List of military aircraft of Denmark

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The following list contains the aircraft used by the Royal Danish Air Force or its predecessors Danish Army Air Corps and Royal Danish Naval Aviation. During the Nazi occupation from 1940 to 1945 Danish military aviation was prohibited. The aircraft currently in use are highlighted in blue.

Esk means eskadrille (squadron).
FLSK means Flyveskolen (flying school).
HFT means Hærens Flyvetjeneste (Army Air Corps).
SHT means Søværnets Helikoptertjeneste (Danish Naval Air Squadron).
Bold are present users.

Before the Second World War[edit]

Code Aircraft # Used TOS WFU Notes
n/a Farman MF.7 Longhorn 6 1913 1922
n/a Farman HF.20 3 1913 1919
n/a Caudron G.3 1 1914 1922
n/a Blériot XI 1 1915 1915
n/a Morane-Saulnier H 2 1915 1919
n/a Orlogsværftet DK.I & II 2 1916 1924
n/a Vickers F.B.5 12 1917 1924
n/a Orlogsværftet H-Maskinen 9 1917 1924 [1]
n/a Nielsen & Winther Type Aa, Ab & Ac 8 1917 1919
n/a Orlogsvaerftet H.B.I, F.B.IV & F.B.V 9 1918 1924
n/a Sodertalje S.W.17 2 1918 1924
n/a LVG B.III 5 1920 1929
n/a Hansa-Brandenburg W.29 14 1921 1931
n/a Breguet XIV 4 1921 1927
n/a Avro 504K & N 17 1921 1936
n/a Rumpler B.I 1 1921 1921
n/a Fokker D.VII 1 1922 1927
n/a Fokker C.I 5 1923 1933
n/a Potez 15 8 1923 1928
n/a Fokker S.III 2 1924 1927
n/a Fokker C.V-B & -E 42 1926 1940
n/a Hawker Danecock 15 1926 1937
n/a Heinkel HE 8 22 1928 1940
n/a Hawker Dantorp 2 1933 1940
n/a Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen 23 1926 1940 [2][3]
n/a de Havilland DH.60G Gipsy Moth 6 1928 1934
n/a de Havilland DH.60M Moth 2 1929 1934
n/a Bristol Bulldog 4 1931 1940 [4]
n/a Avro 621 Tutor 6 1932 1940
n/a de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth 15 1933 1940
n/a de Havilland DH.84M Dragon I 2 1934 1939
n/a Nimrødderne / Danish Hawker Nimrod 12 1934 1940 used by naval air arm (Marinens Flyvevæsen)
n/a Cierva C30 Autogyro 2 1936 1940
n/a Gloster Gauntlet 18 1936 1940 [5]
n/a De Havilland DH.90 Dragonfly 2 1937 1939
n/a Fokker D.XXI 22 1938 1940 or 12[6]

Before the war Danish efforts to acquire new aircraft had been increased. Denmark ordered 12 Fokker G.I together with a production license, and allegedly production of the Fairey Battle for the Danish Air Force was under way when the Germans invaded the country in 1940.[7] Production of 12 Fairey P.4/34 for the air arm of the Danish Navy had started, but could not be completed before the invasion either.[8] The Italian Macchi MC.200 was chosen as a replacement for the ageing Nimrødderne fighters of the naval air arm, the acquisition contract being ready to be signed at the time of German invasion, but never concluded.[9] The Orlogsværftet J.1 indigenous Danish fighter design did not reach beyond project stage.[10]

Second World War (Danish Brigade in Sweden)[edit]

Code Aircraft # Used TOS WFU Notes
n/a SAAB B17C 15 1945 1945 Not flown in Denmark

Post-Second World War[edit]

A Danish F-104G.
Code Aircraft # Used TOS WFU Notes
n/a Percival Proctor P.44 Mk.III 6 1945 1951
n/a North American Harvard Mk.II 39 1946 1956
n/a Supermarine Sea Otter 7 1946 1952
n/a Airspeed Oxford 48 1946 1955
n/a SAI KZ II 15 1946 1955 FLSK
n/a Supermarine Spitfire H.F.Mk.IXE 36 1947 1956
n/a Supermarine Spitfire P.R.Mk.XI 3 1947 1956
O SAI KZ VII 10 1948 1977 FLSK & Esk 722
n/a Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress 1 1948 1955 Esk 721
n/a Gloster Meteor F.4/F.8 40 1949 1962 [11]
n/a Gloster Meteor T.7 9 1950 1963 [11]
P de Havilland Canada DHC-1 Chipmunk 27 1950 1976 FLSK
n/a Fairey Firefly TT.1 6 1951 1959 Esk 722
n/a Republic F-84E Thunderjet 6 1951 1955 Esk 725
n/a Armstrong Whitworth Meteor NF.11 20 1952 1959 6 converted to TT.20[11]
n/a Bell 47D 3 1952 1958 Esk 722, with Geus.
n/a SAI KZ X 12 1952 1959 FLSK
A Republic F-84G Thunderjet 238 1952 1961 Esk 725, 726, 727, 728, 729 & 730
DT Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star 26 1953 1977
K Douglas C-47 Skytrain 8 1953 1982 Esk 721
E Hawker Hunter F.51 30 1956 1974 [12] Esk 724
n/a Percival Pembroke C-52 7 1956 1960
S Sikorsky S-55C 7 1957 1966 Esk 722
C Republic RF-84F Thunderflash 23 1957 1971
L Consolidated Catalina 8 1957 1970 Esk 721 & Esk 722
F North American F-86D Sabre 59 1958 1966 Esk 723, 726 & 728
T Agusta-Bell AB-47G 3 1958 1966 Esk 722
ET Hawker Hunter T.53 2 1958 1974 [12] Esk 724
G North American F-100D Super Sabre 48 1959 1982 Esk 725, 727 & 730
GT North American F-100F Super Sabre 24 1959 1982 Esk 725, 727 & 730
N Douglas C-54D Skymaster 6 1959 1977 Esk 721
M Alouette III 8 1962 1977 Esk 722
R Lockheed F-104G Starfighter 25 1964 1986 MAP, Esk 723 & 726,
RT Lockheed TF-104G Starfighter 4 1964 1986 MAP, Esk 723 & 726
U Sikorsky S-61A 9 1965 2010 Esk 722
ET Hawker Hunter T.7 4 1967 1974 Ex-Dutch AF[12] Esk 724
A Saab F-35 Draken (A 35XD) 20 1970 1992 Esk 725
AR Saab RF-35 Draken (S 35XD) 20 1970 1993 Esk 729
AT Saab TF-35 Draken (Sk 35XD) 11 1971 1993 Esk 725 & 729
R Canadair CF-104G Starfighter 15 1971 1984 ex-Canadian, Esk 723 & 726
RT Canadair CF-104D Starfighter 7 1971 1986 ex-Canadian, Esk 723 & 726
B Lockheed C-130H Hercules 3 1975 2004 Esk 721, to Egypt
T Saab-MFI 17 Supporter 32 1975 current FLSK & HFT
E/ET General Dynamics F-16 72 1980 current Esk 723, 726, 727 & 730
F Gulfstream III/C-20 4 1982 2004 Esk 721
C Bombardier Challenger 604 4 1998 current Esk 721
H Hughes OH-6 Cayuse 15 2003 2005 Esk 724 (HFT)
P Eurocopter Fennec 12 2003 current Esk 724 (HFT)
B Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules 4 2004 current Esk 721
M AgustaWestland AW101 14 2006 current Esk 722
S Westland Super Lynx 8 2011 current Esk 723 (SHT)

Navy[edit]

Danish Naval Air Squadron (Søværnets Helikoptertjeneste) disbanded 2010 and equipment transferred to air force (Esk 723).

Code Aircraft # Used TOS WFU Notes
M Sud Aviation Alouette III 8 1977 1982 ex-Esk 722 (1962-77)
S Westland Lynx 11 1980 2006 One for ground training.
S Westland Super Lynx 8 2000 2010

Army[edit]

Army Air Corps (Hærens Flyvetjeneste) ended in 2003 and equipment transferred to air force (Esk 724).

Code Aircraft # Used TOS WFU Notes
Y Piper L-4 16 1957 1977
H Hughes OH-6 Cayuse 15 1971 2003
P Eurocopter Fennec 12 1980 2003
D Sagem Sperwer 11 2002 2005 Danish Artillery Regiment

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.natureandtech.com/?cat=118 accessdate:27 January 2014
  2. ^ http://flymuseum.dk/fly-1911-1940?id=257:o-maskinen-io&catid=38 accessdate:27 January 2014
  3. ^ http://flymuseum.dk/fly-1911-1940?id=258:o-maskinen-iio&catid=38 accessdate:27 January 2014
  4. ^ Crawford, 2005, pp.35-37
  5. ^ Crawford, 2005, pp.75-79
  6. ^ De Jong, 2005, pp.101-107
  7. ^ "Danish Air Force Photo Page". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  8. ^ Balsved, Johnny E. "Danish Naval History, Naval Aviation". Retrieved 2007-11-05. 
  9. ^ "Naval Aviation". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "Orlogsværftet J.1 Jager Naval Fighter". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c Butler, 2006, pp.73-75
  12. ^ a b c Hall, 1997, pp.46-47

Bibliography[edit]

  • Butler, Phil and Tony Buttler. Gloster Meteor: Britain's Celebrated First-Generation Jet. Hersham, Surrey, UK: Midland Publishing, 2006. ISBN 1-85780-230-6.
  • Crawford, Alex. Bristol Bulldog, Gloster Gauntlet. Redbourn, UK: Mushroom Model Publications, 2005. ISBN 83-89450-04-6.
  • De Jong, Peter. Le Fokker D.21 (Collection Profils Avions 9) (in French). Outreau, France: Éditions Lela Presse, 2005. ISBN 2-914017-26-X.
  • Hall, Alan W. Hawker Hunter - Warpaint Series No 8. Bedfordshire, UK: Hall Park Books, 1997. ISSN 1363-0369.
  • Hansen, O.S.:Danskernes Fly, 2003, Aschehoug, ISBN 87-11-16282-1
  • Kofoed, Hans. Danske Militaerfly Gennem 50 Ar 1912-62. Copenhagen: Flyv's Forlag, 1962.
  • Schrøder, Hans A. Det Danske Flyvevåben, Tøjhusmuseet, Denmark 1992. ISBN 87-89022-24-6
  • Schrøder, Hans A. Historien om Flyvevåbnet, Komiteen til udgivelse af "Historien om Flyvevåbnet", 1990. ISBN 87-503-8509-7.

See also[edit]