List of mills in Oldham

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This list of mills in Oldham, lists textile factories that have existed in Oldham, Greater Manchester, England.

From the Industrial Revolution until the 20th century, Oldham was a major centre of textile manufacture, particularly cotton spinning. During this period, the valleys of the River Beal, River Irk, River Medlock and their tributaries were dominated by large rectangular brick-built factories, many of which still remain today as warehouses or converted for residential or retail use.

Standing Mills in Oldham[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Acre Works Rochdale  
Ace P S Stott Chadderton SD897037 53°31′48″N 2°09′25″W / 53.530°N 2.157°W / 53.530; -2.157 (Ace) 1914 **** 53
Ace Mill, Chadderton - geograph.org.uk - 905798.jpg Notes: [1][2]
Anchor J. Stott Westwood  1881

Grade II Listed building No. 1282545 Daisy Street

Notes: 5 storey iron frame and brick 18 bays by 6 bays with internal engine house with and upright shaft transmission; but external boiler house
Beal UNKNOWN Beal Lane  <1832 c.1875
Mill-image-pending.jpg Notes: In its relatively short life this original Beal mill was operated by many different companies. William Taylor and Robinson & Co with the former still present in 1852 and later William Nutter and Co were documented to run the mill in 1861. Upon its demise in 1875, a company called Marsden and Berry were running the mill.

Spindleage: 1915:96,276 Engine:J. Musgrave & Sons 1400hp

Presently the site is occupied by Shaw Sheet Metal Co. Ltd.[3]
Beal Joseph Stott George Street 53°34′57″N 2°05′09″W / 53.5824°N 2.0858°W / 53.5824; -2.0858 ("Beal") 1889 1933 44
Mill-image-pending.jpg Notes: Built and operated by Beal Spinning Co. Ltd until its demolition.

Some facts:

  • 5 storeys, 30bays × 12
  • Spindleage: 1915; 97,928
  • Counts, 50–70 weft, 40–44 twists
  • It was built at a cost of £32,704 with a further cost of £41,349 for machinery and furnishings.
  • It burnt an average of 70 tons of coal each week at a price of 8s a ton.
  • It employed approximately 150 men and 75 women.
  • It consumed 130 'good American quality' bales of cotton each week.
  • There were 10,000 shareholders in the company at the cost of GB£10 a share.
The 19,070 sq. yard site was occupied for some time by a company called Buckton which constructed roads and buildings until it too was, somewhat ironically, demolished and the land redeveloped for a small housing estate which was completed in the 1990s.[4]
Belgrave Potts, Pickup and Dixon Hathershaw  1885 **** 127
BnWMills.jpg Notes: Prominent in the history of Bagley & Wright, used for sewing cotton. Later owned by Platt & Hill. The company bought land off Honeywell Lane, Oldham and erected Belgrave Mill in 1880s which subsequently became known as 'Belgrave Number 1 Mill' as a further three mills were erected on the site in the early part of the 20th century. Yarn produced at the Belgrave Number 1 Mill was bleached or dyed in an on-site facility. Belgrave No. 1 was designed by the architects Potts, Pickup and Dixon. Engine by Woolstenhulmes & Rye.[5]
Cairo Waterhead 
Cairo, Orme and Majestic Mills - geograph.org.uk - 1707169.jpg Notes:
Chadderton P.S. Stott Chadderton SD907045 53°32′13″N 2°08′31″W / 53.537°N 2.142°W / 53.537; -2.142 (Chadderton) 1885 **** 115
Chadderton Mill.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1376626 Fields New Road

Notes: Spindleage: (1915) 102,456 Platt. Engine:Hicks, Hargreaves and Co. 1100hp[2][6][7] Cast iron and steel frame with brick cladding, 5 storey 18 bay by 9 bay with later extensions.
Delta Mill Royton 
Devon Mill George Stott Hollins  1908 107
Mill & Church - Oldham.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1210051 Chapel Road

Notes: Cast-iron and steel-framed with brick walls. 4 storeys and basement, 36 bays by 10 with corner stair towers with raised parapets. Flat roof.
Durban Hollins 
Earl Mill Hathershaw 
Falcon Mill P S Stott on Garforth Street  1885 130
Falcon Mill, Victoria Street, Chadderton - geograph.org.uk - 696671.jpg Notes: Falcon Mill, Victoria Street, Chadderton Falcon Mill, Victoria Street, Chadderton The big single storey building is an unusual (for Oldham) example of a weaving shed among the big spinning mills. Designed by P S Stott in 1885 for the Oldham Velvet Manufacturing Co. In 1915 it had 802 looms powered by an Urmson & Thompson engine.
Fernhurst A H Stott Chadderton SD911064 53°33′14″N 2°08′10″W / 53.554°N 2.136°W / 53.554; -2.136 (Fernhurst) 1905 **** 59
Notes: Spindleage: (1915)112,524 Platts. Engine Browett & Lindley 1400hp. Extended in 1946, taken over by Cotton & Rayon Spinners Ltd.[2][6][8]
Gorse P S Stott Chadderton SD897037 53°31′48″N 2°09′25″W / 53.530°N 2.157°W / 53.530; -2.157 ("Gorse") 1908 **** 51
Gorse (and Rugby) Mill, Chadderton - geograph.org.uk - 216400.jpg Notes: Gorse (and Rugby) Mill, Chadderton The stair tower is carrying the obligatory crown of antennae. There is a scar on the other side where the engine house was demolished. Architect was P S Stott. Built 1908. Engine was 1600 hp Urmson & Thompson cross compound.[2][6][9]
Grape Mill T W Jenkins Royton  1906 109
Grape Mill, Royton - geograph.org.uk - 618070.jpg Notes: Grape Mill, Royton Built 1906 by the Grape Mill Co Ltd. 126,000 spindle. J Musgrave & Sons horizontal cross compound of 1600 hp. Architect T W Jenkins. Mill still standing
Hartford Mill F W Dixon Werneth (to be demolished for Housing Market Renewal)  1907 52
Hartford Mill, Oldham - geograph.org.uk - 695319.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1210026 Block Lane

Notes: Built 1907 by the Hartford Mill (Oldham)Co Ltd. Extended 1920 and 1924. Closed 1959 and used by Littlewoods as a mail order warehouse until 1992. Architect was F W Dixon, there were 120,000 spindles and power was provided by a very impressive 1500 hp Urmson & Thompson engine.
Heron Hollins ceased production 1960 
Heron Mill, Oldham.jpg Notes:
Leesbrook Stott Lees  1884 131
Leesbrook Mill - geograph.org.uk - 354268.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1253536 High Street

Notes: Cast-iron columns and steel beams carrying brick arches, externally, brick with multi-ridge slate roof four storeys and basement of 21 bays extended by four bays.
Lion Mill Wild,Collins & Wild Royton  1890 125

Grade II Listed building No. 1376630

Notes: 5 storey, cast-iron and steel-framed,fireproof brick-arched construction with brick cladding. 23x10 bays with narrow stilted arched windows. Main sprinkler and stair tower projects from NE elevation. The Italianate detailed tower rises 2 storeys above the roof line.
Littlemoor Mill Littlemoor 
Majestic Waterhead 
Cairo, Orme and Majestic Mills - geograph.org.uk - 1707169.jpg Notes: ceased production 1982
Manor George Stott Chadderton  1906 109
Manor Mill - geograph.org.uk - 696695.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1244330 Victoria Street

Notes: Cast iron and steel construction, faced in brick with stone dressings and flat roof. 5 storeys, 36 bays by 13 bay . Water tank with copper dome.
Maple 1 P.S.Stott, Hathershaw, 53°31′34″N 2°06′26″W / 53.5262°N 2.1071°W / 53.5262; -2.1071 (Maple)  1904 111
MapleMill.jpg Notes:

It was designed as a double mill by P.S.Stott, in 1904. The first mill was built then and the second mill in 1915. It worked as a mule spinning mill.

It was taken over by Fine Spinners and Doublers in the 1950s.
Nile P S Stott Chadderton SD905043 53°32′06″N 2°08′42″W / 53.535°N 2.145°W / 53.535; -2.145 (Nile) 1898 **** 62
MapleMill.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1376627 Fields New Road

Notes: Spindleage: (1915) 104,000 rings Platts. Engine:Buckley & Taylor 2000hp. When built, this was the largest ring spinning mill in the world. It was the last mill built with a beam engine, and the last to use vertical shafts and gears. An extra storey was added in 1905, the card room was extended in 1907 and further extensions in 1912 and 1914. [2][6][10]
Orme Waterhead 
Cairo, Orme and Majestic Mills - geograph.org.uk - 1707169.jpg Notes:
Osborne Architect Robinson St, Chadderton SD914057 53°32′53″N 2°07′52″W / 53.548°N 2.131°W / 53.548; -2.131 ("Osborne") 1853 1973 120
Osborne Mills, Chadderton 695142-by-Chris-Allen.jpg Notes: Spindleage (1915) 46,736. Built in 1853 by Robert Ogden & Co. Scene of an accident, 15 March 1875, when a ten-year employee was burnt to death. Taken over in 1889 by the Osborne Mill Co Ltd, and extended in 1903 and in 1926, now residential. [2][6][11]
Ram (Orb) A H Stott
P S Stott
Chadderton SD896041 53°31′59″N 2°09′29″W / 53.533°N 2.158°W / 53.533; -2.158 (Ram) 1907 **** 64
Notes: Pair of mills on Osborne and Waddington Streets. No. 1 (back)was by A H Stott in 1873, extended 1891 and 1900, closed 1968. 66,008 spindles in 1910.No. 2 was by P S Stott in 1912 with 54,720 spindles. Also closed 1968. No. 1 had Petrie engines and then from 1920 a C A Parsons turbine. No. 2 had a 1200 hp Hick, Hargreaves. Now in multiple occupation.[2][6][12]
Raven P S Stott Chadderton SD903042 53°32′02″N 2°08′53″W / 53.534°N 2.148°W / 53.534; -2.148 (Raven) 1907 **** 52
Dark,Satanic Mills - geograph.org.uk - 80561.jpg Notes: Spindleage (1915) 90,432 mule, 18,240 ring, Asa Lees. Engine:Buckley & Taylor 1500hp. [2][6][12]
Regent Mill George Stott Failsworth  1906 109
Regent Mill, Failsworth - geograph.org.uk - 1152610.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1376628

Notes: This was built as a ring-spinning mill. A four storey 42X5 bay, rolled iron and steel beam ,brick arch fire-proof construction, Supported on cast-iron columns. The mill was powered by an 1800 horse power Buckley and Taylor vertical stationary steam engine.
Royd Hollins SD 53°31′38″N 2°07′58″W / 53.527188°N 2.132708°W / 53.527188; -2.132708 ("Royd")
Royd Mill, Hollinwood - geograph.org.uk - 404139.jpg Notes: In the illustration, the four tall arched windows mark the engine house that contained a J & E Wood inverted vertical triple expansion engine. The open doors in front mark the boiler house that contained a row of Lancashire boilers. It ceased production 1981
Rugby F.W.Dixon Chadderton SD896039 53°31′55″N 2°09′29″W / 53.532°N 2.158°W / 53.532; -2.158 ("Rugby") 1908 **** 77
Notes: Spindleage (1915) 113,613 Platts. Engine: George Saxon, 1200hp.[2][6][13]
Vine Mill Royton 
Werneth Mill Werneth 


Mills demolished or burned down in Oldham[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Acorn Mill Lees (now housing) 
Albert Mills Derker (demolished in 2009/10 for Housing Market Renewal) 
Asia Mill Hollinwood (Built 1904 Closed 1981 Demolished 1982) 
Athens Mill Lees Brook (Built 1905, suffered fire damage early 1980s and demolished several years later) 
Bank Top Mill Salem (now housing) 
Brook Hathershaw (demolished in 2010 for academy) 
Cromford Mill Derker (Housing Market Renewal) 
Derker Mills Derker (Industrial,  Glyn Webb/Ferranti)
Dowry Mill Lees/Waterhead (Turner St) 
Elk Mill Royton (now a retail park)  1926 1999 48
Elk Mill.jpg Notes: Elk Mill, on the Chadderton-Royton boundary, in Greater Manchester, England. The last mill to be built in Lancashire during the recession of 1926 and driven by a Parsons steam turbine that drove the mill by ropes and the neighbouring Shiloh Mills by electricity. It used cotton mules until 1974. Scrapped in 1983. Closed in 1998. Demolished in 1999.
Fox Mill Hollins (now housing) 
Gem Mill Fields New Road, Chadderton  1901 2008 36
Notes: Ceased spinning cotton in 1937. Taken over by the Ferranti company during WWII to manufacture radio valves and then semiconductor devices. Demolished in 2008 to make way for housing.
Glen Mill Wellyhole St  1903 1970 35
Notes: Ceased spinning cotton in 1938 and was then used as prisoner of war camp until 1947.[14]
Granville Mill Derker (fire) 
Greenacres Mill Littlemoor (Now Littlemoor junior school) 
Greenbank Mills Glodwick Road/Greengate Street (closed 1956) 
Gresham Mill Westwood (fire) 
Holroyd Mill Waterhead (Replaced with Orb) 
Holyrood Mill Higginshaw (fire in 1961) 
Honeywell Mill Hathershaw (fire in 1955)  1874 141
Kent Mill Chadderton 
Lowerhey Mill Lees (Hey Junior school) 
Maple 2 Hathershaw (fire in 2009) 
MapleMill.jpg Notes:
Mona P.S.Stott Chadderton SD906043 53°32′06″N 2°08′35″W / 53.535°N 2.143°W / 53.535; -2.143 ("Mona") 1905 **** 54
Mona Mill - geograph.org.uk - 905818.jpg Notes: Spindleage: (1915) 90,456 Platts. Engine:George Saxon.1400hp. [2][6][15]
Monarch Mill Royton (now housing) 
Orb Mill Waterhead (Site now used for Waterhead Academy).[16] 
Owl Mill Lees (now housing) 
Park Mill Royton (now housing) 
Prince of Wales Mill Derker (industrial units) 
Rome Mill Springhead Lees (now housing) 
Roy Mill Royton (now housing) 
Ruby Mill Littlemoor (Part of littlemoor estate) 
Sandy Mill Royton (now housing) 
Sandy Mill Royton - geograph.org.uk - 73461.jpg Notes:
Springhey Mill Waterhead (to be housing?) 
Tay Mill Higginshaw 


More detail required. Chadderton mills.

Mills in Chadderton[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Hawthorn  
Busk  
Olive  
Britannia  
Westwood  
Cocker
Diamond Rope Works
Irk
 
Diamond Ropeworks, Royton - geograph.org.uk - 618077.jpg Notes: Diamond Ropeworks, Royton Also known as Cocker Mill and Irk Mill. Built earlier than 1832 originally. Used for fustian cutting by 1891 and taken over in 1897 by Hardman, Ingham & Dawson Ltd for rope and twine making. This ceased following a fire in 1983 and it was taken over in 1975 by Sammy-Woodland Ltd for scarf manufacture. Finally closed 1994 and demolished 1995. The steam engine was saved and is at Bolton. Information from Gurr & Hunt – The Cotton Mills of Oldham (a must have)
Rosa mill burnt down in 2007  
Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Fernhurst Mill later occupied by Constellation,  a luggage manufacturer. (Earmarked for demolition in 2011)
Kent Mill. Victoria Street. Demolished junior school built on the land. 


Mills in Crompton and Shaw[edit]

Mills in Saddleworth[edit]

Saddleworth is a civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in Greater Manchester, England.[17] It comprises several villages and hamlets amongst the west side of the Pennine hills: Uppermill, Greenfield, Dobcross, Delph, Diggle and others. Saddleworth, which lies east of the large town of Oldham.

Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, for centuries Saddleworth was a centre of woollen cloth production in the domestic system. For centuries Saddleworth was linked, ecclesiastically, with the parish of Rochdale though a civil parish in the West Riding of Yorkshire, so was long talked of as the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived.[18] Even then it had an Oldham postal address. Following the Industrial Revolution, Saddleworth became a centre for cotton spinning and weaving.

The former Saddleworth Urban District was the only part of the West Riding to have been amalgamated into Greater Manchester in 1974.

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Albion Mill Uppermill 
Alexandra Mill Uppermill 53°32′47″N 2°00′22″W / 53.5463°N 2.0062°W / 53.5463; -2.0062 ("Alexandra Mill ")
Alexandra Mill Uppermill - geograph.org.uk - 1185032.jpg Notes: Alexandra Mill Uppermill was built in 1860 by flannel manufacturers J.Bradbury & Co. This four-storey stone built mill has had many uses over the years. In the mid 1980s it was a craft centre which was divided into small units. Today the mill on the banks of the River Tame has been converted into stylish living apartments. For reference, a 2-bedroom fourth floor flat was on the market for £199,950 in March 2009.
Bailey Mill Delph 53°33′40″N 2°01′24″W / 53.5610°N 2.0233°W / 53.5610; -2.0233 ("Bailey Mill")
Bailey Mill Delph - geograph.org.uk - 385073.jpg Notes: Bailey Mill Delph Bailey Mill closed down in 1996.

Since that time it has remained empty and its future is uncertain. The old Delph branch line (locally known as The Delph Donkey) once ran along the front of the mill in the picture with the last passenger train running on Saturday 30 April 1955. The old track bed is now a popular recreational route to Dobcross and Uppermill.

Although the railway infrastructure has mostly been removed, the architecture of the bridges, walls and buttresses remains.
Brownhill Bridge Mill Dobcross New Road 

Grade II Listed building No. 1309426

Notes: A three storey, four bay water-powered woollen scribbling mill from 1772
Dam Head Mill Uppermill 
Notes: see Willow Bank Mill
Shore Mill Delph  53°34′05″N 2°01′21″W / 53.568094°N 2.022581°W / 53.568094; -2.022581 ("Shore Mill ") 1780s

Grade II* Listed building No. 1067445 Delph

Notes: Stone built water- powered woollen scribbling mill of 1788 beside the River Tame. Converted to residential use. Wheel and leat still survive.
Victoria Mill Uppermill 
Willow Bank Mill Uppermill,  53°32′55″N 2°00′14″W / 53.5485°N 2.0039°W / 53.5485; -2.0039 ("Willow Bank Mill ")


References[edit]

  1. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 53
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Chadderton Historical Society
  3. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 19
  4. ^ Gurr & Hunt
  5. ^ Gurr, D. and Hunt, J. The Cotton Mills of Oldham, edition 3, ISBN 978-0-902809-46-8
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Williams & Farnie 1992, p. 193
  7. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 28
  8. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 32
  9. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 34
  10. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 42
  11. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 43
  12. ^ a b Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 51
  13. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 49
  14. ^ http://www.mcrh.mmu.ac.uk/pubs/pdf/mrhr_10_moore.pdf
  15. ^ Gurr & Hunt 1985, p. 41
  16. ^ The founding of the academy was controversial; it replaced both Breeze Hill School and Counthill School. Oldham chronicle article refers to frustration of the parents.
  17. ^ "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names – S. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2007. 
  18. ^ Hardy, Clive (2000). Greater Manchester: Photographic Memories. Francis Frith Collection. p. 60. ISBN 1-85937-108-6. Though within the parish of Rochdale, Saddleworth lay within the extreme south-west of the West Riding of Yorkshire and was long talked of as the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived 

Bibliography[edit]