List of mythological objects

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Mythological objects (also known as mythical objects, mythic objects, or even god weapons in some cases) encompasses a variety of items (e.g. weapons, armor, clothing) appearing in world mythologies. This list will be organized according to category of object.

Armor[edit]

Headgear[edit]

Shields[edit]

Weapons[edit]

Further information: List of magical weapons

Swords[edit]

Swords from Celtic mythology[edit]

Swords from Continental Germanic mythology[edit]

Swords from Anglo-Saxon mythology[edit]

Swords from the Matter of Britain[edit]

  • Arondight, Lancelot's sword.
  • Carnwennan, The dagger Arthur used.
  • Clarent, a ceremonial sword of King Arthur stolen and used by Mordred.
  • Coreiseuse, The sword of King Ban, Lancelot's father. Coreiseuse means wrathful.
  • Excalibur, also known as Caledfwlch in Welsh and Caliburnus in Latin, the sword which Merlin received from the Lady of the Lake.
  • Galatine, Gawain's sword.
  • Grail Sword, a cracked holy sword which Sir Percival bonded back together, though the crack remained.
  • Secace, The sword that Lancelot used to battle the Saxons at Saxon Rock. It is translated as Seure (Sequence) in the Vulgate Cycle.
  • The Sword in the Stone which Arthur pulled free to become King of Britain. Sometimes equated with Excalibur.
  • Sword with the Red Hilt, One of the swords wielded by Sir Balin. After his death Merlin sealed it in the float stone where it remained until it was drawn by Sir Galahad.

Swords from Norse mythology[edit]

  • Angurvadal, a magical sword of Frithiof.
  • Dáinsleif is king Högni's sword, according to Snorri Sturluson's account of the battle known as the Hjaðningavíg.
  • Freyr's Sword, Freyr's magic sword which fought on its own. It might be Lævateinn.
  • Gram/Balmung, the sword that Odin struck into the Branstock tree which only Sigmund the Völsung was able to pull out. It broke in battle with Odin but was later reforged by Sigmund's son Sigurd/Siegfried and used it to slay the dragon Fafnir. After being reforged, it could cleave an anvil in half.
  • Hǫfuð, the sword of Heimdallr, the guardian of Bifröst.
  • Hrotti, the sword is mentioned in the Völsung cycle. It was part of Fáfnir's treasure, which Sigurðr took after he slew the dragon.
  • Lævateinn, a sword mentioned in an emendation to the Poetic Edda Fjölsvinnsmál by Sophus Bugge.
  • Legbiter, the sword of Magnus III of Norway.
  • Mistilteinn, the magical sword of Prainn, the draugr, later owned by Hromundr Gripsson.
  • Quern-biter, sword of Haakon I of Norway and his follower, Thoralf Skolinson the Strong, said to be sharp enough to cut through quernstones.
  • Ridill, sword of the dwarf Regin.
  • Skofnung, a sword with mythical properties associated with the legendary Danish king Hrólf Kraki.
  • Tyrfing (also Tirfing or Tervingi), the cursed sword of Svafrlami, from the Elder Edda; also said to be the sword of Odin in Richard Wagner's works.

Swords from the Matter of France[edit]

Swords from Spanish mythology[edit]

Polearms[edit]

  • Amenonuhoko (heavenly spear), the naginata used by the Shinto deities Izanagi and Izanami to create the world - also called tonbogiri (Japanese mythology).
  • Ascalon, the spear said that St. George used to kill the dragon.
  • Gáe Buide (“Yellow Shaft”) and the Gáe Derg (“Red Javelin”), spears of Diarmuid Ua Duibhne, could inflict wound that none can recover from.
  • Gáe Bulg, the spear of Cú Chulainn.
  • Gungnir, Odin's magic spear created by the dwarf Dvalinn.
  • Lance of Olyndicus, the celtiberians' war chief who fought against Rome. According to Florus, he wielded a silver lance that was sent to him by the gods from the sky.[8]
  • Lúin of Celtchar (also Spear of Fire or Spear of Destiny), forged by the Smith of Falias for Lugh to use in his fight against Balor.
  • Nihongo, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara. A famous spear that was once used in the Imperial Palace. Nihongo later found its way into the possession of Masanori Fukushima, and then Tahei Mori.
  • Ogma's Whip - the spear of Ogma (the Celtic sun god).
  • Otegine, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara.
  • Rhongomiant, which was the spear of King Arthur.
  • Sha Wujing's Yuèyáchǎn, a double-headed staff with a crescent-moon (yuèyá) blade at one end and a spade (chǎn) at the other, with six xīzhàng rings in the shovel part to denote its religious association.
  • The Spear of Achilles, created by Hephaestus and given to Peleus at his wedding with Thetis.
  • Spear of Destiny (also Spear of Longinus or the Holy Lance), the spear said to have pierced the side of Jesus at the crucifixion.
  • Spears of the Valkyrie.
  • Tonbogiri, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara, said to be wielded by the legendary daimyō Honda Tadakatsu. The spear derives its name from the myth that a dragonfly landed on its blade and was instantly cut in two. Thus Tonbo (Japanese for "dragonfly") and giri (Japanese for "cutting"), translating this spear's name as "Dragonfly Cutter/Cutting spear".

Tridents and Pitchforks[edit]

  • Hades' Pitchfork, the Bident - the traditional weapon of Hades and is supposedly black. The bident was never used by anyone other than Hades. (Greek mythology)
  • Kongō, A trident-shaped staff which emits a bright light in the darkness, and grants wisdom and insight. The staff belonged originally to the Japanese mountain god Kōya-no-Myōjin (). It is the equivalent of the Sanskrit Vajra, the indestructible lightning-diamond pounder of the king of the gods/rain-god Indra. There the staff represents the three flames of the sacrificial fire, part of the image of the vajra wheel.
  • Poseidon's Trident, used to create horses and some water sources in Greece. It could cause earthquakes when struck on the ground. (Greek mythology)
  • Trishula, the trident of the Hindu deity Shiva, stylized by some as used as a missile weapon and often included a crossed stabilizer to facilitate flight when thrown. Considered to be the most powerful weapon.

Bows[edit]

  • Apollo's bow, which could cause health or cause famine and death in sleep. (Greek and Roman mythology)
  • Artemis's bow, crafted by moonlight and silver wood or made of gold. (Greek and Roman mythology)
  • Brahmastra A bow made by Brahma
  • Cupid's bow, which, along with dove- and owl-fletched arrows, could cause one to love or hate (respectively) the person he/she first saw after being struck. (Roman mythology)
  • Fail-not, the bow of Tristan. (Arthurian Legend)
  • Gandiva, created by Brahma and given by Varuna to Arjuna on Agni's request and used by Arjuna during the Kurukshetra war.
  • Heracles's bow, which also belonged to Philoctetes, its arrows had the Lernaean Hydra poison. (Greek mythology)
  • Kodandam, Rama's bow. (Hindu mythology)
  • Odysseus'' bow, 'that only he could handle. After the departure of Odysseus, Penelope stated she would only marry a man able to bend that bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axes in a line. Back to Ithaca, disguised as a beggar, Odysseus did it once again before revealing his identity and killing all Penelope's suitors.
  • Shiva Dhanush, Shiva's bow in Hindu mythology given by Shiva to Janaka and broken by Rama during Sita's swayamvara
  • Sharanga, Vishnu's bow. (Hindu mythology)
  • Ichaival, a bow possessed by Odin. Another source said it was came from Ydalir, the home of the god Ullr. It possessed the power of each pull of just 1 arrow, it will release 10 arrows.
  • Vijaya, created by Vishwakarma for Indra who later gave it to Parshurama, who in turn gave it to Karna who used it during the Kurukshetra war.
  • Kaundinya's bow a magic bow wielded by the Brahman Kaundinya, who used it to make the Naga princess Mera fall in love with him.[9]

Staffs[edit]

  • Caduceus, the staff carried by Hermes or Mercury. It is a short staff entwined by two serpents, sometimes surmounted by wings. (Greek mythology)
  • Gambanteinn, appears in two poems in the Poetic Edda. (Norse mythology)
  • Gríðarvölr, an magical staff given to Thor so he could kill the giant Geirröd. (Norse mythology)
  • Rod of Asclepius, a serpent-entwined rod wielded by the Greek god Asclepius, a deity associated with healing and medicine. (Greek mythology)
  • Ruyi Jingu Bang, the staff of Sun Wukong; the staff of the Monkey King could alter its size from a tiny needle to a mighty pillar.
  • Thyrsus is a staff tipped with a pine cone and entwined with ivy leaves. These staffs were carried by Dionysus and his followers. (Greek mythology)
  • Kaladanda, the staff of Death[10] is a special and lethal club used by God Yama or God of Naraka or Hell in Hindu mythology. It is very ferocious weapon. It was once granted by Brahma or God of creation. It was ultimate weapon, once fired would kill anybody before it.No matter what boons he had to protect himself.
  • Dagda's Staff is a magical staff that the King of the Gods uses in Irish Mythology. It has the power to take the life from mortals and to resurrect them. [2]

Clothing[edit]

  • Ǒusībùyúnlǚ, (藕絲步雲履) ”cloud-stepping boots” or “cloud-stepping shoes”: Made of lotus fiber, these are one of the treasures of the Dragon Kings; Ào Ming gives them to Sun Wukong in order to get rid of him when he acquires the Rúyì Jīn Gū Bàng. (Chinese mythology)

Jewelry[edit]

Necklaces[edit]

Rings[edit]

  • Andvarinaut was a magical ring capable of producing gold, first owned by Andvari. (Norse mythology)
  • Draupnir is a golden arm ring possessed by Odin. The ring was a source of endless wealth. (Norse mythology)
  • Ring of Dispel is a ring given to Sir Lancelot by the Lady of the Lake which could dispel any enchantment. In Le Chevalier de la Charrette it is given to him by a fairy instead. He used the ring to cross the Sword Bridge.
  • Ring of Mudarra is the ring that Gonzalo Bustos breaks in two pieces to later on recognize his future son. When Mudarra joins the two halves, it becomes again a complete ring and Gonzalo Bustos heals his blindness, as shown in the epic poem Cantar de los siete infantes de Lara.[11]
  • Ring of Gyges is a mythical magical artifact that granted its owner the power to become invisible at will. (Greek mythology)
  • Seal of Solomon is a magical brass or steel ring that could imprison demons. (JudeoChristian mythology)
  • Svíagris is Adils' prized ring in the Hrólfr Kraki's saga. (Norse mythology)

Vehicles[edit]

Airborne[edit]

Boats[edit]

Chariots[edit]

Treasures[edit]

Relics[edit]

  • Baetylus, a sacred stone which was supposedly endowed with life.
  • Cintamani Stone, a stone believed to have fallen from the skies during the reign of king Lha Tototi Nyentsen in a chest with four other objects.
  • Pandora's box, the sealed box that contained all the evils of mankind. (Greek mythology)
  • The Relics of Jesus.
  • Sessho-seki, a stone that kills anyone who comes into contact with it.
  • Stone of Giramphiel, a stone described in Diu Crône. Sir Gawain wins from the knight Fimbeus and it offers him protection against the fiery breath of dragons and the magic of the sorcerer Laamorz.
  • Yasakani no Magatama, a bejeweled necklace of magatamas offered to Amaterasu in Japanese shinto mythology. One of three Sacred Imperial Relics of Japan. It represents benevolence.
  • Yata no Kagami, a mirror offered to the goddess of the sun, Amaterasu in Japanese mythology. One of three Sacred Imperial Relics of Japan. It represents Wisdom.
  • Holy Grail.
  • Agimat or bertud or anting-anting.
  • Kaustubha is a divine jewel, the most valuable stone "Mani" is in the possession of Vishnu. (Hindu mythology)

Books[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carmen Campidoctoris o Poema latino del Campeador, Madrid, Sociedad Estatal España Nuevo Milenio, 2001
  2. ^ Sri Dharmaraja
  3. ^ The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. 3 Ch. XXXIV Part 1. 
  4. ^ Garbáty, Thomas Jay (1962). The Fallible Sword: Inception of a Motif. The Journal of American Folklore. American Folklore Society. ISBN 1-898577-10-2
  5. ^ Cantar de mio Cid. Edition of Alberto Montaner. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg, 2007.
  6. ^ Don Juan Manuel. El Conde Lucanor. Barcelona: Losada, 1997.
  7. ^ Cantar de mio Cid Edition of Alberto Montaner. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg, 2007.
  8. ^ Florus. Epitomae, 1.33.
  9. ^ D'après l'épigraphie cambodgienne du X° siècle, les rois des "Kambuja" prétendaient descendre d'un ancêtre mythique éponyme, le sage ermite Kambu, et de la nymphe céleste Mera, dont le nom a pu être forgé d'après l'appellation ethnique "khmèr" (George Coedes). [1]; See also: Indianised States of Southeast Asia, 1968, p 66, George Coedes.
  10. ^ Smith, Bardwell L. "Hinduism: New Essays in the History of Religions". 
  11. ^ Épica medieval española (Cantar de los Siete Infantes de Lara). Madrid, Cátedra, 1991