List of most common surnames in South America

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This is a list of the most common surnames in South America.

Argentina[edit]

Most surnames are of Spanish descent, but due to the large Italian immigration (approximately 50% of the Argentina's population has Italian ancestry), there are also several surnames of Italian origin like Ferrari, Rossi, Russo.

Argentina[1]
1 Fernández 568.240 1,472%
2 Rodríguez 483.212 1,252%
3 González 426.253 1,104%
4 García 411.462 1,066%
5 López 393.704 1,020%
6 Martínez 346.271 0,897%
7 Pérez 336.094 0,870%
8 Álvarez 294.527 0,763%
9 Gómez 290.821 0,753%
10 Sánchez 271.351 0,703%
11 Díaz 256.397 0,664%
12 Vásquez 187.974 0,487%
13 Castro 173.055 0,448%
14 Romero 166.497 0,431%
15 Suárez 160.483 0,415%
16 Blanco 154.248 0,399%
17 Ruiz 140.829 0,364%
18 Alonso 135.893 0,352%
19 Torres 133.599 0,346%
20 Domínguez 132.625 0,343%
21 Gutiérrez 130.607 0,338%
22 Sosa 129.372 0,335%
23 Iglesias 126.822 0,328%
24 Giménez 125.009 0,323%
25 Ramírez 124.550 0,322%
26 Martín 123.938 0,321%
27 Varela 119.674 0,310%
28 Ramos 118.825 0,307%
29 Núnez 118.106 0,306%
30 Rossi 116.775 0,302%
31 Silva 107.835 0,279%
32 Méndez 104.668 0,271%
33 Hernández 104.581 0,270%
34 Flores 100.092 0,261%
35 Pereyra 99.884 0,258%
36 Ferrari 98.761 0,255%
37 Ortiz 96.761 0,250%
38 Medina 96.228 0,249%
39 Benítez 95.628 0,247%
40 Herrera 94.781 0,245%
41 Arias 94.537 0,245%
42 Acosta 92.707 0,240%
43 Moreno 92.127 0,238%
44 Aguirre 91.365 0,236%
45 Otero 89.583 0,232%
46 Cabrera 88.398 0,229%
47 Rey 88.394 0,229%
48 Rojas 81.343 0,210%
49 Vidal 80.233 0,207%
50 Molina 80.050 0,207%
51 Russo 79.882 0,206%
52 Paz 75.365 0,195%
53 Vega 74.107 0,192%
54 Costa 73.932 0,191%
55 Bruno 73.907 0,191%
56 Romano 73.458 0,190%
57 Morales 71.587 0,185%
58 Ríos 71.534 0,185%
59 Miranda 70.713 0,183%
60 Muñoz 70.092 0,181%
61 Franco 70.055 0,181%
62 Castillo 69.720 0,180%
63 Campos 69.447 0,179%
64 Bianchi 68.510 0,177%
65 Luna 66.763 0,172%
66 Correa 66.535 0,172%
67 Ferreyra 66.461 0,172%
68 Navarro 66.457 0,172%
69 Quiroga 66.138 0,171%
70 Colombo 65.375 0,169%
71 Cohen 63.575 0,164%
72 Pereyra 63.367 0,163%
73 Vera 63.226 0,163%
74 Lorenzo 63.157 0,163%
75 Gil 62.727 0,162%
76 Santos 60.580 0,156%
77 Delgado 59.333 0,154%
78 Godoy 58.956 0,152%
79 Rivas 58.811 0,151%
80 Rivero 58.604 0,151%
81 Gallo 57.990 0,149%
82 Peralta 57.192 0,148%
83 Soto 55.633 0,144%
84 Figueroa 55.515 0,143%
85 Juárez 55.310 0,143%
86 Marino 54.806 0,142%
87 Ponce 54.009 0,139%
88 Calvo 52.282 0,135%
89 Ibáñez 51.972 0,134%
90 Cáceres 51.493 0,133%
91 Carrizo 50.657 0,131%
92 Vargas 50.613 0,131%
93 Mendoza 50.588 0,131%
94 Aguilar 49.717 0,128%
95 Ledesma 49.645 0,128%
96 Guzmán 49.543 0,128%
97 Soria 49.291 0,127%
98 Villalba 48.602 0,125%
99 Prieto 48.355 0,125%
100 Maldonado 47.344 0,122%
First 100 11.632.320 30,093%
Total pop. (2005 est.) 38.592.150 100,000%

Brazil[edit]

Most of the surnames of the Brazilian population have a Portuguese origin, due to Portuguese colonization in the country (it is estimated that 80% of the Brazilian population has at least one Portuguese ancestor), while other South American countries were largely colonized by the Spanish. However, there are also surnames of African, Arabic, Italian, German, Japanese, and Spanish origin. 2010 data:

Rank Surname Share of Brazilian population (%) Share of Brazilian population (in number of inhabitants) Origin
1 Silva 10,4% 20,882,120 Portuguese
2 Santos 6,7% 13,433,982 Portuguese/Spanish
3 Souza, Sousa 4,9% 9,810,832 Portuguese
4 Oliveira 3,1% 6,209,493 Portuguese
5 Pereira 2,9% 5,892,937 Portuguese
6 Lima 2,5% 5,007,393 Portuguese
7 Carvalho 2,33% 4,630,387 Portuguese
8 Ferreira 2,29% 4,590,010 Portuguese
9 Rodrigues or Rodriguez 2,25% 4,510,002 Portuguese/Spanish
10 Almeida 2,16% 4,393,398 Portuguese
11 Costa 1,94% 3,905,800 Portuguese
12 Gomes or Gomez 1,92% 3,848,000 Portuguese/Spanish
13 Martins 1,83% 3,650,200 Portuguese
14 Araújo 1,69% 3,320,780 Portuguese
15 Melo or Mello 1,6% 3,209,000 Portuguese
16 Barbosa or Barboza 1,52% 3,040,300 Portuguese/Spanish
17 Ribeiro 1,503% 3,010,000 Portuguese
18 Alves or Alvaréz 1,48% 2,960,500 Portuguese/Spanish
19 Cardoso 1,41% 2,830,120 Portuguese
20 Schmitz or Schmidt 1,33% 2,673,000 German
21 Rocha 1,27% 2,540,600 Portuguese
22 Correia, Correa 1,25% 2,505,070 Portuguese/Spanish
23 Dias or Díaz 1,23% 2,467,000 Portuguese/Spanish
24 Teixeira 1,2% 2,408,500 Portuguese
25 Fernandes or Fernandez 1,195% 2,379,700 Portuguese/Spanish
26 Azevedo 1,192% 2,370,000 Portuguese
27 Cavalcante or Cavalcanti 1,188% 2,366,300 Italian
28 Montes 1,183% 2,362,000 Portuguese/Spanish
29 Morais, Moraes 1,177% 2,354,500 Portuguese
30 Gonçalves, Gonzáles or Gónzalez 1,174% 2,348,000 Portuguese/Spanish
First 30 64,6% 128,695,910

Chile[edit]

All surnames are Spanish in origin.

# Either 1st or
2nd surname
Persons[2]
1 González 741,388
2 Muñoz 578,673
3 Rojas 413,897
4 Díaz 410,802
5 Pérez 326,867
6 Soto 298,062
7 Contreras 276,887
8 Silva 259,950
9 Martínez 252,966
10 Sepúlveda 251,078
11 Morales 248,448
12 Rodríguez 243,695
13 López 240,181
14 Fuentes 228,609
15 Hernández 226,848
16 Torres 226,480
17 Araya 224,232
18 Flores 221,231
19 Espinoza 219,375
20 Valenzuela 215,025
21 Castillo 213,321
22 Ramírez 211,191
23 Reyes 208,752
24 Gutiérrez 201,734
25 Castro 199,508
26 Vargas 198,471
27 Álvarez 193,002
28 Vásquez 189,946
29 Tapia 179,905
30 Fernández 179,246
31 Sánchez 178,615
32 Carrasco 172,877
33 Gómez 172,758
34 Cortés 171,370
35 Herrera 170,309
36 Núñez 165,806
37 Jara 161,085
38 Vergara 155,118
39 Rivera 147,835
40 Figueroa 145,460
41 Riquelme 143,590
42 García 142,002
43 Miranda 138,939
44 Bravo 138,392
45 Vera 137,646
46 Molina 131,094
47 Vega 128,132
48 Campos 126,260
49 Sandoval 125,640
50 Orellana 123,619
51 Zúñiga 120,757
52 Olivares 120,074
53 Alarcón 118,019
54 Gallardo 117,752
55 Ortiz 117,228
56 Garrido 115,109
57 Salazar 113,881
58 Guzmán 109,922
59 Henríquez 109,364
60 Saavedra 108,702
61 Navarro 107,897
62 Aguilera 107,864
63 Parra 106,100
64 Romero 105,597
65 Aravena 105,441
66 Pizarro 105,352
67 Godoy 103,887
68 Peña 103,377
69 Cáceres 102,830
70 Leiva 99,890
71 Escobar 97,979
72 Yáñez 96,589
73 Valdés 96,528
74 Vidal 96,437
75 Salinas 94,110
76 Cárdenas 93,925
77 Jiménez 92,032
78 Ruiz 91,539
79 Lagos 91,024
80 Maldonado 89,091
81 Bustos 88,445
82 Medina 87,578
83 Pino 86,295
84 Palma 82,735
85 Moreno 82,548
86 Sanhueza 82,383
87 Carvajal 81,785
88 Navarrete 81,729
89 Sáez 80,938
90 Alvarado 79,985
91 Donoso 79,855
92 Poblete 79,248
93 Bustamante 78,732
94 Toro 78,659
95 Ortega 78,086
96 Venegas 76,900
97 Guerrero 76,823
98 Paredes 75,825
99 Farías 75,242
100 San Martín 74,575
Top 100 15,802,580
# 1st surname  % of
population[3]
1 González 2.1
2 Muñoz 1.6
3 Rojas 1.2
4 Díaz 1.2
5 Pérez 0.9
6 Soto 0.8
7 Contreras 0.8
8 Silva 0.7
9 Martínez 0.7
10 Sepúlveda 0.7
Top 10 10.7

Note: The source (Civil Registry and Identification Service) does not mention the reference year (it was published in 2008) or whether the count includes only the first surname or both surnames (Chile uses two surnames, but the second one is rarely mentioned). It is assumed the first table refers to both surnames (it is unknown if people having the same first and second surname are counted once or twice) and the second table to the first surname only. It is also unclear whether Chileans living abroad were counted, although it is probable that those that were born in Chile were included, as they were registered at birth.

Colombia[edit]

All names in the list are of Spanish origin (2010 data).

# Surname People
1 Rodríguez 707,789
2 Gómez 537,843
3 González 531,484
4 Martínez 530,721
5 García 524,835
6 López 509,880
7 Hernández 454,471
8 Sánchez 449,750
9 Ramírez 427,404
10 Pérez 418,660
11 Díaz 388,419
12 Muñoz 293,759
13 Rojas 286,038
14 Moreno 265,374
15 Jiménez 261,391

Source: National Civil Registry (2010)[4]


Paraguay[edit]

The list of most common surnames in Paraguay, reflected in the national voters register, shows the influence of Castilian Spanish in the Paraguayan society.

Seven of the top 11 surnames end with "ez", the distinctive suffix of Castilian family names. The suffix "ez" means "son of"; thus, González means "son of Gonzalo", Benítez is "son of Benito" and Martínez means "son of Martín". This is similar to the suffix "son" in English (Johnson, "son of John", Jackson, "son of Jack") and to "ic" or "ich" of Slavic names such as Ivanovich ("son of Ivan").

Paraguay[5]
2008 Surname
Rank %
1 6.62 González
2 4.84 Benítez
3 4.18 Martínez
4 3.13 López
5 2.61 Giménez
6 2.54 Vera
7 2.08 Duarte
8 2.05 Ramírez
9 2.01 Villalba
10 1.94 Fernández
11 1.81 Gómez
12 1.78 Acosta
13 1.76 Rojas
14 1.69 Ortiz
15 1.68 Cáceres
16 1.58 Rodríguez
17 1.57 Ruíz
18 1.54 Núñez
19 1.48 Ayala
20 1.46 Báez
21 1.39 Galeano
22 1.34 Ferreira
23 1.27 Franco
24 1.25 Torres
25 1.25 Cardozo

Peru[edit]

All surnames are of Spanish origin, except when noted.

Peru[6]
2010 Surname
Rank % (of the sample)
1 2.175 Quispe (Quechuan surname)
2 2.144 Flores
3 2.031 Sánchez
4 1.987 Rodríguez
5 1.948 García
6 1.66 Rojas
7 1.456 González
8 1.434 Díaz
9 1.412 Chávez
10 1.403 Torres
11 1.395 Ramírez
12 1.373 Mendoza
13 1.364 Ramos
14 1.351 López
15 1.26 Castillo
16 1.26 Espinoza
17 1.172 Vásquez
18 1.076 Huamán (Quechuan surname)
19 1.072 Pérez
20 1.068 Vargas
21 1.042 Gutiérrez
22 0.985 Fernández
23 0.981 Castro
24 0.928 Mamani (Aymara surname)
25 0.928 Ruíz
26 0.854 Romero
27 0.846 Martínez
28 0.832 Morales
29 0.824 Reyes
30 0.802 Salazar

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top Surnames Argentina" (in English). [1]. Retrieved 5 March 2010.  (Broken Link - not trustwothy)
  2. ^ "TRES MILLONES DE CHILENOS FIGURAN CON LOS APELLIDOS MÁS COMUNES," Terra Networks, July 22, 2008.
  3. ^ ""González, Muñoz y Rojas son los apellidos más comunes en Chile", La Tercera, page 22, Sunday, November 15, 2009.
  4. ^ Los apellidos más comunes en Colombia, Nuestra Huella, número 46, 1 December 2010
  5. ^ "Los apellidos más comunes en el padrón que se usará en abril" (in Spanish). [2]. Retrieved March 24, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Apellidos de los Peruanos" (in Spanish). [3]. Retrieved 25 October 2010.