List of monastic houses in Bristol

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List of monastic houses in Bristol is located in Bristol
Bedminster Monastery (probable loc.)
Bedminster Monastery (probable loc.)
BRISTOL (see below)
BRISTOL (see below)
Westbury Priory
Westbury Priory
Locations of monastic houses in Bristol
List of monastic houses in Bristol is located in Bristol Central1
Austin Friars (site)
Austin Friars (site)
Black Friars (site)
Black Friars (site)
Eremites Friars (site)
Eremites Friars (site)
Friars of the Sack (site)
Friars of the Sack (site)
Greyfriars (site)
Greyfriars (site)
Whitefriars (site)
Whitefriars (site)
St James's Priory
St James's Priory
St Mary Magdalen Nunnery (site)
St Mary Magdalen Nunnery (site)
St Philip's Priory
St Philip's Priory
Bristol Cathedral Abbey
Bristol Cathedral Abbey
Bristol Preceptory
Bristol Preceptory
Locations of monastic houses in Central Bristol

This List of monastic houses in Bristol includes abbeys, priories, friaries and other monastic religious houses in Bristol.

In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from the details provided by English Heritage Pastscape [1] and Ordnance Survey publications.

A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.

Abbreviations and key[edit]

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ indicates remains limited to earthworks etc.
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown
identification ambiguous or confused

Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented)
or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.

Trusteeship denoted as follows:
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust

Alphabetical listing of establishments[edit]

Foundation Image Communities & Provenance[note 1] Formal Name or Dedication[note 2]
& Alternative Names[note 3]
Online References[note 4] & Location[note 5]
Bedminster Monastery possible Saxon monastic or secular foundation
parochial church of St John probably built on site, rebuilt 1854, destroyed by bombing in World War II
[1]

51°26′24″N 2°35′55″W / 51.4399232°N 2.5985026°W / 51.4399232; -2.5985026 (Bedminster Monastery (probable loc.)) (probable)
Bristol Austin Friars # Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of Oxford)
founded 1313 by Sir Simon and Sir William Montacute;
vacation house for alien students 1362;
dissolved September 1538; granted to Maurice Dennis c.1543
[2][3]

51°27′01″N 2°35′03″W / 51.450283°N 2.584094°W / 51.450283; -2.584094 (Bristol Austin Friars (site))
Bristol Blackfriars ^ Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of London)
founded 1227/8 by Sir Maurice [de] Gaunt;
dissolved 10 September 1528 (1538?); granted to William Chester;
subsequently The Friars Quaker meeting house;
then Bristol Register Office;
currently in use as a restaurant
[2][4]

51°27′26″N 2°35′16″W / 51.457296°N 2.58772°W / 51.457296; -2.58772 (Black Friary, Bristol (site))
Bristol Eremites Friars # Friars Eremites

51°26′52″N 2°35′10″W / 51.447842°N 2.586132°W / 51.447842; -2.586132 (Bristol Eremites Friars (site))
Bristol Friars of the Sack # Friars of the Sack
founded before 1266;
dissolved after 1286; friars had left before 1322, though church continued in use
[2][5]

51°27′17″N 2°35′54″W / 51.454655°N 2.598261°W / 51.454655; -2.598261 (Bristol Sack Friars (site))
Bristol Greyfriars # Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of Bristol)
founded before 1230/34;
dissolved 10 September 1538; granted to Mayor and citizens c.1541
Saint Francis [2][6][7]

51°27′29″N 2°35′44″W / 51.4580983°N 2.5956488°W / 51.4580983; -2.5956488 (Bristol Greyfriars (site))
Bristol Whitefriars # Carmelite Friars
founded 1256/1267 by Edward, Prince of Wales (the future Edward I);
dissolved 1538; site successively occupied by a mansion and a boys' school;
site now occupied by Colston Hall
The Blessed Virgin Mary [2][8]

51°27′17″N 2°35′54″W / 51.454655°N 2.598261°W / 51.454655; -2.598261 (Bristol Whitefriars (site))
St James's Priory, Bristol + Stjameschurch.jpg Benedictine monks
founded 1120s, built by Robert, Earl of Gloucester, son of Henry I;
dissolved 1539; granted to Henry Brayne c.1543;
nave in parochial use 1374;
fell into disuse 1980s;
in custodianship of the Little Brothers of Nazareth since 1996
The Priory Church of Saint James, Bristol [9][10][11]

51°27′31″N 2°35′35″W / 51.458596°N 2.593036°W / 51.458596; -2.593036 (Bristol — St James's Priory)
Bristol — St Mary Magdalen Nunnery # King David Inn on the site of the Priory of St Mary Magdalen, Bristol.jpg Augustinian Canonesses
founded 1173 by Eva, widow of Robert Fitzharding;
also given as Benedictine
dissolved 1536; granted to Henry Brayne and John Marsh;
King David Inn built on site
St Mary Magdalene [12]

51°27′26″N 2°35′52″W / 51.45719°N 2.59782°W / 51.45719; -2.59782 (Bristol — St Mary Magdalen Nunnery (site))
Bristol — St Philip's Priory St Philip and Jacob, Bristol.jpg Benedictine monks
founded c.900
The Church of Saint Philip and Saint Jacob, Bristol

51°27′18″N 2°35′06″W / 51.454969°N 2.584987°W / 51.454969; -2.584987 (Bristol — St Philip's Priory)
Bristol — St Stephen's Priory Church of St Stephen, Bristol.jpg Benedictine monks
recorded as a cell dependent on Glastonbury, Somerset


Bristol Cathedral Abbey: St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol + Bristol.cathedral.west.front.arp.jpg Augustinian Canons Regular — Victorine
founded 1140-2 by Robert Fitzharding; first canons transferred from Shobdon, Herefordshire (1120 or) 1148;
dissolved 9 December 1539;
episcopal diocesan cathedral
founded 1542; extant
The Abbey Church of Saint Augustine of Canterbury, Bristol

The Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, Bristol
[10][13][14]
[15][16]

51°27′06″N 2°36′02″W / 51.45161°N 2.600536°W / 51.45161; -2.600536 (Bristol Cathedral Abbey)
Bristol Preceptory Temple Church Bristol Jan10.jpg Knights Templar
church built on site of templar church, now in ruins


51°27′08″N 2°35′12″W / 51.452095°N 2.586744°W / 51.452095; -2.586744 (Bristol Preceptory)
Westbury Priory 061203 ukbris wotch 01.jpg Saxon minster, college of secular priests
founded 716;
granted to Worcester 824;
probably destroyed in Danish raids 9th century;
Benedictine monks
refounded c.963/4 by Bishop Oswald;
12 monks transferred to new site at Ramsey, Huntingdonshire 972; priory lapsed thereafter;
refounded c.1093, cell dependent on Worcester;
lapsed before c.1112;
refounded 1125;
college of secular priests 1194;
parochial church built on site
The Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Westbury on Trym
____________________
Westbury on Trym Priory;
Westbury Minster
[17][17][18]

51°29′40″N 2°37′02″W / 51.494537°N 2.6171923°W / 51.494537; -2.6171923 (Westbury Priory)


Glossary[edit]


edit this box

Map link to lists of monastic houses in England by county[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Communities & Provenance shows the status and communities existing at each establishment, together with such dates as have been established as well as the fate of the establishment after dissolution, and the current status of the site.
  2. ^ Formal Name or Dedication: shows the formal name of the establishment or the person in whose name the church is dedicated.
  3. ^ Alternative Names: some of the establishments have had alternative names over the course of time. In order to assist in text-searching such alternatives in name or spelling have been provided.
  4. ^ Online References: presents links to online references to the particular establishment in addition to the general printed and online references given at the foot of this article. Establishments for which online references have not been specified are referred to within the printed references listed.
  5. ^ Location: provides a link to the geographical position of the site of the foundation where established. Where the location has been established the location is pinpointed (dependent on the available resolution of the map data), otherwise the general location is given in italic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: ST JOHNS CHURCH
  2. ^ a b c d e Page, William (1907). "Friaries: Bristol', A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 2". Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  3. ^ "Bristol Austin Friary". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  4. ^ "Bristol Blackfriars". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  5. ^ "The Friars of the Sack". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  6. ^ "Bristol Greyfriars". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  7. ^ "A collectanea relating to the Bristol Friars Minors (Gray Friars) and their convent : together with a concise history of the dissolution of the houses of the four orders of mendicant friars in Bristol (1893)". Canadian Libraries. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  8. ^ "About the hall". Colston Hall. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  9. ^ "St James Priory, Whitson Street". English Heritage Buildings at Risk Register. Retrieved 26 October 2007. 
  10. ^ a b Burrough, THB (1970). Bristol. London: Studio Vista. ISBN 0-289-79804-3. 
  11. ^ "Church of St James". Images of England. Retrieved 25 October 2006. 
  12. ^ Page, William (1907). "Houses of Augustinian canonesses: The priory of St Mary Magdalen, Bristol". Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Page, William (1907). "Houses of Augustinian canons: The abbey of St Augustine, Bristol". Victoria County History. British History Online. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  14. ^ "Bristol Cathedral". About Bristol. Retrieved 12 June 2009. 
  15. ^ Joseph Bettey, St Augustine's Abbey, Bristol (Bristol Branch of the Historical Association 1996), pp.7, 11-15, 21, 24-5.
  16. ^ "Cathedral Church of St Augustine, including Chapter House and cloisters". Images of England. Retrieved 16 March 2007. 
  17. ^ a b "Detailed Result: WESTBURY COLLEGE". Pastscape. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  18. ^ "Detailed Result: WESTBURY MINSTER". Pastscape. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  • Binns, Alison (1989) Studies in the History of Medieval Religion 1: Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066-1216, Boydell
  • Cobbett, William (1868) List of Abbeys, Priories, Nunneries, Hospitals, And Other Religious Foundations in England and Wales and in Ireland, Confiscated, Seized On, or Alienated by the Protestant "Reformation" Sovereigns and Parliaments
  • Knowles, David & Hadcock, R. Neville (1971) Medieval Religious Houses England & Wales. Longman
  • Morris, Richard (1979) Cathedrals and Abbeys of England and Wales, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
  • Thorold, Henry (1986) Collins Guide to Cathedrals, Abbeys and Priories of England and Wales, Collins
  • Thorold, Henry (1993) Collins Guide to the Ruined Abbeys of England, Wales and Scotland, Collins
  • Wright, Geoffrey N., (2004) Discovering Abbeys and Priories, Shire Publications Ltd.
  • English Cathedrals and Abbeys, Illustrated, Odhams Press Ltd.
  • Map of Monastic Britain, South Sheet, Ordnance Survey, 2nd edition, 1954