List of minerals R (complete)

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This list includes those recognised minerals beginning with the letter R. The International Mineralogical Association is the international group that recognises new minerals and new mineral names, however minerals discovered before 1959 did not go through the official naming procedure, although some minerals published previously have been either confirmed or discredited since that date. This list contains a mixture of mineral names that have been approved since 1959 and those mineral names believed to still refer to valid mineral species (these are called "grandfathered" species).

The list is divided into groups:

The data was exported from mindat.org on 29 April 2005; updated up to 'IMA 2013'.

The minerals are sorted by name with the year of publication (if it's before of an IMA approval procedure), followed by the IMA approval and the Nickel–Strunz code. The first link is to mindat.org, the second link is to webmineral.com, and the third is to the Handbook of Mineralogy (Mineralogical Society of America).

  • Abbreviations:
    • "*" – discredited (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "s.p." – special procedure.
    • Q or "?" – questionable/ doubtful (IMA/CNMNC, mindat.org or mineralienatlas.de status).
    • N – published without approval of the IMA/CNMNC, or just not an IMA approved mineral but with some acceptance in the scientific community nowadays.
    • I – intermediate member of a solid-solution series.
    • H – hypothetical mineral (synthetic, anthropogenic, etc.)
      • ch – incomplete description, hypothetical solid solution end member.
    • group – a name used to designate a group of species, sometimes only a mineral group name.
    • no – no link available.
    • IUPAC – chemical name.
    • Rd or red. – redefinition of ...
    • Y: 1NNN – year of publication.
    • Y: old – known before publications were available.

R[edit]

Ra – Re[edit]

Realgar. Getchell Mine, Adam Peak, Potosi District, Humboldt County, Nevada, USA.
Reedmergnerite, Dara-i-Pioz, Tajikistan.
Chalcopyrite, Quartz, Rhodochrosite (red). Octahedron Pocket, Mini King Raise, Sweet Home Mine, Alma, Colorado, USA.
Rhodonite on Galena. Broken Hill, Yancowinna County, New South Wales, Australia.
Rosasite. Ojuela Mine, Mapimí, Municipio de Mapimí, Durango, Mexico.
Rutile. Itambacuri, Doce valley, Minas Gerais, Southeast Region, Brazil.
  1. Raadeite (1996-034) 08.BE.30 [1] [2] [no]
    (IUPAC: Heptamagnesium diphosphate octahydroxyl)
  2. Rabbittite (Y: 1955) 05.ED.25 [3] [4] [5]
  3. Rabejacite (1992-043) 07.EC.10 [6] [7] [8]
    (IUPAC: Calcium tetrauranate disulfate hexahydroxyl hexahydrate)
  4. Raberite (2012-017) 02.?? [9] [no] [no]
    (IUPAC: Pentathallium tetrasilver hexaarsenide antimonide pentadecasulfide)
  5. Radhakrishnaite (1983-082) 03.AA.50 [10] [11] [12]
  6. Radovanite (2000-001) 08.CB.40 [13] [14] [no]
  7. Radtkeite (1989-030) 02.FC.15d [15] [16] [17]
    (IUPAC: Trimercury disulfide chloride iodide)
  8. Raguinite (1968-022) 02.CB.60 [18] [19] [20]
    (IUPAC: Thallium iron disulfide)
  9. Raite (1972-010) 09.EE.55 [21] [22] [23]
  10. Rajite (1978-039) 04.JK.20 [24] [25] [26]
    (IUPAC: Copper ditellurium(IV) pentaoxide)
  11. Rakovanite (2010-052) 08.?? [27] [no] [no]
  12. Ralstonite (Y: 1871) 03.CF.05 [28] [29] [30]
  13. Ramanite 06.EA.10
    1. Ramanite-(Cs) (2007-007) 06.EA.10 [31] [32] [no]
    2. Ramanite-(Rb) (2007-006) 06.EA.10 [33] [34] [no]
  14. Rambergite (1995-028) 02.CB.45 [35] [36] [37]
    (IUPAC: Manganese sulfide)
  15. Ramdohrite (Y: 1930) 02.JB.40a [38] [39] [40]
  16. Rameauite (1971-045) 04.GB.05 [41] [42] [43]
  17. Ramikite-(Y) (2009-021) 08.?? [44] [no] [no]
  18. Rammelsbergite (Y: 1845) 02.EB.15a [45] [46] [47]
    (IUPAC: Nickel diarsenide)
  19. Ramsbeckite (1984-067) 07.DD.60 [48] [49] [50]
  20. Ramsdellite (Y: 1932) 04.DB.15a [51] [52] [53]
    (IUPAC: Manganese(IV) dioxide)
  21. Ranciéite (Y: 1857) 04.FL.40 [54] [55] [56]
  22. Rankachite (1983-044) 07.GB.25 [57] [58] [59]
  23. Rankamaite (1968-002) 04.DM.05 [60] [61] [62]
  24. Rankinite (Y: 1942) 09.BC.15 [63] [64] [65]
  25. Ransomite (Y: 1928) 07.CB.80 [66] [67] [68]
    (IUPAC: Copper diiron(III) tetrasulfate hexahydrate)
  26. Ranunculite (1978-067) 08.EB.40 [69] [70] [71]
  27. Rapidcreekite (1984-035) 07.DG.20 [72] [73] [74]
    (IUPAC: Dicalcium sulfate carbonate tetrahydrate)
  28. Rappoldite (1998-015) 08.CG.20 [75] [76] [no]
    (IUPAC: Lead dicobalt diarsenate dihydrate)
  29. Raslakite (2002-067) 09.CO.10 [77] [78] [no]
  30. Raspite (Y: 1897) 04.DG.20 [79] [80] [81]
    (IUPAC: Lead tungstate)
  31. Rastsvetaevite (2000-028) 09.CO.10 [82] [83] [no]
  32. Rasvumite (1970-028) 02.FB.20 [84] [85] [86]
    (IUPAC: Potassium diiron trisulfide)
  33. Rathite (Y: 1896) 02.HC.05d [87] [88] [89]
  34. Rathite-IVQ (Y: 1964) 02.??. [90] [no] [no]
    Note: possibly sartorite.
  35. Rauchite (2010-037) 08.?? [no] [no] [no]
    (IUPAC: Nickel diuranate diarsenate decahydrate)
  36. Rauenthalite (1964-007) 08.CJ.40 [91] [92] [93]
    (IUPAC: Tricalcium diarsenate decahydrate)
  37. RauviteQ (Y: 1922) 04.HB.40 [94] [95] [96]
  38. Ravatite (1992-019) 10.BA.40 [97] [98] [99]
    (IUPAC: Phenanthrene)
  39. Raygrantite (2013-001) 07.?? [100] [no] [no]
  40. Rayite (1982-029) 02.HC.10d [101] [102] [103]
  41. Realgar (Y: 1747) 02.FA.15a [104] [105] [106]
    (IUPAC: Arsenic sulfide)
  42. Rebulite (Y: 1982, 2008 s.p. Rd) 02.HD.25 [107] [108] [109]
  43. Rectorite (Y: 1891, 1967 s.p.) 09.EC.60 [110] [111] [112]
  44. Reddingite (Y: 1878, 1980 s.p. Rd) 08.CC.05 [113] [114] [115]
    (IUPAC: Trimanganese(II) diphosphate trihydrate)
  45. Redgillite (2004-016) 07.DD.70 [116] [117] [no]
    (IUPAC: Hexacopper sulfate decahydroxyl monohydrate)
  46. RedingtoniteQ (Y: 1888) 07.CB.85 [118] [119] [120]
  47. Redledgeite (Y: 1928, 1967 s.p.) 04.DK.05 [121] [122] [123]
  48. RedonditeQ (Y: 1869, 1967 s.p.) 08.CD.10 [124] [no] [no]
    Note: it might be a variety of variscite.
  49. Reederite-(Y) (1994-012) 05.BF.20 [125] [126] [127]
  50. Reedmergnerite (Y: 1955, 1962 s.p.) 09.FA.35 [128] [129] [130]
  51. Reevesite (1966-025) 05.DA.50 [131] [132] [133]
    (IUPAC: Hexanickel diiron(III) carbonate hexadecahydroxyl tetrahydrate)
  52. Refikite (Y: 1852) 10.CA.05 [134] [135] [136]
  53. Reichenbachite (1985-044) 08.BD.05 [137] [138] [139]
    (IUPAC: Pentacopper diphosphate tetrahydroxyl)
  54. Reidite (2001-013) 09.AD.45 [140] [141] [no]
    (IUPAC: Zirconium orthosilicate)
  55. Reinerite (Y: 1958) 04.JA.10 [142] [143] [144]
    (IUPAC: Trizinc diarsenite)
  56. Reinhardbraunsite (1980-032) 09.AF.45 [145] [146] [147]
  57. Remondite 05.AD.15
    1. Remondite-(Ce) (1987-035) 05.AD.15 [148] [149] [150]
    2. Remondite-(La) (1999-006) 05.AD.15 [151] [152] [153]
  58. RenarditeQ (Y: 1928) [154] [no] [no]
    Note: possibly dewindtite.
  59. Rengeite (1998-055) 09.BE.70 [155] [156] [no]
  60. Renierite (Y: 1948, 2007 s.p.) 02.CB.35a [157] [158] [159]
  61. Reppiaite (1991-007) 08.BD.20 [160] [161] [162]
    (IUPAC: Pentamanganese(II) divanadate tetrahydroxyl)
  62. Retgersite (Y: 1949) 07.CB.30 [163] [164] [165]
    (IUPAC: Nickel sulfate hexahydrate)
  63. Retzian 08.BM.05
    1. Retzian-(Ce) (Y: 1894, 1982 s.p. Rd) 08.BM.05 [166] [167] [168]
      (IUPAC: Dimanganese(II) cerium arsenate tetrahydroxyl)
    2. Retzian-(La) (1983-077) 08.BM.05 [169] [170] [171]
      (IUPAC: Dimanganese(II) lanthanum arsenate tetrahydroxyl)
    3. Retzian-(Nd) (1982 s.p.) 08.BM.05 [172] [173] [174]
      (IUPAC: Dimanganese(II) neodymium arsenate tetrahydroxyl)
  64. Revdite (1979-082) 09.DM.30 [175] [176] [177]
  65. Reyerite (Y: 1906) 09.EE.35 [178] [179] [180]
  66. Reynoldsite (2011-051) 07.?? [181] [no] [no]

Rh – Ry[edit]

  1. Rhabdophane 08.CJ.45
    1. Rhabdophane-(Ce) (Y: 1885, 1987 s.p.) 08.CJ.45 [182] [183] [184]
      (IUPAC: Cerium phosphate monohydrate)
    2. Rhabdophane-(La) (Y: 1883, 1987 s.p.) 08.CJ.45 [185] [186] [187]
      (IUPAC: Lanthanum phosphate monohydrate)
    3. Rhabdophane-(Nd) (Y: 1951, 1966 s.p.) 08.CJ.45 [188] [189] [190]
      (IUPAC: Neodymium phosphate monohydrate)
    4. Rhabdophane-(Y) (2011-031) 08.CJ.45 [191] [no] [no]
      (IUPAC: Yttrium phosphate monohydrate)
  2. Rheniite (1999-004a) 02.EB.35 [192] [193] [no]
    (IUPAC: Rhenium disulfide)
  3. Rhenium* (Y: 1976) 01.AB.05 [194] [no] [195]
  4. Rhodarsenide (1996-030) 02.AC.25b [196] [197] [no]
    (IUPAC: Dirhodium arsenide)
  5. Rhodesite (Y: 1957) 09.EB.05 [198] [199] [200]
  6. Rhodium (1974-012) 01.AF.10 [201] [202] [203]
  7. Rhodizite (Y: 1834) 06.GC.05 [204] [205] [206]
  8. Rhodochrosite (Y: 1813, 1962 s.p.) 05.AB.05 [207] [208] [209]
    (IUPAC: Manganese carbonate)
  9. Rhodonite (Y: 1819, 1980 s.p.) 09.DK.05 [210] [211] [212]
  10. Rhodostannite (1968-018) 02.DA.10 [213] [214] [215]
  11. Rhodplumsite (1982-043) 02.BE.15 [216] [217] [218]
    (IUPAC: Trirhodium dilead disulfide)
  12. Rhomboclase (Y: 1891) 07.CB.55 [219] [220] [221]
  13. Rhönite (Y: 1907, 2007 s.p.) 09.DH.40 [222] [223] [224]
  14. Ribbeite (1985-045) 09.AF.65 [225] [226] [227]
    (IUPAC: Pentamanganese(II) dinesosilicate dihydroxyl)
  15. RichelliteQ (Y: 1883) 08.BB.90 [228] [229] [230]
  16. Richelsdorfite (1982-019) 08.DK.?? [231] [232] [233]
  17. Richetite (Y: 1947) 04.GB.15 [234] [235] [236]
    (IUPAC: Lead tetrauranate pentaoxide tetrahydrate)
  18. Richterite (Y: 1865, 2012 s.p. Rd) 09.DE.20 [237] [238] [239]
  19. Rickardite (Y: 1903) 02.BA.30 [240] [241] [242]
    (IUPAC: Heptacopper pentatelluride)
  20. Rickturnerite (2010-034) 03.DB.?? [243] [no] [no]
  21. Riebeckite (Y: 1888, 2012 s.p. Rd) 09.DE.25 [244] [245] [246]
  22. RilanditeQ (Y: 1933) 09.HB.10 [247] [248] [249]
  23. Rimkorolgite (1990-032) 08.CH.45 [250] [251] [252]
  24. Ringwoodite (1968-036) 09.AC.15 [253] [254] [255]
    (IUPAC: Dimagnesium nesosilicate)
  25. Rinkite (Y: 1884, IMA 2009-C Rd) 09.00.20 [256] [257] [258]
  26. Rinmanite (2000-036) 04.CB.40 [259] [260] [261]
  27. Rinneite (Y: 1909) 03.CJ.05 [262] [263] [264]
    (IUPAC: Tripotassium sodium iron(II) hexachlorid)
  28. Riomarinaite (2000-004) 07.DF.75 [265] [266] [no]
    (IUPAC: Bismuth sulfate hydroxyl monohydrate)
  29. Rittmannite (1987-048) 08.DH.15 [267] [268] [269]
  30. Rivadavite (1966-010) 06.FA.20 [270] [271] [272]
  31. Riversideite (Y: 1917) 09.DG.10 [273] [274] [275]
  32. Roaldite (1980-079) 01.BC.05 [276] [277] [278]
  33. Robertsite (1973-024) 08.DH.30 [279] [280] [281]
  34. Robinsonite (Y: 1952) 02.HC.20 [282] [283] [284]
    (IUPAC: Tetralead hexaantimony tridecasulfide)
  35. Rockbridgeite (Y: 1949) 08.BC.10 [285] [286] [287]
    (IUPAC: Iron(II) tetrairon(III) triphosphate pentahydroxyl)
  36. Rodalquilarite (1967-040) 04.JL.05 [288] [289] [290]
  37. Rodolicoite (1995-038) 08.AA.05 [291] [292] [293]
    (IUPAC: Iron(III) phosphate)
  38. Roeblingite (Y: 1897) 09.CB.05 [294] [295] [296]
  39. Roedderite (1965-023) 09.CM.05 [297] [298] [299]
  40. Rogermitchellite (2003-019) 09.?? [300] [no] [no]
  41. Roggianite (1968-015) 09.GB.20 [301] [302] [303]
  42. Rohaite (1973-043) 02.BD.35 [304] [305] [306]
  43. Rokühnite (1979-036) 03.BB.10 [307] [308] [309]
    (IUPAC: Iron dichlorid dihydrate)
  44. Rollandite (1998-001) 08.CD.30 [310] [311] [312]
    (IUPAC: Tricopper diarsenate tetrahydrate)
  45. Romanèchite (Y: 1900, 1982 s.p.) 04.DK.10 [313] [314] [315]
  46. Romanorlovite (2014-011) 03.?? [no] [no] [no]
    (IUPAC: Octapotassium hexacopper heptadecachloride trihydroxyl)
  47. Romarchite (1969-006) 04.AC.20 [316] [317] [318]
    (IUPAC: Tin oxide)
  48. Römerite (Y: 1858) 07.CB.75 [319] [320] [321]
    (IUPAC: Iron(II) diiron(III) tetrasulfate tetradecahydrate)
  49. Rondorfite (1997-013) 09.AB.20 [322] [323] [no]
    (IUPAC: Octacalcium magnesium tetranesosilicate dichloride)
  50. Rongibbsite (2010-055) 09.?? [324] [no] [no]
  51. Ronneburgite (1998-069) 08.AC.75 [325] [326] [no]
    (IUPAC: Dipotassium manganese tetravanadium didecaoxide)
  52. Röntgenite-(Ce) (Y: 1953, 1987 s.p.) 05.BD.20d [327] [328] [329]
    (IUPAC: Dicalcium tricerium pentacarbonate trifluoride)
  53. Rooseveltite (Y: 1947) 08.AD.50 [330] [331] [332]
    (IUPAC: Bismuth arsenate)
  54. Roquesite (1962-001) 02.CB.10a [333] [334] [335]
    (IUPAC: Copper indium disulfide)
  55. Rorisite (1989-015) 03.DC.25 [336] [337] [338]
    (IUPAC: Calcium chlorid fluoride)
  56. Rosasite (Y: 1908) 05.BA.10 [339] [340] [341]
    (IUPAC: Copper zinc carbonate dihydroxyl)
  57. Roscherite (Y: 1914) 08.DA.10 [342] [343] [344]
  58. Roscoelite (Y: 1876, 1998 s.p.) 09.EC.15 [345] [346] [347]
  59. Roselite (Y: 1824) 08.CG.10 [348] [349] [350]
    1. Roselite-β (Y: 1955) 08.CG.10 [351] [352] [353]
      (IUPAC: Dicalcium cobalt diarsenate dihydrate)
  60. Rosemaryite (1979 s.p.) 08.AC.15 [354] [355] [356]
    (IUPAC: Sodium manganese(II) iron(III) aluminium triphosphate)
  61. Rosenbergite (1992-046) 03.CD.05 [357] [358] [359]
    (IUPAC: Aluminium trifluoride trihydrate)
  62. Rosenbuschite (Y: 1887) 09.BE.22 [360] [361] [362]
  63. Rosenhahnite (1965-030) 09.BJ.10 [363] [364] [365]
  64. Roshchinite (1989-006) 02.JB.40a [366] [367] [368]
  65. Rosiaite (1995-021) 04.DH.25 [369] [370] [371]
    (IUPAC: Lead ditin hexaoxide)
  66. Rosickýite (Y: 1931) 01.CC.05 [372] [373] [374]
    (IUPAC: Sulfur)
  67. RosièresiteQ,H (Y: 1841) 08.DF.10 [375] [no] [376]
    Note: an amorphous hydrous phosphate of Al with Pb and Cu.
  68. Rossiantonite (2012-056) 07.??. [377] [no] [no]
  69. Rossite (Y: 1927) 04.HD.05 [378] [379] [380]
  70. Rösslerite (Y: 1861) 08.CE.20 [381] [382] [383]
  71. Rossmanite (1996-018) 09.CK.05 [384] [385] [no]
  72. Rostite (Y: 1979, 1988 s.p. Rd) 07.DB.10 [386] [387] [388]
    (IUPAC: Aluminium sulfate hydroxyl pentahydrate)
  73. Rouaite (1999-010) 05.NB.05 [389] [390] [391]
    (IUPAC: Dicopper nitrate trihydroxyl)
  74. Roubaultite (1970-030) 05.EA.25 [392] [393] [394]
  75. Roumaite (2008-024) 09.?? [395] [no] [no]
  76. Rouseite (1984-071) 04.JC.15 [396] [397] [398]
    (IUPAC: Dilead manganese diarsenate dihydrate)
  77. Routhierite (1973-030) 02.GA.40 [399] [400] [401]
    (IUPAC: Copper thallium dimercury diarsenic hexasulfide)
  78. Rouvilleite (1989-050) 05.BC.10 [402] [403] [404]
    (IUPAC: Trisodium calcium manganese(II) tricarbonate fluoride)
  79. Rouxelite (2002-062) 02.JB.25j [405] [406] [no]
  80. Roweite (Y: 1937) 06.DA.25 [407] [408] [409]
  81. Rowlandite-(Y) (Y: 1891, 1987 s.p.) 09.HG.20 [410] [411] [412]
  82. Roxbyite (1986-010) 02.BA.05 [413] [414] [415]
    (IUPAC: Nonacopper pentasulfide)
  83. Rozenite (1962-006, 1963 s.p. Rd) 07.CB.15 [416] [417] [418]
    (IUPAC: Iron(II) sulfate tetrahydrate)
  84. Rruffite (2009-077) 08.CG.10 [419] [no] [no]
    (IUPAC: Dicalcium copper diarsenate dihydrate)
  85. Ruarsite (Y: 1979, 1980 s.p.) 02.EB.20 [420] [421] [422]
    (IUPAC: Ruthenium arsenic sulfide)
  86. Rubicline (1996-058) 09.FA.30 [423] [424] [no]
  87. Rucklidgeite (1975-029) 02.GC.40c [425] [426] [427]
    (IUPAC: Lead dibismuth tetratelluride)
  88. Rudashevskyite (2005-017) 02.CB.05a [428] [429] [no]
  89. Rudenkoite (2003-060) 09.HA.50 [430] [431] [no]
  90. Ruifrancoite (2005-061a) 08.DA.10 [432] [433] [no]
  91. Ruitenbergite (1992-011) 06.GD.05 [434] [435] [436]
  92. Ruizite (1977-007) 09.BJ.35 [437] [438] [439]
  93. Rumseyite (2011-091) 03.?? [440] [no] [no]
    (IUPAC: dilead fluoroxychloride)
  94. Rusakovite (Y: 1960, 1962 s.p.) 08.DF.15 [441] [442] [443]
  95. Rusinovite (2010-072) 09.?? [444] [no] [no]
  96. Russellite (Y: 1938) 04.DE.15 [445] [446] [447]
  97. Rustenburgite (1974-040) 01.AG.10 [448] [449] [450]
    (IUPAC: Triplatinum tin alloy)
  98. Rustumite (1964-004) 09.BG.30 [451] [452] [453]
  99. Ruthenarsenite (1973-020) 02.CC.15 [454] [455] [456]
  100. Rutheniridosmine (Y: 1936, 1973 s.p. Rd) 01.AF.05 [457] [458] [459]
  101. Ruthenium (1974-013) 01.AF.05 [460] [461] [462]
  102. Rutherfordine (Y: 1906, 1962 s.p.) 05.EB.05 [463] [464] [465]
    (IUPAC: Uranate carbonate)
  103. Rutile (Y: 1800) 04.DB.05 [466] [467] [468]
    (IUPAC: Titanium(IV) oxide)
  104. Rynersonite (1974-058) 04.DF.05 [469] [470] [471]
    (IUPAC: Calcium ditantalum hexaoxide)

External links[edit]