List of monastic houses in Tyne and Wear

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List of monastic houses in Tyne and Wear is located in Tyne and Wear
NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE
NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE
List of monastic houses in Tyne and Wear
Jarrow Priory
Jarrow Priory
Tynemouth Priory
Tynemouth Priory
Wearmouth Abbey
Wearmouth Abbey
Locations of monastic houses in Tyne and Wear
List of monastic houses in Tyne and Wear is located in Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Austin Friars
Austin Friars
Blackfriars
Blackfriars
Friars of the Sack
Friars of the Sack
Greyfriars
Greyfriars
Trinitarians
Trinitarians
Whitefriars, earlier site
Whitefriars, earlier site
Whitefriars
Whitefriars
Locations of monastic houses in Newcastle-upon-Tyne


The following is a list of monastic houses in Tyne and Wear, England.

In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from the details provided by English Heritage Pastscape [1] and Ordnance Survey publications.

A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.

Abbreviations and key[edit]

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ indicates remains limited to earthworks etc.
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown
identification ambiguous or confused

Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented)
or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.

Trusteeship denoted as follows:
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust

Alphabetical listing of establishments[edit]

Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
OnLine References & Location
Jarrow Priory + StPaulsChurchJarrow.jpg Benedictine monks
founded 681/2 by St Benedict Biscop and King Egfrid;
raided by the Danes 794;
destroyed in raids by the Danes c.867;
destroyed by fire and abandoned 870;
destroyed again? 973;
destroyed by William the Conqueror 1069;
Benedictine monks
(community founded at Newcastle-upon-Tyne c.1073)
restored/refounded 1074 (1072): transferred from Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1074;
cell dependent on Durham, County Durham 1083;
granted to Durham by Bishop William;
dissolved 1536; granted to William, Lord Eure;
remains partly demolished late-18th century;
nave of St Paul's Church built on foundations of main Saxon monastery church;
demolished 1782;
part of church now in parochial use; (EH)
The Priory Church of Saint Paul, Jarrow
____________________
St Paul's Monastery;
Jarrow Monastery;
St Paul's Priory;
Priory of St Paul;
St Paul's Monastery
[1][2]

54°58′49″N 1°28′20″W / 54.9802181°N 1.4722055°W / 54.9802181; -1.4722055 (Jarrow Priory)

54°58′49″N 1°28′19″W / 54.9803228°N 1.4719963°W / 54.9803228; -1.4719963 (Jarrow Priory)
Jarrow Friary? Dominican Friars
possible ref. to Yarm Friary, North Yorks
possibly Yarm Friary (Jarue Friary) [3]

Newcastle-upon-Tyne Austin Friars Augustinian Friars (under the Limit of York)
founded before 1291 by Lord Ross;
dissolved 1539; granted to John, Duke of Northumberland 1551/2;
utilised by the Council of the North;
in use as a military storehouse until sold 1605 and dismantled;
Holy Jesus Hospital, currently in use as a museum, lies within the site of the friary church
[4]

54°58′15″N 1°36′28″W / 54.9709202°N 1.6078877°W / 54.9709202; -1.6078877 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Austin Friars)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Blackfriars ^ Dominican Friars (under the Visitation of York)
founded c.1239 (or 1260) by Sir Peter and Sir Nicholas Scott;
dissolved 1538; granted to the Mayor and burgesses of Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1543/4;
surviving cloister buildings later used as company halls and almshouses;
restored 1978-81;
currently in use as restaurant, workshops and tourist information centre
[5]

54°58′19″N 1°37′10″W / 54.9718624°N 1.6195607°W / 54.9718624; -1.6195607 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Blackfriars)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Friars of the Sack Friars of the Sack
founded 1267;
dissolved 1307 on the suppression of the order;
house granted to the Carmelite Friars (see below)
[2][6]

54°58′06″N 1°36′46″W / 54.9683929°N 1.6127264°W / 54.9683929; -1.6127264 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Friars of the Sack/Whitefriars)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Greyfriars # Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of Newcastle)
founded before 1237;
dissolved 1539;
Observant Franciscan Friars
transferred 1498;
dissolved 1534;
Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual
1534;
dissolved
[7]

54°58′23″N 1°36′46″W / 54.9730724°N 1.6126889°W / 54.9730724; -1.6126889 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Greyfriars)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Monastery (?) purported early monastery — evidence lacking[note 1] 'Castrum vel civitas monachorum' ("Monkchester") [note 2]
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Priory Benedictine monks — from Evesham, Worcestershire
founded c.1073;
transferred to Jarrow 1074
Newcastle-upon-Tyne — St Bartholomew's Priory Benedictine nuns
founded before 1086;
possibly dissolved
(re)founded shortly before 1135(?);
dissolved 3 January 1540
St Bartholomew
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Trinitarians Trinitarians
founded 1360 by William Wakefield on the former site of Carmelite Friars (see immediately below);
dissolved 1539; granted to Richard Gresham and Richard Billingford 1545/6
St Michael;

Holy Trinity
____________________
Acton's Hospital
[6]

54°58′15″N 1°36′13″W / 54.970971°N 1.6036364°W / 54.970971; -1.6036364 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Whitefriars, earlier site/Trinitarians)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Whitefriars, earlier site Carmelite Friars
founded before 1262 by Richard I;
transferred to the former site of the Friars of the Sack (see immediately below) 1307, when the site was divided by the new town wall;
hospital of St Michael founded on the site 1360 (see immediately above)
[2]

54°58′15″N 1°36′13″W / 54.970971°N 1.6036364°W / 54.970971; -1.6036364 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Whitefriars, earlier site/Trinitarians)
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Whitefriars formerly the house of Friars of the Sack;
Carmelite Friars (see above)
(community founded at earlier site (see immediately above) 1262);
transferred here 1307;
granted to Richard Gresham and Richard Billingford 1545/6;
remains demolished 1960s
[6]

54°58′06″N 1°36′46″W / 54.9683929°N 1.6127264°W / 54.9683929; -1.6127264 (Newcastle-upon-Tyne Friars of the Sack/Whitefriars)
Tynemouth Priory TynemouthPriory panorama1.jpg Saxon monastery
apparently both monks and nuns
purportedly founded after 653 (after 627 / after 634) by King Oswald;
nuns settled here from various locations during Danish raids;
completely destroyed 865-75;
apparently restored 10th century;
monks transferred to Durham, Durham 1083;
Benedictine monks
dependent on St Albans, Hertfordshire;
repaired and refounded c.1083 (1085) by Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland, by consent of the King and the Archbishop of Canterbury; (EH)
St Mary

St Mary and St Oswin
[9]

55°01′04″N 1°25′04″W / 55.0177388°N 1.4178586°W / 55.0177388; -1.4178586 (Tynemouth Priory)
Wearmouth Abbey,
Monkwearmouth
StPetersChurchMonkwearmouth.jpg Benedictine? monks
founded 674, built by St Benedict Biscopius;
destroyed in raids by the Danes c.867;
destroyed by Malcolm III, King of Scotland 1070;
Benedictine monks
refounded 1074(1075);
priory cell 1083;
dissolved 1536; granted to Thomas Whitehead 1545/6
The Abbey Church of Saint Peter, Wearmouth
____________________
Monkswearmouth Abbey;
Monkwearmouth Abbey;
Wermouth Cell
[2]

54°54′47″N 1°22′30″W / 54.9131172°N 1.3748896°W / 54.9131172; -1.3748896 (Wearmouth Abbey)

Glossary[edit]


edit this box

Map link to lists of monastic houses in England by county[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Newcastle-upon-Tyne, early monastery — T. Tanner, Notitia Monastica, p.391: "But of these old monks here I have yet met with no particular account"
  2. ^ ibid.

References[edit]

  • Binns, Alison (1989) Studies in the History of Medieval Religion 1: Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066-1216, Boydell
  • Cobbett, William (1868) List of Abbeys, Priories, Nunneries, Hospitals, And Other Religious Foundations in England and Wales and in Ireland, Confiscated, Seized On, or Alienated by the Protestant "Reformation" Sovereigns and Parliaments
  • Knowles, David & Hadcock, R. Neville (1971) Medieval Religious Houses England & Wales. Longman
  • Morris, Richard (1979) Cathedrals and Abbeys of England and Wales, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
  • Thorold, Henry (1986) Collins Guide to Cathedrals, Abbeys and Priories of England and Wales, Collins
  • Thorold, Henry (1993) Collins Guide to the Ruined Abbeys of England, Wales and Scotland, Collins
  • Wright, Geoffrey N., (2004) Discovering Abbeys and Priories, Shire Publications Ltd.
  • English Cathedrals and Abbeys, Illustrated, Odhams Press Ltd.
  • Map of Monastic Britain, South Sheet, Ordnance Survey, 2nd edition, 1954