List of mountains, peaks and hills in Hong Kong

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The following is a list of mountains, peaks and hills in Hong Kong:

'Shan' (山) and 'leng' (嶺) are the transliterations of the Cantonese words for 'mount' and 'ridge' respectively. 'Toi', 'Kong', 'Fung' and 'Koi' also correspond to 'Mount' in English; 'Teng' corresponds to 'peak' in English.

Highest peaks of Hong Kong[edit]

Rank Name (Shan=mountain) Height (m) Country park Location Notes
1 Tai Mo Shan 957 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
2 Lantau Peak
(Fung Wong Shan)
934 Lantau South Country Park Centre Lantau Island Highest publicly accessible summit.
3 Sunset Peak
(Tai Tung Shan)
869 Lantau South Country Park Southern Lantau Island
4 Sze Fong Shan 785 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
5 Wo Yang Shan 771 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
6 Lin Fa Shan 766 Lantau North Country Park Centre Lantau Island
7 Miu Gou Toi 765 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories Second highest peak on Tai Mo Shan[1]
8 Nei Lak Shan 754 Lantau North Country Park Southern Lantau Island
9 Yi Tung Shan 749 Lantau North Country Park Eastern Lantau Island
10= Wo Tong Gong 702 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories [2]
10= Ma On Shan 702 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
12 The Hunch Backs
(Ngau Ngak Shan)
677 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
13 Yin Ngam Deng 660* Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
14 Grassy Hill 647 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
15 Wong Leng 639 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories
16 Buffalo Hill 606 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
17 West Buffalo Hill 604 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
18 Kowloon Peak
(Fei Ngo Shan)
602 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern Kowloon
19 Shun Yeung Fung 591 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng.
20= Tiu Shau Ngam 588 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
20= Jau Ma Gong 588 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
22= Jeung Shan 585 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern Kowloon
22= Kai Kung Ling 585 Lam Tsuen Country Park Northwestern New Territories
22= Lo Tin Deng 585 Lam Tsuen Country Park Northwestern New Territories
25 Castle Peak 583 None Western New Territories west of Tuen Mun Also known as Ching Shan or Pui To Shan
26 Lin Fa Shan, Tsuen Wan 579 Tai Lam Country Park Tsuen Wan District
27 Tate's Cairn 577 Ma On Shan Country Park Northeastern Kowloon Also known as Tai Lo Shan.
28 Tai Lo Tin 572 Lam Tsuen Country Park Northwestern New Territories
29 Tai To Yan 566 Lam Tsuen Country Park Northwestern New Territories
30 Wong Juk Shan 560 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
31 Victoria Peak 552 Pok Fu Lam Country Park Hong Kong Island Named for British monarch Queen Victoria; also known as Mount Austin (named for former Colonial Secretary John Gardiner Austin), and locally as The Peak.
32 Lai Pek Shan 550 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories
33 Kwun Yum Shan 546 Tai Mo Shan Country Park Centre New Territories
34 Tung Shan 544 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern Kowloon
35 Chung Li Fung 543 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng.
36 Shek Nga Shan 540 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories
37 Kau Nga Ling 539 Lantau South Country Park Southern Lantau Island
38 Pyramid Hill 536 Ma On Shan Country Park Eastern New Territories Also known as Tai Kam Chung.
39 Tung Yeung Shan 533 Ma On Shan Country Park Northeastern Kowloon
40= Needle Hill 532 Shing Mun Country Park Centre New Territories Also known as Cham Shan.
40= Mount Parker 532 Tai Tam Country Park Hong Kong Island
42= Kao Lao Fung 530 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng.
42= Kuai Li Fung 530 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng.
44 Po To Yan 529 Lantau South Country Park Southern Lantau Island
45= Fu Yung Pit 514 Ma On Shan Country Park Northeastern Kowloon
45= Hsien Ku Fung 514 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng
47= Sheung Tsz Fung 510 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng
47= Tsao Kau Fung 510 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng
49 Pak Tai To Yan 509 Lam Tsuen Country Park Northwestern New Territories
50 Kau Keng Shan 507 Tai Lam Country Park Western New Territories
51 Mount Kellett 501 Aberdeen Country Park Hong Kong Island named after British naval officer and explorer Henry Kellett
52 Lion Rock 495 Lion Rock Country Park Northern Kowloon
53 High West 494 Pok Fu Lam Country Park Hong Kong Island
54 Sze Tse Tau Shan 494 Lantau South Country Park Southern Lantau Island
55 Robin's Nest 492 None Northern New Territories Also known as Hung Fa Leng.
56= Ling Wui Shan 490 Lantau South Country Park Lantau Island
56= Choi Wo Fung 490 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories Part of Pat Sin Leng.
58 Hung Fa Chai 489 None Northeastern New Territories Also known on old Admiralty charts as Ben Nevis.
59 Temple Hill 488 None Northeastern Kowloon Also known as Tsz Wan Shan.
54 Kwai Tau Leng 486 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Northeastern New Territories
55 Por Kai Shan 482 Lantau North Country Park southeast of Tung Chung and facing Urmston Road
56 Shek Uk Shan 481 Sai Kung West Country Park Sai Kung, New Territories
57= Muk Yue Shan 479 Lantau North Country Park on Lantau Island north side of Shek Pik Reservoir
57= Mount Gough 479 Hong Kong Island east of Victoria Peak and north of Aberdeen Country Park Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, British Commander-in-Chief, China and Commander-in-Chief, India
59 Shek Lung Kung 473 Tai Lam Country Park near Ting Kau and south of Hoi Pui Reservoir
60 Sharp Peak
(Nam She Tsim)
468 Sai Kung East Country Park
61 Tai Hom Sham 466 Lantau South Country Park
62 Lo Fu Tau 465 Lantau North Country Park
63 Tin Fu Tsai Shan 461 Tai Lam Country Park near Ting Kau
64 Keung Shan 459 Lantau South Country Park north of Tai Long Wan Tsuen
65 Beacon Hill 457 Lion Rock Country Park
66 Ngam Tau Shan 451 Sai Kung West Country Park
67 Cheung Shan 449 on Lantau Island
68 Cheung Yan Shan 443 on Lantau Island
69 Cloudy Hill
(Kau Lung Hang Shan)
440 Pat Sin Leng Country Park Central New Territories, North of Hong Lok Yuen and Tai Po Industrial Estate
70 Mount Cameron 439 Aberdeen Country Park likely named for Major General William Gordon Cameron, British Army officer and former Administrator of Hong Kong
71 Unicorn Ridge 437 Lion Rock Country Park line of mountains dividing Sha Tin from Kowloon
72 Mount Butler 436 Tai Tam Country Park on Hong Kong Island
73 Kwun Yam Shan 434 on Lantau Island
74 Violet Hill
(Tsz Lo Lan Shan)
433 on Hong Kong Island
75 Jardine's Lookout 433 on Hong Kong Island named for British hong William Jardine (Jardine Matheson)
76 Razor Hill
(Che Kwu Shan)
432 near Pik Uk, Ta Ku Ling, Tseung Kwan O, and Tai Po Tsai
77 Mount Nicholson 430 on Hong Kong Island
78 Sham Hang Lek 430 on Lantau Island
79 Middle Kau Nga Ling 428 on Lantau Island
80 Siu Ma Shan 424 on Hong Kong Island
81 Ngau Yee Shek Shan 422 m Sai Kung West Country Park
82 Tai Sheung Tok 419 m Ma On Shan Country Park near Ngau Chi Wan
83 Tiu Tang Lung 416 m Plover Cove Country Park
84 Tai Cham Koi 408 m Sai Kung East Country Park north of High Island Reservoir
85 Luk Shan 407 m near Sai Kung
86 Kai Kung Shan 399 m Sai Kung West Country Park
87 Kau To Shan
(Cove Hill)
399 m east of Shing Mun Country Park and south of Tai Po Kau in Sha Tin
88 Nui Po Shan
(Turret Hill)
399 m Ma On Shan Country Park near Sha Tin
89 Tsim Mei Fung 395 m Ma On Shan Country Park
90 Gon Shan 394m
91 Fa Mei Shan 391 m near Sai Kung
92 Wa Mei Shan 391 m Sai Kung West Country Park
93 The Twins South 386 on Hong Kong Island
94 Lui Ta Shek 379 m Sai Kung West Country Park
95 Lau Fa Tung 378 on Lantau Island
96 Yuen Tau Shan 375 m near Tuen Mun
97 Nga Ying Shan 374 on Lantau Island
98 Kai Kung Shan 374 m Lam Tsuen Country Park
100 Mount Hallowers
(Tam Chai Shan)
372 m Sai Kung West Country Park
101 Tai Mun Shan 370 m near Big Wave Bay (aka. Tai Long Wan near Chek King on the Sai Kung Peninsula)
102 Golden Hill
(Kam Shan)
369 m Kam Shan Country Park
103 Fan Kei Tok 369 m Plover Cove Country Park
104 Tin Mei Shan 366 m Sai Kung East Country Park northwest corner of High Island Reservoir
105 The Twins North 363 on Hong Kong Island
106 Bird's Hill
(Lung Shan)
360 m near Pat Sin Leng Country Park and near Kwan Tei Temple
107 Cham Tin Shan 356 m Ma On Shan Country Park north of Ngau Chi Wan
108 Mount Stenhouse
(Shan Tel Tong)
353 on Lamma Island likely named for Edinburgh suburb Stenhouse Village
109 Mount Collinson 348 on Hong Kong Island Colonel Thomas Bernard Collinson [3], a Royal Engineers surveyor in Hong Kong (1821–1902)
110 Hebe Hill
(Tsim Fung Shan)
346 m Ma On Shan Country Park
111= High Junk Peak
(Tiu Yue Yung)
344 m Clear Water Bay Country Park
111= Cheung Lin Shan 344 on Hong Kong Island
113 Shek Sze Shan 340 on Lantau Island
114 Tsim Fung Shan 339 on Lantau Island
115= Smuggler's Ridge 337 m Kam Shan Country Park part of Gin Drinker's Line
115= Tai Lo Tin 337 m Ma On Shan near Tate' Cairn
117 Tsing Yi Peak
(Sam Chi Heung)
334 on Tsing Yi Island
118 D'Aguilar Peak
(Hok Tsui Shan)
325 m Shek O Country Park Shek O British Army Major-General George Charles D'Aguilar, Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong
119 Wo Liu Tun 324 on Lantau Island
120 Sze Shan 322 on Lantau Island
121 Tai Tun 317 m Sai Kung West Country Park
122 Sai Wan Shan 314 m Sai Kung East Country Park facing High Island Reservoir
123= Pottinger Peak 312 on Hong Kong Island Sir Henry Pottinger, first British Governor of Hong Kong (Chief of British Forces in Hong Kong) and East India Company Colonel
123= Kwai Au Shan 312 m Ma On Shan Country Park south of Hebe Hill and north east of Ngau Tau Kok
125 Wang Leng 311 m Wang Leng Island?
126 Eagle's Nest
(Tsim Shan)
305 m near Kam Shan Country Park
127= Black Hill 304 m located between Yau Tong and Tiu Keng Leng facing Junk Bay; named for former administrator Major General Wilsone Black, British Army officer
127= Kwun Yam Tung 304 m faces Afternoon Bay in Cheung Chau
129 Lo Yan Shan 303 on Lantau Island
130= Tai Che Tung 302 on Lantau Island
130= Tap Chai Shan 302 on Lantau Island

Lesser Hills[edit]

There are numerous smaller hills that dot Hong Kong and some that have disappeared with re-development:

Name Height (m) Country park Location Notes
Amah Rock 15m Lion Rock Named after Mazu (goddess). Not a hill, but a rock at the top of a hill.
Mount Davis 269m Kennedy Town Named for John Francis Davis, former British Governor of Hong Kong
Chiu Keng Wan Shan
(照鏡環山)
247m Between Yau Tong and Tiu Keng Leng
Devil's Peak 222m Lei Yue Mun
Braemar Hill < 200m North Point
Leighton Hill < 100m Causeway Bay and Happy Valley
Morrison Hill < 100m Wan Chai Named for John Robert Morrison, Chinese interpreter and British linguist and Colonial Secretary. The hill was levelled Praya at the time of the Praya East Reclamation Scheme in the 1920s, which used its constituent rock/earth to reclaim land from the harbour, extending the shoreline away from the area.
Parish Hill Causeway Bay and Happy Valley named for Commodore John E. Parish, commander of China Station 1873-1876

Volcanoes[edit]

See also[edit]

More detailed list of hills in Hong Kong

References[edit]

  1. ^ 落探員. 妙高台 [Miu Gou Toi] (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  2. ^ 落探員. 禾塘崗 [Wo Tong Gong] (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  3. ^ http://www.kfbg.org.hk/wwwroot/images/upload/pdf/geology_kys.pdf
  4. ^ [1] [news.nationalgeographic.com%2Fnews%2F2012%2F09%2Fpictures%2F120905-supervolcano-hong-kong-hexagonal-rocks-science] [http%3A%2F%2Fwww.thestandard.com.hk%2Fnews_detail.asp%3Fpp_cat%3D30%26art_id%3D125842%26con_type%3D1] [2] [www.youtube.com/watch?v=vAtoOdZ-Pr0]

External links[edit]