List of mosques in the United States
This is a list of notable mosques in the United States of America.
History of mosques in the United States
A mosque, or masjid, can be defined as any place that Muslims pray facing to Mecca, and is not necessarily a building; by that meaning there were mosques in the United States by 1731 or earlier. Muslim Job ben Solomon (1701-1773), an African-American who was kidnapped into slavery in Senegal or Gambia, is documented by his slave narrative memoir to have prayed in the forest of Kent Island, Maryland, where he was brought during 1731-33.
Some sources assert that what is likely the first American mosque building was a mosque in Biddeford, Maine that was founded in 1915 by Albanian Muslims. A Muslim cemetery still existed there in 1996.
However the first "purpose-built" mosque building was probably a mosque opened in 1921 in Detroit, Michigan. It was close to the famous Highland Park Ford Plant which began mass, assembly-line production of Ford Model T cars in 1913, and where "hundreds of Arab American men" came to work. This mosque included Sunni, Shiite and Ahmadi Muslims, and was funded by Muhammad Karoub, a real estate developer.
The Mother Mosque of America, built in 1934 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is asserted to be the oldest still-existing mosque building in the U.S. Also is asserted to be the oldest standing mosque in the U.S. is the Al-Sadiq Mosque, built in 1922 in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago.
It has been estimated that there were somewhat more than 100 mosques in the U.S. in 1970, but immigration of more than a million Muslims since then led to hundreds more being built.
The overall number of mosques in the United States quietly rose from 1,209 in 2000 to 2,106 in 2010, an increase of 74%.
The "Ground Zero mosque", a planned mosque in lower Manhattan, was the subject of controversy from 2010 on. In September 2011, a temporary 4,000-square-foot (370 m2) Islamic center opened in renovated space at the site, and current plans are for a museum to be built, instead of a mosque.
A 2011 study, The American Mosque 2011, sponsored by the Hartford Institute for Religion Research (Hartford Seminary), the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies, as well as the nation's largest Islamic civic and religious groups, including the Islamic Society of North America and the Council on American-Islamic Relations, found that the U.S. States with the most mosques were New York (257), California (246) and Texas (166).
Through 2014, a building boom for mosques has been going on.
Numerous ones mentioned for their architecture:
Notable individual mosques
|AAIIL||Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam|
|AMJ||Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat|
|NoI||Nation of Islam|
|SA||Saudi Arabia (Wahhabism)|
|U||Unknown group (or undetermineted)|
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- Edward E. Curtis IV (August 29, 2010). "Five myths about mosques in America". Washington Post.
- Queen, Edward L., Stephen Prothero and Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr. (1996). The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File.
- Ghazali, Abdul Sattar (August 4, 2001). "The Mosques in America: A National Portrait by CAIR: The number of mosque attendants increasing rapidly in America". American Muslim Perspective.
- "Islamic places of worship in U.S. up 74% since 2000 – USATODAY.com". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- Abbie Fentress Swanson (September 21, 2011). "Park 51 Opens Renovated Space with Photo Exhibit of NYC Immigrant Children". WNYC Culture. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- Tamara Audi (August 14, 2014). "A New Mosque Rises--in Alaska: Construction Is Part of a Building Boom Nationwide as Muslim Population Rises". Wall Street Journal. (see intro)
- Omar Khalidi (2001). "Import, Adapt, Innovate: Mosque Design in the United States". Aramco World.
- Masjid Building Flyer
- Julia O'Malley (December 5, 2012). "Alaskan Muslims raising the roof of state’s first mosque". Aljazeera.com.
- "World Mosque list". Mosquelist.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- "Masjid in Alaska - Mosque in Alaska - Islam in Alaska - Muslims in Alaska - Islamic Community Center Anchorage Alaska - Alaska Muslim - ICCAA Alaska". Alaskamasjid.com. Retrieved 2014-08-03.
- Mosques and Centers, directory of addresses & phone numbers, at BLDUSA.COM