List of municipalities in Ontario

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Map of Canada with Ontario highlighted in red
Location of Ontario in Canada
Distribution of Ontario's incorporated municipalities and unincorporated areas
Municipalities account for 17% of Ontario's total land area. Unincorporated areas encompass the remaining 83%.

Ontario is the most populous province in Canada with 12,851,821 residents as of 2011 and is third-largest in land area at approximately 909,000 km2 (351,000 sq mi).[1] Ontario's 444 municipalities[2] cover only 17% of the province's land mass yet are home to 99% of its population.[3] These municipalities provide local or regional municipal government services within either a single-tier or shared two-tier municipal structure.[4]

A municipality in Ontario is "a geographic area whose inhabitants are incorporated" according to the Municipal Act, 2001.[5] Ontario's three municipality types include upper and lower-tier municipalities within the two-tier structure and single-tier municipalities (unitary authorities) that are exempt from the two-tier structure.[4] Single and lower-tier municipalities are grouped together as local municipalities.[5] Of Ontario's 444 municipalities, 30 of them are upper-tier municipalities and 414 are local municipalities — 241 lower-tier municipalities and 173 single-tier municipalities.

The Municipal Act, 2001 is the legislation that enables incorporation and stipulates governance of Ontario's municipalities, excluding the City of Toronto, which is subject to the City of Toronto Act, 2006.[6] The Municipal Act, 2001 provides lower and single-tier municipalities with the authority to incorporate as cities, towns, villages, townships, or generically as municipalities.[4][7] There are no minimum population thresholds or other requirements for these municipal sub-types. A municipality can change its status to any of these so long as its resulting name is not being used by another municipality.[8] For upper-tier municipalities, the act provides them with the authority to incorporate as counties, regions and district municipalities.[4][7]

Ontario's largest municipality by population is the City of Toronto with 2,615,060 residents, while the largest by land area is the City of Greater Sudbury at 3,227.38 km2 (1,246.10 sq mi).[3] The City of Ottawa, Canada's capital city, is the province's second-most populous municipality with 883,391 residents.[3] Ontario's smallest municipality by population is the Township of Cockburn Island with 0 residents,[N 1] while the smallest by land area is the Village of Westport at 1.71 km2 (0.66 sq mi).[3] The first community to incorporate as a municipality in Ontario was Brockville in 1832.[10]

Upper-tier municipalities[edit]

Ontario's upper-tier municipalities among other census divisions from the 2011 federal census
Ontario's upper-tier municipalities represent 30 of its 49 census divisions.

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines upper-municipality as "a municipality of which two or more lower-tier municipalities form part for municipal purposes."[5] Ontario has 30 upper-tier municipalities that comprise multiple lower-tier municipalities,[7] which have a total population of 7,610,543, a total land area of 90,702.63 km2 (35,020.48 sq mi) and an average population of 253,685. These upper-tier municipalities include 19 counties, 3 united counties and 8 regional municipalities[N 2] or regions, all of which represent 30 of Ontario's 49 census divisions.[5][11] Regional governments are responsible for arterial roads, health services, policing, region-wide land use planning and development, sewer and water systems, social services, transit, and waste disposal, whereas county governments have the lesser responsibilities of arterial roads, county land use planning, health services, and social services.[7]

Name[11][12] Municipal
sub-type[5][11]
Population
(2011)[11]
Population
(2006)[11]
Change
(%)[11]
Land
area
(km²)[11]
Population
density
(per km2)[11]
Bruce County 66,102 65,349 1.2 4,087.76 16.2
Dufferin County 56,881 54,436 4.5 1,486.31 38.3
Durham Regional municipality 608,124 561,258 8.4 2,523.62 241.0
Elgin County 87,461 85,351 2.5 1,880.90 46.5
Essex County 388,782 393,402 −1.2 1,850.78 210.1
Frontenac County 149,738 143,865 4.1 3,787.79 39.5
Grey County 92,568 92,411 0.2 4,513.21 20.5
Haliburton County 17,026 16,147 5.4 4,071.86 4.2
Halton Regional municipality 501,669 439,206 14.2 964.01 520.4
Hastings County 134,934 130,474 3.4 6,103.48 22.1
Huron County 59,100 59,325 −0.4 3,399.63 17.4
Lambton County 126,199 128,204 −1.6 3,002.07 42.0
Lanark County 65,667 63,785 3.0 3,033.82 21.6
Leeds and Grenville United counties 99,306 99,206 0.1 3,383.92 29.3
Lennox and Addington County 41,824 40,542 3.2 2,841.10 14.7
Middlesex County 439,151 422,333 4.0 3,317.54 132.4
Muskoka Regional municipality[N 2] 58,047 57,563 0.8 3,937.76 14.7
Niagara Regional municipality 431,346 427,421 0.9 1,854.25 232.6
Northumberland County 82,126 80,963 1.4 1,905.34 43.1
Oxford Regional municipality[N 2] 105,719 102,756 2.9 2,039.56 51.8
Peel Regional municipality 1,296,814 1,159,455 11.8 1,246.89 1,040.0
Perth County 75,112 74,344 1.0 2,218.46 33.9
Peterborough County 134,933 133,080 1.4 3,847.77 35.1
Prescott and Russell United counties 85,381 80,184 6.5 2,004.44 42.6
Renfrew County 101,326 97,545 3.9 7,440.81 13.6
Simcoe County 446,063 422,204 5.7 4,859.16 91.8
Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United counties 111,164 110,399 0.7 3,308.84 33.6
Waterloo Regional municipality 507,096 478,121 6.1 1,368.94 370.4
Wellington County 208,360 200,425 4.0 2,660.46 78.3
York Regional municipality 1,032,524 892,712 15.7 1,762.17 585.9
Total upper-tier municipalities 7,610,543 7,112,466 7.0 90,702.63 83.9
Province of Ontario 12,851,821 12,160,282 5.7 908,607.67 14.1

Local municipalities[edit]

Distribution of Ontario's single-tier and lower-tier municipalities
Distribution of Ontario's 173 single-tier and 241 lower-tier municipalities
Skyline of Toronto
Toronto is Ontario's most populous municipality.
Parliament Hill in Ottawa
Ottawa is Ontario's second-most populous municipality.
Skyline of Mississauga
Skyline of Mississauga
Skyline of downtown Hamilton
Skyline of downtown Hamilton
Skyline of London, Ontario
Skyline of downtown London, Ontario
Suburban Markham
Suburban tract housing in Markham
Vaughan seen from Canada's Wonderland
Aerial view of Kitchener-Waterloo
Downtown of Kitchener
Skyline of Windsor seen from Detroit
Downtown of Windsor
Downtown Oakville Street Level
Downtown Oakville

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines local municipality as "a single-tier municipality or a lower-tier municipality".[5] Combined, Ontario has 414 local municipalities comprising 173 single-tier municipalities and 241 lower-tier municipalities. The 414 local municipalities have a total population of 12,764,756, a total land area of 155,653 km2 (60,098 sq mi) and an average population of 30,832. These totals represent 99.3% of Ontario's population and 17.1% of its land area.

Single-tier municipalities[edit]

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines single-municipality as "a municipality, other than an upper-tier municipality, that does not form part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[5] In southern Ontario, single-tier municipalities are either politically separate from but geographically within neighbouring counties or were formed through the amalgamation of upper-tier and lower-tier municipalities. All municipalities in northern Ontario are single-tier municipalities as upper-tier municipalities are not present. Single-tier municipalities provide for all local government services.[7] Ontario has 173 single-tier municipalities comprising 32 cities, 23 municipalities, 28 towns, 85 townships, and 5 villages.

Lower-tier municipalities[edit]

Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001 defines lower-tier municipality as "a municipality that forms part of an upper-tier municipality for municipal purposes".[5] Ontario has 241 lower-tier municipalities comprising 19 cities, 39 municipalities, 62 towns, 115 townships and 6 villages.[7] Within regions, they are responsible for providing certain local services that are not provided by the regional municipality.[7] Within counties, they are responsible for providing a wider range of local services since counties as upper-tier municipalities provide less local services than regions.[7]

List of local municipalities[edit]

Name[3][12] Municipal
status[12]
Municipal
sub-type[3]
Census division[11][12] Population
(2011)[3]
Population
(2006)[3]
Change
(%)[3]
Land
area
(km²)[3]
Population
density
(per km2)[3]
Addington Highlands Lower-tier Township Lennox and Addington 2,532 2,512 0.8 1,329.93 1.9
Adelaide-Metcalfe Lower-tier Township Middlesex 3,028 3,135 −3.4 331.38 9.1
Adjala-Tosorontio Lower-tier Township Simcoe 10,603 10,695 −0.9 372.39 28.5
Admaston/Bromley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,844 2,716 4.7 524.60 5.4
Ajax Lower-tier Town Durham 109,600 90,167 21.6 67.07 1,634.2
Alberton Single-tier Township Rainy River 864 958 −9.8 115.43 7.5
Alfred and Plantagenet Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 9,196 8,654 6.3 392.45 23.4
Algonquin Highlands Lower-tier Township Haliburton 2,156 1,976 9.1 1,004.76 2.1
Alnwick/Haldimand Lower-tier Township Northumberland 6,617 6,435 2.8 398.57 16.6
Amaranth Lower-tier Township Dufferin 3,963 3,845 3.1 264.50 15.0
Amherstburg Lower-tier Town Essex 21,556 21,748 −0.9 185.68 116.1
ArchipelagoThe Archipelago Single-tier Township Parry Sound 566 576 −1.7 606.56 0.9
Armour Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,372 1,249 9.8 164.44 8.3
Armstrong Single-tier Township Timiskaming 1,216 1,155 5.3 90.33 13.5
Arnprior Lower-tier Town Renfrew 8,114 7,158 13.4 13.04 622.2
Arran-Elderslie Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 6,810 6,747 0.9 460.13 14.8
Ashfield-Colborne-Wawanosh Lower-tier Township Huron 5,582 5,409 3.2 587.08 9.5
Asphodel-Norwood Lower-tier Township Peterborough 4,041 4,247 −4.9 160.98 25.1
Assiginack Single-tier Township Manitoulin 960 914 5.0 227.87 4.2
Athens Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 3,118 3,086 1.0 127.77 24.4
Atikokan Single-tier Town Rainy River 2,787 3,293 −15.4 319.29 8.7
Augusta Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 7,430 7,510 −1.1 314.73 23.6
Aurora Lower-tier Town York 53,203 47,629 11.7 49.78 1,068.8
Aylmer Lower-tier Town Elgin 7,151 7,069 1.2 6.22 1,148.9
Baldwin Single-tier Township Sudbury 551 554 −0.5 83.29 6.6
Bancroft Lower-tier Town Hastings 3,880 3,838 1.1 229.56 16.9
Barrie Single-tier City Simcoe 136,063[13] 128,430 5.9 77.39 1,758.1
Bayham Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 6,989 6,727 3.9 245.00 28.5
Beckwith Lower-tier Township Lanark 6,986 6,387 9.4 240.51 29.0
Belleville Single-tier City Hastings 49,454 48,821 1.3 247.21 200.0
Billings Single-tier Township Manitoulin 506 539 −6.1 209.30 2.4
Black River-Matheson Single-tier Township Cochrane 2,410 2,619 −8.0 1,163.41 2.1
Blandford-Blenheim Lower-tier Township Oxford 7,359 7,149 2.9 382.28 19.3
Blind River Single-tier Town Algoma 3,549 3,780 −6.1 526.46 6.7
Blue MountainsThe Blue Mountains Lower-tier Town Grey 6,453 6,825 −5.5 287.23 22.5
Bluewater Lower-tier Municipality Huron 7,044 7,120 −1.1 416.99 16.9
Bonfield Single-tier Township Nipissing 2,016 1,981 1.8 208.43 9.7
Bonnechere Valley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 3,763 3,665 2.7 593.19 6.3
Bracebridge Lower-tier Town Muskoka 15,414[13] 15,652 −1.5 625.66 24.6
Bradford West Gwillimbury Lower-tier Town Simcoe 28,077 24,039 16.8 201.03 139.7
Brampton Lower-tier City Peel 523,911 433,806 20.8 266.34 1,967.1
Brant Single-tier City Brant 35,638 34,415 3.6 843.29 42.3
Brantford Single-tier City Brant 93,650 90,192 3.8 72.47 1,292.3
Brethour Single-tier Township Timiskaming 129 117 10.3 82.05 1.6
Brighton Lower-tier Municipality Northumberland 10,928 10,253 6.6 222.76 49.1
Brock Lower-tier Township Durham 11,341 11,979 −5.3 423.38 26.8
Brockton Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 9,432 9,641 −2.2 565.41 16.7
Brockville Single-tier City Leeds and Grenville 21,870 21,957 −0.4 20.90 1,046.2
Brooke-Alvinston Lower-tier Municipality Lambton 2,548 2,661 −4.2 311.30 8.2
Bruce Mines Single-tier Town Algoma 566 584 −3.1 6.13 92.3
Brudenell, Lyndoch and Raglan Lower-tier Township Renfrew 1,658 1,497 10.8 705.83 2.3
Burk's Falls Single-tier Village Parry Sound 967 893 8.3 3.12 309.9
Burlington Lower-tier City Halton 175,779 164,415 6.9 185.66 946.8
Burpee and Mills Single-tier Township Manitoulin 308 329 −6.4 218.48 1.4
Caledon Lower-tier Town Peel 59,460 57,050 4.2 688.15 86.4
Callander Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 3,864 3,249 18.9 105.97 36.5
Calvin Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 568 608 −6.6 140.89 4.0
Cambridge Lower-tier City Waterloo 126,748 120,371 5.3 113.00 1,121.7
Carleton Place Lower-tier Town Lanark 9,809 9,453 3.8 8.83 1,110.3
Carling Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,248 1,123 11.1 248.56 5.0
Carlow/Mayo Lower-tier Township Hastings 892 950 −6.1 390.94 2.3
Casey Single-tier Township Timiskaming 374 385 −2.9 80.75 4.6
Casselman Lower-tier Village Prescott and Russell 3,626 3,275 10.7 5.17 701.5
Cavan-Monaghan Lower-tier Township Peterborough 8,601 8,828 −2.6 306.22 28.1
Central Elgin Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 12,743 12,723 0.2 280.23 45.5
Central Frontenac Lower-tier Township Frontenac 4,556 4,665 −2.3 1,025.17 4.4
Central Huron Lower-tier Municipality Huron 7,591 7,641 −0.7 450.33 16.9
Central Manitoulin Single-tier Municipality Manitoulin 1,958 1,944 0.7 431.53 4.5
Centre Hastings Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 4,543 4,386 3.6 222.76 20.4
Centre Wellington Lower-tier Township Wellington 26,693 26,049 2.5 407.53 65.5
Chamberlain Single-tier Township Timiskaming 297 322 −7.8 110.22 2.7
Champlain Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 8,573 8,683 −1.3 207.24 41.4
Chapleau Single-tier Township Sudbury 2,116 2,354 −10.1 14.27 148.3
Chapple Single-tier Township Rainy River 741 856 −13.4 529.02 1.4
Charlton and Dack Single-tier Municipality Timiskaming 671 613 9.5 92.36 7.3
Chatham-Kent Single-tier Municipality Chatham-Kent 103,671 108,177 −4.2 2,458.09 42.2
Chatsworth Lower-tier Township Grey 6,437 6,392 0.7 596.18 10.8
Chisholm Single-tier Township Nipissing 1,263 1,318 −4.2 206.79 6.1
Clarence-Rockland Lower-tier City Prescott and Russell 23,185 20,790 11.5 297.86 77.8
Clarington Lower-tier Municipality Durham 84,548 77,820 8.6 611.30 138.3
Clearview Lower-tier Township Simcoe 13,734 14,088 −2.5 557.44 24.6
Cobalt Single-tier Town Timiskaming 1,133 1,224 −7.4 2.05 553
Cobourg Lower-tier Town Northumberland 18,519 18,210 1.7 22.37 827.8
Cochrane Single-tier Town Cochrane 5,340 5,487 −2.7 539.02 9.9
Cockburn Island Single-tier Township Manitoulin 0[N 1] 10 −100.0 171.04 0.0
Coleman Single-tier Township Timiskaming 597 540 10.6 178.82 3.3
Collingwood Lower-tier Town Simcoe 19,241 17,290 11.3 33.46 575.1
Conmee Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 764 740 3.2 168.81 4.5
Cornwall Single-tier City Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 46,340 45,965 0.8 61.52 753.2
Cramahe Lower-tier Township Northumberland 6,073 5,950 2.1 201.98 30.1
Dawn-Euphemia Lower-tier Township Lambton 2,049 2,190 −6.4 445.13 4.6
Dawson Single-tier Township Rainy River 563 620 −9.2 338.35 1.7
Deep River Lower-tier Town Renfrew 4,193 4,216 −0.5 50.90 82.4
Deseronto Lower-tier Town Hastings 1,835 1,824 0.6 2.52 728.3
Dorion Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 338 379 −10.8 212.12 1.6
Douro-Dummer Lower-tier Township Peterborough 6,805 6,954 −2.1 458.98 14.8
Drummond/North Elmsley Lower-tier Township Lanark 7,487 7,118 5.2 366.03 20.5
Dryden Single-tier City Kenora 7,617 8,195 −7.1 65.84 115.7
Dubreuilville Single-tier Township Algoma 635 773 −17.9 89.57 7.1
Dutton/Dunwich Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 3,876 3,821 1.4 294.64 13.2
Dysart, Dudley, Harcourt, Guilford, Harburn, Bruton, Havelock, Eyre and Clyde Lower-tier Township Haliburton 5,966 5,526 8.0 1,483.51 4.0
Ear Falls Single-tier Township Kenora 1,026 1,153 −11.0 331.03 3.1
East Ferris Single-tier Township Nipissing 4,766[13] 4,228 12.7 155.03 30.7
East Garafraxa Lower-tier Township Dufferin 2,595 2,389 8.6 166.04 15.6
East Gwillimbury Lower-tier Town York 22,473 21,069 6.7 245.03 91.7
East Hawkesbury Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 3,335 3,368 −1.0 235.18 14.2
East Zorra-Tavistock Lower-tier Township Oxford 6,836 7,008 −2.5 242.30 28.2
Edwardsburgh/Cardinal Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 6,959 6,689 4.0 312.34 22.3
Elizabethtown-Kitley Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 9,724 10,201 −4.7 557.80 17.4
Elliot Lake Single-tier City Algoma 11,348 11,549 −1.7 714.56 15.9
Emo Single-tier Township Rainy River 1,252 1,305 −4.1 203.54 6.2
Englehart Single-tier Town Timiskaming 1,519 1,494 1.7 3.04 499.9
Enniskillen Lower-tier Township Lambton 2,930 3,122 −6.1 338.18 8.7
Erin Lower-tier Town Wellington 10,770 11,148 −3.4 297.75 36.2
Espanola Single-tier Town Sudbury 5,364 5,314 0.9 82.44 65.1
Essa Lower-tier Township Simcoe 18,505 16,901 9.5 280.07 66.1
Essex Lower-tier Town Essex 19,600 20,032 −2.2 277.92 70.5
Evanturel Single-tier Township Timiskaming 452 473 −4.4 88.99 5.1
Faraday Lower-tier Township Hastings 1,468 1,578 −7.0 217.97 6.7
Fauquier-Strickland Single-tier Township Cochrane 530 568 −6.7 1,013.90 0.5
Fort Erie Lower-tier Town Niagara 29,960 29,925 0.1 166.24 180.2
Fort Frances Single-tier Town Rainy River 7,952 8,103 −1.9 26.85 296.2
French River Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 2,442 2,659 −8.2 735.47 3.3
Front of Yonge Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 2,752[13] 2,803 −4.4 128.47 20.9
Frontenac Islands Lower-tier Township Frontenac 1,864 1,862 0.1 175.04 10.6
Gananoque Single-tier Town Leeds and Grenville 5,194 5,285 −1.7 7.01 740.8
Gauthier Single-tier Township Timiskaming 123 133 −7.5 88.59 1.4
Georgian Bay Lower-tier Township Muskoka 2,482[13] 2,340 6.1 546.97 4.5
Georgian Bluffs Lower-tier Township Grey 10,404 10,506 −1.0 604.36 17.2
Georgina Lower-tier Town York 43,517 42,346 2.8 287.72 151.2
Gillies Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 473 544 −13.1 93.02 5.1
Goderich Lower-tier Town Huron 7,521 7,563 −0.6 7.91 950.8
Gordon/Barrie Island Single-tier Municipality Manitoulin 526 459 14.6 268.14 2.0
Gore Bay Single-tier Town Manitoulin 850 924 −8.0 5.27 161.4
Grand Valley Lower-tier Town Dufferin 2,726 2,844 −4.1 158.23 17.2
Gravenhurst Lower-tier Town Muskoka 12,055[13] 11,046 9.1 518.59 23.2
Greater Madawaska Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,485 2,751 −9.7 1,034.33 2.4
Greater Napanee Lower-tier Town Lennox and Addington 15,511 15,400 0.7 461.31 33.6
Greater Sudbury Single-tier City Sudbury 160,274 157,857 1.5 3,227.38 49.7
Greenstone Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 4,724 4,886 −3.3 2,767.76 1.7
Grey Highlands Lower-tier Municipality Grey 9,520 9,480 0.4 882.44 10.8
Grimsby Lower-tier Town Niagara 25,325 23,937 5.8 68.96 367.2
Guelph/Eramosa Lower-tier Township Wellington 12,380 12,066 2.6 291.71 42.4
Guelph Single-tier City Wellington 121,688 114,943 5.9 87.20 1,395.4
Haldimand Single-tier City Haldimand 44,876 45,212 −0.7 1,251.57 35.9
Halton Hills Lower-tier Town Halton 59,008 55,289 6.7 276.25 213.6
Hamilton Lower-tier Township Northumberland 10,702 10,972 −2.5 256.12 41.8
Hamilton Single-tier City Hamilton 519,949 504,559 3.1 1,117.23 465.4
Hanover Lower-tier Town Grey 7,490 7,147 4.8 9.81 763.8
Harley Single-tier Township Timiskaming 539 551 −2.2 91.73 5.9
Harris Single-tier Township Timiskaming 523 512 2.1 50.17 10.4
Hastings Highlands Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 4,168 4,033 3.3 972.54 4.3
Havelock-Belmont-Methuen Lower-tier Township Peterborough 4,523 4,637 −2.5 543.59 8.3
Hawkesbury Lower-tier Town Prescott and Russell 10,551 10,869 −2.9 9.46 1,115.6
Head, Clara and Maria Lower-tier Township Renfrew 235 228 3.1 728.15 0.3
Hearst Single-tier Town Cochrane 5,090 5,620 −9.4 98.73 51.6
Highlands East Lower-tier Municipality Haliburton 3,249 3,089 5.2 705.42 4.6
Hilliard Single-tier Township Timiskaming 204 222 −8.1 91.18 2.2
Hilton Beach Single-tier Village Algoma 145 172 −15.7 2.46 59.0
Hilton Single-tier Township Algoma 261 243 7.4 115.78 2.3
Hornepayne Single-tier Township Algoma 1,050 1,209 −13.2 204.52 5.1
Horton Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,719 2,803 −3.0 158.53 17.2
Howick Lower-tier Township Huron 3,856 3,882 −0.7 287.18 13.4
Hudson Single-tier Township Timiskaming 476 455 4.6 90.64 5.3
Huntsville Lower-tier Town Muskoka 19,056 18,280 4.2 710.64 26.8
Huron East Lower-tier Municipality Huron 9,264 9,310 −0.5 669.26 13.8
Huron Shores Single-tier Municipality Algoma 1,723 1,696 1.6 455.59 3.8
Huron-Kinloss Lower-tier Township Bruce 6,790 6,515 4.2 440.63 15.4
Ignace Single-tier Township Kenora 1,202 1,431 −16.0 72.66 16.5
Ingersoll Lower-tier Town Oxford 12,146 11,760 3.3 12.90 941.8
Innisfil Lower-tier Town Simcoe 32,727[13] 31,175 5.0 284.21 115.2
Iroquois Falls Single-tier Town Cochrane 4,595 4,729 −2.8 599.92 7.7
James Single-tier Township Timiskaming 424 414 2.4 86.19 4.9
Jocelyn Single-tier Township Algoma 237 277 −14.4 131.37 1.8
Johnson Single-tier Township Algoma 750 701 7.0 120.38 6.2
Joly Single-tier Township Parry Sound 284 280 1.4 194.33 1.5
Kapuskasing Single-tier Town Cochrane 8,196 8,509 −3.7 84.13 97.4
Kawartha Lakes Single-tier City Kawartha Lakes 73,214 74,561 −1.8 3,083.06 23.7
Kearney Single-tier Town Parry Sound 841 798 5.4 531.31 1.6
Kenora Single-tier City Kenora 15,348 15,177 1.1 211.75 72.5
Kerns Single-tier Township Timiskaming 359 325 10.5 90.44 4.0
Killaloe, Hagarty and Richards Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,402 2,550 −5.8 395.98 6.1
Killarney Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 505 459 10.0 1,654.58 0.3
Kincardine Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 11,174 11,173 0.0 538.02 20.8
King Lower-tier Township York 19,899 19,487 2.1 333.30 59.7
Kingston Single-tier City Frontenac 123,363 117,207 5.3 451.17 273.4
Kingsville Lower-tier Town Essex 21,362 20,908 2.2 246.84 86.5
Kirkland Lake Single-tier Town Timiskaming 8,493[13] 8,248 3.0 262.54 32.3
Kitchener Lower-tier City Waterloo 219,153 204,668 7.1 136.79 1,602.1
La Vallee Single-tier Township Rainy River 988 1,067 −7.4 237.50 4.2
Laird Single-tier Township Algoma 1,057 1,078 −1.9 102.43 10.3
Lake of Bays Lower-tier Township Muskoka 3,506[13] 3,570 −1.8 677.58 5.2
Lake of the Woods Single-tier Township Rainy River 296 323 −8.4 751.95 0.4
Lakeshore Lower-tier Town Essex 34,546 33,245 3.9 530.32 65.1
Lambton Shores Lower-tier Municipality Lambton 10,656 11,150 −4.4 331.08 32.2
Lanark Highlands Lower-tier Township Lanark 5,128 5,180 −1.0 1,048.19 4.9
Larder Lake Single-tier Township Timiskaming 684 735 −6.9 229.65 3.0
LaSalle Lower-tier Town Essex 28,643 27,652 3.6 65.30 438.6
Latchford Single-tier Town Timiskaming 387 390 −0.8 153.35 2.5
Laurentian Hills Lower-tier Town Renfrew 2,811 2,789 0.8 640.48 4.4
Laurentian Valley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 9,657 9,265 4.2 552.44 17.5
Leamington Lower-tier Municipality Essex 28,403 28,833 −1.5 261.92 108.4
Leeds and the Thousand Islands Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 9,277 9,435 −1.7 612.51 15.1
Limerick Lower-tier Township Hastings 352 364 −3.3 205.68 1.7
Lincoln Lower-tier Town Niagara 22,487 21,722 3.5 162.86 138.1
London Single-tier City Middlesex 366,151 352,395 3.9 420.57 870.6
Loyalist Lower-tier Township Lennox and Addington 16,221 15,062 7.7 341.04 47.6
Lucan Biddulph Lower-tier Township Middlesex 4,338 4,187 3.6 169.15 25.6
Macdonald, Meredith and Aberdeen Additional Single-tier Township Algoma 1,464 1,550 −5.5 163.52 9.0
Machar Single-tier Township Parry Sound 923 866 6.6 184.62 5.0
Machin Single-tier Township Kenora 935 978 −4.4 289.84 3.2
Madawaska Valley Lower-tier Township Renfrew 4,282 4,381 −2.3 671.85 6.4
Madoc Lower-tier Township Hastings 2,197 2,069 6.2 277.97 7.9
Magnetawan Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 1,454 1,610 −9.7 531.83 2.7
Malahide Lower-tier Township Elgin 9,146 8,828 3.6 395.08 23.2
Manitouwadge Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 2,105 2,300 −8.5 352.06 6.0
Mapleton Lower-tier Township Wellington 9,989 9,851 1.4 534.81 18.7
Marathon Single-tier Town Thunder Bay 3,353 3,863 −13.2 170.48 19.7
Markham Lower-tier City York 301,709 261,573 15.3 212.58 1,419.3
Markstay-Warren Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 2,297 2,475 −7.2 513.10 4.5
Marmora and Lake Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 4,074 3,912 4.1 556.19 7.3
Matachewan Single-tier Township Timiskaming 409[13] 375 9.1 543.63 0.8
Mattawa Single-tier Town Nipissing 2,023 2,003 1.0 3.66 553.5
Mattawan Single-tier Township Nipissing 162 147 10.2 200.96 0.8
Mattice-Val Côté Single-tier Township Cochrane 686 772 −11.1 414.64 1.7
McDougall Single-tier Township Parry Sound 2,705 2,704 0.0 268.30 10.1
McGarry Single-tier Township Timiskaming 595 674 −11.7 86.72 6.9
McKellar Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,144 1,080 5.9 181.12 6.3
McMurrich/Monteith Single-tier Township Parry Sound 779 791 −1.5 278.13 2.8
McNab/Braeside Lower-tier Township Renfrew 7,371 7,222 2.1 255.74 28.8
Meaford Lower-tier Municipality Grey 11,100 10,948 1.4 588.61 18.9
Melancthon Lower-tier Township Dufferin 2,839 2,895 −1.9 310.96 9.1
Merrickville-Wolford Lower-tier Village Leeds and Grenville 2,850 2,867 −0.6 214.49 13.3
Middlesex Centre Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 16,487 15,589 5.8 588.15 28.0.
Midland Lower-tier Town Simcoe 16,572 16,330 1.5 35.37 468.5
Milton Lower-tier Town Halton 84,362 53,889 56.5 363.22 232.3
Minden Hills Lower-tier Township Haliburton 5,655 5,556 1.8 878.17 6.4
Minto Lower-tier Town Wellington 8,334 8,504 −2.0 300.57 27.7
Mississauga Lower-tier City Peel 713,443 668,599 6.7 292.40 2,439.9
Mississippi Mills Lower-tier Town Lanark 12,385 11,734 5.5 519.53 23.8
Mono Lower-tier Town Dufferin 7,546 7,071 6.7 277.78 27.2
Montague Lower-tier Township Lanark 3,483 3,209 8.5 279.74 12.5
Moonbeam Single-tier Township Cochrane 1,101 1,298 −15.2 235.65 4.7
Moosonee Single-tier Town Cochrane 1,725 2,006 −14.0 550.12 3.1
Morley Single-tier Township Rainy River 474 492 −3.7 375.61 1.3
Morris-Turnberry Lower-tier Municipality Huron 3,413 3,403 0.3 376.55 9.1
Mulmur Lower-tier Township Dufferin 3,391 3,318 2.2 286.73 11.8
Muskoka Lakes Lower-tier Township Muskoka 6,707[13] 6,467 3.7 794.48 8.4
Nairn and Hyman Single-tier Township Sudbury 477 493 −3.2 160.94 3.0
NationThe Nation Lower-tier Municipality Prescott and Russell 11,668 10,662 9.4 658.03 17.7
Neebing Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 1,986 2,184 −9.1 877.60 2.3
New Tecumseth Lower-tier Town Simcoe 30,234 27,701 9.1 274.18 110.3
Newbury Lower-tier Village Middlesex 447 439 1.8 1.85 241.0
Newmarket Lower-tier Town York 79,978 74,295 7.6 38.33 2,086.3
Niagara Falls Lower-tier City Niagara 82,997 82,184 1.0 209.71 395.8
Niagara-on-the-Lake Lower-tier Town Niagara 15,400 14,587 5.6 132.83 115.9
Nipigon Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,631 1,752 −6.9 109.14 14.9
Nipissing Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,704 1,642 3.8 393.60 4.3
Norfolk Single-tier City Norfolk 63,175 62,563 1.0. 1,607.60 39.3
North Algona Wilberforce Lower-tier Township Renfrew 2,873 2,840 1.2 378.53 7.6
North Bay Single-tier City Nipissing 53,651 53,966 −0.6 319.05 168.2
North Dumfries Lower-tier Township Waterloo 9,334 9,063 3.0 187.44 49.8
North Dundas Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 11,225 11,095 1.2 503.21 22.3
North Frontenac Lower-tier Township Frontenac 1,842 1,904 −3.3 1,164.73 1.6
North Glengarry Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 10,251 10,635 −3.6 643.69 15.9
North Grenville Lower-tier Municipality Leeds and Grenville 15,085 14,198 6.2 352.14 42.8
North Huron Lower-tier Township Huron 4,884 5,015 −2.6 178.98 27.3
North Kawartha Lower-tier Township Peterborough 2,289 2,342 −2.3 776.04 2.9
North Middlesex Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 6,658 6,740 −1.2 597.90 11.1
North Perth Lower-tier Municipality Perth 12,631 12,254 3.1 493.19 25.6
North ShoreThe North Shore Single-tier Township Algoma 509 549 −7.3 238.94 2.1
North Stormont Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 6,775 6,769 0.1 515.65 13.1
Northeastern Manitoulin and the Islands Single-tier Town Manitoulin 2,706 2,711 −0.2 495.68 5.5
Northern Bruce Peninsula Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 3,744 3,850 −2.8 781.77 4.8
Norwich Lower-tier Township Oxford 10,721 10,481 2.3 431.28 24.9
Oakville Lower-tier Town Halton 182,520 165,613 10.2 138.88 1,314.2
O'Connor Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 685 720 −4.9 108.65 6.3
Oil Springs Lower-tier Village Lambton 704 717 −1.8 8.18 86.1
Oliver Paipoonge Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 5,732 5,757 −0.4 350.76 16.3
Opasatika Single-tier Township Cochrane 214 280 −23.6 329.98 0.6
Orangeville Lower-tier Town Dufferin 27,975 26,925 3.9 15.61 1,791.6
Orillia Single-tier City Simcoe 30,586 30,259 1.1 28.61 1,069.2
Oro-Medonte Lower-tier Township Simcoe 20,078 20,031 0.2 586.90 34.2
Oshawa Lower-tier City Durham 149,607 141,590 5.7 145.68 1,027.0
Otonabee-South Monaghan Lower-tier Township Peterborough 6,660 6,812 −2.2 347.58 19.2
Ottawa Single-tier City Ottawa 883,391 812,129 8.8 2,790.22 316.6
Owen Sound Lower-tier City Grey 21,688 21,753 −0.3 24.22 895.5
Papineau-Cameron Single-tier Township Nipissing 978 1,058 −7.6 566.74 1.7
Parry Sound Single-tier Town Parry Sound 6,191 5,818 6.4 13.36 463.3
Pelee Single-tier Township Essex 171 287 −40.4 41.79 4.1
Pelham Lower-tier Town Niagara 16,598 16,155 2.7 126.42 131.3
Pembroke Single-tier City Renfrew 14,360 13,930 3.1 14.35 1,000.7
Penetanguishene Lower-tier Town Simcoe 9,111 9,354 −2.6 25.57 356.4
Perry Single-tier Township Parry Sound 2,317 2,010 15.3 187.25 12.4
Perth East Lower-tier Township Perth 12,028 11,986 0.4 713.39 16.9
Perth South Lower-tier Township Perth 3,993 4,132 −3.4 393.03 10.2
Perth Lower-tier Town Lanark 5,840 5,907 −1.1 12.25 476.7
Petawawa Lower-tier Town Renfrew 15,988 14,651 9.1 164.68 97.1
Peterborough Single-tier City Peterborough 78,698 75,406 4.4 63.80 1,233.6
Petrolia Lower-tier Town Lambton 5,528 5,222 5.9 12.68 435.8
Pickering Lower-tier City Durham 88,721 87,838 1.0 231.59 383.1
Pickle Lake Single-tier Township Kenora 425 479 −11.3 255.08 1.7
Plummer Additional Single-tier Township Algoma 650 625 4.0 221.97 2.9
Plympton-Wyoming Lower-tier Town Lambton 7,576 7,506 0.9 318.76 23.8
Point Edward Lower-tier Village Lambton 2,034 2,019 0.7 3.27 622.8
Port Colborne Lower-tier City Niagara 18,424 18,599 −0.9 121.97 151.1
Port Hope Lower-tier Municipality Northumberland 16,214 16,390 −1.1 279.03 58.1
Powassan Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 3,378 3,309 2.1 224.59 15.0
Prescott Single-tier Town Leeds and Grenville 4,284 4,180 2.5 4.95 865.3
Prince Edward Single-tier City Prince Edward 25,258 25,496 −0.9 1,050.45 24
Prince Single-tier Township Algoma 1,031 971 6.2 85.31 12.1
Puslinch Lower-tier Township Wellington 7,029 6,689 5.1 214.61 32.8
Quinte West Single-tier City Hastings 43,086 42,697 0.9 494.15 87.2
Rainy River Single-tier Town Rainy River 842 909 −7.4 2.99 281.5
Ramara Lower-tier Township Simcoe 9,275 9,427 −1.6 419.25 22.1
Red Lake Single-tier Municipality Kenora 4,670[13] 4,526 −3.5 610.38 7.2
Red Rock Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 942 1,063 −11.4 62.93 15.0
Renfrew Lower-tier Town Renfrew 8,218 7,846 4.7 12.77 643.5
Richmond Hill Lower-tier Town York 185,541 162,704 14.0 100.95 1,838.0
Rideau Lakes Lower-tier Township Leeds and Grenville 10,207 10,350 −1.4 729.09 14.0
Russell Lower-tier Township Prescott and Russell 15,247 13,883 9.8 199.06 76.6
Ryerson Single-tier Township Parry Sound 634 686 −7.6 188.07 3.4
Sables-Spanish Rivers Single-tier Township Sudbury 3,075 3,237 −5.0 815.80 3.8
Sarnia Lower-tier City Lambton 72,366 71,419 1.3 164.71 439.4
Saugeen Shores Lower-tier Town Bruce 12,661 11,720 8.0 170.97 74.1
Sault Ste. Marie Single-tier City Algoma 75,141 74,948 0.3 223.26 336.6
Schreiber Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,126 901 25.0 36.79 30.6
Scugog Lower-tier Township Durham 21,569 21,439 0.6 474.65 45.4
Seguin Single-tier Township Parry Sound 3,988 4,276 −6.7 595.42 6.7
Selwyn Lower-tier Township Peterborough 16,846 17,027 −1.1 315.64 53.4
Severn Lower-tier Township Simcoe 12,377 12,030 2.9 549.90 22.5
Shelburne Lower-tier Town Dufferin 5,846 5,149 13.5 6.44 907.1
Shuniah Single-tier Municipality Thunder Bay 2,737 2,913 −6.0 570.98 4.8
Sioux Lookout Single-tier Municipality Kenora 5,037 5,183 −2.8 378.82 13.3
Sioux Narrows-Nestor Falls Single-tier Township Kenora 720 672 7.1 1,222.43 0.6
Smiths Falls Single-tier Town Lanark 8,978 9,163 −2.0 9.61 934.6
Smooth Rock Falls Single-tier Town Cochrane 1,376 1,473 −6.6 199.79 6.9
South Algonquin Single-tier Township Nipissing 1,211 1,253 −3.4 872.49 1.4
South Bruce Peninsula Lower-tier Town Bruce 8,413 8,415 0.0 538.32 15.6
South Bruce Lower-tier Municipality Bruce 5,685 5,939 −4.3 487.27 11.7
South Dundas Lower-tier Municipality Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 10,794 10,535 2.5 520.10 20.8
South Frontenac Lower-tier Township Frontenac 18,113 18,227 −0.6 971.68 18.6
South Glengarry Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 13,162 12,880 2.2 605.30 21.7
South Huron Lower-tier Municipality Huron 9,945 9,982 −0.4 425.36 23.4
South River Single-tier Village Parry Sound 1,049 1,069 −1.9 4.04 259.5
South Stormont Lower-tier Township Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 12,617 12,520 0.8 447.50 28.2
Southgate Lower-tier Township Grey 7,190 7,072 1.7 644.35 11.2
Southwest Middlesex Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 5,860 5,890 −0.5 427.97 13.7
South-West Oxford Lower-tier Township Oxford 7,544 7,589 −0.6 370.48 20.4
Southwold Lower-tier Township Elgin 4,494 4,724 −4.9 301.71 14.9
Spanish Single-tier Town Algoma 696 728 −4.4 108.39 6.4
Springwater Lower-tier Township Simcoe 18,223 17,456 4.4 536.23 34.0
St. Catharines Lower-tier City Niagara 131,400 131,989 −0.4 96.11 1,367.2
St. Clair Lower-tier Township Lambton 14,515 14,649 −0.9 619.32 23.4
St. Joseph Single-tier Township Algoma 1,201 1,129 6.4 129.36 9.3
St. Marys Single-tier Town Perth 6,655 6,617 0.6 12.48 533.3
St. Thomas Single-tier City Elgin 37,905 36,110 5.0 35.52 1,067.3
St.-Charles Single-tier Municipality Sudbury 1,282 1,159 10.6 321.54 4.0
Stirling-Rawdon Lower-tier Township Hastings 4,978 4,906 1.5 282.31 17.6
Stone Mills Lower-tier Township Lennox and Addington 7,560 7,568 −0.1 708.83 10.7
Stratford Single-tier City Perth 30,886 30,516 1.2 26.95 1,146.0
Strathroy-Caradoc Lower-tier Township Middlesex 20,978 19,959 5.1 274.12 76.5
Strong Single-tier Township Parry Sound 1,341 1,327 1.1 159.28 8.4
Sundridge Single-tier Village Parry Sound 985 942 4.6 2.23 441.3
Tarbutt and Tarbutt Additional Single-tier Township Algoma 396 388 2.1 53.14 7.5
Tay Valley Lower-tier Township Lanark 5,571 5,634 −1.1 549.12 10.1
Tay Lower-tier Township Simcoe 9,736 9,748 −0.1 139.00 70.0
Tecumseh Lower-tier Town Essex 23,610 24,224 −2.5 94.69 249.3
Tehkummah Single-tier Township Manitoulin 406 382 6.3 132.48 3.1
Temagami Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 840[13] 934 −12.2 1,906.42 0.4
Temiskaming Shores Single-tier City Timiskaming 10,400 10,442 −0.4 177.91 58.5
Terrace Bay Single-tier Township Thunder Bay 1,471 1,625 −9.5 151.04 9.7
Thames Centre Lower-tier Municipality Middlesex 13,000 13,085 −0.6 433.95 30.0
Thessalon Single-tier Town Algoma 1,279 1,312 −2.5 4.37 292.4
Thornloe Single-tier Village Timiskaming 123 105 17.1 6.49 19.0
Thorold Lower-tier City Niagara 17,931 18,224 −1.6 83.00 216.0
Thunder Bay Single-tier City Thunder Bay 108,359 109,160 −0.7 328.24 330.1
Tillsonburg Lower-tier Town Oxford 15,301 14,822 3.2 22.34 685.1
Timmins Single-tier City Cochrane 43,165 42,997 0.4 2,979.15 14.5
Tiny Lower-tier Township Simcoe 11,232 10,754 4.4 336.83 33.3
Toronto Single-tier City Toronto 2,615,060 2,503,281 4.5 630.21 4,149.5
Trent Hills Lower-tier Municipality Northumberland 12,604 12,247 2.9 511.90 24.6
Trent Lakes Lower-tier Municipality Peterborough 5,105 5,284 −3.4 860.26 5.9
Tudor and Cashel Lower-tier Township Hastings 586 682 −14.1 445.67 1.3
Tweed Lower-tier Municipality Hastings 6,057 5,614 7.9 953.75 6.4
Tyendinaga Lower-tier Township Hastings 4,150 4,070 2.0 313.00 13.3
Uxbridge Lower-tier Township Durham 20,623 19,169 7.6 420.83 49.0
Val Rita-Harty Single-tier Township Cochrane 817 939 −13.0 382.71 2.1
Vaughan Lower-tier City York 288,301 238,866 20.7 273.52 1,054.0
Wainfleet Lower-tier Township Niagara 6,356 6,601 −3.7 217.29 29.3
Warwick Lower-tier Township Lambton 3,717 3,945 −5.8 290.20 12.8
Wasaga Beach Lower-tier Town Simcoe 17,537 15,029 16.7 58.43 300.1
Waterloo Lower-tier City Waterloo 98,780 97,475 1.3 64.02 1,542.9
Wawa Single-tier Municipality Algoma 2,975 3,204 −7.1 417.78 7.1
Welland Lower-tier City Niagara 50,631 50,331 0.6 81.09 624.4
Wellesley Lower-tier Township Waterloo 10,713 9,789 9.4 277.79 38.6
Wellington North Lower-tier Township Wellington 11,477 11,175 2.7 526.28 21.8
West Elgin Lower-tier Municipality Elgin 5,157 5,349 −3.6 322.52 16.0
West Grey Lower-tier Municipality Grey 12,286 12,288 0.0 876.02 14.0
West Lincoln Lower-tier Township Niagara 13,837 13,167 5.1 387.78 35.7
West Nipissing Single-tier Municipality Nipissing 14,149 13,410 5.5 1,992.08 7.1
West Perth Lower-tier Municipality Perth 8,919 8,839 0.9 579.42 15.4
Westport Lower-tier Village Leeds and Grenville 628 645 −2.6 1.71 366.5
Whitby Lower-tier Town Durham 122,022 111,184 9.7 146.53 832.7
Whitchurch-Stouffville Lower-tier Town York 37,628 24,390 54.3 206.41 182.3
White River Single-tier Township Algoma 607 841 −27.8 96.94 6.3
Whitestone Single-tier Municipality Parry Sound 918 1,030 −10.9 957.52 1.0
Whitewater Lower-tier Township Renfrew 6,921 6,631 4.4 537.96 12.9
Wilmot Lower-tier Township Waterloo 19,223 17,097 12.4 263.72 72.9
Windsor Single-tier City Essex 210,891 216,473 −2.6 146.32 1,441.3
Wollaston Lower-tier Township Hastings 708 730 −3.0 220.19 3.2
Woodstock Lower-tier City Oxford 37,754 35,822 5.4 49.00 770.5
Woolwich Lower-tier Township Waterloo 23,145 19,658 17.7 326.17 71.0
Zorra Lower-tier Township Oxford 8,058 8,125 −0.8 528.99 15.2
Total local (single and lower-tier) municipalities 12,764,756 12,075,651 5.7 155,653.00 82.0
Province of Ontario 12,851,821 12,160,282 5.7 908,607.67 14.1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Although the Township of Cockburn Island's population is published as 0 by Statistics Canada, 1 of its 79 private dwellings were occupied by usual residents. To protect privacy, Statistics Canada has rounded Cockburn Island's actual population to the nearest 5, which in this case is 0.[9]
  2. ^ a b c Though Muskoka and Oxford are officially named the District Municipality of Muskoka and the County of Oxford respectively, both are actually regional municipalities per the definition of "regional municipality" in Ontario's Municipal Act, 2001, which states that a regional municipality "means an upper-tier municipality that was a regional or district municipality or the County of Oxford on December 31, 2002".[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved June 20, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "The Municipal Councillor's Guide" (PDF). Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Municipal Act, S.O. 2001, Chapter 25". Service Ontario. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ "City of Toronto Act, 2006". e-Laws. Government of Ontario. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ontario Municipalities". Association of Municipalities of Ontario. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Town of Markham ready to take another shot at city status". Metro (Free Daily News Group Inc.). May 10, 2013. Retrieved August 18, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Census Profile: Cockburn Island, TP, Ontario (Census subdivision)". Statistics Canada. March 1, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  10. ^ Doug Grant. "A Short History: Brockville – Ontario’s First Incorporated Town". City of Brockville. Retrieved June 20, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Ontario)". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved June 27, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d "List of Ontario Municipalities". Ontario Municipal Affairs and Housing. September 21, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 

External links[edit]