List of minor biblical figures, A-K

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This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections.

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A[edit]

Abdeel[edit]

In Jeremiah 36:26, Abdeel (Ab'dēel) (Hebrew עַבְדְּאֵל "servant of God"; akin to Arabic Abdullah), father of Shelemiah, one of three men that were commanded by King Jehoiakim to seize the prophet Jeremiah and his secretary Baruch.[1] The Septuagint omits his name.[1]

Abdi[edit]

The name Abdi (Hebrew עַבְדִּי) is probably an abbreviation of Obediah, meaning "servant of YHWH", according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.[2] Easton's Bible Encyclopedia, on the other hand, holds that it means "my servant". The name "Abdi" appears three times in the Bible.

  1. Chronicles 6:29.[3] "And on the left hand their brethren the sons of Merari: Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch."[4]
  2. Chronicles 29:12. "Then the Levites arose, Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites; and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi, and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites, Joah the son of Zimmah, and Eden the son of Joah."[4]
  3. Ezra 10:26. "And of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, and Abdi, and Jeremoth, and Elijah."[4]

Abdon[edit]

Abdon (Hebrew עַבְדּוֹן from עָבַד "to serve") is the name of four biblical individuals.

  1. An Abdon in the book of Judges: see the article Abdon (Judges).
  2. The first-born of Gibeon of the tribe of Benjamin, mentioned only in passing in genealogies (1 Chronicles 8:30, 9:36).
  3. Abdon the son of Micah. Josiah sent him, among others, to the prophetess Huldah, in order to discern the meaning of the recently rediscovered book of the law (2 Chronicles 34:20). He is referred to as Achbor in 2 Kings 22:12.
  4. Abdon son of Sashak. He is only mentioned as a name in a genealogy (1 Chronicles 8:23).[5]

Abijah[edit]

Abijah (Hebrew אֲבִיָּה "my father is YHWH") is the name of eight biblical individuals.

Abinadab[edit]

(Hebrew אֲבִינָדָב "my father gives willingly")

  1. A man of Kirjath-jearim widely identified as a Levite (but possibly a Judahite), in whose house the ark of the covenant was deposited after having been brought back from the land of the Philistines (1 Samuel 7:1). It remained there twenty years guarded by his son Eleazar (not to be confused with Eleazar, the son of Aaron), until it was at length removed by David (1 Samuel 7:1,2; 1 Chronicles 13:7; 2 Samuel 6:3).
    It has been argued that the ark stayed at Abinadab's home for much longer than 20 years. After the ark was placed in Abinadab's home, the Bible counts 20 years before Israel cried to God and Samuel, asking for a king. Saul was then installed as king. He ruled for 40 years, and several more years passed before David took the ark from Abinadab's house to bring it to Jerusalem.
  2. The second of the eight sons of Jesse (1 Samuel 16:8). He was with Saul in the campaign against the Philistines in which Goliath was slain (1 Samuel 17:13).
  3. One of Saul's sons, who perished with his father in the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:2; 1 Chronicles 10:2).
  4. Ben-abinadab; One of Solomon's officers, who "provided victuals for the king and his household." He presided, for this purpose, over the region of Dor and had Taphath a daughter of Solomon to wife.(1 Kings 4:7-11).

Abiasaph[edit]

Abiasaph (Hebrew אֲבִיאָסָף "my father has gathered") was a son of Korah of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. Ebiasaph is a spelling variation of Abiasaph.

Abiel[edit]

Abiel (Hebrew אֲבִיאֵל "my father is God") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Abimael[edit]

In Genesis 10:28, Abimael is the ninth of the 13 sons of Joktan, a descendant of Shem. He is also mentioned in 1 Chronicles 1:22. Abimael means "my father is God".

Ahinadab[edit]

Ahinadab (Hebrew: אחינדב áḤYNaDaḄ "My Brother Is Noble"), son of Iddo, is one of the twelve commissariat officers appointed by Solomon in so many districts of his kingdom to raise supplies by monthly rotation for his household. He was appointed to the district of Mahanaim (1 Kings 4:14), east of Jordan.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

Abitub[edit]

Ahitub (Hebrew אֲבִיטוּב "my father is good" or "my father is joyous")

  1. Ahitub, son of Phinehas, grandson of Eli, and brother of Ichabod. (1Samuel 14:3,22:9-20, 1Chronicles 9:11)
  2. Ahitub, son of Amariah and father of Zadok. (2Samuel 8:15-17)
  3. Ahitub, a descendant through the priestly line of the first Zadok. He was an ancestor of later high priests who served during the fall of Jerusalem and post-exile. (1Chronicles 6:11-12)
  4. Ahitub, a Benjamite. (1Chronicles 8:11)

Adbeel[edit]

Adbeel(Hebrew אַדְבְּאֵל "disciplined by God") Nadbeel or Idiba’ilu, was the third son of Ishmael out of twelve. (Genesis 25:13) The name Adbeel is associated with the personal name and northwest tribe in Arabia known as Idiba’ilu, whom Tiglath-Pileser conquered in the 8th century BCE. (Kenneth A. Mathews, 2005, p. 361)

Adah[edit]

Hebrew: עָדָה, Modern ʿAda Tiberian ʿĀḏāh; Ornament or Dawn

  1. Adah, the first wife of Lamech, and the mother of Jabal and Jubal. (Genesis 4:19-23)
  2. Adah, the first wife of Esau, the daughter of Elon the Hittite. It has been suggested by biblical scholars that she is the same person as "Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite" mentioned as a wife of Esau in Genesis 26.[6] She bore Esau's firstborn Eliphaz, and became the matriarch of the Edomites. (Genesis 26:34,36:2-4)

The Order of the Eastern Star considers Adah also to be the name of the daughter of Jephthah, although the Bible does not name her.

Adalia[edit]

In Esther 9:8, Adalia is the fifth son of the Persian noble Haman. Adalia was slain along with his nine siblings in Susa.

Adina[edit]

In I Chronicles 11:42, Adina (lit. Slender) is listed as one of the "mighty men" of David's army. Adina was the son of a chief of the Reubenites named Shiza.

Adlai[edit]

(Hebrew עַדְלָי "refuge") In I Chronicles 27:29, Adlai is the father of Shaphat, and the grandfather of the prophet Elisha.

Admatha[edit]

In Esther 1:14, Admatha is an advisor to Ahasuerus of Persia.

Agee[edit]

Agee was the father of Shammah, who was one of David's mighty men (II Samuel 23:11). Based on interpretations of I Chronicles 11:34 and II Samuel 23:32-33 Agee was either the grandfather of Jonathan or his brother.

Ahab[edit]

Ahab (Hebrew: אחאב, which means "brother/father") is the name of at least two biblical figures:

  • Ahab, king of Israel (q.v.)
  • Ahab, son of Koliah,who, according to Jeremiah 29:21, was labeled a false prophet by YHVH [7]

Aharhel[edit]

(Hebrew אֲחַרְחֵל "behind the rampart") In 1 Chronicles 4:8, Aharhel is the son of Harum of the tribe of Judah.

Ahasbai[edit]

Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, was the father of Eliphelet, one of King David's Warriors (2 Samuel 23:34).

Ahi[edit]

(Hebrew אֲחִי "brother/kindred of YHWH")

  • Ahi is the son of Abdiel in 1 Chronicles 5:15
  • Ahi is the son of Shomer in 1 Chronicles 7:34

Ahilud[edit]

Ahilud is the father of Jehoshaphat, who serves as court recorder to David (2 Samuel 8:16) and Solomon (1 Kings 4:3). In 1 Kings 4:12, Ahilud is the father of Baana, an official in Solomon's court sent to gather provisions in Taanach and Megiddo, and Beth Shan.

Ahiram[edit]

Ahiram was a son of Benjamin according to Numbers 26:38.

Ahisamach[edit]

Ahisamach or Ahisamakh, also Ahis'amach (Hebrew: אחיסמך "brother of support"), of the tribe of Dan, was the father of Aholiab according to Exodus 31:6, Exodus 35:34, and Exodus 38:23.

Ahishar[edit]

Ahishar (אחישר in Hebrew; meaning Brother of song, or singer), the officer who was “over the household” of Solomon (1 Kings 4:6).

Ajah[edit]

In Genesis 36:24 and 1 Chronicles 1:40, Ajah is a son of Zibeon. Ajah means hawk. Alternative spelling: Aiah.

Akan[edit]

In Genesis 36:27 Akan is a son of Ezer and grandson of Seir the Horite. In 1 Chronicles 1:42 he is called Jaakan.

Akkub[edit]

In Ezra 2:45, Akkub is the head of a family of Nethinim. In 1 Chronicles 3:24, Akkub is a son of Elionenai, descendant of Solomon living in the Kingdom of Judah around 420 BCE. In 1 Chronicles 9:17, Ezra 2:42, and Nehemiah 7:45, Akkub is a Levite gatekeeper at the Temple in Jerusalem after the return from the Babylonian captivity.

Allon[edit]

In 1 Chronicles 4:37, Allon is the son of Jedaiah, of the family of the Simeonites, who expelled the Hamites from the valley of Gedor.

Alvah[edit]

In Genesis 36:40, Alvah is a chief of Edom and a descendant of Esau. In 1 Chronicles 1:51 he is called Aliah.

Alvan[edit]

In Genesis 36:23, Alvan is the eldest son of Shobal and a descendant of Seir the Horite. In 1 Chronicles 1:40 he is called Alian.

Amasa[edit]

In 2 Chr 28:1-4, Amasa is the son of Hadlai, and one of the leaders of Ephraim (2 Chr 28:12) during the reign of the evil King Ahaz.

Amasiah[edit]

In 2 Chronicles 17:16, Amasiah (meaning burden of Jehovah) was the son of Zichri, a captain under King Jehoshaphat.

Amaziah[edit]

In Amos 7:10, Amaziah is a priest of Bethel who confronts Amos and rejects his prophesying against king Jeroboam II. As a result, Amos is led to prophesy the doom of Amaziah's family, the loss of his land and his death in exile. Jonathan Magonet has described Amaziah as 'a spiritual leader who believed in his own power and could not risk hearing the word of God'.[8]

Amminadib[edit]

A person mentioned in the Old Testament in Song of Solomon of Solomon&verse=6%3A12&src=! 6:12, whose chariots were famed for their swiftness. It is rendered in the margin “my willing people,” and in the Revised Version “my princely people.”

Ammizabad[edit]

Ammizabad was the son of Benaiah, who was the third and chief captain of the host under David (1 Chronicles 27:6).

Amon[edit]

Amon (Hebrew: אמן 'aMoN) was a city governor in the time of Kings Jehoshaphat and Ahab[9]

Amzi[edit]

Amzi ('am-tsee') is a masculine Hebrew name meaning "my strength" or "strong." Two individuals with this name are mentioned in the Bible:

Anah[edit]

In the Book of Genesis, there are two men and one woman named Anah.

Amendment: Actually the Anah in Genesis 36:2,14,18,25 mentioned above is the same as the Anah, the son of Zibeon in verse 24. In verse 2 and 14 it says, "Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;." Some are confused with this wording and believe that it is saying that Anah is a daughter of Zibeon. In verse 24 it clearly says that Zibeon's two sons were Ajah and Anah. Since the original text does not have a literal word for "grand daughter" the word "bath" was used in both cases. But this sentence is stating that Aholibamah is the daughter of Anah and the "granddaughter" of Zibeon, not that Anah is the daughter of Zibeon.

Anak[edit]

Anak was the father of Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai in Numbers 13:22

Anan[edit]

Anan was one of the Israelites who sealed the covenant after the return from Babylon[10] (Nehemiah 10:27).

Aphiah[edit]

Aphiah, of the tribe of Benjamin, was an ancestor of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Samuel 9)

Ard[edit]

Ard - ארד was the tenth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21. It is relatively unusual among Hebrew names for ending in a cluster of two consonants instead of as a segholate.

Areli[edit]

Areli was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:17. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Aristobulus[edit]

Aristobulus is apparently the patriarch of a household; Paul of Tarsus instructed his followers to greet "those who belong to the household of Aristobulus". Romans 16:10.

Arnan[edit]

Arnan was a descendant of David, father of Obadiah, and son of Rephaiah.

Arodi[edit]

Arodi or Arod was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:17. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Ashbel[edit]

Hebrew: אשבל Ashbel (meaning=flowing)[11] is the third of the ten sons of Benjamin named in Genesis. He founded the tribe of Ashbelites. 46:21.

Asriel[edit]

Asriel was a son of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:31, Joshua 17:2, and 1 Chronicles 7:14.

Assir[edit]

Assir was a son of Korah of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:24, born in Egypt. It was also the firstborn son of Jehoiachin, King of Judah.

Azariah[edit]

Azariah (Hebrew - עזריהו `aZaRYaHOo "God Helped"), son of Nathan, was appointed by King Solomon to be over his deputies. I Kings 4:5. For Azariah the priest see Azariah (high priest).

Azzan[edit]

Azzan (Hebrew עַזָּן "strong") was the father of Paltiel, a prince of the Tribe of Issachar. (Num. 34:26).

B[edit]

Baanah[edit]

(Hebrew: בענא Ba`aNa)

  • Baanah the son of Ahilud, was one of Solomon's twelve regional administrators, having jurisdiction over Taanach, Meggido, and Beth-shean (I Kings 4:12).
  • Baanah the son of Hushai, was one of Solomon's twelve regional administrators, having jurisdiction over Asher and Aloth (I Kings 4:16).

Baara[edit]

Baara was one of the three wives of Shaharaim, according to 1 Chronicles 8:8.

Barachel[edit]

Barachel was a Buzite, and was the father of Elihu, an antagonist of Job, according to Job 32:2.

Barkos[edit]

Barkos was a painter who was the father of some of the Nethinim, according to Ezra 2:53.

Barzillai[edit]

Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim was 80 years old at the time of Absalom's revolt against King David. Barzillai supplied provisions for David's army at Mahanaim (2 Samuel 17:27-29). After the death of Absalom, Barzillai, being an old man, was unable to accompany the king back to Jerusalem, but brought Chimham to David for the return journey (2 Samuel 19:31-37).

Another figure who married one of Barzillai's daughters was called Barzellai as a result (Ezra 2:61; Nehemiah 7:63). In 1 Esdras 5:38, he is called Zorzelleus.

Basemath[edit]

Hebrew: Sweet-smelling or Sweet-smile

  1. Basemath, wife of Esau, and daughter of Elon the Hittite (Genesis 26:34). She is thought to be identical to or a sister to Adah who is mentioned in Genesis 36.[12]
  2. Basemath, another wife of Esau, daughter of Ishmael, sister to Nebajoth and mother of Reuel (Genesis 36:3). She is thought by some scholars to be the same as Mahalath of Genesis 28.
  3. Basemath, the daughter of Solomon; a wife of Ahimaaz. (1Kings 4:15)

Becher[edit]

Becher was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Bechorath[edit]

Bechorath, son of Aphiah, of the tribe of Benjamin, was an ancestor of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Samuel 9)

Bela[edit]

Hebrew: בלע BeLa` "Crooked"

Bela was the name of three individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Ben Abinadab[edit]

Ben Abinadab (Hebrew בנ אבינדב BeN ,'aḄYNaDaḄ "My Father is Liberal"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Dor, and he was married to Taphath, a daughter of Solomon. I Kings 4:11 (RSV).

Ben Deker[edit]

Ben Dekar (Hebrew בנ דקר BeN DeQeR "Son of Pick"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elon-beth-hanan. I Kings 4:9 (RSV).

Ben Geber[edit]

Ben Geber (Hebrew בנ גבר BeN GeḄeR "Son of He-Man"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Ramoth Gilead and Argob. I Kings 4:13 (RSV).

Ben Hesed[edit]

Ben Hesed (Hebrew בנ חסד BeN ḤeÇeD "Son of Grace"), was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Aruboth, Sochoh, and Hepher. I Kings 4:10 (RSV).

Ben Hur[edit]

Ben Hur (Hebrew בנ חור Ben Hur "Son of Hur") was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators; he was over Ephraim. I Kings 4:8 (RSV).

Beno[edit]

Beno was the son of Merari and from Jaaziah 1 Chronicles 24:26-27.

Beriah[edit]

Beriah is the name of four different biblical individuals:

Bidkar[edit]

Bidkar (Hebrew: בדקר) was an officer of the Israelite king Jehu. Jehu ordered Bidkar to throw the body of the king he usurped, Jehoram, into the field of Naboth, fulfilling prophecy. II Kings 9:25

Bigtha[edit]

Bigtha is one of the eunuchs who served King Xerxes in Esther 1:10.

Birsha[edit]

Birsha is the king of Gomorrah in Genesis 14 who joins other Canaanite city kings in rebelling against Chedorlaomer.

Bukki[edit]

Bukki was a prince of the tribe of Dan; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:22).

C[edit]

Carmi[edit]

Carmi refers to two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Chalcol[edit]

Chalcol (Hebrew כלכל KhaLKoL - the same consonants with different vowel points (KiLKayL) means "maintain") was one of the exemplars of wisdom than whom Solomon was wiser. (I Kings 4:31)

Chimham[edit]

Chimham accompanied King David to Gilgal after the death of Absalom. (2 Samuel 19:37-40) Also a place near Bethlehem where Johanan regrouped before departing to Egypt. Jeremiah 41:17 [13]

Chislon[edit]

Chislon was the father of Elidad, a prince of the Tribe of Benjamin. (Num. 34:21)

Chuza[edit]

Chuza was the manager of Herod Antipas' household. His wife, Joanna, was a follower of Jesus (see Luke 8:1-3).

Claudia[edit]

Claudia was an associate of Paul the Apostle who greeted Saint Timothy in 2 Timothy 4:21.

D[edit]

Dalphon[edit]

Dalphon (Hebrew דַּלְפוֹן "to weep") was one of the ten sons of Haman, killed along with Haman by the Jews of Persia, according to Esther 9:7.

Darda[edit]

Darda (Hebrew דַּרְדַּע "pearl of wisdom") was one of the exemplars of wisdom than whom Solomon was wiser. (I Kings 4:31)

Delaiah[edit]

Delaiah (Hebrew דליהו "drawn out by YHWH" [14] is the name of several biblical persons:

  • Son of Shemaiah, and officer to King Jehoiakim of Judah. He was one of the officers present at the delivery of a scroll sent by Jeremiah, (Jer. 36:12) and one of those who asked the king not to burn the scroll. (ibid. 36:25)
  • Son of Elioenai, a descendant of the royal Davidic line through Jeconiah. (I Chr. 3:24)
  • The head of a family that came up from the Babylonian exile with Zerubbabel, that was unable to give its ancestral genealogy. (Ezr. 2:60, Neh. 7:62)
  • Son of Mehetabel and father of Shemaiah. (Neh. 6:10) He is probably identical to the previous entry.

Deuel[edit]

Deuel (Hebrew דְּעוּאֵל "known by God") was the father of Eliasaph and the leader of the Tribe of Gad, as noted in five verses in the Book of Numbers, beginning with Numbers 1:14.

Diblaim[edit]

Diblaim (Hebrew דִּבְלָ֫יִם "cakes of pressed figs") was the mother of the prophet Hosea's wife, Gomer. Her name means 'doubled cakes'. (Hosea 1:3)

Dibri[edit]

Dibri of the house of Dan was the father of Shelomith according to Leviticus 24:11. Shelomith's son was stoned to death for blasphemy.

Diklah[edit]

Diklah was a son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:27, 1 Chronicles 1:21.

Dishan[edit]

Dishan (Hebrew דִּישׁוֹן dishon "ibex") was the youngest son of Seir the Horite. (Genesis 36:21)

Dodo[edit]

Dodo (Hebrew דּוֹדוֹ dodo from דּוֹד dod meaning "beloved" or "father's brother") is a name given to three persons in the Bible:

E[edit]

Ebed-melech[edit]

Ebed-melech (Hebrew: עבד-מלך `eḆeD-MeLeKh "Slave of the king"), the Ethiopian eunuch, intervened with king Zedekiah on behalf of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 38:7ff)

Eglah[edit]

Eglah was one of David's wives and the mother of Ithream according to II Samuel 3:4.

Ehi[edit]

In Genesis 46:21, Ehi is the third son of Benjamin. In 1 Chronicles 8:1 he is called Ahahrah, and in Numbers 26:38 he is called Ahiram.

Elasah[edit]

Elasah (Hebrew: אלעשה meaning 'made by God') was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

  • The son of Shaphan, who was chosen by King Zedekiah of Judah to be one of the two messengers to take Jeremiah's letter to Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 29:3) He was probably the brother of Ahikam, who had taken Jermiah's part at the time of his arrest after the temple sermon [15]
  • One of the sons of Pashur who was rebuked for marrying a foreign women (Ezra 10:18-19)

Eliadah[edit]

Eliadah (Hebrew: אלידע 'ELYaDa` "God Knows") was the father of Rezon (q.v.), regent of Damascus in the time of Solomon. I Kings 11:23

Eliasaph[edit]

Eliasaph was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Elidad[edit]

Elidad was a prince of the tribe of Benjamin; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Numbers 34: 21).

Elihoreph[edit]

Elihoreph (Hebrew אליחרף) was a scribe in King Solomon's court. He was a son of Shisha and brother of Ahiah. (I Kings: 4:3) The name means "'my God repays,' or 'my God is the giver of the autumn harvest,'".[16]

Elimelech[edit]

Elimelech was the husband of Naomi. Together they had two sons, Mahlon and Chilion. He was originally a resident of Bethlehem before moving to Moab with his family, where he died (see Ruth 1:1-3). All of his property was later purchased by Boaz (see Ruth 4:9).

Elionenai[edit]

Elionenai was a descedant of David. He was the father of Akkub, and son of Neariah.

Elishama[edit]

Elishama (Hebrew: אלישמע My God Heard) was the name of several biblical characters, including:

Elishaphat[edit]

Elishaphat, son of Zichri, was one of the "captains of hundreds" associated with Jehoiada in restoring king Jehoash to the throne II Chronicles 23:1.

Elisheba[edit]

Elisheba ("God is my oath", cognate to the name Elizabeth) is the wife of Aaron and sister-in-law of Moses. Her sons were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazer and Ithamar. (Exodus 6:23).

Elizaphan[edit]

Elizaphan was a prince of the tribe of Zebulun; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:25).

Elizur[edit]

Elizur was a son of Shedeur and a prince of the House of Reuben according to Numbers 1:5.

Elnathan[edit]

Elnathan (Hebrew אלנתן El-Natan "God Gave") ben Achbor of Jerusalem was the father of Nehushta. Nehushta conceived Jeconiah with King of Judah Jehoiakim. Despite this close relationship to the king, Elnathan is one of those who, according to Jeremiah 36:25 opposes Jehoiakim when he cuts up and burns a scroll that had been brought to him, containing Jeremiah's prophesies of the forthcoming destruction of Judah. Elnathan's father Achbor was a strong supporter of the earlier reforms of king Josiah, which may have influenced[17] Elnathan's behaviour - though he had earlier been closely involved in the persecution of the prophet Uriah ben Shemaiah, according to Jeremiah 26:20-23.

Elon[edit]

Elon (Hebrew: אֵילֹן, Modern Elon Tiberian ʼÊlōn ; "Oak") was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Elzaphan[edit]

Elzaphan was a son of Uzziel of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:22, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses. He and Mishael were asked by Moses to carry away Nadab's and Abihu's bodies to a place outside the camp. (Leviticus 10:4). In the wilderness of Sinai he was named chief of the house of Kohath (Numbers 3:30).

Enoch[edit]

In Genesis 4:17-18, Enoch is the firstborn son of Cain and the father of Irad. Cain named the city of Enoch after his son.

Enan[edit]

Enan was a member of the house of Naphtali according to Numbers 1:15. He was the father of Ahira.

Ephod[edit]

Ephod was the father of Hanniel, a prince of the Tribe of Manasseh. (Num. 34:23).

Ephron[edit]

Ephron the Hittite, son of Zohar, lived in Mamre among the children of Heth. He was the owner of the property that included the Cave of Machpelah, which he sold to Abraham for four hundred shekels of silver. (Genesis 23:8-17)

Eran[edit]

Eran was a son of Shuthelah of the Tribe of Ephraim according to Numbers 26:36.

Eri[edit]

In Genesis 46:16 Eri ("watchful") is the son of Gad. He was the progenitor of the Erites. (Numbers 26:16)

Eubulus[edit]

Eubulus was an associate of Paul the Apostle who greeted Saint Timothy in 2 Timothy 4:21.

Evi[edit]

Evi was one of five Midianite kings killed during the time of Moses by an Israelite expedition led by Phinehas, son of Eleazar according to Numbers 31:8 and Joshua 13:21.

Ezbon[edit]

Ezbon is the name of two people mentioned in the Bible:

Ezrah[edit]

Ezrah is the father of Jether, Mered, Epher and Jalon, grandfather (through Mered) of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah, and great-grandfather (through Ishbah) of Eshtemoa (I Chr. 4:17)

G[edit]

Gaddi[edit]

Gaddi, the son of Susi of the House of Manasseh, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:11.

Gaddiel[edit]

Gaddiel, the son of Sodi of the house of Zebulun, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:10.

Gamul[edit]

Gamul (Hebrew: גָמוּל‎; "rewarded" or "recompense") was head of the twentieth of twenty-four priestly divisions instituted by King David. (I Chr. 24:17)

Gazez[edit]

1. Gazez ("shearer") was the son of 2.Haran, grandson of Caleb, a descendent of Jacob. His paternal grandmother was Ephah, wife of Caleb. (1Chronicles 2:46)

2. Gazez was a brother of Caleb, and uncle of 1. Gazez. (1Chronicles 2:46)

Geber[edit]

Geber (Hebrew: גבר, GeḆeR, "He-man"), son of Uri, was one of King Solomon's regional administrators; his territory was Gilead. (First Kings 4:19)

Gemalli[edit]

Gemalli of the house of Dan was the father of Ammiel, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:4.

Gemariah[edit]

Gemariah (Hebrew: גמריה which means, "God completed me" is the name of at least two biblical characters:

  • Gemariah son of Shaphan in chapter 36 of Jeremiah. His own son Micaiah hears Jeremiah's secretary Baruch read Jeremiah's prophecies against the nation, and reports to a meeting of the court officials, including his father, nearby. This leads to the scroll being read before king Jehoiakim, who cuts it up and burns it despite the protestations of Gemariah and Elnathan ben Achbor.[18]
  • Gemariah son of Hilkiah, one of the envoys whom King Zedekiah sent to Babylonia (Jeremiah 29:3) Nothing else is known of him; he was hardly the brother of Jeremiah, whose father was also named Hilkiah.[15]

Genubath[edit]

Genubath (Hebrew: גנבת GNuḆaTh "Stolen") is mentioned in I Kings 11:20 as the son born to Hadad the Edomite and the sister of Queen Tahpenes, Pharaoh's wife.

Gera[edit]

Hebrew: גרא GeR'a "stranger"

  • In Genesis 46:21 Gera is the fourth of ten sons of Benjamin.
  • Gera is also the name of the father of Shimei (2 Samuel 19:16)
  • Gera is also the name of two of the sons of Bela (see above), making both nephews of the earlier Gera. (I Chronicles 8:3,5)
  • Gera is also the name of the father of Ehud, a "Benjamite, a man left-handed" - Book of Judges, 3:15.

Geuel[edit]

Geuel, the son of Machi of the Tribe of Gad, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:16.

Guni[edit]

Guni was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:48. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Gideon[edit]

Gideon was, according to Judges 6:11 the son of Joash the Abiezrite. He defeated the Midianites.

Gideoni[edit]

Gideoni was a member of the house of Benjamin according to Numbers 1:11. He was the father of Abidan.

H[edit]

Haahashtari[edit]

Haahashtari was one of the sons of Naarah (1 Chronicles 4:6)

Habazziniah[edit]

Habazziniah was the head of a family of Rechabites (Jeremiah 35:3)

Hadadezer[edit]

According to I Kings 11:23, Hadadezer (Hebrew: הדדעזר HaDaD`eZeR "Hadad Helps") was king of Zobah.

Haddad[edit]

Haddad the Edomite was an adversary of Solomon (I Kings 10:14)

Haggi[edit]

Haggi was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:15. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Hakkoz[edit]

Hakkoz is the name of two or three biblical individuals:

  • Head of the seventh of twenty-four priestly divisions created by King David. (I Chr. 24:10)
  • Head of a family of priests after the Babylonian exile. Unable to prove their lineage, the family lost its priesthood status. (Ezr. 2:61, Neh. 7:63)
  • Father of Uriah and grandfather of Meremoth, who assisted Nehemiah in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem. (Neh. 3:4, 3:21) He is probably identical to the previous entry.

Hammedatha[edit]

Hammedatha was an Agagite and the father of Haman (see Esther 3:1).

Hamor[edit]

Hamor was the father of Shechem. Shechem defiled Dinah according to Genesis 34

Hamul[edit]

Hamul was a son of Pharez of the Tribe of Judah according to Genesis 46:12 and Numbers 26:21. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Hanameel[edit]

Hanameel (Hebrew: חנמאל, which means "rest from God") A cousin of Jeremiah from whom the latter bought property. Jeremiah 32:7ff.

Hananiah[edit]

Hananiah (Hebrew: חנניה, which means "my rest is God") is the name of at least two biblical characters:

  • Hananiah son of `aZOoR, a prophet in the time of king Zedekiah. He opposed the prophet Jeremiah, was denounced by Jeremiah, and died within a year of denunciation. Jeremiah chapter 28.

Hanniel[edit]

Hanniel Prince of the tribe of Manasseh; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:23).

Haran[edit]

Haran, or Aran (Hebrew הָרָן) refers to three minor biblical people in the Hebrew Bible:

  1. Haran, son of Terah, from Ur of the Chaldees. He fathered Lot, Milcah and Iscah. (Genesis 11:27-29)
  2. Haran, son of Caleb, a descendant of Jacob, and Ephah his mother. Father of 1.Gazez, and brother of 2.Gazez. (1Chronicles 2:46)
  3. Haran, son of Shimei, a Levite who lived in the age of King David that had some important religious or political role. (1 Chronicles 23:1-9)

Harim[edit]

"Harim" redirects here. For the city in Syria, see Harem, Syria.

Harim (Hebrew: חָרִם‎; "destroyed" or "dedicated to God") was the name of three biblical patriarchs:

  • Head of the third of twenty-four priestly divisions instituted by King David. (I Chr. 24:8)
  • Head of a non-priestly family, with 320 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr. 2:32, Neh. 7:35) Eight members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr. 10:31) Harim's son Malchijah was one of those who helped repair the walls of Jerusalem, including the Tower of the Furnaces. (Neh. 3:11) His seal was on the renewed covenant with God made by the Babylonian returnees. (Neh. 10:28)
  • Head of a priestly family, with 1017 members, which returned with Zerubbabel. (Ezr. 2:39, Neh. 7:42) Five members of this family were found to have married gentile women, whom they divorced. (Ezr. 10:21) His seal was also on the renewed covenant. (Neh. 10:6) The head of his family at the time of the return was Adna. (Neh. 12:152)

Hazo[edit]

Hazo was the son of Nahor and Milcah (Genesis 22:22).

Heber[edit]

Heber or Chéver (Hebrew: חֶבֶר / חָבֶר, Modern Ḥéver / Ḥáver Tiberian Ḥéḇer / Ḥāḇer ; "friend", "connected") is the grandson of the patriarch Asher mentioned at Genesis 46:17 and in Numbers 26:45. Heber probably should not be confused with the Eber who was Noah's descendant.

Helek[edit]

Helek was a son of Gilead of the Tribe of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:30 and Joshua 17:2.

Helon[edit]

Helon was a member of the house of Zebulun according to Numbers 1:9. He was the father of Eliab.

Hepher[edit]

Hepher was a son of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:32 and Joshua 17:2.

Hezron[edit]

Hezron or Hetzron (Hebrew: חֶצְרוֹן, Modern Ḥe���ron Tiberian Ḥeṣrôn ; "Enclosed") is the name of two men in Genesis.

Hiel[edit]

Hiel the Bethelite (Heb. אֲחִיאֵל, חִיאֵל; "the [divine] brother, or kinsman, is God")[19]) rebuilt Jericho during the reign of King Ahab. (I Kings 16:34)

Hillel[edit]

  • The father of Abdon, in the Book of Judges.

Hiram[edit]

Hiram (Hebrew: חירם ḤYRaM "My Life Exalted") of Tyre, son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali whose father was a craftsman in bronze, was given the metal work of King Soloman's temple. I Kings 7:13-14. According to The Interpreter's Bible, Hiram is a shortened form of אחירם ('aḥîrām, "brother of Ram the lofty one.[20]

Hobab[edit]

Hobab was Moses' brother-in-law (Numbers 10:29) or father-in-law (Judges 4:11). The relevant part of Numbers 10:29 reads: "And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law". That of Judges 4:11 reads: "Now Heber the Kenite had severed himself from the Kenites, even from the children of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses".

Hori[edit]

Hori of the house of Simeon was the father of Shaphat, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:5.

Huppim[edit]

Huppim חופים or Hupham - חופם was the ninth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.

Hushim[edit]

Hushim or Shuham was a son of Dan according to Genesis 46:23 and Numbers 26:42. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

I[edit]

Igal[edit]

Igal, the son of Joseph of the house of Issachar, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:7.

Ikkesh[edit]

Ikkesh the Tekoite was the father of Ira, one of King David's Warriors (2 Samuel 23:26, 1 Chronicles 11:28).

Imla[edit]

Imla the (im'la; "full"). The father of Micaiah, which latter was the prophet who ironically foretold the defeat of the allied kings of Judah and Israel against Ramoth-gilead (2 Chron 18:7-8). In the parallel passage (1 Kings 22:8-9) his name is written Imlah.

Irad[edit]

In Genesis 4:18, Irad is the son of Enoch, the grandson of Cain and the father of Mehujael.

Irijah[edit]

Irijah (Hebrew יראייה YiR'Y-YH "My fear is of God" or "God sees me") is an official who arrests Jeremiah on suspicion of desertion - Jeremiah 37:13

Iscah[edit]

Iscah or Jesca (Jessica) was a daughter of Haran, sister of Lot and Milcah according to Genesis 11:29. She is sometimes identified as Sarah. Genesis 11:27-30

The original Hebrew name Yiskāh (יִסְכָּה), means "foresight", or being able to see the potential in the future. The Hebrew root sakhah (ס.כ.ה) means "to see," so the name Yiskah, with the added yod, implies "to see before". Iscah is the niece of Abraham. (See also Haran#Family tree)

Strong's 03252. יִסְכָּה Yickah yis-kaw’; from an unused root meaning to watch; observant; Jiskah, sister of Lot:—Iscah.

Ishui[edit]

Ishui was a son of Saul according to I Samuel 14:49.

Isui[edit]

Isui or Jesui was a son of Asher according to Genesis 46:17 and Numbers 26:44. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Ithream[edit]

Ithream was the son of David and Eglah, David's sixth son, according to II Samuel 3:5.

J[edit]

Jachin[edit]

Jachin was a son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12, one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. In Freemasonry the right hand pillar of the entrance of Solomon's Temple is so named for Jachin, the assistant high priest who officiated at its dedication.

Jahleel[edit]

Jahleel was a son of Zebulun according to Genesis 46:14 and Numbers 26:26. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jehoiada[edit]

Jehoiada (Hebrew: יהוידע,Yehoyada, which means "God Knew") was the name of at least three people in the Hebrew Bible:

  • Jehoiada, a priest durings the reigns of Ahaziah, Athaliah, and Joash (q.v.)
  • Jehoiada, father of Benaiah (cf. Benaiah)
  • Jehoiada, a priest in the time of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 29:26)

Jahzeel[edit]

Jahzeel was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:48. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jalon[edit]

Jalon was one of four sons of Ezrah, and the uncle of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah (father of Eshtemoa). (I Chr. 4:17)

Jamin[edit]

Jamin The name Jamin means right hand. There are three different Jamins in the Bible:

  1. a son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.
  2. Man of Judah, see 1 Chronicles 2:27
  3. Post exile Levite who interpreted the law, see Nehemiah 8:7,8

Jarha[edit]

Jarha was an Egyptian slave of Sheshan who was married to Sheshan's daughter according to 1 Chronicles 2:34-35.

Jecholiah[edit]

Jecholiah (Hebrew: יכליהו, YeKhaLYaHOo) of Jerusalem was the wife of the King of Judah, Amaziah, and the mother of King Azariah. II Kings 15:2

Jeezer[edit]

Jeezer was a son of Gilead of the Tribe of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:30.

Jehoaddan[edit]

Jehoaddan (Hebrew: יהועדן, Yehōaddān; "YHWH delights") was a native of Jerusalem, the wife of King Joash of Judah, and mother of his successor, King Amaziah. II Kings 14:2

Jehoshaphat[edit]

Jehoshaphat (Hebrew: יהושפט, YeHOShaPhaT, God Judges) son of Paruah, was one of King Solomon's twelve regional administrators, his jurisdiction was Issachar. (I Kings 4:17)

Jehosphaphat, son of Ahilud, was King Solomon's recorder. (I Kings 4:3)

Jehozabad[edit]

Jehozabad (Hebrew: יהוזבד, YeHOZaBaD), son of Shomer, was one of the assassinators of King Joash of Judah. II Kings 12:21. "This person is called Zabad, in 2 Chron. xxiv.26..." [21]

Jehudi[edit]

Jehudi (Hebrew יהודי "Judahite") "the son of Nethaniah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Cushi" (Jeremiah 36:14) was one of the delegates the princes sent to fetch Baruch, Jeremiah's scribe, to read his scroll.

Jeiel[edit]

Jeiel is referred to as the "father of Gibeon" and is an ancestor of King Saul.[22]

Jemima[edit]

Jemima, meaning "Dove" was a daughter of Job according to Job 42:14. Jemimah was one of three daughters named after Baal's three daughters.

Jemuel[edit]

Jemuel was a son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:12. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jephunneh[edit]

Jephunneh (יְפֻנֶּה) is a biblical name which means "for whom a way is prepared", and was the name of two biblical figures:

  • The father of Caleb the spy, who appears to have belonged to an Edomitish tribe called Kenezites, from Kenaz their founder. See (Numbers 13:6 etc.; Num. 32:12 etc.; Josh 14:14 etc.; 1 Chr 4:15.) (BCE 1530.)
  • A descendant of Asher, eldest of the three sons of Jether. (1 Chronicles 7:38.) (BCE 1017.)

Jerah[edit]

Jerah was a son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:26, 1 Chronicles 1:20.

Jeshaiah[edit]

Jeshaiah may refer to multiple figures in the Bible:

  1. A descendant of David, the father of Rephaiah, and the son of Hananiah in 1 Chronicles 3:21.
  2. One of eight sons of Jeduthun in 1 Chronicles 25:3.

Jezebel[edit]

Jezebel was a false prophetess whom Jesus warned the church in Thyatira not to follow. She encouraged her followers to be promiscuous and to eat food sacrificed to idols. Jesus gave her a chance to repent of her sins, but she did not; thus, Jesus promised to punish her (see Revelation 2:20-23).

Jezer[edit]

Jezer was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:49. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jidlaph[edit]

Jidlaph was the son of Nahor and Milcah (Genesis 22:22).

Jimnah[edit]

Jimnah or Jimna was a son of Asher according to Genesis 46:17 and Numbers 26:44. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Joash[edit]

Joash, an Abiezrite of the Tribe of Manasseh, was the father of Gideon according to Judges 6 - 8.[23] His family was poor and lived in Ophrah. After Gideon tore down the altar of Baal and cut down the grove, the men of Ophrah sought to kill Gideon. Joash stood against them, saying, "He that will plead for [Baal], let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar."

Job[edit]

Job or Jashub was a son of Issachar according to Genesis 46:13, Numbers 26:24 and 1 Chronicles 7:1. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Jobab[edit]

Jobab is the name of at least five men in the Hebrew Bible.

Joel[edit]

Joel is the name of several men in the Hebrew Bible.

Jogli[edit]

Jogli was the father of Bukki, a prince of the Tribe of Dan. (Num. 34:22)

Johanan son of Kareah[edit]

Johanan (Hebrew: יוחנן "God is merciful") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he warned Gedaliah, the governor, of a plot to kill him, but was ignored. Jeremiah 40 7ff.

Joiarib[edit]

See also: Jehoiarib

Joiarib ("God will contend") is the name of two biblical persons:

  • Ancestor of Maaseiah the son of Barukh, who was one of those to resettle Jerusalem after the return from Babylonia. (Neh. 11:5)
  • The head of a family of priests at the time of the return from Babylonia. (Neh. 12:6) He was one of the "men of understanding" sent by Ezra to Iddo in order to procure men to minister in the Temple. (Ezr. 8:16) His son was Jedaiah, one of the priests to resettle Jerusalem. (Neh. 11:10) The head of the family at the time of Joiakim was Mattenai. (Neh. 12:19)

Jonathan son of Abiathar[edit]

Jonathan was a son of Abiathar the priest (2 Samuel 15:27), and served as a messenger during Absalom's rebellion. (2 Samuel 15:36, 17:17).

Jonathan son of Kareah[edit]

Jonathan (Hebrew: יונתן "God gave") son of Kareah was among the officers who survived the destruction of Jerusalem and exile of Judeans by the king of Babylon; he was brother to Johanan q.v. - Jeremiah 40:8

Joseph[edit]

Joseph of the house of Issachar was the father of Igal, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:7.

Joshua the Bethshemite[edit]

Joshua the Bethshemite was the owner of the field in which the Ark of the Covenant came to rest when the Philistines sent it away on a driverless ox-drawn cart. (I Samuel 6:14)

Joshua the governor of the city[edit]

Joshua (Hebrew: יהושע YeHOShu'a "God saves") was a city governor in the time of King Josiah of Judah. II Kings 23:8

Jozachar[edit]

Jozachar (Hebrew: יוֹזָכָר, YOZaKhaR, "God Remembered"), son of Shimeath, was one of the assasinators of king Joash of Judah. In 2 Kings 12:21 the Hebrew is יוזבד, YOZaBaD.

Judas of Straight Street[edit]

When he went blind, Paul the Apostle stayed with a man named Judas who lived on Straight Street. Then, Jesus told Ananias of Damascus to go to Judas' house and restore Paul's sight (see Acts 9:1-19).

Julia[edit]

Julia was a Christian woman at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutations in Romans 16:15, supposed to be the wife of Philologus.[25]

K[edit]

Kelita[edit]

Kelita ("Small/Petite") was a Levite who assisted Ezra in expounding the law to the people. (Nehemiah 8:7,10:10) He was also known as Kelaiah. (Ezra 10:23)

Kemuel[edit]

Kemuel Prince of the tribe of Ephraim; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:24).

Keren-happuch[edit]

Keren-happuch, sometimes spelled Kerenhappuch[26] ("horn of the face-paint" or "cosmetic-box"), is the name of Job's third daughter (Job 42:14), who was born after prosperity had returned to him.[27]

Keziah[edit]

Keziah ("Cinnamon") is the name of Job's second daughter (Job 42:14)

Kolaiah[edit]

Kolaiah ("voice of Jehovah") is the father of the false prophet Ahab (Jeremiah 29:21). It is also the name of an ancestor of Sallu that settled in Jerusalem after returning from the Babylonian exile (Nehemiah 11:7).[28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ABDEEL". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06. 
  2. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Abdi."
  3. ^ This verse, in the King James Version and some other Bibles, is verse 44 of chapter 6.
  4. ^ a b c Jewish Publication Society Bible of 1917
  5. ^ This section on Abdon incorporates information from the 1897 Easton's Bible Dictionary.
  6. ^ Easton's Bible Dictionary entry on Adah
  7. ^ The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, 1991, pages 287288
  8. ^ Magonet, Jonathan (1992) Bible Lives (London, SCM), 116
  9. ^ I Kings 22:26
  10. ^ "Anan". Easton's Bible Dictionary. Retrieved Apr/30/13. 
  11. ^ "Ashbel baby name meaning, origin and description of Biblical character". Biblical-baby-names.com. Retrieved 2012-04-06. 
  12. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Basemath"
  13. ^ Jeremiah 41:17
  14. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/
  15. ^ a b The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, page 1017
  16. ^ Holman Bible Dictionary.
  17. ^ See for example Magonet, Jonathan (1992) Bible Lives (London, SCM), 107
  18. ^ Jeremiah 36:25
  19. ^ http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0009_0_08927.html
  20. ^ The Interpreter's Bible, Buttrick, 1954, Abingdon Press, Volume III, Snaith, p. 51
  21. ^ Clarke, Adam (1831). Commentary and Critical Notes. New York: J. Emory and B. Waugh. 
  22. ^ (1 Chronicles 9:35-39)
  23. ^ Judges 6 - 8
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k  "JOEL". Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901–1906. 
  25. ^ Easton's Bible Dictionary entry on Julia
  26. ^ "Kerenhappuch - Smith’s Bible Dictionary - Bible Dictionary". Christnotes.org. Retrieved 2012-04-06. 
  27. ^ "Easton's Bible Dictionary". Ccel.org. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2012-04-06. 
  28. ^ Mandel, David (2007). Who's who in the Jewish Bible. Jewish Publication Society. p. 241. ISBN 0-8276-0863-2. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.