List of mirs of Badakhshan

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The Mir of Badakhshan was the ruler of Badakhshan, a region that occasionally was politically independent and at other times was subservient to Afghanistan. The position of mir was often held by an ethnic Uzbek and was hereditary, though it often changed hands due to war or internal political dissension.

From 1657 until the 1880s the rulers of Badakhshan were Uzbeks of the Yarid dynasty. These rulers carried the titles of Shah, Mir, and Amir.[1] In 1873 the last Mir of Badakhshan became a pensioner of Kabul and all power shifted to the Hakim, or governor, of Badakhshan[2]

Below is a list of the mirs of Badakhshan along with their dates of reign and brief biographical descriptions.

  • Mir Yar Beg Sahibzada (16??-1699), was appointed Mir of Badakhshan by Sabhan Kuli Khan of Kunduz. Previously in 1651, Sahibzada, who was originally from Samarkand, was invited by the local tribes of Yaftal to become the local mir. When Sahibzada failed to pay the required tribute to Sabhan Kuli Khan, Khan sent Mahmud Bi Atalik, chief of Balkh and Bokhara, against Mir Beg. Mir Beg, buckling under pressure, agreed to pay tribute for two years.The Mir had ten sons when he was died in 1699. He divided the province of Badakhshan amongst his nine sons because his eldest son Arab was settled in Chitral.[3]
  • Mir Jahandar Shah (1864-1869). (میرجهاندار شاه) Jahandar Shah came to power through his close relations with Muhammad Afzal Khan, who was Governor of Afghan Turkestan from 1852-1864.[6] At one point Jahandar Shah raised forced in Badakhshan and briefly took control of Kunduz in 1866-67. He was ousted from power in 1869 by Sardar Faiz Muhammad Khan, an ally of Sher Ali Khan, the Amir of Afghanistan. Faiz Muhammad Khan appointed Jahandar Shah's nephew, Mizrab Shah, in power.[7]
  • Mir Mizrab Shah (1869). He was installed in power by Faiz Muhammad Khan, but his reign lasted less than a year. He was the nephew of Jahandar Shah.[7]
  • Mir Mahmud Shah (1869-1873). Mahamad Shah was a paternal cousin of Mizrab Shah. He established his authority in Badakhshan with the aid of Amir Sher Ali Khan. He was the last mir to ruler over Badakhshan. In 1873 Mahmud Shah was ousted from power by the governor of Afghan Turkestan, Naib Muhammad Alam Khan. Alam Khan appointed Hafizullah Khan as governor of Badakhshan.[2][8]

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