List of municipalities in Manitoba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of Canada with Manitoba highlighted in red
Location of Manitoba in Canada
Map showing locations of all of Manitoba's municipalities
Distribution of Manitoba's 197 municipalities by type

Manitoba is the fifth-most populous province in Canada with 1,208,268 residents as of 2011 and is the sixth-largest in land area at approximately 552,000 km2 (213,000 sq mi).[1] Manitoba's 197 municipalities[2] cover only 20% of the province's land mass yet are home to 94% of its population.[3] These municipalities provide local government services to their residents.

A municipality in Manitoba is "a municipality that is continued or formed under" the Municipal Act, which was enacted in 1996.[4] Municipalities that can be formed under this legislation include urban municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and rural municipalities.[4] The Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, allows the formation of local government districts as another municipality type.[5] Of Manitoba's 197 municipalities, 79 of them are urban municipalities (10 cities, 50 towns and 19 villages), 116 are rural municipalities and 2 are local government districts.[6][7] The Municipal Act and the Local Government Districts Act stipulate governance of these municipalities.[4][5] Additional charters or acts are in place specifically for the cities of Brandon, Flin Flon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson and Winnipeg, the towns of Morris and Winnipeg Beach, and the rural municipalities of Kelsey, St. Andrews and Victoria Beach.[8] The Municipal Act, the Local Government Districts Act, and all these additional acts and charters were enacted at the provincial level by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, representing Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba.[4][5][8] The Government of Manitoba's Department of Local Government is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.[9]

Over half of Manitoba's population resides in the City of Winnipeg, the provincial capital, with a population with 663,617.[3] The City of Brandon is the province's second-most populous municipality with 46,061 residents.[3] Manitoba's smallest municipality by population is the Local Government District of Mystery Lake with 10 residents.[3] The largest municipality by land area is the Rural Municipality (RM) of Reynolds at 3,573.79 km2 (1,379.85 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Village of Waskada at 0.77 km2 (0.30 sq mi).[3]

Manitoba's first municipality was the RM of Springfield (originally Springfield-Sunnyside).[10] It was incorporated on September 27, 1873.[11] Winnipeg was incorporated as a city a few weeks later on November 8, 1873.[12]

Urban municipalities[edit]

Map showing locations of Manitoba's urban municipalities
Distribution of Manitoba's 79 urban municipalities by type
Skyline of Winnipeg at night
Manitoba Legislature in downtown Winnipeg
Downtown Brandon
Downtown Brandon
Downtown Brandon
Downtown Steinbach

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1996, defines urban municipality as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of at least 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] An urban municipality, upon formation, may be named a "city", "town", "village" or "urban municipality", although there is a minimum 7,500 population requirement that limits the naming of cities.[4]

Combined, Manitoba has 79 urban municipalities comprising 10 cities, 50 towns and 19 villages.[6] The 79 urban municipalities have a total population of 875,450, a total land area of 6,536.47 km2 (2,523.75 sq mi), and an average population of 11,082. These totals represent 72.5% of Manitoba's population and 1.2% of its land area.

Of Manitoba's 79 urban municipalities, 42 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000 and 53 have less than the current minimum density requirement of 400 residents per square kilometre. All of these were incorporated as urban municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.[4][13]

Cities[edit]

In Manitoba, a city is a type of urban municipality. The Municipal Act stipulates that an urban municipality can only be named a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500 residents.[4]

Manitoba has 10 cities[6] that had a cumulative population of 790,957 and an average population of 79,096 in the 2011 census.[3] These 10 cities include Flin Flon, of which a small portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan. The province's largest and smallest cities are Winnipeg and the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon with populations of 663,617 and 5,363 respectively.[3] Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from a town to a city on August 24, 2012.[14]

Towns[edit]

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a town upon formation. Other than the requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as towns. A town can alternately be named a village or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 50 towns[6] that had a cumulative population of 75,138 and an average population of 1,503 in the 2011 census.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns are The Pas and Grand Rapids with populations of 5,513 and 279 respectively.[3][15]

Villages[edit]

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a village upon formation. Other than the minimum requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as villages. A village can alternately be named a town or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.[4]

Manitoba has 19 villages[6] that had a cumulative population of 9,346 and an average population of 492 in the 2011 census.[3] The province's largest and smallest towns are St-Pierre-Jolys and Waskada with populations of 1,099 and 183 respectively.[3]

List of urban municipalities[edit]

Name Municipal status Original
incorporation
date[13]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Altona[a] Town December 31, 1945 4,088 3,709 10.2 9.39 435.4
Arborg[a] Town January 1, 1964 1,152 1,021 12.8 2.26 510.1
Beausejour[a] Town November 5, 1908 3,126 2,823 10.7 5.35 584.4
Benito Village September 23, 1940 377 370 1.9 0.92 409.6
Binscarth Village November 15, 1917 425 395 7.6 1.52 279.6
Birtle Town December 29, 1883 664 662 0.3 14.25 46.6
Boissevain[a] Town November 2, 1898 1,572 1,497 5.0 2.77 567.6
Bowsman Village July 1, 1949 298 315 −5.4 2.63 113.2
Brandon City May 30, 1882 46,061 41,511 11.0 76.89 599.1
Carberry[a] Town December 20, 1889 1,669 1,502 11.1 4.79 348.6
Carman[a] Town November 3, 1899 3,027 2,781 8.8 4.31 702.4
Cartwright Village December 31, 1947 308 282 9.2 1.86 165.2
Churchill[b] Town January 1, 1959 813 923 −11.9 53.96 15.1
Crystal City Village December 31, 1947 384 400 −4.0 2.84 135.1
Dauphin[c] City July 11, 1898 8,251 7,906 4.4 12.65 652.1
Deloraine[a] Town March 1, 1904 977 977 0.0 2.25 434.5
Dunnottar Village December 31, 1947 696 692 0.6 2.79 249.4
Elkhorn Village September 6, 1905 471 461 2.2 2.73 172.6
Emerson Town November 25, 1879 671 689 −2.6 22.28 30.1
Erickson[a] Town January 1, 1953 487 456 6.8 1.30 373.8
Ethelbert Village December 31, 1950 275 312 −11.9 2.47 111.1
Flin Flon (part)[d] City August 15, 1933 5,363[e] 5,594 −4.1 13.88[f] 386.4
Gilbert Plains[a] Town May 1, 1906 811 760 6.7 2.66 304.9
Gillam[b] Town May 1, 1966 1,317[15] 1,209 8.9 1,996.34 0.7
Gladstone Town July 18, 1882 879 802 9.6 2.43 361.4
Glenboro Village December 31, 1949 645 633 1.9 2.68 240.9
Grand Rapids[b] Town March 1, 1962 279[15] 336 −17.0 85.95 3.2
Grandview[a] Town December 1, 1906 859 839 2.4 2.87 299.1
Gretna[a] Town May 16, 1896 556 574 −3.1 2.79 199.5
Hamiota[a] Town December 1, 1906 868 823 5.5 3.38 256.8
Hartney Town February 21, 1905 415 400 3.8 2.45 169.2
Lac du Bonnet[a] Town December 31, 1947 1,069[15] 1,009 5.9 2.25 475.1
Leaf Rapids[b] Town December 1, 1971 453 539 −16.0 1,272.87 0.4
Lynn Lake[b] Town May 9, 1959 674[15] 714 −5.6 910.23 0.7
MacGregor[a] Town December 31, 1947 963 921 4.6 2.13 452.7
Manitou[a] Town April 21, 1897 808 718 12.5 2.94 275.0
McCreary Village January 1, 1964 472 487 −3.1 1.70 277.2
Melita[a] Town May 15, 1902 1,069 1,051 1.7 2.96 361.1
Minitonas[a] Town July 1, 1949 522 497 5.0 2.01 259.1
Minnedosa Town March 2, 1883 2,587 2,474 4.6 15.26 169.6
Morden[c] City May 1, 1895 7,812 6,571 18.9 16.39 476.7
Morris Town January 29, 1883 1,797 1,643 9.4 6.10 294.6
Neepawa Town November 23, 1883 3,629 3,298 10.0 17.57 206.5
Niverville[a] Town January 1, 1969 3,540 2,464 43.7 8.79 402.9
Notre Dame de Lourdes Village January 1, 1963 683 589 16.0 2.58 264.5
Oak Lake Town June 15, 1907 383 363 5.5 2.73 140.5
PasThe Pas Town May 17, 1912 5,513 5,589 −1.4 47.83 115.3
Pilot Mound[a][g] Town June 27, 1883 635 630 0.8 2.70 235.5
Plum Coulee[a] Town January 18, 1901 843 770 9.5 2.48 339.4
Portage la Prairie[h] City November 12, 1880 12,996 12,728 2.1 24.67 526.7
Powerview-Pine Falls[a][i] Town January 1, 1951 1,314 1,294 1.5 5.05 260.0
Rapid City Town June 9, 1883 417 416 0.2 5.38 77.5
Rivers[a] Town November 16, 1910 1,189 1,193 −0.3 7.97 149.3
Riverton Village December 31, 1951 538 537 0.2 1.11 485.3
Roblin[a] Town May 1, 1913 1,774 1,672 6.1 3.79 467.7
Rossburn[a] Town May 1, 1913 552 546 1.1 3.43 161.1
Russell[a] Town June 4, 1907 1,669 1,590 5.0 3.15 530.4
Selkirk[h] City June 15, 1882 9,834 9,515 3.4 24.87 395.4
Snow Lake[b] Town June 2, 1947 723 837 −13.6 1,211.89 0.6
Somerset Village February 1, 1962 439 432 1.6 2.45 179.0
Souris Town November 2, 1903 1,837 1,772 3.7 3.64 504.5
St. Claude Village January 1, 1963 590 588 0.3 1.80 328.1
St. Lazare Village December 31, 1949 254 265 −4.2 2.91 87.3
Ste. Anne[a] Town January 1, 1963 1,626 1,534 6.0 4.19 387.7
Ste. Rose du Lac[a] Town May 25, 1920 1,023 995 2.8 2.53 404.2
Steinbach[h] City December 31, 1946 13,524 11,066 22.2 25.57 528.9
Stonewall[a] Town August 14, 1906 4,536 4,376 3.7 6.02 753.7
St-Pierre-Jolys[j] Village December 31, 1947 1,099 839 31.0 2.60 422.7
Swan River Town May 11, 1908 3,907 3,869 1.0 6.89 567.4
Teulon[a] Town May 6, 1919 1,124 1,124 0.0 3.20 351.2
Thompson[h] City January 1, 1967 12,829 13,446 −4.6 17.18 746.9
Treherne[a] Town December 31, 1948 616 646 −4.6 1.96 314.1
Virden[a] Town August 2, 1890 3,114 3,010 3.5 8.56 363.6
Waskada Village December 31, 1948 183 199 −8.0 0.77 238.5
Wawanesa Village December 4, 1908 562 535 5.0 2.26 248.7
Winkler[c] City April 7, 1906 10,670 9,106 17.2 17.01 627.2
Winnipeg City November 8, 1873 663,617 633,451 4.8 464.08 1,430.0
Winnipeg Beach[a] Town November 2, 1909 1,011 1,017 −0.6 3.88 260.6
Winnipegosis Village April 20, 1915 647 628 3.0 2.50 258.8
Sub-total cities 790,957 750,894 5.3 693.19 1,141.0
Sub-total towns 75,147 71,354 5.3 5,802.16 13.0
Sub-total villages 9,346 8,959 4.3 41.12 227.3
Total urban municipalities 875,450 831,207 5.3 6,536.47 133.9

Rural municipalities[edit]

Map showing locations of Manitoba's rural municipalities
Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1987, defines rural municipality (RM) as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of less than 400 residents per square kilometre."[4] Manitoba has 116 rural municipalities[21] that had a cumulative population of 259,061 and an average population of 2,233 in the 2011 census.[3] These totals represent 21.5% of Manitoba's population and 18.4% of its land area. The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are the RM of Springfield and the RM of Lakeview with populations of 14,069 and 311 respectively.[3]

Of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities, 50 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000. All of these, with the exception of the RM of Shellmouth-Boulton, were incorporated as rural municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.[4][13] In the case of the RM of Shellmouth-Boulton, it was formed through the amalgamation of the former RMs of Shellmouth and Boulton in 1999.[22] Both former RMs were incorporated in 1907 and 1883 respectively[22] prior to the enactment of the current Municipal Act. At the time of amalgamation in 1999, their combined 1996 population was 1,074.[23]

Name Original
incorporation
date[13]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Albert December 1, 1905 323 339 −4.7 769.55 0.4
Alexander[k] January 1, 1945 2,983 2,978 0.2 1,568.66 1.9
Alonsa[k] January 1, 1945 1,270 1,446 −12.2 2,977.50 0.4
Archie December 22, 1883 325 330 −1.5 577.68 0.6
Argyle August 15, 1881 1,071 1,073 −0.2 770.44 1.4
Armstrong[k] January 1, 1945 1,835 1,919 −4.4 1,864.96 1.0
Arthur December 22, 1883 413 440 −6.1 765.77 0.5
Bifrost December 1, 1907 2,976 2,972 0.1 1,642.58 1.8
Birtle December 22, 1883 632 666 −5.1 849.13 0.7
Blanshard December 22, 1883 526 586 −10.2 578.98 0.9
Brenda December 22, 1883 469 549 −14.6 766.00 0.6
Brokenhead November 15, 1900 4,635 3,940 17.6 750.54 6.2
Cameron November 16, 1896 420 433 −3.0 759.15 0.6
Cartier February 21, 1914 3,153 3,162 −0.3 553.42 5.7
Clanwilliam December 22, 1883 414 484 −14.5 350.78 1.2
Coldwell November 19, 1912 1,351 1,339 0.9 901.84 1.5
Cornwallis December 22, 1883 4,378 4,058 7.9 500.88 8.7
Daly December 22, 1883 830 868 −4.4 562.45 1.5
Dauphin November 26, 1897 2,200 2,328 −5.5 1,516.10 1.5
De Salaberry December 22, 1883 3,450 3,349 3.0 670.29 5.1
Dufferin November 1, 1890 2,394 2,298 4.2 915.54 2.6
East St. Paul November 3, 1915 9,046 8,733 3.6 42.10 214.9
Edward December 1, 1905 574 621 −7.6 769.14 0.7
Ellice December 22, 1883 392 423 −7.3 572.74 0.7
Elton December 22, 1883 1,257 1,285 −2.2 571.85 2.2
Eriksdale March 22, 1918 846 911 −7.1 784.76 1.1
Ethelbert March 1, 1905 354 383 −7.6 1,134.50 0.3
Fisher[k] January 1, 1945 1,704 1,944 −12.3 1,481.35 1.2
Franklin December 22, 1883 1,768 1,768 0.0 953.34 1.9
Gilbert Plains March 30, 1897 812 834 −2.6 1,049.14 0.8
Gimli August 15, 1881 5,845 5,797 0.8 319.25 18.3
Glenella April 10, 1920 522 517 1.0 497.14 1.1
Glenwood December 22, 1883 602 640 −5.9 577.58 1.0
Grahamdale[k] January 1, 1945 1,354 1,416 −4.4 2,384.62 0.6
Grandview June 1, 1901 649 736 −11.8 1,153.42 0.6
Grey February 9, 1906 2,025 2,004 1.0 958.49 2.1
Hamiota December 22, 1883 420 437 −3.9 572.38 0.7
Hanover May 25, 1881 14,026 11,871 18.2 740.31 18.9
Harrison December 22, 1883 864 812 6.4 476.73 1.8
Headingley May 9, 1992 3,215 2,726 17.9 106.98 30.1
Hillsburg November 19, 1912 426 484 −12.0 656.76 0.6
Kelsey[k] January 1, 1945 2,272 2,453 −7.4 867.64 2.6
Killarney-Turtle Mountain August 15, 1881 3,233 3,299 −2.0 925.13 3.5
La Broquerie May 25, 1881 5,198 3,659 42.1 578.20 9.0
Lac du Bonnet April 6, 1912 2,930[15] 2,812 4.2 1,100.17 2.7
Lakeview April 10, 1920 311 342 −9.1 567.87 0.5
Langford November 1, 1890 767 787 −2.5 561.95 1.4
Lansdowne December 22, 1883 723 750 −3.6 766.29 0.9
Lawrence November 5, 1914 456 501 −9.0 761.64 0.6
Lorne February 14, 1880 1,884 2,003 −5.9 906.82 2.1
Louise February 14, 1880 913 819 11.5 932.67 1.0
Macdonald May 25, 1881 6,280 5,653 11.1 1,156.64 5.4
McCreary May 1, 1909 476 476 0.0 522.69 0.9
Miniota December 22, 1883 871 904 −3.7 832.75 1.0
Minitonas May 1, 1901 996 1,105 −9.9 1,197.67 0.8
Minto November 15, 1902 644 667 −3.4 363.65 1.8
Montcalm May 25, 1881 1,309 1,317 −0.6 469.41 2.8
Morris February 14, 1880 2,999 2,662 12.7 1,041.15 2.9
Morton November 1, 1890 698 718 −2.8 1,089.88 0.6
Mossey River May 1, 1906 539 614 −12.2 1,123.06 0.5
Mountain[k][l] January 1, 1945 1,104 1,336 −17.4 2,607.69 0.4
North Cypress January 1, 1883 1,860 1,902 −2.2 1,199.92 1.6
North Norfolk January 1, 1883 2,799 2,742 2.1 1,158.76 2.4
Oakland December 22, 1883 1,056 1,033 2.2 575.21 1.8
Ochre River November 18, 1901 945 929 1.7 535.59 1.8
Odanah December 22, 1883 533 540 −1.3 380.25 1.4
Park[k] January 1, 1948 935 1,003 −6.8 500.85 1.9
Pembina November 1, 1890 1,561 1,712 −8.8 1,114.76 1.4
Piney[k] January 1, 1945 1,720 1,755 −2.0 2,433.77 0.7
Pipestone December 22, 1883 1,447 1,419 2.0 1,147.35 1.3
Portage la Prairie February 14, 1880 6,525 6,793 −3.9 1,964.32 3.3
Reynolds[k] January 1, 1945 1,285 1,410 −8.9 3,573.79 0.4
Rhineland February 14, 1880 4,373 4,125 6.0 953.42 4.6
Ritchot November 1, 1890 5,478 5,051 8.5 333.53 16.4
Riverside December 22, 1883 780 809 −3.6 577.34 1.4
Roblin November 15, 1902 932 964 −3.3 716.15 1.3
Rockwood February 14, 1880 7,964 7,692 3.5 1,199.76 6.6
Roland November 1, 1908 1,058 1,002 5.6 485.06 2.2
Rosedale December 22, 1883 1,627 1,658 −1.9 865.58 1.9
Rossburn December 22, 1883 494 514 −3.9 679.35 0.7
Rosser March 11, 1893 1,352 1,364 −0.9 441.43 3.1
Russell August 15, 1881 459 484 −5.2 567.83 0.8
Saskatchewan December 22, 1883 570 593 −3.9 563.73 1.0
Shell River December 22, 1883 1,084 1,219 −11.1 1,027.65 1.1
Shellmouth-Boulton January 1, 1999 930 921 1.0 1,097.09 0.8
Shoal Lake August 15, 1881 1,229 1,235 −0.5 570.76 2.2
Sifton December 22, 1883 789 796 −0.9 768.11 1.0
Siglunes April 1, 1919 1,360 1,480 −8.1 837.42 1.6
Silver Creek December 22, 1883 460 483 −4.8 525.46 0.9
South Cypress December 22, 1883 838 834 0.5 1,095.08 0.8
South Norfolk December 22, 1883 1,125 1,170 −3.8 732.03 1.5
Springfield September 27, 1873 14,069 12,990 8.3 1,100.83 12.8
St. Andrews February 14, 1880 11,875 11,359 4.5 752.70 15.8
St. Clements December 22, 1883 10,505 9,706 8.2 728.65 14.4
St. François Xavier February 14, 1880 1,240 1,087 14.1 204.55 6.1
St. Laurent May 25, 1881 1,305 1,454 −10.2 465.62 2.8
Stanley November 1, 1890 8,356 6,367 31.2 835.59 10.0
Ste. Anne February 14, 1880 4,686 4,509 3.9 477.92 9.8
Ste. Rose November 15, 1902 771 791 −2.5 626.03 1.2
Strathclair December 22, 1883 744 840 −11.4 539.96 1.4
Strathcona March 16, 1906[24] 643 727 −11.6 485.56 1.3
Stuartburn[k] January 1, 1945 1,535 1,629 −5.8 1,161.65 1.3
Swan River May 1, 1901 2,546 2,774 −8.2 1,719.47 1.5
Taché February 14, 1880 10,284 9,083 13.2 581.52 17.7
Thompson November 1, 1908 1,397 1,259 11.0 528.57 2.6
Victoria November 15, 1902 1,119 1,149 −2.6 697.63 1.6
Victoria Beach March 14, 1919 374 388 −3.6 20.28 18.4
Wallace December 22, 1883 1,526 1,501 1.7 1,148.75 1.3
West St. Paul November 3, 1915 4,932 4,357 13.2 87.66 56.3
Westbourne November 3, 1873 1,878 1,906 −1.5 1,261.79 1.5
Whitehead December 22, 1883 1,533 1,402 9.3 562.83 2.7
Whitemouth March 1, 1905 1,548 1,480 4.6 703.02 2.2
Whitewater December 22, 1883 645 648 −0.5 584.25 1.1
Winchester November 1, 1890 508 594 −14.5 725.58 0.7
Woodlands February 14, 1880 3,521 3,562 −1.2 1,177.22 3.0
Woodworth December 22, 1883 860 890 −3.4 817.84 1.1
Total rural municipalities 259,320 248,860 4.2 101,404.50 2.6

Local government districts[edit]

Manitoba's Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, defines a local government district (LGD) as "an area or areas that is or are wholly or partly in unorganized territory or in a disorganized municipality" with inhabitants. LGDs are incorporated by Manitoba's Lieutenant Governor in Council through passage of a regulation.[5]

Manitoba has two LGDs:[6] Mystery Lake and Pinawa.[7] For municipal statistical purposes, Mystery Lake is considered a rural municipality while Pinawa is considered an urban municipality.[7]

Name Incorporation
date[13]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Mystery Lake December 5, 1956 10 0 3,464.06 0.0
Pinawa January 4, 1962 1,444 1,450 −0.4 128.47 11.2
Total local government district 1,454 1,450 0.3 3,592.53 0.4

2015 amalgamations[edit]

In 1997, the Government of Manitoba established a minimum population threshold of 1,000 to incorporate a municipality.[25] As of the 2011 census, 93 of Manitoba's 197 municipalities had populations less than 1,000.[3] The Government of Manitoba announced in 2012 that municipalities would be required to amalgamate in order for them to meet the minimum population threshold and make them more sustainable communities moving forward.[25] A year later, The Municipal Amalgamations Act was enacted in 2013, requiring that municipalities with a population less than 1,000 amalgamate with one or more neighbouring municipalities by 2015.[26] Two municipalities with populations less than 1,000, the Rural Municipality of Victoria Beach and the Village of Dunnattor, were subsequently exempted from the requirement to amalgamate due to their uniqueness as resort municipalities.[27] In 2013 and 2014, the Government of Manitoba passed legislation to amalgamate 107 municipalities (65 rural municipalities, 25 towns and 17 villages) into 47 effective January 1, 2015.[28] These amalgamations will therefore reduce the total number of municipalities in the province from 197 to 137.

New rural
municipality[28]
Incorporation
date[28]
Amalgamating rural
municipality(ies)[28]
Amalgamating
town(s)[28]
Amalgamating
village(s)[28]
Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Bifrost – Riverton January 1, 2015 Bifrost Riverton 3,514 3,509 0.1 1,643.69 2.1
Boissevain – Morton January 1, 2015 Morton Boissevain 2,270 2,215 2.5 1,092.65 2.1
Brenda – Waskada January 1, 2015 Brenda Waskada 652 748 −12.8 766.77 0.9
Cartwright – Roblin January 1, 2015 Roblin Cartwright 1,240 1,246 −0.5 718.01 1.7
Clanwilliam – Erickson January 1, 2015 Clanwilliam Erickson 901 940 −4.1 352.08 2.6
Deloraine – Winchester January 1, 2015 Winchester Deloraine 1,485 1,571 −5.5 727.83 2.0
Ellice – Archie January 1, 2015 Archie
Ellice
St. Lazare 2,252 2,457 −8.3 3,552.04 0.6
Emerson – Franklin January 1, 2015 Franklin Emerson 2,439 2,457 −0.7 975.62 2.5
Ethelbert January 1, 2015 Ethelbert Ethelbert 629 695 −9.5 1,136.97 0.6
Gilbert Plains January 1, 2015 Gilbert Plains Gilbert Plains 1,623 1,594 1.8 1,051.80 1.5
Glenboro – South Cypress January 1, 2015 South Cypress Glenboro 1,483 1,467 1.1 1,097.76 1.4
Glenella – Lansdowne January 1, 2015 Glenella
Lansdowne
1,245 1,267 −1.7 1,263.43 1.0
Grandview January 1, 2015 Grandview Grandview 1,508 1,575 −4.3 1,156.29 1.3
Grassland January 1, 2015 Cameron
Whitewater
Hartney 1,480 1,481 −0.1 1,345.85 1.1
Grey January 1, 2015 Grey St. Claude 2,615 2,592 0.9 960.29 2.7
Hamiota January 1, 2015 Hamiota Hamiota 1,288 1,260 2.2 575.76 2.2
Harrison Park January 1, 2015 Harrison
Park
1,799 1,815 −0.9 977.58 1.8
Hillsburg – Roblin – Shell River January 1, 2015 Hillsburg
Shell River
Roblin 3,284 3,375 −2.7 1,688.2 1.9
Lakeshore January 1, 2015 Ochre River
Lawrence
1,401 1,430 −2.0 1,297.23 1.1
Lorne January 1, 2015 Lorne Notre Dame de Lourdes
Somerset
3,006 3,024 −0.6 911.85 3.3
Louise January 1, 2015 Louise Pilot Mound Crystal City 1,932 1,849 4.5 938.21 2.1
McCreary January 1, 2015 McCreary McCreary 948 963 −1.6 524.39 1.8
Minitonas – Bowsman January 1, 2015 Minitonas Minitonas Bowsman 1,816 1,917 −5.3 1,202.31 1.5
Minto – Odanah January 1, 2015 Minto
Odanah
1,177 1,207 −2.5 743.9 1.6
Mossey River January 1, 2015 Mossey River Winnipegosis 1,186 1,242 −4.5 1,125.56 1.1
Norfolk Treherne January 1, 2015 South Norfolk Treherne 1,741 1,816 −4.1 733.99 2.4
North Cypress – Langford January 1, 2015 Langford
North Cypress
2,627 2,689 −2.3 1,761.87 1.5
North Norfolk January 1, 2015 North Norfolk MacGregor 3,762 3,663 2.7 1,160.89 3.2
Oakland – Wawanesa January 1, 2015 Oakland Wawanesa 1,618 1,568 3.2 577.47 2.8
Oakview January 1, 2015 Blanshard
Saskatchewan
Rapid City 1,513 1,595 −5.1 1,148.09 1.3
Pembina January 1, 2015 Pembina Manitou 2,369 2,430 −2.5 1,117.7 2.1
Prairie Lakes January 1, 2015 Strathcona
Riverside
1,423 1,536 −7.4 1,062.9 1.3
Prairie View January 1, 2015 Birtle
Miniota
Birtle 2,167 2,232 −2.9 1,696.13 1.3
Rhineland January 1, 2015 Rhineland Gretna
Plum Coulee
5,772 5,469 5.5 958.69 6.0
Riding Mountain West January 1, 2015 Shellmouth-Boulton
Silver Creek
1,390 1,404 −1.0 1,622.55 0.9
Riverdale January 1, 2015 Daly Rivers 2,019 2,061 −2.0 570.42 3.5
Rossburn January 1, 2015 Rossburn Rossburn 1,046 1,060 −1.3 682.78 1.5
Russell – Binscarth January 1, 2015 Russell Russell Binscarth 2,553 2,469 3.4 572.5 4.5
Sifton January 1, 2015 Sifton Oak Lake 1,172 1,159 1.1 770.84 1.5
Souris – Glenwood January 1, 2015 Glenwood Souris 2,439 2,412 1.1 581.22 4.2
Ste. Rose January 1, 2015 Ste. Rose Ste. Rose du Lac 1,794 1,786 0.4 628.56 2.9
Swan Valley West January 1, 2015 Swan River Benito 2,923 3,144 −7.0 1,720.39 1.7
Two Borders January 1, 2015 Albert
Arthur
Edward
1,310 1,400 −6.4 2,304.46 0.6
Wallace – Woodworth January 1, 2015 Wallace
Woodworth
Elkhorn 2,857 2,852 0.2 1,969.32 1.5
West Interlake January 1, 2015 Eriksdale
Siglunes
2,206 2,391 −7.7 1,622.18 1.4
WestLake – Gladstone January 1, 2015 Lakeview
Westbourne
Gladstone 3,068 3,050 0.6 1,832.09 1.7
Yellowhead January 1, 2015 Shoal Lake
Strathclair
1,973 2,075 −4.9 1,110.72 1.8

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af The towns of Altona, Arborg, Beausejour, Boissevain, Carberry, Carman, Deloraine, Erickson, Gilbert Plains, Grandview, Gretna, Hamiota, Lac du Bonnet, MacGregor, Manitou, Melita, Minitonas, Niverville, Pilot Mound, Plum Coulee, Powerview-Pine Falls, Rivers, Roblin, Rossburn, Russell, Ste. Anne, Ste. Rose du Lac, Stonewall, Teulon, Treherne, Virden and Winnipeg Beach were originally incorporated as villages.[13]
  2. ^ a b c d e f The towns of Churchill, Gillam, Grand Rapids, Leaf Rapids, Lynn Lake and Snow Lake were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  3. ^ a b c The cities of Dauphin, Morden and Winkler were originally incorporated as villages and each also held town status prior to acquiring their current city status.[13]
  4. ^ The City of Flin Flon was originally incorporated as a municipal district and also held town status prior to acquiring its current city status.[16]
  5. ^ This population does not include 229 in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon.[17] The city's total population in 2011 was 5,592.
  6. ^ This land area does not include 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon.[17] The city's total land area in 2011 was 16.25 km2 (6.27 sq mi).
  7. ^ Originally incorporated as a village on June 27, 1883, Pilot Mound incorporated as a village a second time on May 6, 1904.[18]
  8. ^ a b c d The cities of Portage la Prairie, Selkirk, Steinbach and Thompson were originally incorporated as towns.[13]
  9. ^ The Town of Powerview-Pine Falls originally incorporated under the name of the Village of Powerview. Its renaming occurred on May 1, 2005 when it simultaneously absorbed the neighbouring community of Pine Falls and changed to town status.[19]
  10. ^ The Village of St-Pierre-Jolys originally incorporated under the name of the Village of St. Pierre. Its renaming occurred on January 1, 1977.[20]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The rural municipalities of Alexander, Alonsa, Armstrong, Fisher, Grahamdale, Kelsey, Mountain, Park, Piney, Reynolds and Stuartburn were originally incorporated as local government districts.[13]
  12. ^ Statistics Canada divides the RM of Mountain into two parts. In the 2011 census, the north portion had a population of 637, a -16.8% change from its 2006 population of 766, and a land area and population density of 990.14 km2 (382.30 sq mi) and 0.6/km2 (1.7/sq mi) respectively. Meanwhile, the south portion had a population of 467, a -18.1% change from its 2006 population of 570, and a land area and population density of 1,617.55 km2 (624.54 sq mi) and 0.3/km2 (0.7/sq mi) respectively.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Report of Manitoba Local Government" (pdf). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Manitoba)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "The Municipal Act (enacted 1996)". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d "The Local Government Districts Act (enacted 1987)". Government of Manitoba. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (pdf). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (pdf). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Municipal Acts". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Manitoba Local Government". Province of Manitoba. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Regional Profiles – Tourism Profiles – RM of Springfield". Partnership of the Manitoba Capital Region. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Springfield". The Manitoba Historical Society. August 2, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  12. ^ "The Incorporation of Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. June 30, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MHS Resources: Manitoba’s Municipal History". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Morden Gets City Status". City of Morden. August 27, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013. 
  16. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Flin Flon". The Manitoba Historical Society. May 13, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  17. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Saskatchewan)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012. 
  18. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Pilot Mound". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 26, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: Powerview-Pine Falls". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Manitoba Municipalities: St-Pierre-Jolys". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. 
  21. ^ "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba". Manitoba Department of Local Government. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Manitoba Municipalities: Shellmouth-Boulton". The Manitoba Historical Society. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  23. ^ "2001 Community Profiles: Shellmouth-Boulton, Manitoba (Rural Municipality)". Statistics Canada. August 26, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  24. ^ "Historical Strathcona". Rural Municipality of Strathcona. 2011. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b "Speech from the Throne: At the Opening of the Second Session of the 40th Legislature of the Province of Manitoba". Government of Manitoba. November 19, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  26. ^ "The Municipal Amalgamations Act (C.C.S.M. c. M235)". Government of Manitoba. October 2, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Government listens to presenters, amendments proposed to Municipal Modernization Act: Lemieux". Government of Manitoba. September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2015. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f "Consolidated Regulations of Manitoba: List of titles with "amalgamation"". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved October 2, 2014. 

External links[edit]