-Jakarta-Sukabumi-Bandung Includes Greater Serang (incl. Rangkasbitung and Labuan in Pandeglang (2.9 mln), Greater Jakarta (Jabodetabekjur, 28.3 mln), Karawang and Purwakarta (3 mln), Sukabumi City and built-up surrounds (1.6 mln), Cianjur and built-up surrounds (0.9 mln), Greater Bandung (7.8 mln). 44,628,126 16,688.32 km2
02 (East Java) Surabaya-Malang-Kediri Includes Gerbangkertosusila (9.1 mln), Greater Malang (2.3 mln), Kediri Municipality and Regency (1.7 mln) 13,208,869 8,152.84 km2
03 (Central Java) Semarang-Surakarta-Yogyakarta Includes Kedungsapur (4.7 mln), Boyolali (0.9 mln), Greater Surakarta (2.5 mln), Karanganyar Regency (0.8 mln), and Greater Yogyakarta (2.4 mln) 11,332,419 7,363.64 km2
04 (North Central Java Coast) Cirebon-Brebes-Tegal-Pekalongan Includes Greater Cirebon (2.35 mln), Brebes (1.7 mln), Tegal (1.6 mln), Pemalang (1.25 mln), and Pekalongan (1.1 mln) 8,116,055 3,619.39 km2

Megalopolis[edit]

Javan megalopolis clearly seen from space (including continuation to tip of Sumatra and Bali), click to view.

Technically, the whole north side of Java, which includes all 4 urban corridors above, is a series of metropolitan cities. For even wider scope, from Bandar Lampung on Sumatra to Java to Denpasar on Bali lies a near "continual" series of cities broken by some straits that potentially qualify as a megalopolis.

References[edit]

See also[edit]