List of musical scales and modes

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The following is the list of musical scales and modes. Degrees are relative to the major scale.

List of musical scales and modes
Name Image Sound Degrees # of pitch classes Lower tetrachord Upper tetrachord Use of key signature usual or unusual
17 equal temperament
17-tet scale on C.
About this sound Play  17
Acoustic scale
Acoustic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 whole tone Dorian
Aeolian mode or natural minor scale
Aeolian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Dorian Phrygian Usual
Algerian scale
Algerian scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 etc. variable
Alpha scale About this sound Play  15.39
Altered scale
Altered scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 whole tone
Augmented scale
Augmented scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 3 3 5 5 7 6
Bebop dominant scale
Bebop dominant scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 8
Beta scale About this sound Play  18.75
Blues scale
Blues scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 3 4 4 5 7 6
Bohlen–Pierce scale About this sound Play 
Chromatic scale
Chromatic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 1 2 2 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7
7 7 6 6 5 5 4 3 3 2 2 1
12
Delta scale About this sound Play  85.7
Dorian mode
Dorian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Dorian Dorian Usual
Double harmonic scale
Double harmonic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Mixolydian Unusual
Enigmatic scale
Enigmatic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Unusual
Euler–Fokker genus About this sound Play  6
Flamenco mode
Flamenco mode on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian Phrygian Unusual
Gamma scale About this sound Play  34.29
"Gypsy" scale[a]
"Gypsy" [sic] scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian Unusual
Half diminished scale
Half diminished scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 whole tone
Harmonic major scale
Harmonic major scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Lydian Mixolydian
Harmonic minor scale
Harmonic minor scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 ()7 7 Dorian Mixolydian
Harmonic Scale
Harmonic scale chromatic on C.
About this sound Play  144
Hexany
Hirajoshi scale
Hirajoshi scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 5 6 5
Hungarian "Gypsy" scale[a]
Hungarian "Gypsy"[sic] scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Mixolydian Unusual
Hungarian minor scale
Hungarian minor scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Mixolydian
In scale
Miyako-bushi scale on D, equivalent to in scale on D, with brackets on fourths.
About this sound Play  1 2 4 5 6 5
Insen scale
Insen scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 4 5 7 5
Ionian mode or major scale
Ionian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Lydian Lydian Usual
Istrian scale
Istrian mode on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 5 6
Iwato scale
Iwato scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 4 5 7 5
Locrian mode
Locrian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian whole tone Usual
Lydian augmented scale
Lydian augmented scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 whole tone
Lydian mode
Lydian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 whole tone Lydian Usual
Major bebop scale
Major bebop scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 (5/6) 6 7 7(8)
Major Locrian scale
Major Locrian scale C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Lydian whole tone
Major pentatonic scale
Major pentatonic scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 5 6 5 Usual
Melodic minor scale About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 9 Dorian
Melodic minor scale (ascending) About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Dorian
Minor pentatonic scale
Minor pentatonic scale on A.
About this sound Play  1 3 4 5 7 5 Usual
Mixolydian mode or Adonai malakh mode
Mixolydian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Lydian Mixolydian Usual
Neapolitan major scale
Neapolitan major scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian Lydian Unusual
Neapolitan minor scale
Neapolitan minor scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian Mixolydian Unusual
Non-Pythagorean scale About this sound Play 
Octatonic scale
Octatonic scales on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 6 7
1 2 3 3 4 5 6 7
8
Pelog
Pelog approximated in Western notation.
About this sound Play 
Persian scale
Persian scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7
Phrygian dominant scale
Phrygian dominant on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian Unusual
Phrygian mode
Phrygian on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Phrygian Phrygian Usual
Prometheus scale
Prometheus scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 6 7 6
Quarter tone scale
Quarter tone scale C.
About this sound Play  1 half sharp1 1 three quarter sharp1 2 half sharp2 2 three quarter sharp2 3 half sharp3 4 half sharp4 4 three quarter sharp4 5 half sharp5 5 three quarter sharp5 6 half sharp6 6 three quarter sharp6 7 half sharp7
half flat8 7 half flat7 7 three quarter flat7 6 half flat6 6 three quarter flat6 5 half flat5 5 three quarter flat5 4 half flat4 3 half flat3 3 three quarter flat3 2 half flat2 2 three quarter flat2 1
24
Scale of harmonics
Scale of harmonics C.
About this sound Play 
Slendro
Slendro on C compared to a whole tone scale on C.
About this sound Play  or About this sound Play  5
Tritone scale
Tritone scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 5 5 7 7
Ukrainian Dorian scale
Ukrainian Dorian mode on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 Dorian Unusual
Whole tone scale
Whole tone scale on C.
About this sound Play  1 2 3 4 5 6 6
Yo scale
Minyō scale on D, equivalent to yo scale on D, with brackets on fourths.
About this sound Play  1 3 4 5 7 5

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gypsy" is considered a derogatory term for people who refer to themselves as Roma.