List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India

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India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people. India consists of twenty-nine states and seven union territories.[1] It is a home to 17.5 percent of the world's population.[2]

Urban areas

The first population census in British India was conducted in 1872. Since 1951, a census has been carried out every 10 years.[3] The census in India is carried out by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and is one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.[4]

The latest population figures are based on data from the 2011 census of India.[5] India has 641,000 inhabited villages and 72.2 percent of the total population reside in these rural areas.[5] Of them 145,000 villages have population size of 500–999 persons; 130,000 villages have population size of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages that have a population of 10,000 persons or more.[2] India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than 5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[6] In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major cities caused rapid increase in urban population.[7][8] The number of Indians living in urban areas has grown by 31.2% between 1991 and 2001.[9] Yet, in 2001, over 70% lived in rural areas.[10][11] According to the 2001 census, there are 27 million-plus cities in India,[9] with Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Chennai being the largest.

There are 53 urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more as of 2011 against 35 in 2001.[12] About 43 percent of the urban population of India lives in these cities.[13] Among these cities Srinagar, has become the first agglomeration in Jammu and Kashmir to cross onw million. Kerala has added six new million-plus agglomerations in addition to Kochi, the only such area in 2001, and Jharkhand has three such areas.[12]

Gallery

List

Rank UA State/Territory Population (2011)[14] Population (2001)[15]
1 Mumbai Maharashtra 18,414,288 16,434,386
2 Delhi Delhi 16,314,838 13,850,507
3 Kolkata West Bengal 14,112,536 13,205,697
4 Chennai Tamil Nadu 8,696,010 6,560,242
5 Bangalore Karnataka 8,499,399 5,701,446
6 Hyderabad Telangana 7,749,334 5,742,036
7 Ahmedabad Gujarat 6,352,254 4,525,013
8 Pune Maharashtra 5,049,968 3,760,636
9 Surat Gujarat 4,585,367 2,811,614
10 Jaipur Rajasthan 3,073,350 2,322,575
11 Kanpur Uttar Pradesh 2,920,067 2,715,555
12 Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 2,901,474 2,245,509
13 Nagpur Maharashtra 2,497,777 2,129,500
14 Ghaziabad Uttar Pradesh 2,358,525 968,256
15 Indore Madhya Pradesh 2,167,447 1,506,062
16 Coimbatore Tamil Nadu 2,151,466 1,461,139
17 Kochi Kerala 2,117,990 1,355,972
18 Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh 2,091,811 1,345,938
19 Patna Bihar 2,046,652 1,697,976
20 Kozhikode Kerala 2,030,519
21 Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 1,883,381 1,458,416
22 Thrissur Kerala 1,854,783 330,122
23 Vadodara Gujarat 1,817,191 1,491,045
24 Agra Uttar Pradesh 1,746,467 1,331,339
25 Malappuram Kerala 1,698,645 170,409
26 Thiruvananthapuram Kerala 1,687,406 889,635
27 Kannur Kerala 1,642,892 498,207
28 Ludhiana Punjab 1,613,878 1,398,467
29 Nashik Maharashtra 1,562,769 1,152,326
30 Vijayawada Andhra Pradesh 1,491,202 1,039,518
31 Madurai Tamil Nadu 1,462,420 1,203,095
32 Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 1,435,113 1,203,961
33 Meerut Uttar Pradesh 1,424,908 1,161,716
34 Faridabad Haryana 1,404,653 1,055,938
35 Rajkot Gujarat 1,390,933 1,003,015
36 Jamshedpur Jharkhand 1,337,131 1,104,713
37 Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir 1,273,312 988,210
38 Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh 1,267,564 1,098,000
39 Asansol West Bengal 1,243,008 1,067,369
40 Bhiwandi Maharashtra 1,125,897 711,329
41 Vasai-Virar Maharashtra 1,221,233 693,350
42 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh 1,216,719 1,042,229
43 Dhanbad Jharkhand 1,195,298 1,065,327
44 Aurangabad Maharashtra 1,189,376 892,483
45 Amritsar Punjab 1,183,705 1,003,917
46 Jodhpur Rajasthan 1,137,815 860,818
47 Ranchi Jharkhand 1,126,741 863,495
48 Raipur Chhattisgarh 1,122,555 700,113
49 Kollam Kerala 1,110,005 380,091
50 Gwalior Madhya Pradesh 1,101,981 1,053,505
51 Durg-Bhilainagar Chhattisgarh 1,064,077 927,864
52 Chandigarh Chandigarh 1,025,682 808,515
53 Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 1,021,717 866,354
54 Kota Rajasthan 1,001,365 703,150

See also

References

  1. ^ "States and union territories". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Area and population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  3. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b The Hindu (Chennai, India) http://www.thehindu.com/multimedia/archive/00517/India_Census_2011___517160a.pdf |url= missing title (help). 
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations (UAs) & towns". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  7. ^ Shinde, Swati (13 Sep 2008). "Migration rate to city will dip". Times of India. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  8. ^ "Develop towns to stop migration to urban areas: economist". Chennai, India: Hindu. Dec 3, 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  9. ^ a b Garg 2005.
  10. ^ Dyson & Visaria 2005, pp. 115–129.
  11. ^ Ratna 2007, pp. 271–272.
  12. ^ a b Rukmini Shrinivasan; Hemali Chhapia. "Delhi topples Mumbai as maximum city". The Times of India. India: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "censusindia 2011: Major Agglomerations". Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  15. ^ "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre (NIC). Retrieved 7 February 2012. 

Further reading

External links