List of municipalities in Manitoba

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Map of Canada with Manitoba highlighted in red
Location of Manitoba in Canada
Map showing locations of all of Manitoba's municipalities
Distribution of Manitoba's 197 municipalities by type (2011)

Manitoba is the fifth-most populous province in Canada with 1,208,268 residents as of 2011 and is the sixth-largest in land area at approximately 552,000 km2 (213,000 sq mi).[1] Manitoba's 137 municipalities[2] cover only 20% of the province's land mass yet are home to 94% of its population.[3] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents.

A municipality in Manitoba is "a municipality that is continued or formed under" the Municipal Act, which was enacted in 1996.[4] Municipalities that can be formed under this legislation include urban municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and rural municipalities.[4] The Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, allows the formation of local government districts as another municipality type.[5] Of Manitoba's 137 municipalities, 37 of them are urban municipalities (10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages), 98 are rural municipalities and 2 are local government districts.[6][7] The Municipal Act and the Local Government Districts Act stipulate governance of these municipalities.[4][5] Additional charters or acts are in place specifically for the cities of Brandon, Flin Flon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson and Winnipeg, the towns of Morris and Winnipeg Beach, and the rural municipalities of Kelsey, St. Andrews and Victoria Beach.[8] The Municipal Act, the Local Government Districts Act, and all these additional acts and charters were enacted at the provincial level by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, representing Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba.[4][5][8] The Government of Manitoba's Department of Local Government is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.[9]

Over half of Manitoba's population resides in the City of Winnipeg, the provincial capital, with a population with 663,617.[3] The City of Brandon is the province's second-most populous municipality with 46,061 residents.[3] Manitoba's smallest municipality by population is the Local Government District of Mystery Lake with 10 residents.[3] The largest municipality by land area is the Rural Municipality (RM) of Reynolds at 3,573.79 km2 (1,379.85 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Village of Lac du Bonnet at 2.25 km2 (0.87 sq mi).[3]

Manitoba's first municipality was the RM of Springfield (originally Springfield-Sunnyside).[10] It was incorporated on September 27, 1873.[11] Winnipeg was incorporated as a city a few weeks later on November 8, 1873.[12]

Urban municipalities[edit]

Map showing locations of Manitoba's urban municipalities
Distribution of Manitoba's 79 urban municipalities by type (2011)
Skyline of Winnipeg at night
Manitoba Legislature in downtown Winnipeg
Downtown Brandon
Downtown Brandon
Downtown Brandon
Downtown Steinbach

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1996, defines urban municipality as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of at least 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] An urban municipality, upon formation, may be named a "city", "town", "village" or "urban municipality", although there is a minimum 7,500 population requirement that limits the naming of cities.[4]

Combined, Manitoba has 37 urban municipalities comprising 10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages.[6] The 37 urban municipalities have a total population of 845,909, a total land area of 6,394.47 km2 (2,468.92 sq mi), and an average population of 22,862. These totals represent 70% of Manitoba's population and 1.2% of its land area.

Of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities, 6 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000 and 20 have less than the current minimum density requirement of 400 residents per square kilometre. All of these were incorporated as urban municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.[4][13]

Cities[edit]

In Manitoba, a city is a type of urban municipality. The Municipal Act stipulates that an urban municipality can only be named a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500 residents.[4]

Manitoba has 10 cities[6] that had a cumulative population of 790,957 and an average population of 79,096 in the 2011 census.[3] These 10 cities include Flin Flon, of which a small portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan. The province's largest and smallest cities are Winnipeg and the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon with populations of 663,617 and 5,363 respectively.[3] Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from a town to a city on August 24, 2012.[14]

Towns[edit]

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a town upon formation. Other than the requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as towns. A town can alternately be named a village or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 25 towns[6] that had a cumulative population of 53,157 and an average population of 2,126 in the 2011 census.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns are The Pas and Grand Rapids with populations of 5,513 and 279 respectively.[3][15]

Villages[edit]

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a village upon formation. Other than the minimum requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as villages. A village can alternately be named a town or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 2 villages[6] that had a cumulative population of 1,795 and an average population of 898 in the 2011 census.[3] The province's largest and smallest villages are St-Pierre-Jolys and Dunnottar with populations of 1,099 and 696 respectively.[3]

List of urban municipalities[edit]

Name Municipal status Original
incorporation
date[13]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Altona[a] Town December 31, 1945 4,088 3,709 10.2 9.39 435.4
Arborg[a] Town January 1, 1964 1,152 1,021 12.8 2.26 510.1
Beausejour[a] Town November 5, 1908 3,126 2,823 10.7 5.35 584.4
Brandon City May 30, 1882 46,061 41,511 11.0 76.89 599.1
Carberry[a] Town December 20, 1889 1,669 1,502 11.1 4.79 348.6
Carman[a] Town November 3, 1899 3,027 2,781 8.8 4.31 702.4
Churchill[b] Town January 1, 1959 813 923 −11.9 53.96 15.1
Dauphin[c] City July 11, 1898 8,251 7,906 4.4 12.65 652.1
Dunnottar Village December 31, 1947 696 692 0.6 2.79 249.4
Flin Flon (part)[d] City August 15, 1933 5,363[e] 5,594 −4.1 13.88[f] 386.4
Gillam[b] Town May 1, 1966 1,317[15] 1,209 8.9 1,996.34 0.7
Grand Rapids[b] Town March 1, 1962 279[15] 336 −17.0 85.95 3.2
Lac du Bonnet[a] Town December 31, 1947 1,069[15] 1,009 5.9 2.25 475.1
Leaf Rapids[b] Town December 1, 1971 453 539 −16.0 1,272.87 0.4
Lynn Lake[b] Town May 9, 1959 674[15] 714 −5.6 910.23 0.7
Melita[a] Town May 15, 1902 1,069 1,051 1.7 2.96 361.1
Minnedosa Town March 2, 1883 2,587 2,474 4.6 15.26 169.6
Morden[c] City May 1, 1895 7,812 6,571 18.9 16.39 476.7
Morris Town January 29, 1883 1,797 1,643 9.4 6.10 294.6
Neepawa Town November 23, 1883 3,629 3,298 10.0 17.57 206.5
Niverville[a] Town January 1, 1969 3,540 2,464 43.7 8.79 402.9
PasThe Pas Town May 17, 1912 5,513 5,589 −1.4 47.83 115.3
Portage la Prairie[g] City November 12, 1880 12,996 12,728 2.1 24.67 526.7
Powerview-Pine Falls[a][h] Town January 1, 1951 1,314 1,294 1.5 5.05 260.0
Selkirk[g] City June 15, 1882 9,834 9,515 3.4 24.87 395.4
Snow Lake[b] Town June 2, 1947 723 837 −13.6 1,211.89 0.6
Ste. Anne[a] Town January 1, 1963 1,626 1,534 6.0 4.19 387.7
Steinbach[g] City December 31, 1946 13,524 11,066 22.2 25.57 528.9
Stonewall[a] Town August 14, 1906 4,536 4,376 3.7 6.02 753.7
St-Pierre-Jolys[i] Village December 31, 1947 1,099 839 31.0 2.60 422.7
Swan River Town May 11, 1908 3,907 3,869 1.0 6.89 567.4
Teulon[a] Town May 6, 1919 1,124 1,124 0.0 3.20 351.2
Thompson[g] City January 1, 1967 12,829 13,446 −4.6 17.18 746.9
Virden[a] Town August 2, 1890 3,114 3,010 3.5 8.56 363.6
Winkler[c] City April 7, 1906 10,670 9,106 17.2 17.01 627.2
Winnipeg City November 8, 1873 663,617 633,451 4.8 464.08 1,430.0
Winnipeg Beach[a] Town November 2, 1909 1,011 1,017 −0.6 3.88 260.6
Sub-total cities 790,957 750,894 5.3 693.19 1,141.0
Sub-total towns 53,157 50,146 6.0 5,695.89 9.3
Sub-total villages 1,795 1,531 17.2 5.39 333.0
Total urban municipalities 845,909 802,571 5.4 6,394.47 132.3

Rural municipalities[edit]

Map showing locations of Manitoba's rural municipalities
Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities (2011)

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1987, defines rural municipality (RM) as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of less than 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] Manitoba has 98 rural municipalities[20] that had a cumulative population of 290,142 and an average population of 2961 in the 2011 census.[3] These totals represent 24% of Manitoba's population and 18.8% of its land area. The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are the RM of Springfield and the Victoria Beach with populations of 14,069 and 374 respectively.[3]

Of Manitoba's 98 rural municipalities, 5 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000. All of these were incorporated as rural municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.[4][13] In the case of the RM of Shellmouth-Boulton, it was formed through the amalgamation of the former RMs of Shellmouth and Boulton in 1999.[21]

Name Original
incorporation
date[13]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Alexander[j] January 1, 1945 2,983 2,978 0.2 1,568.66 1.9
Alonsa[j] January 1, 1945 1,270 1,446 −12.2 2,977.50 0.4
Argyle August 15, 1881 1,071 1,073 −0.2 770.44 1.4
Armstrong[j] January 1, 1945 1,835 1,919 −4.4 1,864.96 1.0
Bifrost – Riverton January 1, 2015 3,514 3,509 0.1 1,643.69 2.1
Boissevain – Morton January 1, 2015 2,270 2,215 2.5 1,092.65 2.1
Brenda – Waskada January 1, 2015 652 748 −12.8 766.77 0.9
Brokenhead November 15, 1900 4,635 3,940 17.6 750.54 6.2
Cartier February 21, 1914 3,153 3,162 −0.3 553.42 5.7
Cartwright – Roblin January 1, 2015 1,240 1,246 −0.5 718.01 1.7
Clanwilliam – Erickson January 1, 2015 901 940 −4.1 352.08 2.6
Coldwell November 19, 1912 1,351 1,339 0.9 901.84 1.5
Cornwallis December 22, 1883 4,378 4,058 7.9 500.88 8.7
Dauphin November 26, 1897 2,200 2,328 −5.5 1,516.10 1.5
Deloraine – Winchester January 1, 2015 1,485 1,571 −5.5 727.83 2.0
De Salaberry December 22, 1883 3,450 3,349 3.0 670.29 5.1
Dufferin November 1, 1890 2,394 2,298 4.2 915.54 2.6
East St. Paul November 3, 1915 9,046 8,733 3.6 42.10 214.9
Ellice – Archie January 1, 2015 2,252 2,457 −8.3 3,552.04 0.6
Elton December 22, 1883 1,257 1,285 −2.2 571.85 2.2
Emerson – Franklin January 1, 2015 2,439 2,457 −0.7 975.62 2.5
Ethelbert January 1, 2015 629 695 −9.5 1,136.97 0.6
Fisher[j] January 1, 1945 1,704 1,944 −12.3 1,481.35 1.2
Gilbert Plains January 1, 2015 1,623 1,594 1.8 1,051.80 1.5
Gimli August 15, 1881 5,845 5,797 0.8 319.25 18.3
Glenboro – South Cypress January 1, 2015 1,483 1,467 1.1 1,097.76 1.4
Glenella – Lansdowne January 1, 2015 1,245 1,267 −1.7 1,263.43 1.0
Grahamdale[j] January 1, 1945 1,354 1,416 −4.4 2,384.62 0.6
Grandview January 1, 2015 1,508 1,575 −4.3 1,156.29 1.3
Grassland January 1, 2015 1,480 1,481 −0.1 1,345.85 1.1
Grey January 1, 2015 2,615 2,592 0.9 960.29 2.7
Hamiota January 1, 2015 1,288 1,260 2.2 575.76 2.2
Hanover May 25, 1881 14,026 11,871 18.2 740.31 18.9
Harrison Park January 1, 2015 1,799 1,815 −0.9 977.58 1.8
Headingley May 9, 1992 3,215 2,726 17.9 106.98 30.1
Hillsburg – Roblin – Shell River January 1, 2015 3,284 3,375 −2.7 1,688.2 1.9
Kelsey[j] January 1, 1945 2,272 2,453 −7.4 867.64 2.6
Killarney-Turtle Mountain August 15, 1881 3,233 3,299 −2.0 925.13 3.5
La Broquerie May 25, 1881 5,198 3,659 42.1 578.20 9.0
Lac du Bonnet April 6, 1912 2,930[15] 2,812 4.2 1,100.17 2.7
Lakeshore January 1, 2015 1,401 1,430 −2.0 1,297.23 1.1
Lorne January 1, 2015 3,006 3,024 −0.6 911.85 3.3
Louise January 1, 2015 1,932 1,849 4.5 938.21 2.1
Macdonald May 25, 1881 6,280 5,653 11.1 1,156.64 5.4
McCreary January 1, 2015 948 963 −1.6 524.39 1.8
Minitonas – Bowsman January 1, 2015 1,816 1,917 −5.3 1,202.31 1.5
Minto – Odanah January 1, 2015 1,177 1,207 −2.5 743.9 1.6
Montcalm May 25, 1881 1,309 1,317 −0.6 469.41 2.8
Morris February 14, 1880 2,999 2,662 12.7 1,041.15 2.9
Mossey River January 1, 2015 1,186 1,242 −4.5 1,125.56 1.1
Mountain[j][k] January 1, 1945 1,104 1,336 −17.4 2,607.69 0.4
Norfolk Treherne January 1, 2015 1,741 1,816 −4.1 733.99 2.4
North Cypress – Langford January 1, 2015 2,627 2,689 −2.3 1,761.87 1.5
North Norfolk January 1, 2015 3,762 3,663 2.7 1,160.89 3.2
Oakland – Wawanesa January 1, 2015 1,618 1,568 3.2 577.47 2.8
Oakview January 1, 2015 1,513 1,595 −5.1 1,148.09 1.3
Pembina January 1, 2015 2,369 2,430 −2.5 1,117.7 2.1
Piney[j] January 1, 1945 1,720 1,755 −2.0 2,433.77 0.7
Pipestone December 22, 1883 1,447 1,419 2.0 1,147.35 1.3
Portage la Prairie February 14, 1880 6,525 6,793 −3.9 1,964.32 3.3
Prairie Lakes January 1, 2015 1,423 1,536 −7.4 1,062.9 1.3
Prairie View January 1, 2015 2,167 2,232 −2.9 1,696.13 1.3
Reynolds[j] January 1, 1945 1,285 1,410 −8.9 3,573.79 0.4
Rhineland January 1, 2015 5,772 5,469 5.5 958.69 6.0
Riding Mountain West January 1, 2015 1,390 1,404 −1.0 1,622.55 0.9
Ritchot November 1, 1890 5,478 5,051 8.5 333.53 16.4
Riverdale January 1, 2015 2,019 2,061 −2.0 570.42 3.5
Rockwood February 14, 1880 7,964 7,692 3.5 1,199.76 6.6
Roland November 1, 1908 1,058 1,002 5.6 485.06 2.2
Rosedale December 22, 1883 1,627 1,658 −1.9 865.58 1.9
Rossburn January 1, 2015 1,046 1,060 −1.3 682.78 1.5
Rosser March 11, 1893 1,352 1,364 −0.9 441.43 3.1
Russell – Binscarth January 1, 2015 2,553 2,469 3.4 572.5 4.5
Sifton January 1, 2015 1,172 1,159 1.1 770.84 1.5
Souris – Glenwood January 1, 2015 2,439 2,412 1.1 581.22 4.2
Springfield September 27, 1873 14,069 12,990 8.3 1,100.83 12.8
St. Andrews February 14, 1880 11,875 11,359 4.5 752.70 15.8
St. Clements December 22, 1883 10,505 9,706 8.2 728.65 14.4
St. François Xavier February 14, 1880 1,240 1,087 14.1 204.55 6.1
St. Laurent May 25, 1881 1,305 1,454 −10.2 465.62 2.8
Stanley November 1, 1890 8,356 6,367 31.2 835.59 10.0
Ste. Anne February 14, 1880 4,686 4,509 3.9 477.92 9.8
Ste. Rose January 1, 2015 1,794 1,786 0.4 628.56 2.9
Stuartburn[j] January 1, 1945 1,535 1,629 −5.8 1,161.65 1.3
Taché February 14, 1880 10,284 9,083 13.2 581.52 17.7
Thompson November 1, 1908 1,397 1,259 11.0 528.57 2.6
Two Borders January 1, 2015 1,310 1,400 −6.4 2,304.46 0.6
Victoria November 15, 1902 1,119 1,149 −2.6 697.63 1.6
Victoria Beach March 14, 1919 374 388 −3.6 20.28 18.4
Wallace – Woodworth January 1, 2015 2,857 2,852 0.2 1,969.32 1.5
West Interlake January 1, 2015 2,206 2,391 −7.7 1,622.18 1.4
WestLake – Gladstone January 1, 2015 3,068 3,050 0.6 1,832.09 1.7
West St. Paul November 3, 1915 4,932 4,357 13.2 87.66 56.3
Swan Valley West January 1, 2015 2,923 3,144 −7.0 1,720.39 1.7
Whitehead December 22, 1883 1,533 1,402 9.3 562.83 2.7
Whitemouth March 1, 1905 1,548 1,480 4.6 703.02 2.2
Woodlands February 14, 1880 3,521 3,562 −1.2 1,177.22 3.0
Yellowhead January 1, 2015 1,973 2,075 −4.9 1,110.72 1.8
Total rural municipalities 290,142 278,935 4.0 103,945.32 2.8

Local government districts[edit]

Manitoba's Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, defines a local government district (LGD) as "an area or areas that is or are wholly or partly in unorganized territory or in a disorganized municipality" with inhabitants. LGDs are incorporated by Manitoba's Lieutenant Governor in Council through passage of a regulation.[5]

Manitoba has two LGDs:[6] Mystery Lake and Pinawa.[7] For municipal statistical purposes, Mystery Lake is considered a rural municipality while Pinawa is considered an urban municipality.[7]

Name Incorporation
date[13]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Mystery Lake December 5, 1956 10 0 3,464.06 0.0
Pinawa January 4, 1962 1,444 1,450 −0.4 128.47 11.2
Total local government district 1,454 1,450 0.3 3,592.53 0.4

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n The towns of Altona, Arborg, Beausejour, Carberry, Carman, Lac du Bonnet, Melita, Niverville, Powerview-Pine Falls, Ste. Anne, Stonewall, Teulon, Virden and Winnipeg Beach were originally incorporated as villages.[13]
  2. ^ a b c d e f The towns of Churchill, Gillam, Grand Rapids, Leaf Rapids, Lynn Lake and Snow Lake were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  3. ^ a b c The cities of Dauphin, Morden and Winkler were originally incorporated as villages and each also held town status prior to acquiring their current city status.[13]
  4. ^ The City of Flin Flon was originally incorporated as a municipal district and also held town status prior to acquiring its current city status.[16]
  5. ^ This population does not include 229 in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon.[17] The city's total population in 2011 was 5,592.
  6. ^ This land area does not include 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon.[17] The city's total land area in 2011 was 16.25 km2 (6.27 sq mi).
  7. ^ a b c d The cities of Portage la Prairie, Selkirk, Steinbach and Thompson were originally incorporated as towns.[13]
  8. ^ The Town of Powerview-Pine Falls originally incorporated under the name of the Village of Powerview. Its renaming occurred on May 1, 2005 when it simultaneously absorbed the neighbouring community of Pine Falls and changed to town status.[18]
  9. ^ The Village of St-Pierre-Jolys originally incorporated under the name of the Village of St. Pierre. Its renaming occurred on January 1, 1977.[19]
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The rural municipalities of Alexander, Alonsa, Armstrong, Fisher, Grahamdale, Kelsey, Mountain, Park, Piney, Reynolds and Stuartburn were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  11. ^ Statistics Canada divides the RM of Mountain into two parts. In the 2011 census, the north portion had a population of 637, a -16.8% change from its 2006 population of 766, and a land area and population density of 990.14 km2 (382.30 sq mi) and 0.6/km2 (1.7/sq mi) respectively. Meanwhile, the south portion had a population of 467, a -18.1% change from its 2006 population of 570, and a land area and population density of 1,617.55 km2 (624.54 sq mi) and 0.3/km2 (0.7/sq mi) respectively.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Report of Manitoba Local Government" (pdf). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Manitoba)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The Municipal Act (enacted 1996)". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d "The Local Government Districts Act (enacted 1987)". Government of Manitoba. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (pdf). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (pdf). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Municipal Acts". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Manitoba Local Government". Province of Manitoba. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Regional Profiles – Tourism Profiles – RM of Springfield". Partnership of the Manitoba Capital Region. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Springfield". The Manitoba Historical Society. August 2, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ "The Incorporation of Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. June 30, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MHS Resources: Manitoba’s Municipal History". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Morden Gets City Status". City of Morden. August 27, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Flin Flon". The Manitoba Historical Society. May 13, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Saskatchewan)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Powerview-Pine Falls". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: St-Pierre-Jolys". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  20. ^ "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba". Manitoba Department of Local Government. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Shellmouth-Boulton". The Manitoba Historical Society. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 

External links[edit]