List of montes on Venus

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This is a list of montes (mountains, singular mons) on the planet Venus. Venusian mountains are all named after goddesses in the mythologies of various cultures, except for the Maxwell Montes.

The four main mountain ranges of Venus are named Maxwell Montes, Freyja Montes, Akna Montes, and Danu Montes. These are found on Ishtar Terra.

Mountain ranges are formed by the folding and buckling of a planet's crust. The mountain ranges of Venus, like those of the Earth, are characterized by many parallel folds and faults.

The presence of mountain ranges on Venus may provide evidence that the planet's surface is in motion.

List of montes on Venus[edit]

Name Coordinates Diam. (km) AS Origin
Abeona Mons 44°48′S 273°06′E / 44.8°S 273.1°E / -44.8; 273.1 (Abeona Mons) 375.0 (1) Abeona, Roman goddess of travelers
Akna Montes 68°54′N 318°12′E / 68.9°N 318.2°E / 68.9; 318.2 (Akna Montes) 830.0 (1) Akna, Mayan goddess of birth
Aleksota Mons 9°00′S 308°30′E / 9.0°S 308.5°E / -9.0; 308.5 (Aleksota Mons) 250.0 (1) Aleksota, Lithuanian goddess of love
Anala Mons 11°00′N 14°06′E / 11.0°N 14.1°E / 11.0; 14.1 (Anala Mons) 525.0 (1) Anala (Hindu), Hindu fertility goddess. Name changed from Anala Corona.
Api Mons 38°54′N 54°42′E / 38.9°N 54.7°E / 38.9; 54.7 (Api Mons) 190.0 (1) Api, Scythian goddess of earth
Atai Mons 22°00′S 291°00′E / 22.0°S 291.0°E / -22.0; 291.0 (Atai Mons) 250.0 (1) Atai, Efik (Ghana) wife of sky god Abassi
Atanua Mons 9°30′N 308°54′E / 9.5°N 308.9°E / 9.5; 308.9 (Atanua Mons) 1000.0 (1) Atanua, dawn goddess from Marquesas Islands
Atira Mons 52°12′N 267°36′E / 52.2°N 267.6°E / 52.2; 267.6 (Atira Mons) 152.0 (1) Atira, Pawnee wife of Great Spirit Tirawa
Atsyrkhus Mons 78°30′S 227°00′E / 78.5°S 227.0°E / -78.5; 227.0 (Atsyrkhus Mons) 170.0 (1) Atsyrkhus (Ossetian people of central Asia), Ossetian, daughter of sun god Khur
Awenhai Mons 60°00′S 248°00′E / 60.0°S 248.0°E / -60.0; 248.0 (Awenhai Mons) 100.0 (1) Awenhai, Mohawk/Iroquois fertility goddess
Bagbartu Mons 65°30′N 279°00′E / 65.5°N 279.0°E / 65.5; 279.0 (Bagbartu Mons) 600.0 (1) Bagbartu (Urartian), Urartu goddess, worshipped at Musasir
Bécuma Mons 34°00′N 21°54′E / 34.0°N 21.9°E / 34.0; 21.9 (Bécuma Mons) 0.0 (1) Bécuma (Celtic), Irish dawn goddess
Bunzi Mons 45°48′N 354°54′E / 45.8°N 354.9°E / 45.8; 354.9 (Bunzi Mons) 36.0 (1) Bunzi (Woyo people of Dem. Rep. Congo), Woyo (Zaire) rainbow goddess
Chloris Mons 45°24′S 294°36′E / 45.4°S 294.6°E / -45.4; 294.6 (Chloris Mons) 180.0 (1) Chloris, Greek flower goddess
Chuginadak Mons 38°00′S 246°00′E / 38.0°S 246.0°E / -38.0; 246.0 (Chuginadak Mons) 450.0 (1) Chuginadak (Aleut Inuit), Aleutian volcano goddess
Cipactli Mons 31°30′S 332°30′E / 31.5°S 332.5°E / -31.5; 332.5 (Cipactli Mons) 200.0 (1) Cipactli, Aztec crocodile-like monster-goddess from which the earth was created
Ciuacoatl Mons 53°00′N 150°54′E / 53.0°N 150.9°E / 53.0; 150.9 (Ciuacoatl Mons) 100.0 (1) Ciuacoatl, Aztec earth goddess. Changed from Ciuacoatl Corona
Danu Montes 58°30′N 334°00′E / 58.5°N 334.0°E / 58.5; 334.0 (Danu Montes) 808.0 (1) Danu (Celtic), Celtic mother of gods
Dzalarhons Mons 0°30′N 34°00′E / 0.5°N 34.0°E / 0.5; 34.0 (Dzalarhons Mons) 120.0 (1) Dzalarhons (Haida people of North America), Haida (NW Coast) volcano goddess
Egle Mons 59°00′S 134°00′E / 59.0°S 134.0°E / -59.0; 134.0 (Egle Mons) 110.0 (1) Egle, Lithuanian underwater queen
Eostre Mons 45°06′N 329°06′E / 45.1°N 329.1°E / 45.1; 329.1 (Eostre Mons) 26.0 (1) Eostre (Germanic), Teutonic goddess of spring
Erzulie Mons 68°00′S 8°00′E / 68.0°S 8.0°E / -68.0; 8.0 (Erzulie Mons) 300.0 (1) Erzulie (Haitian), Haitian voodoo goddess of love
Fand Mons 7°00′N 158°00′E / 7.0°N 158.0°E / 7.0; 158.0 (Fand Mons) 300.0 (1) Fand (Celtic), Celtic goddess of healing and pleasure
Faravari Mons 43°30′S 309°00′E / 43.5°S 309.0°E / -43.5; 309.0 (Faravari Mons) 500.0 (1) Faravari (Malagasy), Malagasy (Madagascar) water goddess
Freyja Montes 74°06′N 333°48′E / 74.1°N 333.8°E / 74.1; 333.8 (Freyja Montes) 579.0 (1) Freyja, Norse fertility goddess
Gauri Mons 20°12′S 102°12′E / 20.2°S 102.2°E / -20.2; 102.2 (Gauri Mons) 75.0 (1) Gauri (Hindu), Indian mountain goddess
Gula Mons 21°54′N 359°06′E / 21.9°N 359.1°E / 21.9; 359.1 (Gula Mons) 276.0 (1) Gula (Babylonian), Babylonian earth mother, creative force
Gurshi Mons 47°30′S 58°30′E / 47.5°S 58.5°E / -47.5; 58.5 (Gurshi Mons) 210.0 (1) Gurshi (Buryat), Buryatian fishing deity
Gwen Mons 21°24′S 238°42′E / 21.4°S 238.7°E / -21.4; 238.7 (Gwen Mons) 200.0 (1) Irish goddess of happiness and smiles
Hallgerda Mons 53°06′N 198°18′E / 53.1°N 198.3°E / 53.1; 198.3 (Hallgerda Mons) 57.0 (1) Hallgerda (Norse), Icelandic goddess of vanity
Hathor Mons 38°42′S 324°42′E / 38.7°S 324.7°E / -38.7; 324.7 (Hathor Mons) 333.0 (1) Hathor (Egyptian), Egyptian sky goddess
Idunn Mons 46°30′S 214°30′E / 46.5°S 214.5°E / -46.5; 214.5 (Idunn Mons) 250.0 (1) Idun, Norse goddess
Ilithyia Mons 13°30′S 315°30′E / 13.5°S 315.5°E / -13.5; 315.5 (Ilithyia Mons) 90.0 (1) Ilithyia, Greek goddess of childbirth
Innini Mons 34°36′S 328°30′E / 34.6°S 328.5°E / -34.6; 328.5 (Innini Mons) 339.0 (1) Innini, Babylonian earth mother worshipped at Kish
Irnini Mons 14°36′N 16°00′E / 14.6°N 16.0°E / 14.6; 16.0 (Irnini Mons) 525.0 (1) Irnini, Assyro-Babylonian goddess of cedar-tree mountains
Iseghey Mons 9°00′N 171°00′E / 9.0°N 171.0°E / 9.0; 171.0 (Iseghey Mons) 500.0 (1) Iseghey (Sakha people of Russia), Yakutian/Saha goddess of cows
Ixtab Mons 15°42′N 242°12′E / 15.7°N 242.2°E / 15.7; 242.2 (Ixtab Mons) 80.0 (1) Ixtab, Mayan goddess of death
Jael Mons 51°12′N 120°48′E / 51.2°N 120.8°E / 51.2; 120.8 (Jael Mons) 36.0 (1) Jael, Hebrew biblical heroine
Kali Mons 9°24′N 29°12′E / 9.4°N 29.2°E / 9.4; 29.2 (Kali Mons) 325.0 (1) Kali (Hindu), Hindu goddess, mother of death
Katl-Imi Mons 69°00′S 126°00′E / 69.0°S 126.0°E / -69.0; 126.0 (Katl-Imi Mons) 120.0 (1) Katl-Imi, Khanty sun goddess
Kokyanwuti Mons 35°30′N 212°00′E / 35.5°N 212.0°E / 35.5; 212.0 (Kokyanwuti Mons) 400.0 (1) Kokyanwuti (Hopi people of North America), Hopi earth goddess - "Spider Woman"
Kshumay Mons 54°54′S 58°00′E / 54.9°S 58.0°E / -54.9; 58.0 (Kshumay Mons) 250.0 (1) Kshumay (Nurestan, Afghanistan), Nuristan (NE Afghanistan) vegetation goddess
Kunapipi Mons 33°54′S 86°00′E / 33.9°S 86.0°E / -33.9; 86.0 (Kunapipi Mons) 220.0 (1) Kunapipi (Australian aborigine), Australian mother earth goddess. Changed from Kunapipi Corona.
Kurukulla Mons 48°42′N 103°00′E / 48.7°N 103.0°E / 48.7; 103.0 (Kurukulla Mons) 59.0 (1) Kurukulla (Tibetan), Etan (Tibet) goddess of wealth
Lahar Mons 14°00′N 162°00′E / 14.0°N 162.0°E / 14.0; 162.0 (Lahar Mons) 225.0 (1) Lahar, Assyro-Babylonian goddess of domestic animals
Laka Mons 79°54′N 262°00′E / 79.9°N 262.0°E / 79.9; 262.0 (Laka Mons) 220.0 (1) Laka (Hawaiian), Hawaiian uncultivated area goddess
Lamashtu Mons 2°48′N 172°42′E / 2.8°N 172.7°E / 2.8; 172.7 (Lamashtu Mons) 260.0 (1) Lamashtu (Sumerian), Sumerian goddess who inflicted children with diseases
Lanig Mons 68°30′S 91°00′E / 68.5°S 91.0°E / -68.5; 91.0 (Lanig Mons) 400.0 (1) Lanig (Semang people of the Malay peninsula), Semang (Malay Peninsula) creator goddess
Loo-Wit Mons 59°30′S 56°00′E / 59.5°S 56.0°E / -59.5; 56.0 (Loo-Wit Mons) 150.0 (1) Loowit (Multnomah and Klikitat people of North America), Multnomah and Klikitat (NW Coast) volcano goddess, embodied in Mt. St. Helens
Maat Mons 0°30′N 194°36′E / 0.5°N 194.6°E / 0.5; 194.6 (Maat Mons) 395.0 (1) Ma'at (Egyptian), Ancient Egyptian goddess of truth and justice
Maxwell Montes 65°12′N 3°18′E / 65.2°N 3.3°E / 65.2; 3.3 (Maxwell Montes) 797.0 (1) James Clerk Maxwell, British physicist (1831–1879)
Mbokomu Mons 15°06′S 215°12′E / 15.1°S 215.2°E / -15.1; 215.2 (Mbokomu Mons) 460.0 (1) Ngombe (Zaire) ancestor goddess
Melia Mons 62°48′N 119°18′E / 62.8°N 119.3°E / 62.8; 119.3 (Melia Mons) 311.0 (1) Greek nymph
Mem Loimis Mons 9°30′N 209°00′E / 9.5°N 209.0°E / 9.5; 209.0 (Mem Loimis Mons) 300.0 (1) Wintun (California) goddess
Mertseger Mons 38°06′S 270°18′E / 38.1°S 270.3°E / -38.1; 270.3 (Mertseger Mons) 450.0 (1) Mertseger,Snake goddess of the Theban necropolis
Metis Mons 71°00′N 253°00′E / 71.0°N 253.0°E / 71.0; 253.0 (Metis Mons) 920.0 (1) Greek Titaness
Mielikki Mons 27°48′S 280°30′E / 27.8°S 280.5°E / -27.8; 280.5 (Mielikki Mons) 450.0 (1) Finnish forest goddess
Milda Mons 52°30′N 159°24′E / 52.5°N 159.4°E / 52.5; 159.4 (Milda Mons) 48.0 (1) Lithuanian goddess of love
Mokosha Mons 57°42′N 255°00′E / 57.7°N 255.0°E / 57.7; 255.0 (Mokosha Mons) 270.0 (1) East Slavic main goddess
Muhongo Mons 10°36′N 174°30′E / 10.6°N 174.5°E / 10.6; 174.5 (Muhongo Mons) 175.0 (1) Mbundu (Angola) ancestor deity
Muta Mons 55°30′N 358°18′E / 55.5°N 358.3°E / 55.5; 358.3 (Muta Mons) 54.0 (1) Roman goddess of silence
Nahas-tsan Mons 14°00′N 205°00′E / 14.0°N 205.0°E / 14.0; 205.0 (Nahas-tsan Mons) 500.0 (1) Navajo Mother Earth
Nayunuwi Montes 2°00′N 83°00′E / 2.0°N 83.0°E / 2.0; 83.0 (Nayunuwi Montes) 900.0 (1) Cherokee stone-clad female monster
Nazit Mons 22°30′N 240°00′E / 22.5°N 240.0°E / 22.5; 240.0 (Nazit Mons) 350.0 (1) Egyptian winged serpent goddess
Ne Ngam Mons 43°00′S 257°30′E / 43.0°S 257.5°E / -43.0; 257.5 (Ne Ngam Mons) 200.0 (1) Lao world creator goddess
Nepthys Mons 33°00′S 317°30′E / 33.0°S 317.5°E / -33.0; 317.5 (Nepthys Mons) 350.0 (1) Egyptian goddess of barren lands
Nijole Mons 45°00′N 185°00′E / 45.0°N 185.0°E / 45.0; 185.0 (Nijole Mons) 150.0 (1) Lithuanian underworld goddess. Spelling changed from Niola Mons.
Ninisinna Mons 25°42′N 197°30′E / 25.7°N 197.5°E / 25.7; 197.5 (Ninisinna Mons) 110.0 (2) Mesopotamian goddess of health and healing
Nokomis Montes 20°00′N 189°00′E / 20.0°N 189.0°E / 20.0; 189.0 (Nokomis Montes) 486.0 (1) Algonquin (N. America) earth mother
Nyx Mons 30°00′N 48°30′E / 30.0°N 48.5°E / 30.0; 48.5 (Nyx Mons) 875.0 (1) Greek goddess of night
Ongwuti Mons 2°00′S 194°30′E / 2.0°S 194.5°E / -2.0; 194.5 (Ongwuti Mons) 500.0 (1) Hopi salt-woman deity who predicts seasons
Ozza Mons 4°30′N 201°00′E / 4.5°N 201.0°E / 4.5; 201.0 (Ozza Mons) 507.0 (1) Persian goddess honored by the Koreishies
Pahto Mons 64°30′S 114°30′E / 64.5°S 114.5°E / -64.5; 114.5 (Pahto Mons) 300.0 (1) Yakima/Klickitat (NW Coast) mountain goddess
Polik-mana Mons 24°30′N 264°00′E / 24.5°N 264.0°E / 24.5; 264.0 (Polik-mana Mons) 600.0 (1) Hopi butterfly maiden ('kachina')
Ptesanwi Mons 2°48′N 45°24′E / 2.8°N 45.4°E / 2.8; 45.4 (Ptesanwi Mons) 200.0 (1) Lakota (Sioux) White Buffalo Woman
Rakapila Mons 43°42′S 321°30′E / 43.7°S 321.5°E / -43.7; 321.5 (Rakapila Mons) 130.0 (1) Malagasy (Madagascar) sacred tree deity
Renpet Mons 76°00′N 236°12′E / 76.0°N 236.2°E / 76.0; 236.2 (Renpet Mons) 138.0 (1) Egyptian goddess of springtime and youth
Rhea Mons 32°24′N 282°12′E / 32.4°N 282.2°E / 32.4; 282.2 (Rhea Mons) 217.0 (1) Greek Titaness
Rhpisunt Mons 2°30′N 301°30′E / 2.5°N 301.5°E / 2.5; 301.5 (Rhpisunt Mons) 250.0 (1) Haida (NW Coast) Bear Mother deity
Sakwap-mana Mons 35°00′N 219°30′E / 35.0°N 219.5°E / 35.0; 219.5 (Sakwap-mana Mons) 500.0 (1) Hopi maiden of blue corn ('kachina')
Samodiva Mons 13°36′N 291°00′E / 13.6°N 291.0°E / 13.6; 291.0 (Samodiva Mons) 200.0 (1) Bulgarian winged water deity
Sapas Mons 8°30′N 188°18′E / 8.5°N 188.3°E / 8.5; 188.3 (Sapas Mons) 217.0 (1) Phoenician goddess
Sarasvati Mons 75°42′N 354°30′E / 75.7°N 354.5°E / 75.7; 354.5 (Sarasvati Mons) 200.0 (1) Saraswati, Hindu river goddess
Sekmet Mons 44°30′N 240°30′E / 44.5°N 240.5°E / 44.5; 240.5 (Sekmet Mons) 285.0 (1) Ancient Egyptian goddess of war and battle
Sephira Mons 43°00′S 28°00′E / 43.0°S 28.0°E / -43.0; 28.0 (Sephira Mons) 275.0 (1) Spanish goddess of intelligence and creativity
Shala Mons 39°24′N 208°00′E / 39.4°N 208.0°E / 39.4; 208.0 (Shala Mons) 90.0 (2) Canaanite storm goddess
Siduri Mons 42°18′S 297°18′E / 42.3°S 297.3°E / -42.3; 297.3 (Siduri Mons) 105.0 (1) Babylonian goddess of wine and wisdom
Sif Mons 22°00′N 352°24′E / 22.0°N 352.4°E / 22.0; 352.4 (Sif Mons) 200.0 (1) Teutonic goddess; Thor's wife
Skadi Mons 64°00′N 4°00′E / 64.0°N 4.0°E / 64.0; 4.0 (Skadi Mons) 40.0 (1) Norse mountain goddess
Somagalags Montes 9°18′N 348°30′E / 9.3°N 348.5°E / 9.3; 348.5 (Somagalags Montes) 105.0 (1) Bella Coola earth mother. Name changed from Somagalags Corona.
Spandarmat Mons 16°30′S 255°00′E / 16.5°S 255.0°E / -16.5; 255.0 (Spandarmat Mons) 400.0 (1) Iranian mother goddess
Talakin Mons 11°00′S 355°24′E / 11.0°S 355.4°E / -11.0; 355.4 (Talakin Mons) 175.0 (1) Navajo (USA) goddess
Tefnut Mons 38°36′S 304°00′E / 38.6°S 304.0°E / -38.6; 304.0 (Tefnut Mons) 182.0 (1) Ancient Egyptian goddess of dew or rain
Tepev Mons 29°00′N 44°18′E / 29.0°N 44.3°E / 29.0; 44.3 (Tepev Mons) 301.0 (1) Quiche Mayan creator goddess
Thallo Mons 76°00′N 233°30′E / 76.0°N 233.5°E / 76.0; 233.5 (Thallo Mons) 216.0 (1) Greek goddess of vegetation flowering (Spring Hora)
Theia Mons 22°42′N 281°00′E / 22.7°N 281.0°E / 22.7; 281.0 (Theia Mons) 226.0 (1) Greek Titaness
Toma Mons 12°54′S 232°00′E / 12.9°S 232.0°E / -12.9; 232.0 (Toma Mons) 80.0 (2) Tibetan goddess of intelligence and creativity
Ts'an Nu Mons 27°12′S 272°54′E / 27.2°S 272.9°E / -27.2; 272.9 (Ts'an Nu Mons) 310.0 (1) Chinese goddess of silkworms
Tuli Mons 13°18′N 314°36′E / 13.3°N 314.6°E / 13.3; 314.6 (Tuli Mons) 750.0 (1) Samoan goddess of creation
Tuulikki Mons 10°18′N 274°42′E / 10.3°N 274.7°E / 10.3; 274.7 (Tuulikki Mons) 520.0 (1) Finnish wood goddess
Tuzandi Mons 42°30′S 41°30′E / 42.5°S 41.5°E / -42.5; 41.5 (Tuzandi Mons) 200.0 (1) Palaun (Mon-Khmer of Burma/Myanmar) ancestor deity
Ua-ogrere Mons 40°30′N 117°00′E / 40.5°N 117.0°E / 40.5; 117.0 (Ua-ogrere Mons) 200.0 (1) Kivai (New Guinea) ancestor deity, oldest woman who "ever existed"
Uretsete Mons 12°00′S 261°00′E / 12.0°S 261.0°E / -12.0; 261.0 (Uretsete Mons) 500.0 (1) Keresan Pueblo ancestor goddess
Ushas Mons 24°18′S 324°36′E / 24.3°S 324.6°E / -24.3; 324.6 (Ushas Mons) 413.0 (1) Indian goddess of dawn
Uti Hiata Mons 16°00′N 69°00′E / 16.0°N 69.0°E / 16.0; 69.0 (Uti Hiata Mons) 500.0 (1) Pawnee Mother Corn deity
Var Mons 1°12′N 316°12′E / 1.2°N 316.2°E / 1.2; 316.2 (Var Mons) 1000.0 (1) Scandinavian love goddess
Venilia Mons 32°42′N 238°48′E / 32.7°N 238.8°E / 32.7; 238.8 (Venilia Mons) 320.0 (1) Ancient Italian sea goddess
Vostrukha Mons 6°18′S 299°24′E / 6.3°S 299.4°E / -6.3; 299.4 (Vostrukha Mons) 180.0 (1) Belorussian deity of home
Waka Mons 26°18′N 207°42′E / 26.3°N 207.7°E / 26.3; 207.7 (Waka Mons) 60.0 (2) Polynesian lizard goddess
Wyrd Mons 14°00′N 247°12′E / 14.0°N 247.2°E / 14.0; 247.2 (Wyrd Mons) 150.0 (1) Anglo-Saxon weaving goddess
Xochiquetzal Mons 3°30′N 270°00′E / 3.5°N 270.0°E / 3.5; 270.0 (Xochiquetzal Mons) 80.0 (1) Aztec goddess of flowers
Xtoh Mons 39°42′N 194°12′E / 39.7°N 194.2°E / 39.7; 194.2 (Xtoh Mons) 110.0 (2) Quiche (Guatemala) goddess of weather and rain
Yolkai-Estsan Mons 17°00′N 194°00′E / 17.0°N 194.0°E / 17.0; 194.0 (Yolkai-Estsan Mons) 600.0 (1) Navajo myth female deity
Yunya-mana Mons 18°00′S 285°00′E / 18.0°S 285.0°E / -18.0; 285.0 (Yunya-mana Mons) 500.0 (1) Hopi prickly pear cactus maiden
Zaltu Mons 18°00′N 163°30′E / 18.0°N 163.5°E / 18.0; 163.5 (Zaltu Mons) 220.0 (1) Assyro-Babylonian goddess

Key

  • DIAM — Diameter or longest dimension of feature in kilometers
  • AS — Approval status
    • (1) — Adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) General Assembly
    • (2) — Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN) approval
    • (3) — Dropped, no longer in use

See also[edit]

External links[edit]