List of monarchs who lost their thrones in the 19th century

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This is a list of monarchs who were deposed in the 19th century.

A[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Algeria[edit]

Alt-Leiningen[edit]

amaGaza[edit]

  • Mawewe Nxumalo, Nkosi of amaGaza 11 Oct 1858 – 18??, deposed or abdicated 18??, restored 18??, reigned until 1862.
  • Mzila Nxumalo, Nkosi of amaGaza, deposed or abdicated 18??, restored 1862, reigned until August 1884.

Antakarana[edit]

Aremberg[edit]

  • Ludwig Engelbert, Duke of Aremberg (Herzog von Aremberg) 1778–1801, deposed or abdicated 1801. Died 1820.
  • Prosper Ludwig, Duke of Aremberg (Herzog von Aremberg) 1802–1810, deposed or abdicated 1810. Died 1861.

Bishopric of Augsburg[edit]

Austria[edit]

B[edit]

Grand Duchy of Baden[edit]

Bahrain[edit]

Bajini[edit]

Baku Khanate[edit]

Balasinor[edit]

Bambao[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg[edit]

  • Christoph Franz von Buseck, Prince–Bishop of Bamberg (Fürstbishof zu Bamberg), deposed in 1802 due to Bamberg's annexation by Bavaria, died 1805.

Banganapalle[edit]

Baoni[edit]

  • Sahib Jah, Azam ul-Umara, Rashid ul-Mulk, 'Imad ud-Daula, Nawab Mir Mehdi Husain Khan Bahadur, Firuz Jang, Nawab of Baoni 1859–1883, abdicated in favour of his son, died 1895.

Kingdom of Bavaria[edit]

  • Ludwig I, King of Bavaria 1825–1848, abdicated 1848, died 1868.

Berg and Cleves[edit]

Birkenfeld[edit]

  • Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld, deposed due to Birkenfeld's annexation by France, 1801

Boina Kingdom[edit]

Bora Bora[edit]

Borotseland[edit]

  • Lubosi I, Litunga of the Lozi and Paramount Chief of Borotseland, deposed 1884, restored 1885, died 1916.
  • Akafuna Tatila, Litunga of the Lozi and Paramount Chief of Borotseland, deposed 1885, died 1887.

Bone state[edit]

Empire of Brazil[edit]

Brakna[edit]

Brunswick[edit]

Buganda[edit]

  • Mwanga II Kabaka of Buganda 1884–1888 and 1889–1897, died 1897
  • Kalema Kabaka of Buganda 1888–1889, died 1890

Bunyoro[edit]

Burma[edit]

C[edit]

Cambodia[edit]

Chitral[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Constance[edit]

Imperial Abbey of Corvey[edit]

Croy-Dülmen[edit]

D[edit]

E[edit]

Egypt Eyalet[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Eichstätt[edit]

Elchingen[edit]

Prince-Provostry of Ellwangen[edit]

Essen Abbey[edit]

Ethiopian Empire[edit]

  • Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I (Fakr Sagad), Elect of God and King of Kings of Ethiopia. Succeeded on the deposition of Emperor Iyasu III, 24 April 1788. Deposed for a second time, 26 July 1789. Regained the throne by force of arms, January 1794. Deposed for the third time, 15 April 1795. Restored December 1795. Deposed for the fourth time, 20 May 1796. Restored again, 4 January 1798. Deposed for the fifth time, 20 May 1799. Restored, 24 March 1800 but was deposed for the sixth, and last time.
  • Demetros, installed 1799 and deposed 1800, reinstated 1800, deposed again 1801.
  • Yohannes III, installed 1840, deposed 1841, reinstated and redeposed 1845, rereinstated 1850, and reredeposed 1851.
  • Sahle Dengel, installed 1832, deposed 1840, restored 1841, deposed again 1845, reinstated again 1845, deposed again 1850, reinstated again 1851 and deposed a last time 1855.
  • Emperor Tekle Giyorgis II was deposed in 1872 by Kassay Merca who was then proclaimed Emperor Yohannes IV.

F[edit]

France[edit]

Frankfurt[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Freising[edit]

Freudenberg[disambiguation needed][edit]

Friedberg in der Wetterau[edit]

Imperial Abbey of Fulda[edit]

Fürstenberg[edit]

  • Karl Egon, Prince of Fürstenberg, deposed through the annexation of Fürstenberg by Baden in 1806. Died in 1854.

G[edit]

Gandersheim Abbey[edit]

Ganja khanate[edit]

  • Javad Khan (1786–1804), deposed through the Russian annexation 1804.

Ghazni[edit]

Greece[edit]

Guria[edit]

Gutenzell Abbey[edit]

Gottschee[edit]

  • Wilhelm I of Gottschee 1800–1809 and 1815–1822, lost his domain to Austria-Hungary,restored 1815,died 1822.

Gowa[edit]

H[edit]

Haiti[edit]

Kingdom of Hanover[edit]

  • King George V deposed 1866, died 1878.

Kingdom of Hawaii[edit]

Emirate of Harar[edit]

Monastic State of the Knights Hospitaller, Heitersheim[edit]

Herford Abbey[edit]

Electorate of Hesse[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Hildesheim[edit]

Hohengeroldseck[edit]

Hohenlohe-Langenburg[edit]

Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen[edit]

Hohenlohe-Bartenstein[edit]

Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst[edit]

Hohenzollern-Hechingen[edit]

Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[edit]

Holy Roman Empire[edit]

Hsamönghkam[edit]

  • Maung Shwe E myosa of Hsamönghkam 1825–1834, deposed or abdicated 1834, restored 18xx, reigned until 1847.
  • Maung Me myosa of Hsamönghkam 1834-18xx, deposed or abdicated 18xx, restored 1847, reigned until 1848.
  • Maung Lin myosa of Hsamönghkam 1867, deposed or abdicated 1867, restored 1876, reigned until 18xx.
  • Maung Shwe Min myosa of Hsamönghkam 1848–1867, deposed or abdicated 1867, restored 1885, reigned until 1886.

Hsenwi[edit]

  • Sao Hseng Naw Hpa saopha of Hsenwi 1845–1848, deposed or abdicated 1848restored 1853, deposed or abdicated 1855, restored 1867, deposed or abdicated 1869, restored 1874, deposed or abdicated 1875, restored 1876, reigned until 1879.
  • Sao Hpa Mawng Hpa saopha of Hsenwi 1858–1860, deposed or abdicated 1860, restored 1863, deposed or abdicated 1864.

Huahine[edit]

Kingdom of Hungary[edit]

I[edit]

County of Isenburg[edit]

  • Ernst Kasimir III count of Isenburg 1801–1810, deposed by the French occupation 1810.

Isenburg-Birstein[edit]

Isenburg-Meerholz[edit]

Isenburg-Wächtersbach[edit]

Itsandra[edit]

Imerati[edit]

  • King Solomoni II, deposed after his kingdom was annexed by Russia, 20 February 1810.

J[edit]

Jelebu[edit]

K[edit]

Kaisersheim Abbey[edit]

  • Franz Xaver Müller prince-abbot of Kaiserheim 1783–1803, deposed through the anexxation by Bavaria.

Käppel[edit]

Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti[edit]

Karangasem[edit]

Kasanzi[edit]

  • Mbumba of Kasanzi, Yaka of Kasanzi ?-1848, deposed or abdicated 1848, restored 1853 and reigned until ?

Kazembe[edit]

  • Kazembe IX Lukwesa Mpanga Mwata Kazembe of Kazembe 1872–1883, deposed or abdicated 1883, restored 1885, deposed, abdicated or died 1886.
  • Kazembe X Kanyembo Ntemena Mwata Kazembe of Kazembe 1883–1885, deposed of abdicated 1885, restored 1886, died 1904.

Imperial Ducal Abbey of Kempten[edit]

deposed by the anextion by Bavaria.

Knyphausen[edit]

Cologne[edit]

Kyawkku Hsiwan[edit]

  • Nga Shwe Maung I Ngwegunhmu of Kyawkku Hsiwan 1844–1852, deposed or abdicated 1852, restored 1856, reigned until 1863.

L[edit]

Laihka[edit]

  • Sao Hkam Mawng saopha of Laikha 1860–1862, deposed or abdicated 1862, restored 1868, reigned until 1879.

Lawksawk[edit]

  • Sao Waing saopha of Lawksawk 1854–1881, deposed or abdicated 1881, restored 1886, reigned until January 1887.

Lindau Abbey[edit]

Loilong[edit]

  • Hkun Pu Ngwegunhmu of Loilong 1856–1880, deposed or abdicated 1880, died 1882.

Loimaw[edit]

Lombardo-Veneto[edit]

Lozi[edit]

  • Mubukwanu Litunga of the Lozi ?-18th century, deposed in the 18th century.

Lübeck[edit]

M[edit]

Kingdom of Madagascar[edit]

Archbishopric of Mainz[edit]

Sultanate of the Maldives[edit]

Manyika[edit]

  • Cikanga Nyarumwe II mambo of Manyika 1796–1807, deposed or abdicated 1807 restored 1818, reigned until 1822–

Mayotte[edit]

Mergentheim[edit]

  • Karl II Ludwig Johann Erzherzog von Österreich Prince-Grand Master of Mergentheim (Fürst und Hoch-und Deutschmeister des Deutschen Ordens in deutschen und wälschen Landen, Administratoren des Hochmeistertums in Preussen, Herrn zu Freudenthal und Eulenberg) 1801–1804, deposed or abdicated 1804, died 1847.
  • Anton Viktor Joseph Raymund Erzherzog von Österreich Prince-Grand master of Mergentheim (Fürst und Hoch-und Deutschmeister des Deutschen Ordens in deutschen und wälschen Landen, Administratoren des Hochmeistertums in Preussen, Herrn zu Freudenthal und Eulenberg) 1804–1809, deposed or abdicated 1809, died 1835.

Mexico[edit]

Mingrelia[edit]

Duchy of Modena[edit]

Mogul Empire[edit]

Mosquito Nation[edit]

Mukhrani[edit]

  • Constantine IV, deposed on the annexation of his principality by the Tsar of Russia, 1801.

Mwali[edit]

N[edit]

Kingdom of Naples[edit]

Duchy of Nassau[edit]

  • Adolf, Duke of Nassau, deposed 1866

Nassau-Orange-Fulda[edit]

Sultanate of Ndzuwani[edit]

Neu-Leiningen[edit]

Negeri Sembilan[edit]

Kingdom of the Netherlands[edit]

  • William I, King of the Netherlands, abdicated 1840

Niu'atuputapu[edit]

  • Uiliame Latumailangi, 7th Ma'atu of Niu'atuputapu, ceded the island of Niu'atuputapu to King George Tupou I on 4 June 1862, when Niu'atuputapu became an integral part of the Kingdom of Tonga.

Norway[edit]

O[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück[edit]

Ottoman Empire[edit]

Olbrück[edit]

Oman[edit]

Oran[edit]

P[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn[edit]

Papal States[edit]

  • Pope Pius VII, deposed as ruler of the Papal States 1809, restored 1814
  • Pope Pius IX, deposed as ruler of the Papal States 1870

Duchy of Parma[edit]

Prince-Bishopric of Passau[edit]

Portugal[edit]

Q[edit]

Quba Khanate[edit]

Quedlinburg Abbey[edit]

Qusantine[edit]

R[edit]

Rai'atea[edit]

Reuss-Schleiz[edit]

  • Heinrich XLII count of Reuss-Schleiz 1784–1802,deposed or abdicated 1802,died 1818.

Reuss-Lobenstein[edit]

  • Heinrich LXXII count of Reuss-Lobenstein, abdicated 1848, died 1853.

Romania[edit]

Ryukyu Kingdom[edit]

  • Sho Tai, deposed and his kingdom abolished in 1872; died 1901.

S[edit]

Kingdom of Sardinia[edit]

Saxe-Altenburg[edit]

Saxe-Meiningen[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Shaki Khanate[edit]

Shewa[edit]

  • Haile Melekot, prince of Shewa, deposed 1859.
  • Seyfe Sahle Selassie, prince of Shewa, seized the throne 1859, deposed 1859, restored 1860.
  • Menelik II, emperor of Ethiopia, king of Shewa 1855–1856, deposed 1856, restored 1865 as king, terminated the separate state 1889 uniting it to Ethiopia where he ascended as emperor.

Spain[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

  • Sri Wikrama Rajasinghe, the last king in a 2500 year old monarchy, deposed by the British in 1815. Deported to Mauritius together will all claimants to the throne to extinguish the national royal line and replace it with the House of Hanover.

Sungai Ujong[edit]

Sudan[edit]

Svaneti[edit]

Sweden[edit]

T[edit]

Tahiti[edit]

  • Pōmare V, King of Tahiti 1877–1880. Ceded Tahiti to France on 29 June 1880.

Trarza[edit]

Principality of Trinidad[edit]

  • James Harden-Hickey, king of Trinidad 1893–1895, deposed by British then Brazilian, occupation.

Tulsipur[edit]

"Chauhan" Raja Drig Narayan Singh of House of Tulsipur lost his Kingdom-of-Tulsipur to British East India Company during 1857 AD Mutiny.

Grand Duchy of Tuscany[edit]

Kingdom of the Two Sicilies[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

Viet Nam[edit]

W[edit]

Wassulu[edit]

  • Samori ibn Lafiya Ture, Fama of Wassulu 1870–1884, Almami of Wassulu 1884–1898. Deposed 29 September 1898.

Prince-Bishopric of Worms[edit]

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Sultanate of Zanzibar[edit]

Zemio[edit]

  • Zangabirou, ruler of Zemio ? -ca. 1855, died ca. 1858

See also[edit]