List of most common surnames in Asia

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This is a list of the most common surnames in Asia, in alphabetical order of the country.

Azerbaijan[edit]

Rank[1] Name Romanization Meaning
1 Məmmədov Mammadov "Son of Mammad"
2 Əliyev Aliyev "Son of Ali"
3 Həsənov Hasanov "Son of Hasan"
4 Hüseynov Huseynov "Son of Hussein"
5 Quliyev Guliyev "Son of Qulu"
6 Hacıyev Hajiev "Son of Haji"
7 Rəsulov Rasulov "Son of Rasoul"
8 Süleymanov Suleymanov "Son of Suleyman"
9 Musayev Musayev "Son of Musa"
10 Abbasov Abbasov "Son of Abbas"
11 Babayev Babayev "Son of Baba"
12 Vəliyev Valiyev "Son of Vali"
13 Orucov Orujov "fasting"[citation needed]
14 İsmayılov Ismayilov "Son of Ismayil"
15 Ibrahimov Ibrahimov "Son of Ibrahim"

Bangladesh[edit]

Main article: Bangladeshi name

China[edit]

According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on April 24, 2007,[2][3][4] the top three surnames in China have a combined population larger than Indonesia,[5] the world's fourth-most-populous country. The top 10 surnames each have a population greater than 20 million; the top 22 have populations of more than 10 million. The top 100 surnames cover 84.77% of China's population.

The press release from the Ministry of Public Security only provided detailed numbers for the top three surnames. Information about the others from 2006 comes from a multi-year study by Yuan Yida of the Chinese Academy of Sciences's Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, which purportedly used a sample size of 296 million spread across 1,110 counties and cities.[6]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number
(2007)
Frequency
(2007)
Estimated Number
(2006)
Simp. Trad.
1 Wáng 92,881,000 7.25% 92,550,000
2 92,074,000 7.19% 91,020,000
3 Zhāng 87,502,000 6.83% 86,690,000
4 Liú >20,000,000 65,280,000
5 Chén 56,640,000
6 Yáng 41,680,000
7 Huáng 29,410,000
8 Zhào 26,180,000
9 25,020,000
10 Zhōu 24,330,000
11 >10,000,000 18,550,000
12 Sūn 17,940,000
13 16,890,000
14 Zhū 16,460,000
15 14,970,000
16 Guō 14,260,000
17 13,340,000
18 Gāo 12,900,000
19 Lín 12,500,000
20 Luó 12,400,000

Georgia[edit]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number[7]
(2010)
1 ბერიძე Beridze 24,962
2 მამედოვი Mammadov
Mamedovi
23,675
3 კაპანაძე Kapanadze 17,202
4 გელაშვილი Gelashvili 16,350
5 ალიევი Aliyev
Alievi
15,742
6 მაისურაძე Maisuradze 14,824
7 გიორგაძე Giorgadze 12,954
8 ლომიძე Lomidze 11,796
9 წიკლაური Tsiklauri 11,571
10 ბოლქვაძე Bolkvadze 10,916
11 კვარაცხელია Kvaratskhelia 10,447
12 ნოზაძე Nozadze 10,183
13 ხუციშვილი Khutsishvili 10,075
14 შენგელია Shengelia 9,928
15 აბულაძე Abuladze 9,663
16 მიქელაძე Mikeladze 9,220
17 ტაბატაძე Tabatadze 8,654
18 მჭედლიშვილი Mchedlishvili 8,446
19 ბაირამოვი Bairamov
Bairamovi
8,373
20 გოგოლაძე Gogoladze 8,362

Indonesia[edit]

Most Indonesians do not use family last name. There is only a small number of ethnic groups which maintain family names. For more information, see Indonesian Names

Israel[edit]

Main articles: Hebrew surname and Jewish surname

Japan[edit]

Main article: Japanese name

Officially, there are 291,129 different Japanese surnames,[12] as determined by their kanji, although many of these are spelled and romanized similarly. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population, while the top 100 cover slightly more than 33%.[13]

This ranking is a result of "The National Same Family Name Investigation" by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.[13] This investigation intended for approximately 6,118,000 people who joined life insurance of Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.

Korea[edit]

Philippines[edit]

[15][not in citation given]

  1. Santos
  2. Reyes
  3. Cruz
  4. Bautista
  5. del Rosario
  6. Gonzales
  7. Aquino
  8. Ramos
  9. Garcia
  10. Lopez
  11. dela Cruz
  12. Mendoza
  13. Pascual
  14. Castillo
  15. Villanueva
  16. Diaz
  17. Rivera
  18. Navarro
  19. Mercado
  20. Morales
  21. Fernández
  22. Marquez
  23. Rodriguez
  24. Sanchez
  25. De León

The majority of Filipinos use Spanish surnames that were given to them by their Spanish rulers (See Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames). However, many Filipinos still use their native surnames such as Kalaw, Macaraeg, Gatdula and many others. Filipino Chinese often use their Chinese family names. Some other Filipino mestizos (mixed-ancestry) bear the foreign names of their bloodline.

Taiwan[edit]

According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior's Department of Population in February, 2005,[16] Taiwan has only 1,989 surnames. The top ten surnames in Taiwan accounted for 52.62% of the general population, and the top 100 accounted for 96.11%.[16]

Rank Character Romanizations  %
of total
pop.
2005 Mainland
(2007)
Mandarin Cantonese Minnan Other
Trad. Simp. Pinyin Wade Jyutping HK Other POJ Other
1 5 Chén Ch'en2 Can4 Chan Chun Tân Ting 11.06%
2 19 Lín Lin2 Lam4 Lam Lum Lîm Lim, Liem 8.28%
3 7 Huáng Huang2 Wong4 Wong Wang
Vong
Ng Eng, Ung
Wee, Oei
Ooi, Uy
Bong
6.01%
4 3 Zhāng Chang1 Zoeng1 Cheung Chong5
Cheong4
Tiu Teo, Teoh
Tio, Thio
Tiew
Tiong 5.26%
5 2 Li3 Lei5 Lee
Li
Le
Lei4
Lee
Lie
Dee
5.11%
6 1 Wáng Wang2 Wong4 Wong Vong Ông Heng 4.12%
7 9 Wu2 Ng4 Ng Ung4, Eng Gô·
Ngô·
Goh, Gouw Woo 4.04%
8 4

45

Liú Liu2 Lau4 Lau Lao4
Lou
Lâu Low
Lao, Lauw
3.17%
9 40 Cài Ts'ai4 Coi3 Choi Choy
Tsoi
Toy
Chhoà Chua, Choa
Tjoa
Tsay
Chai
2.91%
10 6 Yáng Yang2 Joeng4 Yeung Yeong
Ieong4
Eaw
Yeo, Yeoh
Yong
Joe, Yo
Young 2.66%

Thailand[edit]

See also: Thai name

There are no common Thai surnames. Surnames were largely introduced to Thai culture only by the 1913 Surname Act,[17] and under Thai law, only one family can use any given surname: any two people of the same surname must be related, and it is very rare for two people to share the same full name. In one sample of 45,665 names, 81% of family names were unique.[18]

Turkey[edit]

Rank[19] Name Meaning
1 Yılmaz intrepid/dauntless
2 Kaya rock
3 Demir iron
4 Şahin hawk
5 Çelik steel
6 Yıldız star
7 Yıldırım thunderbolt
8 Öztürk pure Turk
9 Aydın cultured/enlightened
10 Özdemir pure iron
11 Arslan lion
12 Doğan falcon
13 Kılıç sword
14 Aslan lion
15 Çetin stiff/tough
16 Kara black
17 Koç ram
18 Kurt wolf
19 Özkan pure blood
20 Şimşek lightning

Vietnam[edit]

See also: Vietnamese name

The top 10 surnames cover more than 80% of the population.

  1. Nguyễn 阮 (38%)
  2. Trần 陳 (11%)
  3. 黎 (9.5%)
  4. Phạm 范 (7.1%)
  5. Huỳnh/Hoàng 黃 (5.1%)
  6. Phan 潘 (4.5%)
  7. Vũ/Võ 武 (3.9%)
  8. Đặng 鄧(2.1%)
  9. Bùi 裴 (2%)
  10. Đỗ 杜 (1.4%)
  11. Hồ 胡 (1.3%)
  12. Ngô 吳 (1.3%)
  13. Dương 楊 (1%)
  14. 李 (0.5%)

Source: Lê Trung Hoa, Họ Và Tên Người Việt Nam (Vietnamese Family and Personal Names), Social Sciences Publishing House (2005)[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Какие самые распространенные фамилии в Азербайджане?. 1news.az (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Xinhua News. 24 Apr 2007. "中国姓氏排行". op. cit. "天下第一大姓——王." 14 Nov 2007. Accessed 26 Mar 2012.
  3. ^ "公安部统计:'王'成中国第一大姓 有9288万人." 24 Apr 2007. Accessed 27 Mar 2012.(Chinese)
  4. ^ Baidu Baike. "新百家姓". (Chinese)
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik. "Population of Indonesia by Province 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010". 2009. Accessed 29 Mar 2012.
  6. ^ The authoritative results of this survey were previously published at the National Citizen Identity Information Center's website at http://www.nciic.com.cn/yewufanwei-rksu-mfcp2.htm. However, the link is now dead.
  7. ^ Georgian Civil Registry Agency. "Popular Names". Accessed 26 Oct 2010. (Georgian)
  8. ^ Ynet. 14 Jan 2014. Op. cit. in "[1]".
  9. ^ Kaganoff, B. C. A Dictionary of Jewish Names and Their History. Schocken Books (New York), 1977. Op cit. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  10. ^ Beider, Alexander & al. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu (New York), 1993. Op cit. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  11. ^ Gotthard Deutsch. Jewish Encyclopedia. "Katz". 1906. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  12. ^ 日本苗字大辞典 [Japanese Surname Dictionary]. 芳文館 [Houbunkan]. 1996. ISBN 4990058402. 
  13. ^ a b "明治安田生命 全国同姓調査 [Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company - National same family name investigation]" (Press release). Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 
  14. ^ South Korean National Statistical Office. 2000 Census.
  15. ^ National Statistics Office
  16. ^ a b Op. cit. 中华百家姓-千字文-国学经典-文化经典. "中国台湾姓氏排行 [Taiwan (China) Surname Ranking]". 8 Jun 2010. Accessed 1 Apr 2012. (Chinese)
  17. ^ Asian Times. "What's in a name? The number nine, if you want."
  18. ^ 45,665 Thai names: Examining passlist.96, by Doug Cooper
  19. ^ Turkish Directorate-General of Population and Citizenships
  20. ^ http://www.minhkhai.com.vn/Search.aspx?s=H%e1%bb%8d%20V%c3%a0%20T%c3%aan%20Ng%c6%b0%e1%bb%9di%20Vi%e1%bb%87t%20Nam

External links[edit]