List of municipalities in New Brunswick

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Map of Canada with New Brunswick highlighted in red
Location of New Brunswick in Canada
Skyline of Saint John
Skyline of Saint John
Skyline of Moncton
Skyline of Moncton

New Brunswick is the eighth-most populous province in Canada with 751,171 residents as of 2011. It is the third-smallest in land area at approximately 71,400 km2 (27,600 sq mi).[1] New Brunswick's 107 municipalities cover only 7.6% of the province's land mass but are home to 64.5% of its population.

New Brunswick classifies municipalities into five categories: cities, towns, villages, regional municipalities, and rural communities. Cities, towns and villages are incorporated under the Municipalities Act of 1973 whereas regional municipalities and rural communities are incorporated under individual municipal acts.[2] Municipal governments are led by elected councils and are responsible for the delivery of services such as civic administration, land use planning, emergency measures, policing, road, and garbage collection.[3] New Brunwsick has 8 cities, 26 towns, 66 villages, one regional municipality, and 5 rural communities.[3]

The capital city of Saint John was the first municipality in what would later become the province of New Brunswick to incorporate, in 1785,[4] and is the largest municipality by population with 70,063 as of the 2011 census and largest urban municipality by land area at 315.82 km2 (121.94 sq mi).[5] Approximately one third of the residents of New Brunswick do not live in municipalities but reside in Local Service Districts, which are unincorporated communities administered by the Minister of Environment and Local Government and have no local government of their own.[3]

Cities[edit]

New Brunswick had eight cities that had a cumulative population of 272,174 and an average population of 34,022 in the 2011 Census.[5] Saint John is New Brunswick's captial and largest city by population (70,063) and land area (315.82 km2 (121.94 sq mi)).[5] New Brunswick's smallest smallest city by population (7,385) is Campbellton and smallest by size is Miramichi at 99.0 km2 (38.2 sq mi).[5]

Towns[edit]

New Brunswick had 26 towns that had a cumulative population of 129,283 and an average population of 4,972 in the 2011 Census.[5] New Brunswick's largest and smallest towns are Riverview and Hartland with populations of 19,128 and 947 respectively.[5]

Villages[edit]

New Brunswick had 66 villages at the time of the 2011 Census,[5] which dropped to 65 on July 1, 2012 when Kedgwick became a rural community.[6] In the 2011 Census, the province's 65 villages had a cumulative population of 71,639 and an average population of 1,102.[5] New Brunswick's largest and smallest villages are Memramcook and Meductic with populations of 4,831 and 228 respectively.[5][7]

Regional municipalities[edit]

New Brunswick's first and only regional municipality was incorporated on May 12, 2014. The Regional Municipality of Grand Tracadie–Sheila was formed through the amalgamation of the former Town of Tracadie–Sheila, eighteen local service districts and portions of two other local service districts.[8] Regional municipalities must have a population greater than 15,000 and a community grouping that includes at least one municipality.[3] Regional municipalities elect a local council but are responsible only for community administration, planning and emergency measures services, and all services previously provided by any former municipality that is now part of the regional municipality.[3] The Province of New Brunswick is responsible for police protection and road services, unless the regional municipality chooses to assume these responsibilities.[3]

Rural communities[edit]

New Brunswick had five rural communities that had a cumulative population of 11,310 and an average population of 2,262 in the 2011 Census;[5] three more have been incorporated since. New Brunswick's largest and smallest rural communities are Beaubassin East and Saint-André with populations of 6,200 and 819 respectively.[5] Rural communities elects local councils and is responsible for the delivery of some local services which include administrative services, community planning and emergency measures.[3] The province of New Brunswick ensures the delivery of other services including but not limited to solid waste collection and recreation services unless the rural community chooses to take on these responsibilities.[3] Rural communities that include a former village or town are an exception, as they are responsible to provide all services that were previously provided by their former municipality.[3]

List of municipalities[edit]

Name Status Incorporation year [4] Population
(2011)[5]
Population
(2006)[5]
Change
(%)[5]
Land area
(km²)[5]
Population density
(per km²)[5]
Bathurst City 1912 12,275 12,714 −3.5 91.86 133.6
Campbellton City 1888 7,385 7,384 0.0 18.66 395.7
Dieppe City 1952 23,310 18,565 25.6 54.11 430.8
Edmundston City 1952 16,032 16,643 −3.7 107.00 149.8
Fredericton City 1848 56,224 50,535 11.3 131.67 427.0
Miramichi City 1995 17,811 18,129 −1.8 179.93 99.0
Moncton City 1890 69,074 64,128 7.7 141.17 489.3
Saint John City 1785 70,063 68,043 3.0 315.82 221.8
Beresford Town 1967 4,351 4,264 2 19.2 226.6
Bouctouche Town 1966 2,423 2,383 1.7 18.34 132.1
Caraquet Town 1961 4,169 4,156 0.3 68.26 61.1
Dalhousie Town 1905 3,512 3,676 −4.5 14.51 242.1
Florenceville-Bristol Town 2008 1,639 1,539 6.5 15.61 105
Grand Bay-Westfield Town 1998 5,117 4,981 2.7 59.86 85.5
Grand Falls Town 1890 5,706 5,650 1 18.06 315.9
Hampton Town 1966 4,292 4,004 7.2 21 204.3
Hartland Town 1918 947 947 0 9.63 98.4
Lamèque Town 1966 1,432 1,422 0.7 12.45 115.1
Nackawic Town 1976 1,049 977 7.4 8.4 124.9
Oromocto Town 1956 8,932 8,402 6.3 22.37 399.2
Quispamsis Town 1966 17,886 15,239 17.4 57.06 313.5
Richibucto Town 1966 1,286 1,290 −0.3 11.83 108.7
Riverview Town 1973 19,128 17,832 7.3 33.88 564.6
Rothesay Town 1988 11,947 11,637 2.7 34.77 343.6
Sackville Town 1903 5,558 5,411 2.7 74.32 74.8
Saint Andrews Town 1903 1,889 1,798 5.1 8.35 226.2
St. George Town 1904 1,543 1,309 17.9 16.13 95.6
Saint-Léonard Town 1920 1,343 1,352 −0.7 5.2 258.3
Saint-Quentin Town 1947 2,095 2,250 −6.9 4.3 486.7
St. Stephen Town 1973[a] 4,817 4,780 0.8 13.45 358
Shediac Town 1903 6,053 5,497 10.1 12.5 484.4
Shippagan Town 1947 2,603 2,754 −5.5 9.94 261.9
Sussex Town 1904 4,312 4,241 1.7 9.03 477.4
Woodstock Town 1856 5,254 5,113 2.8 13.41 391.7
Alma Village 1966 232 301 −22.9 47.64 4.9
Aroostook Village 1966 351 346 1.4 2.24 156.7
Atholville Village 1966 1,237 1,317 −6.1 10.25 120.7
Baker Brook Village 1967 585 525 11.4 12.29 47.6
Balmoral Village 1972 1,719 1,706 0.8 43.53 39.5
Bas-Caraquet Village 1966 1,380 1,471 −6.2 31 44.5
Bath Village 1966 532 512 3.9 2.03 261.6
Belledune Village 1968 1,548 1,711 −9.5 189.33 8.2
Bertrand Village 1968 1,137 1,179 −3.6 46.45 24.5
Blacks Harbour Village 1972 982 952 3.2 8.9 110.3
Blackville Village 1966 990 931 6.3 21.73 45.6
Cambridge-Narrows Village 1966 620 717 −13.5 106.94 5.8
Canterbury Village 1966 336[7] 360 −6.7 5.34 62.9
Cap-Pelé Village 1969 2,256 2,279 −1 23.78 94.9
Centreville Village 1966 542 523 3.6 2.69 201.2
Charlo Village 1969 1,324 1,386 −4.5 31.24 42.4
Chipman Village 1966 1,236 1,291 −4.3 19.58 63.1
Clair Village 1966 857 848 1.1 10.39 82.5
Doaktown Village 1966 793 888 −10.7 28.74 27.6
Dorchester Village 1966 1,167 1,119 4.3 5.74 203.3
Drummond Village 1967 775 839 −7.6 8.91 86.9
Eel River Crossing Village 1966 1,209 1,168 3.5 17.45 69.3
Fredericton Junction Village 1966 752 715 5.2 23.86 31.5
Gagetown Village 1966 698 719 −2.9 49.48 14.1
Grand Manan Village 1995 2,377 2,460 −3.4 150.86 15.8
Grande-Anse Village 1968 738 758 −2.6 24.42 30.2
Harvey Village 1966 363 352 3.1 2.46 147.7
Hillsborough Village 1966 1,350 1,292 4.5 12.98 104
Lac Baker Village 1967 719 705 2 37.12 19.4
Le Goulet Village 1986 817 908 −10 5.46 149.6
Maisonnette Village 1986 573 599 −4.3 12.88 44.5
McAdam Village 1966 1,284 1,404 −8.5 14.47 88.8
Meductic Village 1966 228[7] 155 47.1 5.57 40.9
Memramcook Village 1995 4,831 4,638 4.2 185.71 26
Millville Village 1966 307 303 1.3 12.16 25.2
Minto Village 1966 2,505 2,681 −6.6 31.53 79.5
Neguac Village 1967 1,678 1,623 3.4 26.69 62.9
New Maryland Village 1991 4,232 4,248 −0.4 21.24 199.2
Nigadoo Village 1967 952 927 2.7 7.69 123.8
Norton Village 1966 1,301 1,314 −1 75.35 17.3
Paquetville Village 1966 706 642 10 9.4 75.1
Perth-Andover Village 1966 1,778 1,797 −1.1 8.89 200.1
Petitcodiac Village 1966 1,429 1,368 4.5 17.22 83
Petit-Rocher Village 1966 1,908 1,949 −2.1 4.49 425.2
Plaster Rock Village 1966 1,135 1,150 −1.3 3.09 367.9
Pointe-Verte Village 1966 976 971 0.5 13.79 70.8
Port Elgin Village 1922 418 451 −7.3 2.61 160
Rexton Village 1966 818 862 −5.1 6.14 133.3
Riverside-Albert Village 1966 353 320 10.3 3.41 103.4
Rivière-Verte Village 1966 744 798 −6.8 7 106.3
Rogersville Village 1966 1,170 1,165 0.4 7.23 161.8
Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska Village 1966 1,002 1,073 −6.6 9.21 108.8
Saint-Antoine Village 1966[b] 1,770 1,546 14.5 6.43 275.1
Saint-François-de-Madawaska Village 1966 533 585 31.2 6.34 84.1
Saint-Hilaire Village 1967 303[7] 231 31.2 5.67 53.4
Saint-Isidore Village 1966 748 796 −6 22.58 33.1
Saint-Léolin Village 1978 684[7] 733 −6.7 19.78 34.6
Saint-Louis de Kent Village 1966 930 960 −3.1 2 464.9
Sainte-Marie-Saint-Raphaël Village 1986 955 993 −3.8 15.61 61.2
St. Martins Village 1966 314 386 −18.7 2.29 137.1
Salisbury Village 1966 2,208 2,036 8.4 13.68 161.4
Stanley Village 1966 419 433 −3.2 17.34 24.2
Sussex Corner Village 1966 1,495 1,413 5.8 9.43 158.6
Tide Head Village 1966 1,036 1,075 −3.6 19.57 52.9
Tracy Village 1966 611 619 −1.3 29.39 20.8
Grand Tracadie–Sheila Regional municipality 2014[9] 4,933 24.65 200.1 [10]
Beaubassin East Rural community 1995 [11] 6,200 6,429 −3.6 291.12 21.3
Campobello Island Rural community 2010 [12] 925 1,056 −12.4 39.67 23.3
Cocagne Rural community 2014 [13]
Hanwell Rural community 2014[14]
Kedgwick Rural community 2012[15] 993 1,146 −13.4 4.28 232.2
Saint-André Rural community 2006[16] 819 868 −5.6 8.12 100.8
Upper Miramichi Rural community 2008[17] 2,373 2,414 −1.7 1,835.01 1.3
Total cities 272,174 256,141 6.3 1,040.22 261.7
Total regional municipality 4,933 24.65 200.1
Total rural communities 11,310 11,913 −5.1 2,178.2 5.2
Total towns 129,283 122,904 5.2 591.86 218.4
Total villages 71,956 72,522 −0.8 1,638.71 43.9
Total municipalities 489,656 5,473.64 89.5

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ St. Stephen was incorporated as a town in 1871, but amalgamated with Milltown in 1973 and renamed St. Stephen-Milltown but the name reverted to St. Stephen in 1975.[4]
  2. ^ Incorporated as St. Anthony but the name was changed to Saint-Antoine in 1969.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Municipalities Act". Government of New Brunswick. 1973. Retrieved April 24, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Types of Local Governments". Government of New Brunswick. 2015. Retrieved March 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Provincial Archives of New Brunswick". Government of New Brunswick. 2015. Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (New Brunswick)". Statistics Canada. May 28, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ "New Brunswick Regulation 2012-18". New Brunswick Attorney General. March 15, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Establishing the Regional Municipality of Grand Tracadie-Sheila" (PDF) (PDF). New Brunswick Department of Environment and Local Government. February 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Regional Municipality of Grand Tracadie-Sheila Regulation - Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Government of New Brunswick: Office of the Attorney General. March 28, 2014. pp. 2nbsp;3. Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.tracadie-sheila.ca/index.php/en/town-hall/municipal-profile
  11. ^ "Rural Community of Beaubassin East Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. March 24, 1995. p. 6. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Rural Community of Campobello Island Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. August 31, 2010. p. 2. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Rural Community of Cocagne Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. March 28, 2014. p. 2. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Rural Community of Hanwell Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. March 28, 2014. p. 2. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Rural Community of Kedgwick Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. March 15, 2012. p. 2. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Rural Community of Saint-André Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. May 26, 2006. p. 4. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Rural Community of Upper Miramichi Regulation – Municipalities Act" (PDF) (PDF). Queen's Printer for New Brunswick. March 17, 2008. p. 4. Retrieved September 22, 2014.