List of mobile network operators of the Middle East and Africa

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Algeria[edit]

In November 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 95% over a population estimate of 39.9 million.[1]

The country's telcom regulator is ARPT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Djezzy GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
16.49 (Nov 2011) Global Telecom Holding (51.7%)[2]
2 Mobilis GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
12 (Oct 2013) Algerie Telecom
3 Nedjma GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
8.46 (Nov 2011) Ooredoo (46.4%)

Angola[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 63.7% over a population estimate of 13.3 million.[3]

The regulator is Instituto Angolano das Comunicações (INACOM)[4]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Unitel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2100 MHz LTE
7 (nov 2011)[5] Mercury (Sonangol group) (25%), Group GENI[disambiguation needed] (25%), Vidatel (25%), Portugal Telecom (25%)[6]
2 Movicel GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
2.5 (sept 2010)[6] Government (Angola Telecom (18%), Correios Telegrafos de Angola (2%)), Porturil (40%), Modus Comicare (19%), Ipang (10%), Lambda (6%)

Bahrain[edit]

At the end of 2011 Khaled, the penetration rate was estimated at 133% over a population estimate of 1.27 million.[7]

The regulator is the Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Bahrain ([8]).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Batelco GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.738[9] (December 2011) Bahrain Telecommunications Company (100%)
2 Zain
(formerly MTC-Vodafone)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
WiMAX
0.508[10] (December 2011) Zain Group (56.25%)
3 Viva GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available STC (100%)

Benin[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 85%.[11]
The regulator is Autorité Transitoire de Régulation des Postes et Télécommunications (ATRPT)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 2.485 (Dec 2011) MTN (75%)
2 Moov GSM-900 2.406 (Dec 2011) Etisalat
3 Glo GSM-900/1800 1.627 (Dec 2011) Globacom
4 BBcom GSM-900/1800 0.978 (Dec 2011) Bell Benin Communications
5 Libercom GSM-900 0.267 (Dec 2011) Benin Telecom

Botswana[edit]

In September 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 118.8% over a population estimate of 2 million.[12]
The regulator is Botswana Telecommunication Authority (BTA). All GSM operators provide EDGE and GPRS (as part of GSM norm).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MASCOM GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.509 (Q3 2011) Mascom Wireless (Pty) Limited, MTN (53%)
2 Orange GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.988 (Q3 2011) Orange S.A. (69%), Mosokelatsebeng Cellular (local investors, 26%), local individuals (5%)
3 Be Mobile GSM-900/1800
UMTS
0.491 (Q3 2011) BTC Botswana Telecommunications Corporation (100%)

Burkina Faso[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 36% over a population estimate of 16.7 million.[13]
The regulator is Autorité de Régulation des Communications Électroniques (ARCE).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telmob (Onatel) CDMA2000, EVDO
GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
3.9 [14] (Dec 2012) Maroc Telecom (51%)
2 Airtel GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4.1 (dec 12) Bharti Airtel (100%)
3 Telecel Faso GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 2 (dec 12) Planor Afrique

Burundi[edit]

In 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 20% over a population estimate of 8 million.[15]

The regulator is Agence de Régulation et de Contrôle des Télécommunications (ARCT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Leo (ex U-Com) CDMA
GSM-900
1.227[16] (mar 2012) Telecel Globe 100% (Orascom Telecom, Vimpelcom)
2 Tempo (ex-Safaris/Africell) GSM-900 0.070[17] VTEL Holdings[18]
3 ONAMOB GSM-900 0.140 (nov 2008) Onatel (state owned)
4 Econet (ex-Spacetel) GSM-900/1800 0.0007 (2007)[19] Econet Wireless
5 Lacell GSM-1800 Not Yet Available Lacell SU (Nepal)[20]

Cameroon[edit]

In July 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 43% over a population estimate of 19.7 million.[21]
The regulator is Agence de Régulation des Télécommunications.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 4.589[22] (June 2011) MTN(70%)
2 Orange GSM-900 3.939[22] (June 2011) Orange S.A.
3 Viettel UMTS Not yet available Viettel Global, Bestinver Cameroon S.A.R.L
4 YooMee WiMAX Not yet available YooMee

Cape Verde[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 87.5% over a population estimate of 0.5 million.[23]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CV Móvel GSM 0.355[24] (Sept 2009) Portugal Telecom (40%)
2 T-MAIS GSM 0.047[25] (Q1 2010) T-Mais

Central African Republic[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 17.2% over a population estimate of 4.9 million.[26]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecel Centrafrique GSM-900 0.143[27] (December 2008) Orascom Telecom
2 Orange GSM-1800 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.189[28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A.
3 Nationlink GSM-900 0.158[29] (end 2008) Bintel
4 Moov GSM Not Yet Available Etisalat

Chad[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 24.3% over a population estimate of 10.7 million.[30]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tigo GSM-900 1.257[31] (Oct 2010) MIC (100%)
2 Airtel GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
1.199 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel (100%)
3 salam GSM 0.120[32] (December 2008) Salam

Comoros[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 20.8% over a population estimate of 0.8 million.[33]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Comores Telecom (Comtel) GSM-900 0.056 (2007)[34] government (Societe Nationale des Telecommunications)[35]
2 Comoro Gulf Holding GSM - 90% Comoro Gulf Holding, 10% government

Congo, Republic of the[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 84.8% over a population estimate of 4.2 million.[36]
The country's telcom regulator is "Direction Générale de l'Administration Centrale des Postes et Télécommunication" (DGACPT).[37] Therefore, the "Autorité de régulation des postes et des communications électroniques" has been created in December 2009.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM 1.725[38] (Mar 2011) MTN
2 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.391 (June 2009)[citation needed] Bharti Airtel (90%)
3 Warid GSM-900 0.327[citation needed] Warid Telecom, Essar Group (51%)
4 Azur GSM-900/1800 0.415 (nov 2013) Bintel

Congo, Democratic Republic of the[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 14.74% over a population estimate of 71.7 million.[39]

The country's telcom regulator is Agence de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécommunications du Congo.[40]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.0[41] (Aug, 2012) Bharti Airtel (98.5%)
2 Vodacom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
WiMAX
6.24[42] (Jun, 2012) Vodacom (51%), Congolese Wireless Network (49%)
3 Tigo GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2.3[31] (Sep, 2010) MIC (100%)
4 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2.3[43] (Nov, 2012) Orange S.A. (100%)
5 Supercell GSM-900 0.028 (covers Kivu only) [44]
6 Africell GSM
UMTS
2.0 (Mar 2013) Lintel Limited[45]
7 SemaTel GSM not started Hits Telecom[46] (60%)
8 U-Com CDMA not started Global Vision Telecom (Telecel International)[47]

Djibouti[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 14.88% over a population estimate of 0.75 million.[48]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Evatis GSM-900 0.106[49] (Q1 2010) Djibouti Telecom 100% (government)

Egypt[edit]

Egypt had 96.89 million mobile users as of July 2013, government figures showed. Egypt is the largest market in Africa of the total mobile subscriber market.[50]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
40.9[51] (July 2013) Vodafone (54.9%), Telecom Egypt (44.70%), Free Float (0.20%)
2 Mobinil GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
33.53[51] (July 2013) Orange S.A. (93.92%), Orascom Telecom (5%), Free Float (1.08%)
3 Etisalat GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
22.4[51] (July 2013) Etisalat (76%), Egypt Post (20%), Other Investors (4%)

Equatorial Guinea[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 74% over a population estimate of 0.6 million.[52]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 0.333[28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A. (40%)
2 MUNI[53]/ GSM-900/1800 0.150 (September 2013) GREEN COM S.A.[54]

Eritrea[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 3.4% over a population estimate of 5.9 million.[55]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Eritel GSM-900 Not Yet Available Eritrea Telecommunications Services Corporation

Ethiopia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 4.6% over a population estimate of 90.8 million.[56]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ethiotelecom GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
26.2[57] Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation

Gabon[edit]

In October 2009 the penetration rate was estimated at almost 100%.[58]

The country's telcom regulator is ARTEL.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 0.836 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel (90%)
2 Libertis GSM-900 0.513[59] (Dec 2009) Maroc Telecom (51%),
Gabonese government (49%)
3 Moov GSM-900 0.140[60] (September 2008) Etisalat
4 Azur GSM-900 launched Oct 2009 Bintel Saudi Binladin Group (60%)

Gambia[edit]

In 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 85.53% over a population estimate of 1.77 million.

The regulator is Gambia Public Utilities Regulatory Authority[61]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Africell GSM-900/1800 1.05 (May 2013)[citation needed] Africell Gambia LTD[62]
2 Comium GSM-900/1800 (GPRS) 0.25 (2012)[citation needed] Comium Group[63]
3 Gamcell GSM-900 0.24 (2012)[citation needed] Gambia Telecommunications Cellular Company Ltd
4 Qcell GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.115 (2012)[citation needed] Qcell[64]

Ghana[edit]

In December 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 110% over a population estimate of 25.4 million.[65]
The Telecommunication regulator is National Communication Authority.[66]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
12.929 [65] (Dec 2013) MTN (97.7%)
2 Vodafone GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
6.048 [65] (Dec 2013) Vodafone (70%)
3 Tigo GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4.021 [65] (Dec 2013) MIC (100%)
4 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
3.395 [65](Dec 2013) Bharti Airtel (75%)
5 Glo GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.498 [65] (Dec 2013) Globacom (100%)
6 Expresso Telecom CDMA2000 1X 0.134 [65](Dec 2013) Sudatel (100%)

Guinea[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 30.86% over a population estimate of 10.6 million.[67]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Areeba GSM-900/1800 1.997[68] (Mar 2012) MTN (75%)
2 Orange GSM-900/1800 0.684[28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A. (52.2%)
3 Sotelgui Guinea GSM-900 0.16[citation needed] Telekom Malaysia
4 Intercell GSM-900 Not Yet Available Telecel Guinee SARL
5 Cellcom GSM-900/1800 Not Yet Available Cellcom

Guinea-Bissau[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 41.87% over a population estimate of 1.6 million.[69]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN Bissau GSM-900/1800 0.608[68] (Mar 2012) MTN
2 Orange GSM-900/1800 0.300[28] (Dec 2011) Orange S.A. (52.2%)
3 Guinetel GSM-900 0.029 (Dec 2011) Guinetel

Iran[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 91.9% over a population estimate of 78 million.[70]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Hamrah-e-Avval (MCI) GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA (Beta 3G service)
34[71] (Q3 2010) Telecommunication Company of Iran
2 MTN Irancell GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
WiMAX
28.4[71] (Q3 2010) Iran Electronic Development Company (51%)
MTN Group (49%)
3 RighTel GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
1.5[72] Social Security Investment Company
4 Taliya GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 0.7 Rafsanjan Industrial Complex (TCI's BOT)
5 Mobin Net GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
WiMAX
0.04 Mobile Telecommunications Company of Esfahan
6 Kish Free Zone GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 0.006[citation needed] Kish Free Zone Organization
7 IR70 GSM-900 MHz (GPRS) 0.006 Telecommunication Company of Iran

Iraq[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 74.2% over a population estimate of 30.4 million.[73]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE) 11.775[71] (Q3 2010) Zain Group (71.67%)
2 Asia Cell GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE) 7.741[74] (Q1 2010) Qtel (30%)
3 Korek GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE) Not Yet Available Korek Telecom Ltd.
3 Omnnea CDMA Not Yet Available Omnnea
4 SanaTel GSM-900 Not Yet Available SanaTel

Israel[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 131.8% over a population estimate of 7.47 million.[75]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
Mobile Network Operators
1 Cellcom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800 MHz LTE
3.1[76] (September 2013) DIC (78.5%), GS (5%), BLL (5%), Migdal (4%), Fibi (2%)
2 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE
2.9[76] (September 2013) free float (45%)
3 Pelephone 800 MHz CdmaOne, CDMA2000 EV-DO
850/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
2.7[76] (September 2013) Bezeq
4 Golan Telecom 2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+ 0.5[citation needed] Private Investors & ILIAD group
5 Hot Mobile
(formerly Mirs[77])
800 MHz iDEN
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
0.32 [76] (September 2013) Altice \ Cool Holdings (HOT)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
6 Rami Levy Communication[78]
(using Pelephone)
UMTS, HSPA Not Yet Available Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing (100%)
7 Home Cellular[79]
(using Cellcom)
GSM
UMTS, HSPA
Not Yet Available Home Center (Fishman Reshatot)
8 YouPhone[80]
(using Orange)
GSM
UMTS, HSPA
Not Yet Available Alon Cellular (Alon Holdings - Blue Square group)

Ivory Coast[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 68.5% over a population estimate of 21.5 million.[81]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
6.337[68] (Mar 2012) MTN (64.7%), Planor (25.3%), Teylium group (10%)
2 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
3.817[28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A. (85%), Comafrique (15%)
3 Moov GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2.538[25] (Q1 2010) Etisalat (100%)
4 Koz GSM-900/1800 2.500[82] (April 2010) Comium
5 GreenN GSM-900/1800 0.617 (Q1 2010) LAP[83]
6 Warid GSM Not Yet Available Warid Telecom
7 Mobile Cafe GSM Not Yet Available Aircomm
8 YooMee TD-LTE Not Yet Available YooMee

Jordan[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 101.8% over a population estimate of 6.5 million.[84]
Regulator is Telecommunications Regulatory Commission[85]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
3.9[86] (December 2013) Zain Group (96.52%)
2 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.939[28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A.
3 Umniah GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2.7[87] (December 2013) Batelco
4 XPress iDEN 0.1[citation needed] Private shareholders

Kenya[edit]

The country has 31.1 million subscribers in total, or a 76.9% penetration rate.[88] (September 2013)

The regulator is Communication Commission of Kenya (CCK)[89]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Safaricom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
WiMAX
20.8[88] (Sep 2013) Vodafone (40%), Public Float (60%)
2 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.5[88] (Sep 2013) Bharti Airtel (80%)
3 Orange GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2.2[88] (Sep 2013) Telkom Kenya (Orange S.A.)
4 Yu (Essar Telecom Kenya) GSM-900/1800 2.8[88] (Sep 2013) Essar Group 80%

Kuwait[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 164.7% over a population estimate of 2.6 million.[90]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.816[86] (June 2009) Zain Group (100%)
2 Ooredoo
(formerly Wataniya)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
1.625[74] (Q1 2010) Ooredoo (52.5%)
3 Viva GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.106[91] STC (26%)

Lebanon[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 65.9% over a population estimate of 4.1 million.[92]
The Lebanese telecom regulator is Telecommunications Regulatory Authority

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Touch CDMA
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.756 M[86] (June 2011) 100% government - management contract: Zain Group
2 Alfa CDMA
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.2M[93] (Sept 2011) 100% government - management contract: Orascom Telecom
3 Ogero DSL FTTH no info available yet (can support 50000 customers once activated) Lebanese government (100% owned)

Lesotho[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 45.77% over a population estimate of 1.9 million.[94]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
WiMAX
0.966[42] (Jun 2012) Sekha-Metsi Consortium (12%), Vodacom (South Africa) (88%)
2 Econet Ezi-Cel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS HSDPA
Not Yet Available Econet Ezi Cel Lesotho (Pty)

Liberia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 43.75% over a population estimate of 3.8 million.[95]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Lonestar GSM-900 1.045[68] (Mar 2012) MTN (60%)
2 Atlantic GSM Not Yet Available Hits Telecom (30%)
3 Cellcom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.9[citation needed] Cellcom Telecommunications
4 Novafone
(formerly Comium)
GSM-900 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
Not Yet Available Comium Services BVI

Libya[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 169.74% over a population estimate of 6.6 million.[96]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Al Madar GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 1.8[97] (February 2007) State-owned via GPTC
2 Free Libyana
(formerly Libyana)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.5[97] (February 2007) State-owned via GPTC

Madagascar[edit]

In 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 29% over a population estimate of 23 millions.[98]
Regulator is Office Malagasy d'Etude et de Regulation des Telecommunication (Omert)[99]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2.56 (April 2013)[100] Bharti Airtel (100%)
2 Telma Mobile CdmaOne
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1.98 (April 2013) Distacom Group, Telma SA
3 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE) 1.85 (April 2013) Orange S.A. (40.01%)

Malawi[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 19.32% over a population estimate of 15.9 million.[101]
Regulator is Malawi Communications Regulatory Authority (Macra)[102]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.600 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel (100%)
2 TNM GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2 (July 2013) [103] Malawi Telecommunications Limited, Telekom Malaysia
3 G-Mobile GSM Globally Advanced Integrated Networks,[104] Beryl (South Africa)
4 Lacell GSM La Cell Private Limited[105]
5 G-Expresso GSM Expresso Telecom Group Limited[105]

Mali[edit]

The country had 7.6 million subscribers in total (in March 2011), or a 50% penetration rate.[106]
The country's telcom regulator is Comite de Regulation des Telecommunications (CRT)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.0 (March 2011) Orange S.A. 52.2%
2 Sotelma-Malitel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2.6[107] (March 2011) Maroc Telecom 51%, government 20%[108]
3 Planor GSM licenced in jan 2012 Planor (support of Monaco Telecom)

Mauritania[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 85.92% over a population estimate of 3.3 million.[109]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mauritel GSM-900 1.335[59] (Dec 2009) Maroc Telecom (51.5%)
2 Chinguitel CDMA
UMTS
0.160[110] (May 2008) Sudatel (60%)
3 MATTEL[111] GSM-900 Not Yet Available Tunisie Telecom (51%), Mauritanian Investors (49%)

Mauritius[edit]

The country has 0.78 million subscribers in total, or a 60% penetration rate.[112] (September 2007)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.628[28] (Dec 2009) Mauritius Telecom group and Orange S.A.
2 Emtel GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.437[113] (Dec 2009) MIC (50%), Currimjee
3 MTML CdmaOne, EvDo 0.008[citation needed] (March 2008) Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
4 MCell MauriCell Template:Virtual Network (Sept 2012) Mauricell(MCell)

Morocco[edit]

The country has 31.311 million subscribers in total, or a 113.57% penetration rate.[114] (December 2011)
The country's telcom regulator is ANRT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 IAM GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
17.126 (dec 2011) Vivendi (53%), state of Morocco (30%)
2 Méditel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
12.035 (dec 2011) Orange S.A. (40%),
FinanceCom+CDG (60%)
3 Inwi GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
7.393 (dec 2011) Zain (31%)

Mozambique[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 27.19% over a population estimate of 22.95 million.[115]
The telecom regulator is : Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicações de Moçambique[116]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 mCel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
3.8[117] (end 2009) Partially state-owned
2 Vodacom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2.7[42] (Jun 2012) Vodacom (85%)
3 Movitel GSM Viettel (70%), SPI (30%)[118]

Namibia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 85.53% over a population estimate of 2.15 million.[119]

The country's telcom regulator is the Communications Regulatory Authority of Namibia created in 2009, replacing the former Namibian Communications Commission.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTC GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.855[120] (Sept 2011) Namibia Post and Telecommunications Holdings (66%)
Portugal Telecom (34%)
2 TN Mobile
(formerly Cell One, Leo)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.300 (Dec. 2010) Telecom Namibia Ltd. (100%)

Niger[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 20.63% over a population estimate of 16.5 million.
The regulator is Autorité de régulation multisectorielle (ARM).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 1.341 (June 2009) Bharti Airtel (90%)
2 Sonitel GSM-900 2.5 (Q1 2012) Sahel-Com, Lap Green overtaken by government[121]
3 Orange GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.462[28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A.
4 Moov GSM-900 Not Yet Available Etisalat

Nigeria[edit]

In September 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 70% over a population estimate of 168.8 million.[122]
The Telecommunication regulator is National Communication Authority.[66]
The country's telcom regulator is Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC).
All GSM operators in Nigeria have GPRS and EDGE implemented (part of GSM specs). MTN Nigeria was the largest mobile operator in Africa by subscriber numbers in Q2 2012.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
57.2 [122] (Mar 2014) MTN (76%)
2 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
25.5 [122] (Mar 2014) Bharti Airtel (65.7%)
3 Glo Mobile GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
23.4 [122] (Mar 2014) Globacom
4 Etisalat GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
18.7 [122] (Mar 2014) Etisalat, Mubadala, Nigerian Investors
5 Visafone CDMA2000 1X 2.0 [122] (Mar 2014) Visafone
6 Multilinks Telkom CDMA2000 1X 0.03 [122] (Mar 2014) Telkom (75%)

Oman[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 142.19% over a population estimate of 3 million.[123]
The telecom regulator is Oman Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (OTRA)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Oman Mobile GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
2.124[124] (September 2010) Omantel (99%)
2 Nawras GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1.938[74] (Sept 2009) Ooredoo (56%)
2 Friendimobile GSM-900 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.938[74] (Sept 2009)
2 Renna GSM-900 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.938[74] (Sept 2009)

Palestine[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 97.5% over a population estimate of 2.5 million.[125]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Jawwal GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 2[126] (Q1 2010) Paltel (100%)
2 Wataniya GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 0.649[127] (Q1 2014) Wataniya Telecom (57%)
Palestine Investment Fund(43%)

Qatar[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 322.52% over a population estimate of 0.8 million.[128]

The country's telcom regulator is ictQATAR.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ooredoo
(formerly Qtel)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE
2.407[74] (Q1 2010) Ooredoo
2 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800 MHz LTE
1.0[129] (Jan 2013) Vodafone (22.95%), Qatari Institutions (37.05%), Free Float (40%)

Réunion[edit]

This French oversees territory has ? million subscribers in total, or a 74.7% penetration rate.[130] (2008)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
 ? SRR GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
Not Yet Available SFR
 ? Orange GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
Not Yet Available Orange
 ? Outremer GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Not Yet Available Outremer Telecom

Rwanda[edit]

In December 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 63.5% over a population estimate of 11.4 million.[131]

The regulator is Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency (RURA).[132]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
3.56[133] (Dec 2013) MTN (55%), Tristar Investments (35%)
2 Tigo GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2.18[133] (Dec 2013) MIC (87.5%)
3 Airtel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.96[133] (Dec 2013) Bharti (100%)
- Rwandatel CdmaOne
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
[134] (license revoked Apr 2011) LAP Green Networks (80%)[83]

São Tomé and Príncipe[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 57.94% over a population estimate of 0.18 million.[135]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CST[136] GSM-900 0.078[24] (Sept 2009) Portugal Telecom (51%)

Saudi Arabia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 162.6% over a population estimate of 26.1 million.[137]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 STC GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
19.914[71] (Q3 2010) 70% state owned and 30% private[citation needed]
2 Mobily GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2600 MHz TD-LTE
15.06[71] (Q3 2010) Etisalat (25%)
3 Zain GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz FD-LTE, 2600 MHz TD-LTE
6.522[138] Zain Group (57%)
4 Bravo iDEN 0.196[74] (Sept2009) Nasco, Ooredoo (29.2%), Ali A. Tamimi Co., Mr. Sultan Najr Al Otaibi

Senegal[edit]

At the end of 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 76.8%, over a population estimate of 12 millions.[139]

The country's telcom regulator is Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications et des Postes (ARTP - former web site).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Orange GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
6.1[140] (Dec 2011) Sonatel, Orange S.A. (52.2%)
2 Tigo GSM-900
UMTS, HSPA+
2.4[140] (Dec 2011) MIC (100%)
3 Expresso CDMA
GSM-900/1800
UMTS
0.87[140] (Dec 2011) Sudatel

Seychelles[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 245% over a population estimate of 0.09 million.[141]

The country's telcom regulator is the Ministry of Information Technology and Communications (MITC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Not Yet Available Bharti Airtel
2 Cable and Wireless (Seychelles) Ltd GSM-900 Not Yet Available Cable and Wireless

Sierra Leone[edit]

The country has 0.8 million subscribers in total, or a 13.23% penetration rate.[142] (2007)

The regulator is National Telecommunications Commission (NATCOM).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Africell GSM-900
UMTS
2.25[143] (feb 2014) Lintel Limited
2 Comium GSM-900/1800
WiMAX
0.650[144] (2009) Comium
3 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.644[145] (Feb 2012) Bharti Airtel
4 GreenN GSM Not Yet Available Ambitel (LapGreen)
5 Sierratel CDMA Not Yet Available government (100%)

Somalia[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 25.84% over a population estimate of 9.9 million.[146]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telcom GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
Note Yet Available Haatif Telecom Somalia
1 Somtel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Note Yet Available Dahabshiil
3 Nationlink GSM-900 Note Yet Available Bintel
4 Hormuud GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
Note Yet Available Hormuud Telecom Somalia Inc
5 Netco GSM-900 Note Yet Available Somali Telecom Group
6 Golis Telecom Somalia GSM-900 Note Yet Available Golis Telecom Somalia

South Africa[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 99.6% over a population estimate of 49 million.[147]
By the end of July 2009 it was estimated that there were some 54.0 million mobile subscribers in South Africa, giving South Africa a 13 percent market share of the estimated 415.3 million mobile subscribers in Africa.[148]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
WiMAX
23.873[71] (Q3 2010) Vodafone (65%)
2 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
17.772[71] (Q3 2010) MTN
3 Cell C GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
6.7[149] (June 2009) Oger Telecom
4 Telkom GSM-1800 (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.8[150] (March 2014) Telkom
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
5 Hello Mobile
(using Cell C)
GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS, HSPA+
Foreign People Hello Mobile and Cell C
6 Virgin Mobile
(using Cell C)
GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
HSPA+
Virgin Group and Cell C
7 Telkom Mobile
(using MTN. Prev. known as 8ta)
GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA
Not Yet Available Telkom SA
8 Red Bull Mobile
(using Cell C)
Red Bull

South Sudan[edit]

The country has 1 million subscribers in total, or an 8% penetration rate.[151] The regulation is managed by National Telecommunication Corporation (NTC) under a MoU between Northern and Southern Sudans.
The international dialing code for South-Sudan is 211.[152]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.590 (Nov 2011) [153] Zain
2 MTN GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Not available MTN
3 Sudani GSM (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
Not available Sudatel
4 Vivacell (NOW) GSM launched in 2009 Fattouch Investment Group (75%), Wawat Securities (25%) [154]
5 Gemtel GSM Not available Lap Green Networks (80%)

Sudan[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 42.3% over a population estimate of 45 million.[155]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Zain GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
9.648[71] (Q3 2010) Zain Group (100%)
2 MTN GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4.016 [38] (31 March 2011) MTN (85%)
3 Sudani CDMA
GSM-1800 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA
Not Yet Available Sudatel
4 Canar CdmaOne Not Yet Available Etisalat (82%)

Swaziland[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 49.55% over a population estimate of 1.37 million.[156]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.788 [68] (Mar 2012) MTN (30%)

Syria[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 46.6% over a population estimate of 22.5 million.[157]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN
(formerly Areeba)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4.419 [158] (Jul 2010) MTN (75%)
2 Syriatel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
7.1 [159] (Aug 2014) Syriatel

Tanzania[edit]

In September 2013 the penetration rate was estimated at 58.6% over a population estimate of 47.78 million.[160] The country's telcom regulator is TCRA.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodacom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
10.023 [160] (Sept 2013) Vodacom (65%)
2 Airtel
(formerly Zain)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
8.772 [160] (Sept 2013) Bharti Airtel (60%)
3 Tigo GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
6.217 [160] (Sept 2013) MIC (100%)
4 ZANTEL GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.798 [160] (Sept 2013) Etisalat (51%) and Zanzibar Telecom Ltd
5 TTCL Mobile CDMA 0.211 [160] (Sept 2013)
5 Benson Informatics CDMA 0.0005 [160] (Sept 2013)
6 Sasatel[161] CDMA Not Yet Available Dovetel
7 MyCell CDMA Not Yet Available My Cell Company Ltd
8 Excellentcom GSM Not Yet Available Hits Telecom
9 Egotel (Lacell) UMTS Not Yet Available Bitmap (65%), J&AK Group (35%)
10 Smart Not Yet Available
11 SmileCom[162] "Not Yet Available"

Togo[edit]

In December 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 42.6% over a population estimate of 6.8 million.[163]
The regulator of Togo is Autorité de Règlementation des secteurs de Postes et de Télécommunications (ART&P)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Togocel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.625 (4Q 2010)[citation needed] Togo Telecom (state owned)
2 Moov GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE) 0.826 (4Q 2010)[citation needed] Etisalat

Tunisia[edit]

The country has 11.2 million subscribers in total, or a 105.8% penetration rate.[164] (Sep 2010)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tunisie Telecom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
5.04 [165] (March 2008) Tunisie Télécom Group (65%),

Tecom DIG (35%) [164]

2 Ooredoo
(formerly Tunisiana)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
5.63 [74] (Q1 2010) Ooredoo (75%)
3 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
0.53 Orange S.A., Divona

Turkey[edit]

Turkey has 69.391 million subscribers in total, or an 92.86% penetration rate. (2011)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Turkey is ICTA.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
Ownership
1 Turkcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
35.200 [166] (Feb 2012) TeliaSonera (37.09%), Cukurova Group (13.81%), Alfa Group (13.22%), MV Holding (1.18%), 34.70% in minoritaries
2 Vodafone GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
18.810 [167] (Q3 2012) Vodafone (100%)
3 Avea GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
13.500 [168] (Q3 2011) Türk Telekom (89.99%), Türkiye İş Bankası (10.01%)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 Muhabbet Kart (using Turkcell) GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
3.500 KVK, Medya Holding, Turkcell
2 Fenercell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
300 Fenerbahce A.S.
3 GSMobile (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
350 Galatasaray A.S.
4 TrabzonCell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
100. Trabzonspor
5 KartalCell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
150. Beşiktaş A.S.
6 TTNET Mobil (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
? Türk Telekom
7 BİMCell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
? BİM A.Ş.
8 SamsunCell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
? Samsunspor
9 UğurCell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
?  ?
10 BursaCell (using Avea) GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
? Bursaspor

Uganda[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 30.78% over a population estimate of 34.6 million.[169]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN CDMA
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz TD-LTE
WiMAX
8.4 [170] (Sept 2013) MTN (96%)
2 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4.6 [171] (April 2013) Bharti Airtel (100%)
3 Warid GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
WiMAX
2.8 [171] (April 2013) Airtel Africa
4 UT Mobile CdmaOne
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2.0 [172] (July 2011) Uganda Telecom Limited
5 Orange GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
0.35 [28] (Dec 2009) Orange S.A. (53%)
6 Essar GSM (GPRS) licenced 1 June 2009 Essar Group (90%)
7 Smart Telecom unknown uses Sure Telecom licence[173] Smart Telecom

United Arab Emirates[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 230.6% over a population estimate of 5.15 million.[174]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Etisalat GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
8.92 [175] (28 April 2014) UAE Federal Government (40%) and public shareholders (60%)
2 du GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
7.6 [176] (Q1 2014) UAE Federal Government (39.5%), Mubadala Development Company (19.75%), TECOM Investments (19.5%), and public shareholders (21.25%)

Yemen[edit]

In September 2010 the penetration rate was estimated at 38.4% over a population estimate of 24.1 million.[177]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Spacetel Yemen GSM-900 4.035 [68] (Mar 2012) MTN (85%)
2 Sabafon GSM-900 3.65[178] (Sept 2012) Yemen Mobile Phone Company, Batelco (26.942%)
3 Yemen Mobile CDMA2000/1x 2.180 [179]Arabic (2008–2009) Yemen Mobile
3 HiTS-UNITEL (Y) GSM-900 0.281 [179]Arabic (2008–2009) HiTS-UNITEL

Zambia[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 62% over a population estimate of 13.9 million.[180]

The country telecoms regulator is the Zambia Information and Communications Technology Authority[181] (former name was Communications Authority of Zambia)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4.2 (Dec 2011) Bharti Airtel (78.88%)
2 MTN GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2.7 (Dec 2011) MTN
3 ZAMTEL GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1.2 (Dec 2011) Zambia Telecommunications Company Ltd

Zimbabwe[edit]

In December 2011 the penetration rate was estimated at 74.7% to 9.037 million subscribers.[182]

The country's telcom regulator is Postal and Telecommunications Regulatory Authority of Zimbabwe (POTRAZ).[183]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Econet GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
WiMAX
5.686 [184] (February 2012) Econet Wireless (Private) Limited[185]
2 Telecel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.875 [184] (February 2012) Orascom Telecom (60%)
3 Net*One GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.456 [184] (February 2012) NetOne Cellular (Pvt) Ltd[186] (government)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Algeria: More than 35.2 million subscribers for mobile phones in 2011 in Algeria". Retrieved 1 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "VimpelCom Sells 51% Stake in Algeria's Djezzy to Settle Long Running Dispute". cellular-news. 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  3. ^ "Angola Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q3 2010)". Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "OnMobile Launches RBT Services for Unitel Subscribers in Angola | Wireless Developer's Journal". Wireless.sys-con.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  6. ^ a b carol says: (15 September 2010). "Angola a lucrative market for telecoms operators". Howwemadeitinafrica.com. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "Telecommunications markets indicators January 2012". Retrieved January 2012. 
  8. ^ TRA
  9. ^ Batelco Group - Annual report 2011
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