List of monastic houses in East Sussex

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List of monastic houses in East Sussex is located in East Sussex
Battle Abbey
Battle Abbey
Bayham Abbey
Bayham Abbey
Beddingham Monastery
Beddingham Monastery
Hailsham Cell
Hailsham Cell
Hastings Priory
Hastings Priory
Langney Priory
Langney Priory
Lewes Priory
Lewes Priory
Michelham Priory
Michelham Priory
Otham Abbey
Otham Abbey
Ramstede Priory
Ramstede Priory
Robertsbridge Abbey
Robertsbridge Abbey
Rotherfield Priory (doubtful)
Rotherfield Priory (doubtful)
RYE
RYE
Salehurst Abbey
Salehurst Abbey
Warbleton Priory (Rushlake Priory / New Hastings Priory)
Warbleton Priory (Rushlake Priory / New Hastings Priory)
WINCHELSEA
WINCHELSEA
Withyham Priory
Withyham Priory
Locations of monastic houses in East Sussex

The following is a list of monastic houses in East Sussex, England.

In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from the details provided by English Heritage Pastscape [1] and Ordnance Survey publications.

A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.

Abbreviations and key[edit]

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ indicates remains limited to earthworks etc.
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown
identification ambiguous or confused

Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented)
or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.

Trusteeship denoted as follows:
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust

Alphabetical listing of establishments[edit]

Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
OnLine References & Location
Battle Abbey Battle Abbey - Klostergebäude.JPG Benedictine monks
founded 1067 by William the Conqueror;
dissolved 27 May 1538; granted to Sir Antony Brown 1538/9; (EH)
The Abbey Church of the Holy Trinity, Saint Mary and Saint Martin
____________________
St Martin's Abbey;
Battel Abbey
[1][2]

50°54′52″N 0°29′15″E / 50.9145167°N 0.4874861°E / 50.9145167; 0.4874861 (Battle Abbey)
Bayham Abbey BayhamOldAbbeyC.jpg Premonstratensian Canons — from Brockley, Kent (Greater London) between 1199 and 1208, and from Otham between 1208 and 1211
daughter of Prémontré
founded c.1207 (1200) by Robert of Thornham (Robert de Turreham); (established on the union of Otham and Brockley Abbeys)
dissolved 1525; (EH)
the Blessed Virgin Mary
____________________
Bayham Old Abbey;
Beigham Abbey
[3][4][5][6]

51°06′14″N 0°21′19″E / 51.103846°N 0.355232°E / 51.103846; 0.355232 (Bayham Abbey)
Beddingham Monastery Saxon monastery in the reign of Offa (757-96);
possibly destroyed in raids by the Danes 9th century
[7]

50°50′41″N 0°02′39″E / 50.8446075°N 0.0440446°E / 50.8446075; 0.0440446 (Beddingham Monastery)
Hailsham Cell Premonstratensian Canons
cell, dependent on Bayham;
founded after 1260;
dissolved 1280-7 (canons expelled, restored and again expelled); restored 1296 in return for annual payment to Michelham
[8]

50°51′47″N 0°15′37″E / 50.8631151°N 0.2603111°E / 50.8631151; 0.2603111 (Hailsham Cell)
Hastings Priory Augustinian Canons Regular — (?)Arroasian
founded 1189-99 by Walter Bricet, or more probably by Walter de Scotney;
structure physically moved inland to Warbleton due to encroachment of the sea;
dissolved 1413;
dissolved 1539; granted to John Baker 1537/8;
masonry from the establishment was excavated during the construction of the Ritz Cinema;
ESK Warehouse constructed on site
The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Hastings [9][9][10][10]

50°51′22″N 0°34′37″E / 50.8561464°N 0.5768815°E / 50.8561464; 0.5768815 (Hastings Priory)
Hooe Grange Benedictine monks
alien house: grange, dependent on Bec-Hellouin
founded 1106;
dissolved before 1230
Langney Priory Cluniac monks
grange, dependent on Lewes
founded before 1121;
now a house
[11]

50°47′47″N 0°18′55″E / 50.7963857°N 0.3151998°E / 50.7963857; 0.3151998 (Langney Priory)
Lewes Greyfriars Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of London)
founded before 1241;
dissolved 1538
Lewes Priory LewesPriory.jpg Cluniac monks
alien house: dependent on Cluny;
founded 1077 (1078-81) by Earl William de Warenna (Warenne) and his wife Gundreda who granted the church of St Pancras;
became denizen: independent from 1351;
dissolved 16 November 1537; granted to Richard Baker and Richard Sackville 1559/60
[12][13]

50°52′05″N 0°00′31″E / 50.8681479°N 0.0084758°E / 50.8681479; 0.0084758 (Lewes Priory)
Michelham Priory ^ Michelham-mh1.JPG Augustinian Canons Regular — (?)Arroasian
founded 1229 by Gilbert de Aquila;
dissolved 1536; granted to William Earl of Arundel 1541/2;
remains incorporated into a mansion;
now in ownership of Sussex Archaeological Society
The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Michelham [14][15][16][17]
[18][19][20][21][22]

50°51′46″N 0°12′51″E / 50.8626495°N 0.2140376°E / 50.8626495; 0.2140376 (Michelham Priory)
Otham Abbey,
Polegate
Premonstratensian Canons — from Durford(?), Sussex
founded c.1180 (1175, 1180-3(?)), or between 1180 and c.1187 (probably before 1183 if colonized from Durford) by Ralph de Dene;
united with Bayham 1208-11;
transferred to Bayham and retained as grange and chapel from 1250;
dissolved 1526;
now Otteham Court and St Lawrence's Chapel
The Abbey Church of Saint Mary and Saint Laurence [23][24]

50°49′47″N 0°15′07″E / 50.8296793°N 0.252015°E / 50.8296793; 0.252015 (Otham Abbey)
Ramstede Priory Benedictine nuns
founded 1174-84 by Richard, Archbishop of Canterbury
dissolved before 1204 by Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury and nuns removed
St Mary Magdalene
____________________
Ramestede Priory
[25][26]

50°52′21″N 0°00′42″W / 50.8725929°N 0.0115845°W / 50.8725929; -0.0115845 (Ramstede Priory)
Robertsbridge Abbey Cistercian monks
daughter of Boxley, Kent
(community founded at Salehurst 29 March 1176);
transferred here c.1250;
dissolved 16 April 1538; granted to Sir William Sidney 1541/2;
site now occupied by a private house without public access
Robert's Bridge Abbey;
Pontrobert Abbey;
Roberts-bridge Abbey
[27][28]

50°59′26″N 0°29′27″E / 50.9905867°N 0.4907906°E / 50.9905867; 0.4907906 (Robertsbridge Abbey)
Rotherfield Priory (?) doubtful establishment
Benedictine monks
founded 790(?);
alien house: dependent on St-Denys;
dubious charter evidencing grant by Bertoald, Duke of the South Saxons;
dissolution unknown
[29]

51°02′22″N 0°12′34″E / 51.039468°N 0.209513°E / 51.039468; 0.209513 (Rotherfield Priory (doubtful establishment))
Rye Austin Friars, earlier site Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of Oxford)
founded 1364;
destroyed by French marauders 1377;
transferred into Rye (see immediately below) 1378-9
[30][31]

50°56′48″N 0°44′47″E / 50.946734°N 0.7464695°E / 50.946734; 0.7464695 (Rye Austin Friary, earlier site)
Rye Austin Friars + Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of Oxford)
(community founded at earlier site (see immediately above) 1364);
transferred 1378-9 following destruction of earlier foundation;
dissolved 1538;
the chapel extant, now called 'The Monastery'
[31][32]

50°57′06″N 0°44′04″E / 50.9517832°N 0.7344908°E / 50.9517832; 0.7344908 (Rye Austin Friary)
Rye Friars of the Sack ^ Friars of the Sack
founded c.1263;
dissolved when order abolished before 1307;
subsequently in secular use
[33]

50°56′58″N 0°44′01″E / 50.9495206°N 0.7337478°E / 50.9495206; 0.7337478 (Friary of the Sack, Rye)
Rye — Friary of St Anthony * Conventual Franciscan Friars
St Walburga's Church opened 1900;
parish in care of Franciscans 1910; St Anthony of Padua church opened 1930
The Friary Church of Saint Anthony of Padua [34][35]

50°56′57″N 0°43′58″E / 50.9491624°N 0.7329136°E / 50.9491624; 0.7329136 (St Anthony of Padua Friary, Rye)
Salehurst Abbey Cistercian monks — from Boxley, Kent (Greater London)
daughter of Boxley;
founded 29 March 1176 by Alfred de St Martino;
transferred to Robertsbridge c.1250
Robertsbridge Abbey (earlier site) [36]

50°59′26″N 0°29′27″E / 50.9906373°N 0.4907182°E / 50.9906373; 0.4907182 (Salehurst Abbey)
South Malling Monastery Benedictine? monks
founded before 686?;
secular collegiate
founded before c.770?;
dissolved 1547
Warbleton Priory ^ Augustinian Canons Regular — (?)Arroasian
(community founded at Hastings 1189-99);
refounded 1413 by Sir John Pelham: transferred from Hastings;
dissolved 1536;
remains incorporated into Priory Farm, in private ownership without public access
The Priory Church of the Holy Trinity, Hastings
____________________
Rushlake Priory;
New Priory of Hastings
[10][37][38]

50°56′21″N 0°20′04″E / 50.9392979°N 0.3343213°E / 50.9392979; 0.3343213 (Warbleton Priory (Rushlake Priory / New Hastings Priory))
Wilmington Priory + Benedictine monks
alien house: dependent on Grestein;
cell founded before 1086 by Robert, Earl of Morteton;
priory founded before/c.1243 by Herluin;
dissolved 1414; granted to Dean and Chapter of Chichester;
granted to Sir Richard Sackville 1565;
site now occupied by parochial church
[39][40][41]

50°49′02″N 0°11′25″E / 50.817212°N 0.190174°E / 50.817212; 0.190174 (Wilmington Priory)
Winchelsea Black Friars, earlier site Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of London)
founded 1318 on the south cliff;
new site granted by the king 1358 due to threat from sea;
transferred to new site (see immediately below) 1358
Winchelsey Friary

Winchelsea Blackfriars Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of London)
(community founded at earlier site (see immediately above) 1318);
transferred here 1358;
dissolved 1538; granted to William Gifford and Michael Wildbore 1544/5
The Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Winchelsea
____________________
Winchelsey Friary
[42][43][44][45]

50°55′37″N 0°42′24″E / 50.9268362°N 0.7067379°E / 50.9268362; 0.7067379 (Black Friars, Winchelsea)
50°55′28″N 0°42′24″E / 50.9244862°N 0.7066628°E / 50.9244862; 0.7066628 (Black Friars, Winchelsea (alleged)) (alleged)
Winchelsea Greyfriars, New Town Franciscan Friars (under the Custody of London)
(community founded at Old Town (see immediately below) before 1242 (before 1253));
transferred here 1283-7;
dissolved 1538
[45][46][47]

50°55′19″N 0°42′37″E / 50.9218689°N 0.7102007°E / 50.9218689; 0.7102007 (Greyfriars, Winchelsea)
Winchelsea Greyfriars, Old Town Franciscan Friars (under the Custody of London)
founded before 1242 (before 1253);
transferred to new site (see immediately above) 1283-7
[45][46][47]

Withyham Priory Benedictine monks
alien house: grange(?) dependent on Mortain and Marmoutier;
land apparently granted by Robert, Count of Mortain before 1086;
founded 1249;
dissolved 1413; granted to the New College, Hastings (Warbleton);
dissolved 1536;
granted to King's College, Cambridge
[48][49]

51°05′42″N 0°07′35″E / 51.0949789°N 0.1264474°E / 51.0949789; 0.1264474 (Withyham Priory)

Glossary[edit]


edit this box

Map link to lists of monastic houses in England by county[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: BATTLE ABBEY
  2. ^ British History Online — Houses of Benedictine monks: Abbey of Battle — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.52-56)
  3. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: BAYHAM OLD ABBEY
  4. ^ British History Online — Houses of Premonstratensian canons: Abbey of Bayham — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.86-89)
  5. ^ "English Abbeys — Bayham Abbey". Theheritagetrail.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Bayham Abbey on". Aboutbritain.com. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  7. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 1266214
  8. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: CHURCH OF ST MARY
  9. ^ a b Pastscape — Detailed Result: HASTINGS PRIORY
  10. ^ a b c British History Online — Houses of Augustinian canons: Priory of Hastings — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.75-77)
  11. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: LANGNEY PRIORY
  12. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: LEWES PRIORY
  13. ^ British History Online — Houses of Cluniac monks: Priory of Lewes — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.64-71)
  14. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MICHELHAM PRIORY
  15. ^ British History Online — Houses of Augustinian canons: Priory of Michelham — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.77-80)
  16. ^ "Michelham Priory : East Sussex : South East : Find a property by map : Properties : Days Out & Events". English Heritage. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  17. ^ "Museums & Properties — OFFICIAL SITE — Michelham Priory". Sussex Past. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  18. ^ "The Casebook of Michelham Priory — The original Most Haunted location". Darkencounters.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  19. ^ "Michelham Priory — Places to visit in East Sussex". 1066online.com. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "Mitchelham-Priory.htm". Home2.btconnect.com. 1 November 1959. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  21. ^ "Michelham Priory East Sussex". Touruk.co.uk. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  22. ^ "Museums & Properties". Sussex Past. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  23. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: OTTEHAM COURT AND ST LAWRENCES CHAPEL
  24. ^ Houses of Premonstratensian canons: Abbey of Otham — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (p.86)
  25. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: RAMSTEDE PRIORY
  26. ^ British History Online — Houses of Benedictine nuns: Nunnery of 'Ramestede' — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (p.63)
  27. ^ "Detailed Result: ROBERTSBRIDGE ABBEY". Pastscape. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  28. ^ British History Online — Houses of Cistercian monks: Abbey of Robertsbridge — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.71-74)
  29. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 408956
  30. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: RYE AUSTIN FRIARY
  31. ^ a b British History Online — House of Austin Friars: Rye — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.96-97)
  32. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: RYE AUSTIN FRIARY
  33. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: RYE FRIARY OF FRIARS OF THE SACK
  34. ^ St Anthony of Padua > Rye in East Sussex | Town Guide
  35. ^ Rye
  36. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: SALEHURST
  37. ^ "Detailed Result: RUSHLAKE PRIORY". Pastscape. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  38. ^ http://www.harmer.org/Thomas_Harmar_Prior_of_Warbleton.pdf
  39. ^ British History Online — Alien houses: Priory of Wilmington — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.122-123)
  40. ^ "Wilmington Priory of St Mary The Landmark Trust Holiday Accommodation Milton Street Alfriston Arlington Wealden South Downs East Sussex England English". Castleuk.net. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  41. ^ "The Landmark Trust | Wilmington Priory". Bookings.landmarktrust.org.uk. 18 September 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  42. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: WINCHELSEA BLACKFRIARS
  43. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: RECTORY LANE BARN
  44. ^ British History Online — Houses of Dominican Friars: Winchelsea — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.94-95)
  45. ^ a b c "History of Winchelsea". Winchelsea.net. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  46. ^ a b Pastscape — Detailed Result: WINCHELSEA GREYFRIARS
  47. ^ a b British History Online — Houses of Franciscan Friars: Winchelsea — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (p.96)
  48. ^ Pastscape — Detailed Result: MONUMENT NO. 406950
  49. ^ British History Online — Alien houses: Priory of Withyham — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 2 (pp.123-124)
  • Binns, Alison (1989) Studies in the History of Medieval Religion 1: Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066-1216, Boydell
  • Cobbett, William (1868) List of Abbeys, Priories, Nunneries, Hospitals, And Other Religious Foundations in England and Wales and in Ireland, Confiscated, Seized On, or Alienated by the Protestant "Reformation" Sovereigns and Parliaments
  • Knowles, David & Hadcock, R. Neville (1971) Medieval Religious Houses England & Wales. Longman
  • Morris, Richard (1979) Cathedrals and Abbeys of England and Wales, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
  • Thorold, Henry (1986) Collins Guide to Cathedrals, Abbeys and Priories of England and Wales, Collins
  • Thorold, Henry (1993) Collins Guide to the Ruined Abbeys of England, Wales and Scotland, Collins
  • Wright, Geoffrey N., (2004) Discovering Abbeys and Priories, Shire Publications Ltd.
  • English Cathedrals and Abbeys, Illustrated, Odhams Press Ltd.
  • Map of Monastic Britain, South Sheet, Ordnance Survey, 2nd edition, 1954