List of most common surnames in Asia
This is a list of the most common surnames in Asia, in alphabetical order of the country.
|1||Məmmədov||Mammadov||"Son of Mammad"|
|2||Əliyev||Aliyev||"Son of Ali"|
|3||Həsənov||Hasanov||"Son of Hasan"|
|4||Hüseynov||Huseynov||"Son of Hussein"|
|5||Quliyev||Guliyev||"Son of Qulu"|
|6||Hacıyev||Hajiev||"Son of Haji"|
|7||Rəsulov||Rasulov||"Son of Rasoul"|
|8||Süleymanov||Suleymanov||"Son of Suleyman"|
|9||Musayev||Musayev||"Son of Musa"|
|10||Abbasov||Abbasov||"Son of Abbas"|
|11||Babayev||Babayev||"Son of Baba"|
|12||Vəliyev||Valiyev||"Son of Vali"|
|14||İsmayılov||Ismayilov||"Son of Ismayil"|
|15||Ibrahimov||Ibrahimov||"Son of Ibrahim"|
According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on April 24, 2007, the top three surnames in China have a combined population larger than Indonesia, the world's fourth-most-populous country. The top 10 surnames each have a population greater than 20 million; the top 22 have populations of more than 10 million. The top 100 surnames cover 84.77% of China's population.
The press release from the Ministry of Public Security only provided detailed numbers for the top three surnames. Information about the others from 2006 comes from a multi-year study by Yuan Yida of the Chinese Academy of Sciences's Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, which purportedly used a sample size of 296 million spread across 1,110 counties and cities.
Most Indonesians do not use family last name. There is only a small number of ethnic groups which maintain family names. For more information, see Indonesian Names
Officially, there are 291,129 different Japanese surnames, as determined by their kanji, although many of these are spelled and romanized similarly. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population, while the top 100 cover slightly more than 33%.
This ranking is a result of "The National Same Family Name Investigation" by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. This investigation intended for approximately 6,118,000 people who joined life insurance of Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.
The majority of Filipinos use Spanish surnames that were given to them by their Spanish rulers (See Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames). However, many Filipinos still use their native surnames such as Kalaw, Macaraeg, Gatdula and many others. Filipino Chinese often use their Chinese family names. Some other Filipino mestizos (mixed-ancestry) bear the foreign names of their bloodline.
According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior's Department of Population in February, 2005, Taiwan has only 1,989 surnames. The top ten surnames in Taiwan accounted for 52.62% of the general population, and the top 100 accounted for 96.11%.
There are no common Thai surnames. Surnames were largely introduced to Thai culture only by the 1913 Surname Act, and under Thai law, only one family can use any given surname: any two people of the same surname must be related, and it is very rare for two people to share the same full name. In one sample of 45,665 names, 81% of family names were unique.
The top 10 surnames cover more than 80% of the population.
- Nguyễn 阮 (38%)
- Trần 陳 (11%)
- Lê 黎 (9.5%)
- Phạm 范 (7.1%)
- Huỳnh/Hoàng 黃 (5.1%)
- Phan 潘 (4.5%)
- Vũ/Võ 武 (3.9%)
- Đặng 鄧(2.1%)
- Bùi 裴 (2%)
- Đỗ 杜 (1.4%)
- Hồ 胡 (1.3%)
- Ngô 吳 (1.3%)
- Dương 楊 (1%)
- Lý 李 (0.5%)
Source: Lê Trung Hoa, Họ Và Tên Người Việt Nam (Vietnamese Family and Personal Names), Social Sciences Publishing House (2005) 
- Lists of most common surnames
- List of most common surnames in Central America
- List of most common surnames in Europe
- List of most common surnames in North America
- List of most common surnames in Oceania
- List of most common surnames in South America
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (August 2012)|
- "Какие самые распространенные фамилии в Азербайджане?". 1news.az (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Xinhua News. 24 Apr 2007. "中国姓氏排行". op. cit. "天下第一大姓——王." 14 Nov 2007. Accessed 26 Mar 2012.
- "公安部统计：'王'成中国第一大姓 有9288万人." 24 Apr 2007. Accessed 27 Mar 2012.(Chinese)
- Baidu Baike. "新百家姓". (Chinese)
- Badan Pusat Statistik. "Population of Indonesia by Province 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010". 2009. Accessed 29 Mar 2012.
- The authoritative results of this survey were previously published at the National Citizen Identity Information Center's website at http://www.nciic.com.cn/yewufanwei-rksu-mfcp2.htm. However, the link is now dead.
- Georgian Civil Registry Agency. "Popular Names". Accessed 26 Oct 2010. (Georgian)
- Yediot Achronot. 23 Feb 2004. Op. cit. in "Jerusalem 271 to 300".
- Kaganoff, B. C. A Dictionary of Jewish Names and Their History. Schocken Books (New York), 1977. Op cit. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
- Beider, Alexander & al. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu (New York), 1993. Op cit. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
- Gotthard Deutsch. Jewish Encyclopedia. "Katz". 1906. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
- 日本苗字大辞典 [Japanese Surname Dictionary]. 芳文館 [Houbunkan]. 1996. ISBN 4990058402.
- "明治安田生命 全国同姓調査 [Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company - National same family name investigation]" (Press release). Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2012-05-30.
- South Korean National Statistical Office. 2000 Census.
- National Statistics Office
- Op. cit. 中华百家姓-千字文-国学经典-文化经典. "中国台湾姓氏排行 [Taiwan (China) Surname Ranking]". 8 Jun 2010. Accessed 1 Apr 2012. (Chinese)
- Asian Times. "What's in a name? The number nine, if you want."
- 45,665 Thai names: Examining passlist.96, by Doug Cooper
- Turkish Directorate-General of Population and Citizenships
- List of over 2500 Hebrew names used in Israel with pronunciation
- List of all first names used in Israel with pronunciation and statistics in Hebrew