List of musical instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number: 321.312
This is a list of instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number, covering those instruments that are classified under 321.312 under that system. These instruments may be known as spike box lutes or spike guitars.
- 3: Instruments in which sound is produced by one or more vibrating strings (chordophones, string instruments).
These instruments may be classified with a suffix, based on how the strings are caused to vibrate.
- 4: Hammers or beaters
- 5: Bare hands and fingers
- 6: Plectrum
- 7: Bowing
- 71: Using a bow
- 72: Using a wheel
- 73: Using a ribbon
- 8: Keyboard
- 9: Using a mechanical drive
||African American||321.312-5||Four or five stringed instrument, plucked with a bare thumb and a forefinger covered by a metal thimble, traditionally with four or five strings,|
guinbri, guimbri, gimbri, ginibri
|Gnawa music||321.312||Rectangular box lute with leather tuning rings|
||Serbia, Montenegro and elsewhere in the former Yugoslavia||321.312||Stringed instrument, round, typically with one string bound at the top of the neck with a tuning peg
Serbian gusle (help·info)
|Mongolia, Tuva||321.312||Two-stringed instrument, held between the legs, with a trapezoidal body and a horse's head typically carved on the upper edge of the pegbox|
|Afghanistan and neighboring areas||321.312-6||Short-necked three-stringed lute with sympathetic and drone strings, fretted and plucked with a plectrum, with a double-chambered body, the lower part of which is covered in skin, and with three main strings|
||Ryukyus of Japan||321.312-6||Three stringed banjo-like instrument, covered with snakeskin|
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- Doubleday, Veronica (2000). "Afghanistan: Red Light at the Crossroads". In Broughton, Simon and Mark Ellingham with James McConnachie and Orla Duane (Eds.). World Music: The Rough Guide. Rough Guides. pp. 3–7. ISBN 1-85828-636-0.
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