List of mosques in the United States

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This is a list of notable mosques in the United States of America.

Selected history of mosques in the United States[edit]

A mosque, or masjid, can be defined as any place that Muslims pray facing to Mecca, and is not necessarily a building; by that meaning there were mosques in the United States by 1731 or earlier. Muslim Job ben Solomon (1701-1773), an African-American who was kidnapped into slavery in Senegal or Gambia, is documented by his slave narrative memoir to have prayed in the forest of Kent Island, Maryland, where he was brought during 1731-33.[1]

Some sources assert that what is likely the first American mosque building was a mosque in Biddeford, Maine that was founded in 1915 by Albanian Muslims. A Muslim cemetery still existed there in 1996.[2][3]

However the first "purpose-built" mosque building was probably a mosque opened in 1921 in Detroit, Michigan. It was close to the famous Highland Park Ford Plant which began mass, assembly-line production of Ford Model T cars in 1913, and where "hundreds of Arab American men" came to work. This mosque included Sunni, Shiite and Ahmadi Muslims, and was funded by Muhammad Karoub, a real estate developer.[1]

The Mother Mosque of America, built in 1934 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is asserted to be the oldest still-existing mosque building in the U.S. Also is asserted to be the oldest standing mosque in the U.S. is the Al-Sadiq Mosque, built in 1922 in the Bronzeville neighborhood of Chicago.

Nation of Islam mosques, mostly of African Americans, are often in storefronts or former churches.[1]

It has been estimated that there were somewhat more than 100 mosques in the U.S. in 1970, but immigration of more than a million Muslims since then led to hundreds more being built.[1]

The overall number of mosques in the United States quietly rose from 1,209 in 2000 to 2,106 in 2010, an increase of 74%.[4]

The "Ground Zero mosque", a planned mosque in lower Manhattan, was the subject of controversy from 2010 on. In September 2011, a temporary 4,000-square-foot (370 m2) Islamic center opened in renovated space at the site,[5] and current plans are for a museum to be built, instead of a mosque.

A 2011 study, The American Mosque 2011, sponsored by the Hartford Institute for Religion Research (Hartford Seminary), the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies, as well as the nation's largest Islamic civic and religious groups, including the Islamic Society of North America and the Council on American-Islamic Relations, found that the U.S. States with the most mosques were New York (257), California (246) and Texas (166).[4]

Through 2014, a building boom for mosques has been going on.[6]

Numerous ones mentioned for their architecture:[7]

Notable individual mosques[edit]

Group
AAIIL Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam
AMJ Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat
NoI Nation of Islam
SA Saudi Arabia (Wahhabism)
U Unknown group (or undetermineted)
Name Photo Location State Year G Remarks
Islamic Community Center of Anchorage, Alaska (ICCAA)
Alaska First Masjid
3901 Taft Drive, Anchorage Alaska Broke ground October 2010 in construction of Alaska's first masjid, school, and center.[8] To serve Anchorage's approximately 3,000 diverse Muslims in a 15,000-square-foot-facility (1,400 m2).[9][10][11]
Mosque Tucson
Tucson mosque2.JPG
Tucson Arizona  ? AMJ Also known as the 'Yousaf Mosque'
Tucson Islamic Center, University of Arizona
Masjed UA.jpg
Tucson Arizona  ? U
Baitul Hameed
Baitulhameed.jpg
Chino California  ? AMJ
Islamic Center of Irvine
Islamic Center of Irvine.jpg
Irvine, California California 2004
Islamic Center of Orange County Garden Grove, California California 1976 Asserted to be one of the largest Muslim centers in the Western Hemisphere, with almost 7,000 worshipers.
Islamic Center of Southern California Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, California
34°03′59″N 118°17′29″W / 34.066384°N 118.291312°W / 34.066384; -118.291312 (Islamic Center of Southern California)
California 1952 Very large.
Masjid Annur Islamic Center Sacramento, California
38°29′58″N 121°26′21″W / 38.49944°N 121.43917°W / 38.49944; -121.43917 (Masjid Annur Islamic Center)
California
Masjid Ar-Ribat al-Islami 7173 Saranac Street, San Diego, California California A Sunni mosque.
Sacramento Islamic Mosque 411 V St., Sacramento, California California Asserted to be the oldest mosque in the United States west of the Mississippi River.
Islamic Center of Connecticut Windsor, Connecticut Connecticut
Atlanta Masjid of Al-Islam 560 Fayetteville Road, Atlanta, Georgia
33°44′19″N 84°18′39″W / 33.7385°N 84.3108°W / 33.7385; -84.3108 (Atlanta Masjid of Al-Islam)
Georgia Established when Elijah Muhammad purchased a property on Bankhead Hwy, moved later.
Mosque Maryam
Muslim Temple No. 2
Mosque Maryam.jpg
7351 South Stony Island Avenue, Chicago
41°45′39″N 87°35′6.2″W / 41.76083°N 87.585056°W / 41.76083; -87.585056 (Mosque Maryam)
Illinois 1972 NoI Originally a Greek Orthodox church, purchased in 1972 by the Nation of Islam. Headquarters of the Nation of Islam and of Louis Farrakhan.
Wabash Mosque Chicago Illinois 1922 AMJ
Al-Sadiq Mosque
Al-Sadiq mosque.jpg
Bronzeville neighborhood, Chicago Illinois 1922 Asserted to be the oldest standing mosque in the U.S.
Islamic Foundation Villa Park, Illinois
41°52′04″N 87°59′09″W / 41.867913°N 87.985876°W / 41.867913; -87.985876 (Islamic Foundation)
Illinois 1974
Islamic Foundation North
Islamic Foundation North.jpg
Waukegan, Illinois
42°19′41″N 87°54′47″W / 42.328052°N 87.913123°W / 42.328052; -87.913123 (Islamic Foundation North)
Illinois 2004
Masjid Darussalam
Masjid DaursSalam.JPG
Lombard, Illinois
41°54′11″N 88°02′43″W / 41.903073°N 88.045311°W / 41.903073; -88.045311 (Masjid Darussalam)
Illinois 2013
Mosque Foundation
Mosque Foundation 1.jpg
7360 W. 93rd St., Bridgeview, Illinois Illinois 1980
Muslim Community Center Chicago
41°57′37″N 87°43′44″W / 41.960164°N 87.729012°W / 41.960164; -87.729012 (Muslim Community Center)
Illinois 1969
Muslim Association of Greater Rockford
MAGR.jpg
Rockford Illinois 1984
Mother Mosque of America 1335 9th Street NW, Cedar Rapids
41°59′10.69″N 91°41′2.2″W / 41.9863028°N 91.683944°W / 41.9863028; -91.683944 (Mother Mosque of America)
Iowa 1934 U
Baitur Rahman
Baitur Rehman, Washington.jpg
Silver Spring, Maryland Maryland 1994 AMJ
Imam Mahdi Islamic Education Center of Baltimore 2406 Putty Hill Ave, Parkville, Baltimore County, Maryland Maryland 2003
Islamic Society of Western Maryland 2036 Day Road, Hagerstown, Maryland
39°36′19.68″N 77°41′1.71″W / 39.6054667°N 77.6838083°W / 39.6054667; -77.6838083 (Islamic Society of Western Maryland)
Maryland 1994
Allston Congregational Church
Allston Congregational Church Boston MA 01.jpg
31-41 Quint Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts Massachusetts A mosque meets in former Congregational church.
Islamic Society of Boston
Islamic Society of Boston.jpg
Cambridge, Massachusetts Massachusetts
Islamic Society of Greater Lowell Chelmsford, Massachusetts Massachusetts
Quincy Mosque Quincy, Massachusetts Massachusetts 1963
Sharon Mosque Sharon, Massachusetts Massachusetts Was established by Lebanese American immigrants.
Worcester Mosque Worcester, Massachusetts Massachusetts 2005
Islamic Center of America
Islamic Center America.jpg
Dearborn Michigan 2005 U
Dearborn Mosque Dearborn Michigan 1937 U
Muslim Temple No. 1 Detroit Michigan 1931 NoI First mosque of the Nation of Islam.
Al-Islah Mosque Hamtramck, Michigan Michigan 2000 Following the Sunni tradition. It was founded by immigrants from Bangladesh.
Islamic Center and Mosque of Grand Rapids Grand Rapids, Michigan Michigan 1986
Daar-Ul-Islam 517 Weidman Road, Ballwin, Missouri Missouri One of two mosques of the Islamic Foundation of Greater St. Louis
Islamic Center of Central Missouri
Islamic Center of Central Missouri at night.jpg
201 S. Fifth St., Columbia, Missouri
38°56′5″N 92°19′55″W / 38.93472°N 92.33194°W / 38.93472; -92.33194 (Islamic Center of Central Missouri)
Missouri 1983 First ever Islamic Center in Missouri.
St. Louis Islamic Center St. Louis, Missouri Missouri 2010 a Bosnian mosque
Masjid As-Sabur (As-Sabur Mosque) Las Vegas, Nevada Nevada
Islamic Association of Long Island 10 Park Hill Drive, Selden, New York, eastern Long Island 65 miles east of NYC New York 1974 Also known as the Selden Masjid
Islamic Society of Central New York Comstock Avenue, Syracuse, New York New York 1981 Sunni mosque and community center
Masjid Al-Mamoor Jamaica, New York New York Also known as the Jamaica Muslim Center, includes a Mosque, a school, a place for religious gathering and eating facilities, and is one of the largest multi-purpose Muslim establishments in the U.S. Located in a Bangladeshi-American neighborhood.
Masjid Hamza 200 Stuart Avenue, Valley Stream, New York New York
Mid-Hudson Islamic Association Wappingers Falls, New York New York Also known as Masjid Al-Noor (Arabicمسجد النور)
Mosque No. 7
Malcolm Shabazz Mosque.jpg
Harlem, New York City New York Where Harlem where Malcolm X preached in a storefront until he split from Elijah Muhammad and left the Nation of Islam in 1964. Destroyed in a bombing in 1965, after Malcolm X's assassination. Rebuilt later as a proper mosque and known as Malcolm Shabazz Mosque or Masjid Malcolm Shabazz.
Mosque of Islamic Brotherhood Inc. 130 West 113th Street, Harlem, New York City New York Successor to the Sunni Muslim mosque that was named The Muslim Mosque Inc., which was started by Malcolm X after Malcolm X split from Elijah Muhammad in 1964
Hazrati Abu Bakr Siddique
Flushing 33 Av 143 St mosque jeh.JPG
Flushing, Queens
40°46′6.08″N 73°49′30.28″W / 40.7683556°N 73.8250778°W / 40.7683556; -73.8250778 (Hazrati Abu Bakr Siddique)
New York
Masjid al-Ikhlas
Masjid al-Ikhlas, Newburgh, NY.jpg
Newburgh
41°30′0″N 74°01′49″W / 41.50000°N 74.03028°W / 41.50000; -74.03028 (Masjid al-Ikhlas)
New York 1992
Islamic Cultural Center of New York
Islamic Cultural Center E96 jeh.JPG
1711 Third Avenue, New York City
40°47′7″N 73°56′55″W / 40.78528°N 73.94861°W / 40.78528; -73.94861 (Islamic Cultural Center of New York)
New York 1991 Also known as "96th Street Mosque"
Park51 49-51 Park Place, New York City
40°42′49″N 74°00′36″W / 40.71361°N 74.01000°W / 40.71361; -74.01000 (Park51)
New York 2011 (temporary facility) Proposed mosque, also known as the "Ground Zero mosque", a plan that became subject of controversy in 2010. Currently a museum not a mosque is planned. But in September 2011, a temporary 4,000-square-foot (370 m2) Islamic center opened in renovated space at the site.[5]
Noor Islamic Cultural Center Columbus Ohio 2006 U
Islamic Society of Greater Dayton Josie Street, Dayton Ohio Sunni
Portland Rizwan Mosque Portland Oregon  ? AMJ [12]

Posted: 07/19/2010 9:03 pm EDT

Mosque of Shaikh M. R. Bawa Muhaiyaddeen
Center-Panel-small.JPG
Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1984
Islamic Center of Murfreesboro
Islamic Center of Murfreesboro with flag.JPG
Murfreesboro, Tennessee Tennessee 2012
Dallas Central Mosque of the Islamic Association of North Texas
Islamic center of north texas 2009-08-07.jpg
840 Abrams Rd, Richardson, Texas Texas
Islamic Center of Greater Austin 5110 Manor Road, Austin, TX 78723, United States Texas 1977
Islamic Center of Irving 2555 N Esters Road, Irving, Texas Texas 1991
Dar Al-Hijrah Islamic Center (Arabic: مركز دار الهجرة الاسلامي, English: Land of Migration)
Dar Al-Hijrah Islamic Center 2010-02-08.JPG
Seven Corners area of unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia Virginia More in Category:Mosques in the United States
Islamic Center of Washington
Islamic Center of Washington.jpg
Washington, D.C. 1957 U
Fazl Mosque, also called the American Fazl Mosque Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. 1950 Established by the Ahmadis in 1950. Served as the American headquarters of the Ahmaddiya movement in the United States until 1994
More in Category:Mosques in the United States ?

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Edward E. Curtis IV (August 29, 2010). "Five myths about mosques in America". Washington Post. 
  2. ^ Queen, Edward L., Stephen Prothero and Gardiner H. Shattuck Jr. (1996). The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File. 
  3. ^ Ghazali, Abdul Sattar (August 4, 2001). "The Mosques in America: A National Portrait by CAIR: The number of mosque attendants increasing rapidly in America". American Muslim Perspective. 
  4. ^ a b "Islamic places of worship in U.S. up 74% since 2000 – USATODAY.com". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  5. ^ a b Abbie Fentress Swanson (September 21, 2011). "Park 51 Opens Renovated Space with Photo Exhibit of NYC Immigrant Children". WNYC Culture. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  6. ^ Tamara Audi (August 14, 2014). "A New Mosque Rises--in Alaska: Construction Is Part of a Building Boom Nationwide as Muslim Population Rises". Wall Street Journal.  (see intro)
  7. ^ Omar Khalidi (2001). "Import, Adapt, Innovate: Mosque Design in the United States". Aramco World. 
  8. ^ Masjid Building Flyer
  9. ^ Julia O'Malley (December 5, 2012). "Alaskan Muslims raising the roof of state’s first mosque". Aljazeera.com. 
  10. ^ "World Mosque list". Mosquelist.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  11. ^ "Masjid in Alaska - Mosque in Alaska - Islam in Alaska - Muslims in Alaska - Islamic Community Center Anchorage Alaska - Alaska Muslim - ICCAA Alaska". Alaskamasjid.com. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  12. ^ Nancy Haught (July 19, 2010). "Ahmadi Sect Struggles For Recognition, Respect From Other Muslims". Religion News Service / Huffington Post. 

External links[edit]