List of military aircraft of Norway

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List of military aircraft of Norway consists of the aircraft of Royal Norwegian Air Force, established in 1944 with the amalgamation of the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service and the Norwegian Army Air Service, both of which were established in 1912.

Below is a list of aircraft used by the Norwegian Air Forces throughout their history. The majority of aircraft before 1940 were built in Norway while the majority of aircraft used after 1940 were built either in the United Kingdom or the United States.

Aircraft used by the Air Force and its predecessors[edit]

Gloster Gladiator 423 in 1938-1940
One of the four Norwegian Caproni Ca.310s c. 1939.
Norwegian Army Air Service Fokker CV-D photographed in 1990.
Tiger Moth in Norwegian markings 24 June 2001.
Royal Norwegian Air Force F-5A Freedom Fighter aircraft flying in close formation with a New Jersey Air National Guard F-4 Phantom II aircraft during an exercise in 1982.
Type # in use Period Notes
Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service
Rumpler Taube 1 1912-1922 Start, the first aircraft of the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service.
Maurice Farman S.3 Longhorn 1 1914 Roald Amundsen was originally a gift from Roald Amundsen to the Norwegian Army Air Service, but was lent to the Royal Norwegian Navy Air Service
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.1 6 1915-
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.2 3 1916-1924
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.3 4 1917-1924
Sopwith Baby 18 1917-1931
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.4 7 1918- Some MF.1s were rebuilt to MF.4 to bring the number to seven
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.5 8 1918-1926
Nielsen & Winther 1 1918
Supermarine Channel I 5 1920-1923
Lübeck-Travemünde F.4 2 1920-1924 Last flight 1924, scrapped 1927 and 1930
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.6 2 1921-1927
Savoia S.13 1 1921-1928 Gift
Hansa Brandenburg W.33 30 1922-1935
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.7 2 1923-1931
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.8 2
8B: 2
1924-1934
1930-1939*
Douglas DT-2B/C 8 1925-1940 Single example delivered by Douglas, the rest built under licence by Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk.
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.9 15 1926-1932
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.10 4 1929-1940
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.11 29 1932-1940 Three aircraft interned in Finland were used by the Finns until 1944
Breda Ba 28 4 1936-1940 Five were ordered to save an Italian-Norwegian cod fish trading deal, one crashed in Italy almost killing Finn Lützow-Holm
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk MF.12 1 1939
Heinkel He 115A-2 6+2 1939-1943 Six delivered in 1939, plus two captured from the Luftwaffe after the invasion. An order for a further six were placed, but the aircraft were not delivered by 9 April 1940.
The last of the delivered aircraft were scrapped in Woodhaven in 1943. Four aircraft served with RAF, one served in Finland
Junkers Ju 52 1 1940 Hauken was rented from DNL from January 1940 until the invasion 9 April
Arado Ar 196A 1 1940 Interned near Kristiansund 8 April 1940, taken into Norwegian service the following day. Destroyed in landing accident in Glasgow later in April 1940
Norwegian Army Air Service
Maurice Farman S.3 Longhorn 3 1912-1925 Ganger Rolf and Njaal were bought with funds from Norsk Luftseiladsforening. Olav Trygvassøn was a gift with a clause; it was to be stationed in Trøndelag.
Bleriot XI 1 1914-1915 Tryggve Gran's Nordsjøen
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.1 Einar Sem-Jacobsen visited Maurice Farman in France, but could not get the drawings for the aircraft he saw there, so he drew FF.1 from memory
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.2 Based on FF.1
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.3 Hydro 4 1917- Based on a Farman Sem-Jacobsen had obtained drawings of.
Farman F.40 XL II: 2
LX: 10
1916-1917
1917-1922
Royal Aircraft Factory BE.2e 15 1917-1925
Avro 504 5 1918-1930 The last, delivered in 1922, was a gift from Roald Amundsen.
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.4 2 Five planned, but prototype was a failure. An improved version did not fare much better, and both were soon withdrawn from service and sold at an auction
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.5 (T.1) T.1: 1
T.1B: 6
T.1C: 11
1918
1919-
1921-1924
T.1, based on BE.2e, was a failure. T.1B, based on Avro 504 got into use, but was no success.
Farman F.46 2 1920-1922
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.6 (T.2) 1 1921 Five planned, but the prototype turned out to be a failure; the test pilot refused to go up again after the first test flight. Scrapped 1922
Bristol F.2 Fighter 5 1921-1930
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.7 Hauk 14 1923-1929 Hannoversche Waggonfabrik's CL.V built under licence
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.8 Måke Måke I: 2
Måke II: 7
Måke III: 4
-1928
1921-
1928-
Hansa Brandenburg W.29 built under licence, Måke I and II by Norsk Aerofabrik, Måke III by HF
Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk FF.9 Kaje
Fokker C.V.D 27 1931-1940 All built under licence by Hærens Flyvemaskinfabrikk
Fokker C.V.E 20 1930-1940 Five delivered by Fokker, the rest built under licence by HF
de Havilland DH.60 Moth 13 1930-1940 Three second-hand aircraft bought from de Havilland, 10 built under licence by HF
de Havilland DH.82 Tiger Moth 38 1933-1940 All built under licence by HF
Cierva C.30A 1 1935-1936 Gift, sold after a year, hardly used
Svenska Aero J6B Jaktfalk 1 1932-1936 One Jaktfalk and One Fury bought for a fly-off for the next Norw. fighter
Hawker Fury I 1 1933-1936
Armstrong Whitworth AW35 Scimitar 4 1936-1940 40 projected built under licence by HFF, project abandoned when Scimitar was not selected by RAF
Gloster Gladiator Mk.I: 6
Mk.II: 6
1937-1940
1940
Caproni Ca.310 4 1938-1940 Bought in a dried and salted cod deal. In addition, two Ca.312 were ordered in the spring of 1940.
Curtiss 75A-6 19 1940 19 from an order of 24 delivered prior to the German invasion, most still in crates. Shipment with last five diverted to UK
War years: Little Norway, squadrons in RAF and the Stockholm Element
Hawker Hurricane 331 Sqdn
Supermarine Spitfire 331 & 332 Sqdn
Auster AOP.1 9 1944-1945 132 (N.) Wing (331 & 332 Sqdn.) hack
Bristol Beaufighter I 3 1943 On loan to 333 Sqdn from 235 Sqdn
Airspeed Oxford I 2
Northrop N-3PB 24 330 Sqdn
Fairchild M-62 Little Norway
Curtiss 75A-8 36 Little Norway
Douglas 8A-5 36 Little Norway
Interstate Cadet 2 Little Norway
Waco SRE Little Norway
Stinson Reliant 7 Little Norway
Noorduyn Norseman IV 1 Little Norway, rented a short period
Consolidated Catalina IIIA
Short Sunderland Mk. III:
Mk.V:

de Havilland Mosquito
Lockheed Lodestar Stockholm Element
Royal Norwegian Air Force 1945-
Agusta-Bell 47J/J-2
Bell 47D-1
G-3
5
6
3
1958-1967
1953-1971
1954-1970
Airspeed Oxford I/II 22 1947-1953
Avro Anson I 10 1947-1951
Bell UH-1B 37 1963-1990
Bell 412SP 18 1987-
Cessna L-19A (O-1A) 27 1960-1992
Consolidated Catalina IV A: (3)
IV B: 12
PBY-5A: 6
1945-1946
1945-1954
1954-1961
Dassault Falcon 20 3 1972-
de Havilland Canada DHC-3 Otter 10 1953-1968
de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 5 1967-2001
de Havilland Mosquito T.III: 3
FB VI: 19
1947-1952
1945-1952
de Havilland Vampire T.55: 6
F.III: 20
FB 52: 36
1952-1955
1948-1957
1949-1957
Douglas C-47A 7
10
1945-1946
1950-1974
Douglas C-53D 3 1945-1946
Fairchild M-62 74 1945-1957
Fairchild C-119G Flying Boxcar 8 1956-1969
Fiesler Fi 156 Storch 30 1945-1954
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon A: 60
B: 14
1980-
1980-
Original order of 72 aircraft built under licence by Fokker, two attrition aircraft from GD.
Grumman HU-16B (ASW) Albatross 18 1961-1969
Junkers Ju 52/3m 18 1945-1951
Lockheed C-56B/C-60A Lodestar 7 1945-1950
Lockheed C-130E/H Hercules 6 1969-2008
Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules 4 2008-
Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
(Canadair CF-104)
F-104G: 19
TF-104G: 4
CF-104: 19
CF-104D: 3
1963-1981
1963-1983
1973-1983
1973-1983
Lockheed P-3 Orion B: 5
C: 4
N: 2
1969-1989
1989-
1980-
Lockheed T-33A 22 1953-1968
MFI 15 Safari 18 1981-
Noorduyn Norseman IV/VI 24 1945-1959
North American Harvard II/IIB/SNJ3/4 39 1945-1956
North American F-86 Sabre F-86F: 115
F-86K: 64
1957-1967
1955-1967
Northrop N-3PB 2 1945-1956
Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter A: 78
B: 14
RF-5A: 16
1966-2000
1966-2000
1969-2000
Piper L-18C 16 1955-1992
Republic F-84 Thunderjet F-84E: 6
F:84G: 200
RF-84F: 35
1951-1956
1952-1960
1956-1970
SAAB 91B/B-2 Safir 30 1956-1988
Short Sunderland Mk V (11) 1945
Sikorsky H-19D-4 4 1958-1967
Supermarine Spitfire LF.IXe: 73
PR XI: 3
1945-1952
1946-1954
Westland Lynx Mk.86 6 1981-
Westland Sea King Mk.43/43B 12 1971-
Focke Wulf Fw 189A-2 1 1945-1946
Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun 2 1945
Junkers W.34 1 1945-1946

Sources[edit]

  • Norske militærfly 1912-1940. (Arnesen, Odd. 2003)
  • Hærens og marinens flyvåpen 1912-1945. (Meyer, Fredrik. 1973)
  • Fra Spitfire til F-16 - Luftforsvaret 50 år 1944-1994 (Arheim, Hafsten, Olsen, Thuve. 1994)
  • Oppdrag utført - Norges luftmilitære kulturarv (Glenne, Roar. 2012)

References[edit]