List of minority cat breeds

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The following is a list of minority cat breeds[citation needed] that do not have the recognition of major national or international cat registries, such as The International Cat Association (TICA) in the US, Europe, and Australasia; the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in the UK, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FiFE) in continental Europe, the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) in North America, or the more recent World Cat Federation based in Germany. Such a breed may be recognized by one of the smaller cat registries. Smaller registries include the Rare and Exotic Feline Registry (REFR), the Dwarf Cat Association (TDCA), the New South Wales Cat Fancier Association (NSWCFA) in Australia, and others. This list only includes breeds recognized by at least one extant registry.

Breeders of some minority breeds actively seek major recognition for them but have yet to receive it. For example, in regions where formal cat fancy is in its infancy, naturally occurring native varieties – landraces – can be classified as minority breeds when attempts at selective breeding have begun to produce a formal natural breed with consistent traits. Other minority breeds are bred for private reasons and inadvertently attract an informal following. Minority breeds may be recognized by some registries, or none at all; recognition can be refused for a variety of reasons (including over-similarity to an existing breed, medical problems being statistically linked to the breed, and others). Some may have "preliminary" status in one or more registries, with experimental conformation standards already in place, but turn out to be non-viable over the longer term.

Discrepancies between breed names can often cause confusion; occasionally the name adopted by one registry is used elsewhere for an entirely different breed; for example the breed known in Australia as "Burmilla Longhair" is analogous to the "Asian Semi-longhair" in Britain (also called the "Tiffanie"), but Australia already has a quite different breed known as the "Australian Tiffanie" and both are different from the American "Tiffany" (also known as the Chantilly-Tiffany). Such conflicts are decreasing due to better communication between registries, largely facilitated by the World Cat Congress and the Internet.

Aegean Cat[edit]

Main article: Aegean cat

The Aegean is a semi-longhaired cat of Greek origin that has been developed since the 1990s by the Feline Federation of Greece, using cats from the Cyclades.[citation needed] The name 'Aegean' comes from the fact that the cats were originally found around the Aegean Sea.[1] They are considered a national treasure of Greece.[1] Aegean cats are a landrace and are one of the oldest domesticated cat breeds.[1] They have an affinity for fishing and water, and are numerous in Greek fishing ports.[1] It is a medium sized, muscular cat[1] with a lighter European or Continental type body,[citation needed] medium-sized round paws, and green almond-shaped eyes.[1] The coat is two or three colors, one of which is always white.[1] The breed is mostly free from common feline diseases.[1]

Alpine Lynx[edit]

The Alpine Lynx is a white, short-tailed cat that can have either curled or straight ears.[2] They may be long or short coated, and may have tufted toes.[2] They are a medium-sized breed whose back legs are longer than their front legs.[2] It was developed from a cross between a Highland Lynx and a white barn cat.[2] It is recognized by the Rare & Exotic Feline Registry.[2]

American Lynx[edit]

The American Lynx is a shorthaired cat with a spotted coat. This breed has a bobtail or short tail. The coat pattern bears some resemblance to the bobcat. This breed is recognized by the Rare & Exotic Feline Registry (REFR).[3]

American Polydactyl[edit]

The American Polydactyl is a polydactylous cat, meaning that it has more than the usual amount of toes. This breed is currently in development.

Australian Tiffanie[edit]

The Australian Tiffanie is derived from crosses between the shorthaired Burmilla and the longhaired Chinchilla. These cats resemble the old style of Chinchilla Longhair. Some name confusion exists with this breed; this Australian cat is not the same as the Tiffanie breed in Europe (also known as the Burmilla Longhair) or the Tiffany breed in the United States. It is recognized by the Waratah State Cat Alliance.[4]


The Bramble breed is a large wire-haired cat with a spotted coat pattern. It was derived from crossing the Bengal with brush-coated Peterbalds. It is of U.S. origin and is recognized by the Rare & Exotic Feline Registry (REFR).[3]

Burmilla Longhair (Tiffanie)[edit]

The Burmilla Longhair breed is of UK origin and is a variant of the normally shorthaired Burmilla, which is itself a cross between the Burmese and Chinchilla Persian. In the Burmilla Longhair, the recessive gene inherited from the Chinchilla is prominent. These cats are known in the U.K. as the Tiffanie, but are different from the Australian Tiffanie.

Classicat (Jungala)[edit]

The Classicat is a breed of cat originating from New Zealand. It is overall an Ocicat type, but has a coat with the classic swirled tabby pattern. It is recognized by the New Zealand Cat Fancy.[5]

Desert Lynx[edit]

The Desert Lynx is a bobtailed or short-tailed breed of cat of U.S. origin. This cat has spotted or marbled markings and resembles the bobcat, and the breed is recognized by the Rare & Exotic Feline Registry (REFR).[3]


The Dwelf cat is a hairless, short-legged, curl-eared breed of cat derived from Sphynx, American Curl, and Munchkin stock. The breed is of U.S. origin and is recognize by The Dwarf Cat Association (or Designer Cat Association) (TDCA).[6]


The Genetta breed of cat is derived from crossing the Bengal and Munchkin breeds to create a spotted, long-bodied, short-legged cat that resembles the African Genet (which is not a felid). This breed is of U.S. origin.


The Highlander breed first began development in 2004 with its roots tracing back to the REFR-registered Highland Lynx (which in turn was derived from the Desert Lynx, the American Curl and the American Bobtail). The Highland Lynx had been developed in 1993 and although given a name that included “lynx” was a wholly domestic cat without any lynx or bobcat ancestry. In late 2005, the name Highlander was adopted to distinguish the new breed and to gain championship status in TICA. The Highlander has a long sloping forehead and blunt muzzle with a very wide nose. The eyes are wide-set and the ears are upright with a slight curl and a slight turn in the backward direction, and some have polydactyl claws and likes water. The body is substantial and very muscular. Most Highlanders have a naturally short tail, approximately hock-length. Despite the "big-cat look", the Highlander is a human-oriented, friendly and playful cat.

Highland Lynx[edit]

The Highland Lynx cat is a curl-eared variant of the Desert Lynx breed, crossed with the Jungle Curl to add the latter's curled ears.[7] As Desert Lynxes, they are bobtailed or short-tailed, have spotted or marbled markings, and resemble the bobcat. They are alert, intelligent and social cats, strong and muscular and medium in length with longer hind legs. Highland Lynxes can grow up to 25 pounds and be over 3 feet long (not including the tail). Recognized by the Rare and Exotic Feline Registry, they are part of the Desert Lynx breeding group, which includes the Desert Lynx, Highland Lynx, Alpine Lynx and Mojave Bobs.[7]


The Jungle breed of cat is a long-tailed, spotted or marbled breed. It is derived from crossing the Bengal and Chausie breeds, both of which are felid hybrids. This breed applied for experimental status with The International Cat Association (TICA) in Europe in 2010.

Jungle Curl[edit]

The Jungle Curl cat is a hybrid breed of U.S. origin, primarily a cross between the Jungle Cat and the American Curl with the addition of several other spotted breeds, including the Egyptian Mau, the Serengeti and the Bengal.

Kucing Malaysia (Piawaian Kucing Malaysia)[edit]

The Kucing Malaysia, or Piawaian Kucing Malaysia, is the first indigenous Malysian cat breed. It has a conformation similar to the Tonkinese while its color is similar to the Ragdoll. These cats have a white blaze on the face and muzzle and white markings on the colorpoint limbs. It is recognized by the Malaysian Cat Club.[8]

Lambkin (Nanus Rex)[edit]

The Lambkin cat breed, otherwise known as the Nanus Rex, is a short-legged breed of U.S. origin with a densely curled coat. They are derived from crossing the Munchkin (cat) and the Selkirk Rex. This breed is recognized by The Dwarf Cat Association (TDCA).[6]


The Mandalay is a breed of cat originally derived from crosses between domestic shorthair cats and the Burmese breed. Later, Abyssinians were used to introduce the cinnamon and fawn genes. These cats resemble the Asian Shorthair bred in Europe. There should be no evidence of sepia-pointing i.e. contrast between points and body. This breed originated in New Zealand and is recognized by the New Zealand Cat Fancy.[9]

Mojave Spotted[edit]

The Mojave Spotted is a polydactyl cat with a spotted coat. They are derived from crosses between Bengal bloodlines and those of the naturally occurring polydactyl cats from the Mojave Desert region in the U.S. This breed is recognize by the Rare & Exotic Feline Registry (REFR).[3]

Napoleon Cat[edit]

The Napoleon is a breed of U.S. origin that crosses the Munchkin with either Persian Longhair or Exotic Shorthair bloodlines. This results in a cat with Persian appearance but with short legs. This breed is of U.S. origin and has been recognize by The Dwarf Cat Association, with recognition being sought by The International Cat Association.

Owyhee Bob[edit]

The Owyhee Bob is a breed of cat derived from crossings between the Manx and Siamese breeds. This variation occurs in all hair lengths, and the tail ranges from absent through bobtailed and part-tailed. It is notable for the bicolor point pattern that gives a marbled appearance. This breed is of U.S. origin.


The Pantherette is a felid hybrid breed of cat intended to resemble a Black panther. It is derived from either the wild Amur or Asian Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) or the melanistic (black) Bengal crossed to either the Maine Coons or black full-tailed Pixie-Bob. This breed is a large, muscular, and shorthaired with resemblances to a melanistic leopard and is of U.S. origin. The Pantherette is a separate breed from the black variety of Bengal and is still in development.

Pudelkatze (PoodleCat)[edit]

The Pudelkatze is a German cat breed developed in the 1980s by Rosemarie Wolf. It is derived from crosses of the Devon Rex, the Scottish Fold, and the European Longhair (also known as the Britanica in Europe or Lowlander in the U.S.). The option exists to introduce the Manx bloodline as well. This breed cannot be recognize in its native Germany due to legislation that bans the folded-ear traits. It is a large cat that resembles a chunky Devon Rex with a thick, dense lamb-like coat and folded ears.

Punjabi (Punjabi Desert Cat)[edit]

The Punjabi, or Punjabi Desert Cat, is a shorthaired breed derived from crossing the felid hybrid Bengal cat with the undomesticated Indian Desert-cat, which is a variety of Asiatic Wildcat (Felis s.ornata). This replicates the look of the Indian Desert-cat yet retains the domestic temperament of the Bengal. In regards to appearance, the coat has small random spots on an ivory or pale sand background. This breed was first developed in Belgium.

Russian Shorthair[edit]

The Russian Shorthair is a breed name used to cover all varieties of Russian type, including the Russian Blue, Russian Peach, Russian White, Russian Black and Russian Colorpoint. Tabbies and bicolors also occur. These cats occur naturally in Russia, but in the 19th Century only the Russian Blue was perpetuated by the British and American cat fancies. The White and Black forms were recreated through crossing Russian Blue cats to domestic cats of similar conformation. Colorpoint Russian Blue cats also occurred in Britain due to crossing the Russian Blue with blue Siamese cats. Some of the individual breeds are recognize under their own names. As a whole, these cats may originate from Russia, Australia or Europe (Russian Black, Russian White), the U.S. (Russian Peach), or Britain (Russian Colorpoint).


The Safari is a large, spotted or rosetted breed of cat. It is a felid hybrid developed by crossing the wild Geoffroy's Cat South American species with domestic cats. Although bred before the Bengal, this breed has been eclipsed by the latter's success. It occurs in a variety of colors, and the coat combines the spotting of the Geoffroy's with the colors of the domestic breeds. This breed is of U.S. origin.


The Seltic is a variant of the Selkirk Rex cat breed. They resemble the Selkirk Rex in all ways, except the Seltic is without the Rex mutation and has a straight-haired coat. This breed is of U.S. origin and is recognize by the United Feline Organization (UFO).


The Skookum breed of cat is a Munchkin-type cat with curly fur. It is derived from crossing the Munchkin with the LaPerm, a type of Rex. This breed originates in the U.S. and was previously known as the LaMerm. It is recognize by The Dwarf Cat Association (TDCA).

St. Helens[edit]

The St. Helens cat is an emerging breed from Cyprus under the auspices of the Cyprus Feline Society (CyFS).

Stone Cougar[edit]

The Stone Cougar is a jungle cat hybrid developed by Mandal Exotic Cats to resemble the American cougar. In addition to the cougar-like color, the body is thick and low to the ground, the tail is thick and the ears are small. This breed is of U.S. origin and is recognize by the Rare & Exotic Feline Registry (REFR).[3]

Tasman Manx[edit]

The Tasman Manx is a curly-furred Manx-type that arose spontaneously in some Australia and New Zealand Manx breeding lines. All can trace their ancestry to a single Persian stud that had European ancestry. This same cat may also be responsible for the Bohemia Rex (Czech Curly Cat). Apart from the curly fur, these cats have the characteristics and conformation of the Manx breed.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Aegean". Cats 101. Animal Planet. Retrieved April 7. 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Rare & Exotic Feline Registry:Alpine Lynx". Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Rare & Exotic Feline Registry
  4. ^ "Australian Tiffanie". Burke's Backyard. Retrieved 2013-05-14. 
  5. ^ "Breed Code: CLA - Classicat" (PDF). New Zealand Cat Fancy. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 
  6. ^ a b The Designer Cat Association
  7. ^ a b "Rare & Exotic Feilne Registry: Highland Lynx". Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "The Characteristics of Kucing Malaysia or Malaysia Cat". Malaysia Cat Club. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  9. ^ "Mandalay". New Zealand Cat Fancy. Retrieved 2013-05-19.