List of most common surnames in Asia

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This is a list of the most common surnames in Asia, in alphabetical order of the country.

Azerbaijan[edit]

Rank[1] Name Romanization Meaning
1 Məmmədov Mammadov "Son of Mammad"
2 Əliyev Aliyev "Son of Ali"
3 Həsənov Hasanov "Son of Hasan"
4 Hüseynov Huseynov "Son of Hussein"
5 Quliyev Guliyev "Son of Qulu"
6 Hacıyev Hajiev "Son of Haji"
7 Rəsulov Rasulov "Son of Rasoul"
8 Süleymanov Suleymanov "Son of Suleyman"
9 Musayev Musayev "Son of Musa"
10 Abbasov Abbasov "Son of Abbas"
11 Babayev Babayev "Son of Baba"
12 Vəliyev Valiyev "Son of Vali"
13 Orucov Orujov "fasting"[citation needed]
14 İsmayılov Ismayilov "Son of Ismayil"
15 Ibrahimov Ibrahimov "Son of Ibrahim"

Bangladesh[edit]

Main article: Bangladeshi name
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
আহমেদ Ahmed
আলী Ali
আক্তার Aktar / Akter
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় (ব্যানার্জী) Bondyopadhyay (Banerjee)
বনিক Bonik / Banik
ব্যাপারী Byapari / Bapary
বড়ুয়া Boruya / Barua
বিশ্বাস Bishwas
ভৌমিক Bhoumik / Bhowmik
বসু Bosu
চাকমা Chakma
চক্রবর্তী Chokroborti / Chakraborty
চট্টপাধ্যায় (চ্যাটার্জী) Chottopadhyay (Chatterjee)
চৌধুরী Choudhuri / Chowdhury
দাস Das
দেবনাথ Debnath
দেওয়ান Dewan
দে De / Dey
দত্ত Dotto / Datta / Dutta
গাজী Gazi
হক Hok / Haque
হাসান Hasan
হোসেন Hosen / Hossain / Hussain
ইসলাম Islam
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
কাজী Kazi
খান Khan
মাহমুদ Mahmud
মজুমদার Mojumdar / Majumder
মারমা Marma
মিঞা Mina / Miah
মির্জা Mirza
মিত্র Mitro / Mitra
মোল্লা Molla / Mollah
মোহাম্মদ Mohammod / Mohammud / Muhammad
মুখোপাধ্যায় (মুখার্জী) Mukhopadhyay (Mukherjee)
মুন্সী Munsi / Munshi
পাটোয়ারী Patoyari / Patwary
পাল Pal / Paul
রহমান Rohoman / Rohman / Rahman
রায় Ray / Roy
সাহা Saha
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
সেন Sen
শেখ Shekh / Sheikh
ঠাকুর Thakur
ত্রিপুরা Tripura
উদ্দীন Uddin
ওয়াজেদ Wazed

China[edit]

According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on April 24, 2007,[2][3][4] the top three surnames in China have a combined population larger than Indonesia,[5] the world's fourth-most-populous country. The top 10 surnames each have a population greater than 20 million; the top 22 have populations of more than 10 million. The top 100 surnames cover 84.77% of China's population.

The press release from the Ministry of Public Security only provided detailed numbers for the top three surnames. Information about the others from 2006 comes from a multi-year study by Yuan Yida of the Chinese Academy of Sciences's Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, which purportedly used a sample size of 296 million spread across 1,110 counties and cities.[6]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number
(2007)
Frequency
(2007)
Estimated Number
(2006)
Simp. Trad.
1 Wáng 92,881,000 7.25% 92,550,000
2 92,074,000 7.19% 91,020,000
3 Zhāng 87,502,000 6.83% 86,690,000
4 Liú >20,000,000 65,280,000
5 Chén 56,640,000
6 Yáng 41,680,000
7 Huáng 29,410,000
8 Zhào 26,180,000
9 25,020,000
10 Zhōu 24,330,000
11 >10,000,000 18,550,000
12 Sūn 17,940,000
13 16,890,000
14 Zhū 16,460,000
15 14,970,000
16 Guō 14,260,000
17 13,340,000
18 Gāo 12,900,000
19 Lín 12,500,000
20 Luó 12,400,000

Georgia[edit]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number[7]
(2010)
1 ბერიძე Beridze 24,962
2 მამედოვი Mammadov
Mamedovi
23,675
3 კაპანაძე Kapanadze 17,202
4 გელაშვილი Gelashvili 16,350
5 ალიევი Aliyev
Alievi
15,742
6 მაისურაძე Maisuradze 14,824
7 გიორგაძე Giorgadze 12,954
8 ლომიძე Lomidze 11,796
9 წიკლაური Tsiklauri 11,571
10 ბოლქვაძე Bolkvadze 10,916
11 კვარაცხელია Kvaratskhelia 10,447
12 ნოზაძე Nozadze 10,183
13 ხუციშვილი Khutsishvili 10,075
14 შენგელია Shengelia 9,928
15 აბულაძე Abuladze 9,663
16 მიქელაძე Mikeladze 9,220
17 ტაბატაძე Tabatadze 8,654
18 მჭედლიშვილი Mchedlishvili 8,446
19 ბაირამოვი Bairamov
Bairamovi
8,373
20 გოგოლაძე Gogoladze 8,362

Indonesia[edit]

Most Indonesians do not use family last name. There is only a small number of ethnic groups which maintain family names. For more information, see Indonesian Names

Israel[edit]

Main articles: Hebrew surname and Jewish surname
Rank[8] Name Romanization Meaning Frequency
1 כהן Cohen "priest" 2.52%
2 לוי Levi
Levy
"Levite" 1.48%
3 מזרחי Mizrachi
Mizrahi
"easterner" 0.47%
4 פרץ Peretz from Perez
from Pérez
0.42%
5 ביטון Bitton 0.40%
6 דהן Dahan
7 אברהם Avraham from Abraham
from Abramowicz & al.
8 פרידמן Friedman from Solomon[9]
9 אזולאי Azoulay (uncertain)
10 מלאך Malach "angel"
11 כץ Katz "priest of righteousness"[10]
"priest of Zadok"[11]
12 דוד David from David
from Davidson & al.
13 גבאי Gabai synagogue warden; sexton
14 עמר Amar
15 אוחיון Ochion
Rank Name Romanization Meaning
16 חדד Hadad
Chadad
"smith"
17 יוסף Yosef from Joseph
18 בן דוד Ben-David "son of David"
19 אדרי Adrei from Draa valley in Morocco
20 לוין Levin "Levite"
21 משה Moshe from Moses
22 אשכנזי Ashkenazi "German"
23 טל Tal "dew"
24 סגל Segel "S'gan Levi"
25 חזן Chazan
Hazan
"cantor"
26 שפירא Shapira "Speyerer"
27 יצחק Yitzchak
Yitzhak
from Isaac
28 קליין Klein "small"
29 גולן Golan
30 חן Chen "loveliness"
"grace"

Japan[edit]

Main article: Japanese name

Officially, there are 291,129 different Japanese surnames,[12] as determined by their kanji, although many of these are spelled and romanized similarly. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population, while the top 100 cover slightly more than 33%.[13]

This ranking is a result of "The National Same Family Name Investigation" by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.[13] This investigation intended for approximately 6,118,000 people who joined life insurance of Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.

Rank Name Romanization Estimated Number
(2008)
Occupation Rate
(%)
1 佐藤 Satō 1,990,000 1.57
2 鈴木 Suzuki 1,900,000 1.50
3 高橋 Takahashi 1,470,000 1.16
4 田中 Tanaka 1,340,000 1.06
5 渡辺 Watanabe 1,200,000 0.95
6 伊藤 Itō 1,150,000 0.91
7 中村 Nakamura 1,080,000 0.85
8 小林 Kobayashi 1,060,000 0.84
9 山本 Yamamoto 1,020,000 0.81
10 加藤 Katō 920,000 0.73
11 吉田 Yoshida 850,000
12 山田 Yamada 820,000
13 佐々木 Sasaki 710,000
14 山口 Yamaguchi 640,000
15 松本 Matsumoto 630,000
16 井上 Inoue 600,000
17 木村 Kimura 580,000
18 清水 Shimizu 560,000
19 Hayashi 550,000
20 斉藤 Saitō 530,000
21 斎藤 Saitō 520,000
22 山崎 Yamazaki
Yamasaki
490,000
23 中島 Nakajima
Nakashima
480,000
24 Mori 470,000
25 阿部 Abe 470,000
26 池田 Ikeda 450,000
27 橋本 Hashimoto 450,000
28 石川 Ishikawa 440,000
29 山下 Yamashita 410,000
30 小川 Ogawa 410,000
31 石井 Ishii 400,000
32 長谷川 Hasegawa 390,000
33 後藤 Gotō 390,000
34 岡田 Okada 380,000
35 近藤 Kondō 370,000
36 前田 Maeda 370,000
37 藤田 Fujita 370,000
38 遠藤 Endō 360,000
39 青木 Aoki 350,000
40 坂本 Sakamoto 350,000
41 村上 Murakami 340,000
42 太田 Ōta 320,000
43 金子 Kaneko 310,000
44 藤井 Fujii 310,000
45 福田 Fukuda 300,000
46 西村 Nishimura 300,000
47 三浦 Miura 300,000
48 竹内 Takeuchi 290,000
49 中川 Nakagawa 290,000
50 岡本 Okamoto 290,000
51 松田 Matsuda 290,000
52 原田 Harada 290,000
53 中野 Nakano 290,000
Rank Name Romanization Estimated Number
(2008)
54 小野 Ono 280,000
55 田村 Tamura 280,000
56 藤原 Fujiwara
Fujihara
270,000
57 中山 Nakayama 270,000
58 石田 Ishida 270,000
59 小島 Kojima 260,000
60 和田 Wada 260,000
61 森田 Morita 250,000
62 内田 Uchida 250,000
63 柴田 Shibata 250,000
64 酒井 Sakai 240,000
65 Hara 240,000
66 高木 Takagi
Takaki
240,000
67 横山 Yokoyama 240,000
68 安藤 Andō 240,000
69 宮崎 Miyazaki
Miyasaki
240,000
70 上田 Ueda
Ueta
240,000
71 島田 Shimada 230,000
72 工藤 Kudō 230,000
73 大野 Ōno 220,000
74 宮本 Miyamoto 220,000
75 杉山 Sugiyama 220,000
76 今井 Imai 220,000
77 丸山 Maruyama 210,000
78 増田 Masuda 210,000
79 高田 Takada
Takata
210,000
80 村田 Murata 210,000
81 平野 Hirano 210,000
82 大塚 Ōtsuka 210,000
83 菅原 Sugawara
Sugahara
210,000
84 武田 Takeda
Taketa
200,000
85 新井 Arai 200,000
86 小山 Koyama
Oyama
200,000
87 野口 Noguchi 200,000
88 桜井 Sakurai 200,000
89 千葉 Chiba 200,000
90 岩崎 Iwasaki 200,000
91 佐野 Sano 200,000
92 谷口 Taniguchi 200,000
93 上野 Ueno 200,000
94 松井 Matsui 190,000
95 河野 Kōno
Kawano
190,000
96 市川 Ichikawa 190,000
97 渡部 Watanabe
Watabe
190,000
98 野村 Nomura 180,000
99 菊地 Kikuchi 180,000
100 木下 Kinoshita 180,000

Korea[edit]

Rank[14]
(2000)
Hangul Hanja Romanizations
1 Kim, Gim, Ghim
2 Lee, Yi, I, Rhee, Li, Rhie
3 Park, Pak, Bak, Bhak, Baek, Paek
4 Choi, Choe
5 Jeong, Chung, Jung, Jeng
6 Kang, Gang, Ghang
7 Cho, Jo, Joe
8 Yoon, Yun, Youn
9 Jang, Chang
10 Lim, Rim, Im, Rhim
11 Han
12 O, Oh, Au
13 Shin, Sin, Shen
14 Seo,Suh,Seoh
15 Kwon, Gwon, Kuen
16 Hwang, Huang, Wang
17 Ahn, An
18 Song
19 Yoo, Yu
20 Hong
21 Jeon, Jun, Chun, Cheon
22 Ko, Koh, Go, Goh
23 Mun, Moon, Mon, Munn
24 Son, Sohn, Sonn
25 Yang, Ryang, Liang
Rank
(2000)
Hangul Hanja Romanizations
26 Bae, Bai
27 Baek, Paik, Pak, Bak, Bhak, Phak
28 Jo, Cho
29 Heo, Her, Hui
30 Nam, Nan, Nham
31 Sim, Shim, Shen
32 Yu, Yoo, Liu, Lau, Yau
33 No, Noh, Roh
34 Ha, Hah
35 Jeon, Jun
36 Jeong, Jung
37 Gwak, Kwak, Koak
38 Seong, Sung, Shong, Shung
39 Cha
40 Yu, Yoo
41 Gu, Koo, Goo
42 U, Woo
43 Ju, Joo, Chu, Zhu, Zuu, Juu, Choo
44 Im, Yim
45 Na, Ra, La
46 Sin, Shin
47 Min
48 Jin, Jean, Chen, Jen
49 Ji, Jee
50 Eom, Uhm

Philippines[edit]

[15][not in citation given]

The majority of Filipinos use Spanish surnames that were given to them by their Spanish rulers (See Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames). However, many Filipinos still use their native surnames such as Kalaw, Macaraeg, Gatdula and many others. Filipino Chinese often use their Chinese family names. Some other Filipino mestizos (mixed-ancestry) bear the foreign names of their bloodline.

Taiwan[edit]

According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior's Department of Population in February, 2005,[16] Taiwan has only 1,989 surnames. The top ten surnames in Taiwan accounted for 52.62% of the general population, and the top 100 accounted for 96.11%.[16]

Rank Character Romanizations  %
of total
pop.
2005 Mainland
(2007)
Mandarin Cantonese Minnan Other
Trad. Simp. Pinyin Wade Jyutping HK Other POJ Other
1 5 Chén Ch'en2 Can4 Chan Chun Tân Ting 11.06%
2 19 Lín Lin2 Lam4 Lam Lum Lîm Lim, Liem 8.28%
3 7 Huáng Huang2 Wong4 Wong Wang
Vong
Ng Eng, Ung
Wee, Oei
Ooi, Uy
Bong
6.01%
4 3 Zhāng Chang1 Zoeng1 Cheung Chong5
Cheong4
Tiu Teo, Teoh
Tio, Thio
Tiew
Tiong 5.26%
5 2 Li3 Lei5 Lee
Li
Le
Lei4
Lee
Lie
Dee
5.11%
6 1 Wáng Wang2 Wong4 Wong Vong Ông Heng 4.12%
7 9 Wu2 Ng4 Ng Ung4, Eng Gô·
Ngô·
Goh, Gouw Woo 4.04%
8 4

45

Liú Liu2 Lau4 Lau Lao4
Lou
Lâu Low
Lao, Lauw
3.17%
9 40 Cài Ts'ai4 Coi3 Choi Choy
Tsoi
Toy
Chhoà Chua, Choa
Tjoa
Tsay
Chai
2.91%
10 6 Yáng Yang2 Joeng4 Yeung Yeong
Ieong4
Eaw
Yeo, Yeoh
Yong
Joe, Yo
Young 2.66%

Thailand[edit]

See also: Thai name

There are no common Thai surnames. Surnames were largely introduced to Thai culture only by the 1913 Surname Act,[17] and under Thai law, only one family can use any given surname: any two people of the same surname must be related, and it is very rare for two people to share the same full name. In one sample of 45,665 names, 81% of family names were unique.[18]

Turkey[edit]

Rank[19][20] Name Meaning
1 Öztürk pure Turk
2 Yılmaz unbeatable/dauntless
3 Kaya rock
4 Demir iron
5 Şahin peregrine falcon
6 Çelik steel
7 Yıldırım thunderbolt
8 Erdoğan born as a soldier
9 Yazıcı clerk
10 Karadağ black mountain

Vietnam[edit]

See also: Vietnamese name

The top 10 surnames cover more than 80% of the population.

  1. Nguyễn 阮 (38%)
  2. Trần 陳 (11%)
  3. 黎 (9.5%)
  4. Phạm 范 (7.1%)
  5. Huỳnh/Hoàng 黃 (5.1%)
  6. Phan 潘 (4.5%)
  7. Vũ/Võ 武 (3.9%)
  8. Đặng 鄧(2.1%)
  9. Bùi 裴 (2%)
  10. Đỗ 杜 (1.4%)
  11. Hồ 胡 (1.3%)
  12. Ngô 吳 (1.3%)
  13. Dương 楊 (1%)
  14. 李 (0.5%)

Source: Lê Trung Hoa, Họ Và Tên Người Việt Nam (Vietnamese Family and Personal Names), Social Sciences Publishing House (2005) [3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Какие самые распространенные фамилии в Азербайджане?". 1news.az (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Xinhua News. 24 Apr 2007. "中国姓氏排行". op. cit. "天下第一大姓——王." 14 Nov 2007. Accessed 26 Mar 2012.
  3. ^ "公安部统计:'王'成中国第一大姓 有9288万人." 24 Apr 2007. Accessed 27 Mar 2012.(Chinese)
  4. ^ Baidu Baike. "新百家姓". (Chinese)
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik. "Population of Indonesia by Province 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010". 2009. Accessed 29 Mar 2012.
  6. ^ The authoritative results of this survey were previously published at the National Citizen Identity Information Center's website at http://www.nciic.com.cn/yewufanwei-rksu-mfcp2.htm. However, the link is now dead.
  7. ^ Georgian Civil Registry Agency. "Popular Names". Accessed 26 Oct 2010. (Georgian)
  8. ^ Yediot Achronot. 23 Feb 2004. Op. cit. in "Jerusalem 271 to 300".
  9. ^ Kaganoff, B. C. A Dictionary of Jewish Names and Their History. Schocken Books (New York), 1977. Op cit. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  10. ^ Beider, Alexander & al. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu (New York), 1993. Op cit. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  11. ^ Gotthard Deutsch. Jewish Encyclopedia. "Katz". 1906. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  12. ^ 日本苗字大辞典 [Japanese Surname Dictionary]. 芳文館 [Houbunkan]. 1996. ISBN 4990058402. 
  13. ^ a b "明治安田生命 全国同姓調査 [Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company - National same family name investigation]" (Press release). Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 
  14. ^ South Korean National Statistical Office. 2000 Census.
  15. ^ National Statistics Office
  16. ^ a b Op. cit. 中华百家姓-千字文-国学经典-文化经典. "中国台湾姓氏排行 [Taiwan (China) Surname Ranking]". 8 Jun 2010. Accessed 1 Apr 2012. (Chinese)
  17. ^ Asian Times. "What's in a name? The number nine, if you want."
  18. ^ 45,665 Thai names: Examining passlist.96, by Doug Cooper
  19. ^ Turkish Directorate-General of Population and Citizenships. [1].[dead link]
  20. ^ [2].[dead link]

External links[edit]