List of monorail systems

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A Monorail is a railway system in which the track consists of a single rail, typically elevated and with the trains suspended from it. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the vehicles traveling on such a beam or track. Monorail systems have been built in many countries around the world, many of them on elevated tracks through crowded areas that would otherwise require the construction of expensive underground lines or have the disadvantages of surface lines.

Operational monorails[edit]

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

Location Country Name Year opened Stations System length
Gold Coast  Australia Sea World Monorail System 1986 3 2 km (1.2 mi)
Lichtaart  Belgium Bobbejaanland Theme Park Monorail [1] 1961 N/A N/A
Poços de Caldas  Brazil Poços de Caldas Monorail 1990 11 6 km (3.7 mi)
Montreal  Canada La Ronde (amusement park) Minirail 1967 N/A 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Chongqing  China Chongqing Monorail Line 2&3 2011 18+39 74.7 km (46.4 mi)
Shanghai  China Shanghai Maglev Train 2004 2 30.5 km (19.0 mi)
Shenzhen  China Happy Line 1998 7 3.88 km (2.41 mi)
Shenzhen  China Window of the World Theme Park Monorail 1993 3 1.7 km (1.1 mi)
Helsinki  Finland Linnanmäki Amusement Park Monorail(Maisemajuna) 1979 N/A N/A
Wuppertal  Germany Wuppertal Suspension Railway 1901 20 13.3 km (8.3 mi)
Dresden  Germany Dresden Suspension Railway 1901 1 0.27 km (0.17 mi)
Dortmund  Germany H-Bahn Monorail 1984 4 3.16 km (1.96 mi)
Magdeburg  Germany Panoramabahn Elbauenpark 1999 N/A 3 km (1.9 mi)
Mumbai  India Mumbai Monorail 2014 7 9 km (5.6 mi)
Listowel  Ireland Lartigue Monorail 2003 N/A N/A
Ravenna  Italy Mirabilandia Amusement Park Monorail 1992 1 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Chiba  Japan Chiba Urban Monorail 1988 18 15.2 km (9.4 mi)
Urayasu  Japan Disney Resort Line 2001 4 5 km (3.1 mi)
Kitakyushu  Japan Kitakyushu Monorail 1985 13 8.8 km (5.5 mi)
Naha, Okinawa  Japan Okinawa Monorail 2003 15 12.8 km (8.0 mi)
Osaka Prefecture  Japan Osaka Monorail 1990 18 28 km (17 mi)
Aki-ku, Hiroshima  Japan Skyrail Midorizaka Line 1998 3 1.3 km (0.81 mi)
Kanagawa Prefecture  Japan Shonan Monorail 1970 8 6.6 km (4.1 mi)
Western Tokyo  Japan Tama Toshi Monorail Line 1998 19 16 km (9.9 mi)
Taitō, Tokyo  Japan Ueno Zoo Monorail 1958 2 0.3 km (0.19 mi)
Tokyo  Japan Tokyo Monorail 1964 11 17.8 km (11.1 mi)
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Monorail 2003 11 8.6 km (5.3 mi)
Malacca  Malaysia Malacca Monorail 2010 Not Operational 1.6 km (0.99 mi)
Mexico City  Mexico Aerotren AICM Mexico City International Airport 2007 N/A 3 km (1.9 mi)
Moscow  Russia Moscow Monorail 2004 6 4.7 km (2.9 mi)
Singapore  Singapore Sentosa Express 2007 4 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Daejeon  South Korea Taedok Science Town Monorail 1993 3 2.4 km (1.5 mi)
Seoul  South Korea Lotte World Monorail 1986 2 NA
Zaragoza  Spain Plaza Imperial Monorail 2008 2 0.6 km (0.37 mi)
Chiang Mai Province  Thailand Chiang Mai Zoo Monorail 2005 4 2 km (1.2 mi)
Dubai  UAE Palm Jumeirah Monorail 2009 2 5.45 km (3.39 mi)
Chester  UK Chester Zoo Monorail 1991 2 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Chessington  UK Safari Skyway 1986 NA NA
Jacksonville  US Jacksonville Skyway 1989 8 4 km (2.5 mi)
Las Vegas Strip  US Las Vegas Monorail 2004 7 6.3 km (3.9 mi)
Seattle  US Seattle Center Monorail 1962 2 1.54 km (0.96 mi)

This is a listing of monorails that are presently operating and open to the public. Only true monorails (vehicle wider than track) are included; see people mover for a list of monorail-like systems.

Other Monorails[edit]

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

People's Republic of China[edit]
CRT Line 2, Dongwuyuan station in Chongqing, China
Thailand[edit]
  • Dream World Theme Park in the northern side of Bangkok has a monorail attraction in Adventure Land.
  • Pattaya Park Resort in Chon Buri province has an operating monorail transit.

Europe[edit]

Von Roll monorail at Alton Towers, UK, originally built for Expo 86 in Canada

North America[edit]

Monorails can be found in the following places in North America:

Airports and shopping/medical centers[edit]
Amusement parks/exhibition areas[edit]

Australia[edit]

Monorails under construction[edit]

Physical construction work has started on the following monorails:

Eurasia[edit]

Americas[edit]

Proposed monorails[edit]

Africa[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Decommissioned or Cancelled Monorails[edit]

Asia[edit]

Patiala State Monorail System at National Rail Museum, New Delhi

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

South Korea[edit]

  • Wolmi Galaxy Rail, Incheon. Construction completed in 2010, but never opened to public. Officially abandoned in 2014 and now scheduled for demolition.

Thailand[edit]

  • Fashion Island Monorail, Bangkok, Thailand. Short indoor amusement park monorail in Fashion Island shopping center. Decommissioned due to an accident which killed 2 riders.
  • Tuk-Tuk Monorail, Bangkok. Half indoor-outdoor monorail tour operated between LeoLand amusement park and the water park. The track is still located in the 6th floor of Central City Bang Na.

Australia[edit]

  • Sydney Monorail (also known as Metro Monorail), Sydney, Australia (closed on 30 June 2013)[38]
A monorail train at World Expo 88
  • Brisbane, Queensland had a Von Roll Type II monorail built for World Expo '88. Four sets, consisting of nine carriages each, operated in a continuous loop throughout the Expo site. A single train set and some track was sold to Sea World, Gold Coast, in 1989 for expansion of its monorail system. The remainder of the sets and track were bought back by Von Roll.

Europe[edit]

  • Milngavie, near Glasgow, had an experimental high-speed propellor-powered monorail, the Bennie Rail Plane, built during 1929-30 and abandoned during the Great Depression.
  • Butlins Skegness Camp, Skegness, United Kingdom (1964–2003) — the first commercial monorail in the UK
  • Birmingham Airport had a magnetic levitation train which had to be closed down due it becoming life expired and a lack of spare parts. It was later rebuilt as a more conventional elevated rail system.
  • Merry Hill Shopping Centre, Brierley Hill, West Midlands had a Von Roll Mk III Series monorail which opened in June 1991 but only worked for a short while before finally being sold off in 1996. The rolling stock now operates in Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia. Reasons for the closure of this system include a combination of technical problems and safety concerns (especially the difficulty of evacuation), exacerbated by a dispute between the owners of Merry Hill and The Waterfront which at this time were owned separately.
  • Seville Expo '92
  • France has two abandoned test tracks for the Aérotrain, which can be considered monorails. One is between Limours and Gometz-la-Ville and the other between Saran and Artenay. France also had a suspended monorail the SAFEGE that featured in the film Fahrenheit 451.
  • Russia had one suspended monorail build in 1899 at a leisure park. A horse-pulled monorail was already been built in 1820 in Myachkove near Moscow.

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Nasrec Development - Stage 2: Business Plan" (PDF). Johannesburg Development Agency. September 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-12. [dead link]
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  6. ^ Hilton, Spud. "The monorail at CalExpo winds more than a - Media (3 of 4) State Fair's city of fun / California's". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
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  18. ^ http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11361046-s75.htm
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  21. ^ a b c Joseph P Schwieterman (2007-09-01). "Return of the inter-city train". Railway Gazette International. p. 563. 
  22. ^ http://www.trensquebec.qc.ca TrensQuébec (French).
  23. ^ Pennsylvania High Speed Maglev Project - Connecting Pittsburgh International Airport, Downtown, Monroeville, Greensburg
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  25. ^ http://www.acritica.com.br/content/not-detail.asp?materia_id=147137
  26. ^ http://www.bnamericas.com/news/infrastructure/Manaus*_US*776mn_monorail_suspended_over_financing,_irregularities
  27. ^ http://veja.abril.com.br/noticia/economia/bombardier-construira-monotrilho-em-sao-paulo
  28. ^ http://elcomercio.pe/actualidad/1647822/noticia-arequipa-contaria-tren-electrico-2016
  29. ^ http://www.bnamericas.com/news/infrastructure/rousseff-to-sign-agreement-for-us875mn-monorail-construction-in-rio
  30. ^ "Plans for a monorail between New Street and Birmingham airport". 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  31. ^ "Preston council chief proposes monorail service". 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2008-04-27. [dead link]
  32. ^ "News paper article". 2006-01-01. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  33. ^ "6. fase - Svævebane". MCH. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
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  35. ^ [7]
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  37. ^ Monorail News
  38. ^ "Sydney's monorail to make its final stop on June 30 next year". 
  39. ^ Pendergrast, Lolo (August 23, 1994). "Carowinds retires monorail attraction". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1C. 
  40. ^ "First U.S. Monorail Has Trial Run." Popular Mechanics, June 1956, p. 77.
  41. ^ Gold, John Robert; Margaret M. Gold. Cities of Culture. Ashgate Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-84014-285-3. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  42. ^ Beauchamp (January 1997). Exhibiting Electricity. Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-85296-895-6. 
  43. ^ http://www.twincities.com 6/2/2013

External links[edit]