List of mythological objects

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Mythological objects (also known as mythical objects, mythic objects, or even god weapons in some cases) encompasses a variety of items (e.g. weapons, armor, clothing) appearing in world mythologies. This list will be organized according to category of object.

Armor[edit]

Headgear[edit]

Shields[edit]

Weapons[edit]

Further information: List of magical weapons

Swords[edit]

Swords from Celtic mythology[edit]

Swords from Continental Germanic mythology[edit]

Swords from Anglo-Saxon mythology[edit]

Swords from the Matter of Britain[edit]

  • Arondight, Lancelot's sword.
  • Carnwennan, The dagger Arthur used.
  • Clarent, a ceremonial sword of King Arthur stolen and used by Mordred.
  • Coreiseuse, The sword of King Ban, Lancelot's father. Coreiseuse means wrathful.
  • Excalibur, also known as Caledfwlch in Welsh and Caliburnus in Latin, the sword which Merlin received from the Lady of the Lake.
  • Galatine, Gawain's sword.
  • Grail Sword, a cracked holy sword which Sir Percival bonded back together, though the crack remained.
  • Secace, The sword that Lancelot used to battle the Saxons at Saxon Rock. It is translated as Seure (Sequence) in the Vulgate Cycle.
  • The Sword in the Stone which Arthur pulled free to become King of Britain. Sometimes equated with Excalibur.
  • Sword with the Red Hilt, One of the swords wielded by Sir Balin. After his death Merlin sealed it in the float stone where it remained until it was drawn by Sir Galahad.

Swords from Norse mythology[edit]

  • Angurvadal, a magical sword of Frithiof.
  • Dáinsleif is king Högni's sword, according to Snorri Sturluson's account of the battle known as the Hjaðningavíg.
  • Freyr's Sword, Freyr's magic sword which fought on its own. It might be Lævateinn.
  • Gram, the sword that Odin struck into the Branstock tree which only Sigmund the Völsung was able to pull out. It broke in battle with Odin but was later reforged by Sigmund's son Sigurd/Siegfried and used it to slay the dragon Fafnir. After being reforged, it could cleave an anvil in half.
  • Hǫfuð, the sword of Heimdallr, the guardian of Bifröst.
  • Hrotti, the sword is mentioned in the Völsung cycle. It was part of Fáfnir's treasure, which Sigurðr took after he slew the dragon.
  • Lævateinn, a sword mentioned in an emendation to the Poetic Edda Fjölsvinnsmál by Sophus Bugge.
  • Legbiter, the sword of Magnus III of Norway.
  • Mistilteinn, the magical sword of Prainn, the draugr, later owned by Hromundr Gripsson.
  • Quern-biter, sword of Haakon I of Norway and his follower, Thoralf Skolinson the Strong, said to be sharp enough to cut through quernstones.
  • Ridill (also Refil), sword of the dwarf Regin.
  • Skofnung, a sword with mythical properties associated with the legendary Danish king Hrólf Kraki.
  • Tyrfing (also Tirfing or Tervingi), the cursed sword of Svafrlami, from the Elder Edda; also said to be the sword of Odin in Richard Wagner's works.

Swords from the Matter of France[edit]

Swords from Spanish mythology[edit]

Polearms[edit]

  • Amenonuhoko (heavenly spear), the naginata used by the Shinto deities Izanagi and Izanami to create the world - also called tonbogiri (Japanese mythology).
  • Ascalon, the spear said that St. George used to kill the dragon.
  • Gáe Buide (“Yellow Shaft”) and the Gáe Derg (“Red Javelin”), spears of Diarmuid Ua Duibhne, could inflict wound that none can recover from.
  • Gáe Bulg, the spear of Cú Chulainn.
  • Gungnir, Odin's magic spear created by the dwarf Dvalinn.
  • Lance of Olyndicus, the celtiberians' war chief who fought against Rome. According to Florus, he wielded a silver lance that was sent to him by the gods from the sky.[9]
  • Lúin of Celtchar (also Spear of Fire or Spear of Destiny), forged by the Smith of Falias for Lugh to use in his fight against Balor.
  • Nihongo, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara. A famous spear that was once used in the Imperial Palace. Nihongo later found its way into the possession of Masanori Fukushima, and then Tahei Mori.
  • Otegine, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara.
  • Rhongomiant, which was the spear of King Arthur.
  • Sha Wujing's Yuèyáchǎn, a double-headed staff with a crescent-moon (yuèyá) blade at one end and a spade (chǎn) at the other, with six xīzhàng rings in the shovel part to denote its religious association.
  • The Spear of Achilles, created by Hephaestus and given to Peleus at his wedding with Thetis.
  • Spear of Destiny (also Spear of Longinus or the Holy Lance), the spear said to have pierced the side of Jesus at the crucifixion.
  • Tonbogiri, is one of three legendary Japanese spears created by the famed swordsmith Masazane Fujiwara, said to be wielded by the legendary daimyō Honda Tadakatsu. The spear derives its name from the myth that a dragonfly landed on its blade and was instantly cut in two. Thus Tonbo (Japanese for "dragonfly") and giri (Japanese for "cutting"), translating this spear's name as "Dragonfly Cutter/Cutting spear".

Tridents and Pitchforks[edit]

  • Hades' Pitchfork, the Bident - the traditional weapon of Hades and is supposedly black. The bident was never used by anyone other than Hades. (Greek mythology)
  • Kongō, A trident-shaped staff which emits a bright light in the darkness, and grants wisdom and insight. The staff belonged originally to the Japanese mountain god Kōya-no-Myōjin (). It is the equivalent of the Sanskrit Vajra, the indestructible lightning-diamond pounder of the king of the gods/rain-god Indra. There the staff represents the three flames of the sacrificial fire, part of the image of the vajra wheel.
  • Poseidon's Trident, used to create horses and some water sources in Greece. It could cause earthquakes when struck on the ground. (Greek mythology)
  • Trishula, the trident of the Hindu deity Shiva, stylized by some as used as a missile weapon and often included a crossed stabilizer to facilitate flight when thrown. Considered to be the most powerful weapon.

Bows[edit]

  • Apollo's bow, which could cause health or cause famine and death in sleep. (Greek and Roman mythology)
  • Artemis' bow, crafted by moonlight and silver wood or made of gold. (Greek and Roman mythology)
  • Brahmastra, a bow created by Brahma. (Hindu mythology)
  • Cupid's bow, which, along with dove- and owl-fletched arrows, could cause one to love or hate (respectively) the person he/she first saw after being struck. (Roman mythology)
  • Fail-not, the bow of Tristan. (Arthurian Legend)
  • Gandiva, created by Brahma and given by Varuna to Arjuna on Agni's request and used by Arjuna during the Kurukshetra war.
  • Heracles's bow, which also belonged to Philoctetes, its arrows had the Lernaean Hydra poison. (Greek mythology)
  • Kodandam, Rama's bow. (Hindu mythology)
  • Odysseus' bow, that only he could handle. After the departure of Odysseus, Penelope stated she would only marry a man able to bend that bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axes in a line. Back to Ithaca, disguised as a beggar, Odysseus did it once again before revealing his identity and killing all Penelope's suitors.
  • Shiva Dhanush (Shiva's bow), in Hindu mythology given by Shiva to Janaka and broken by Rama during Sita's swayamvara
  • Sharanga, the bow of the Hindu God Vishnu. (Hindu mythology)
  • Ichaival, a bow possessed by Odin. Another source said it was came from Ydalir, the home of the god Ullr. It possessed the power of each pull of just 1 arrow, it will release 10 arrows. (Norse mythology)
  • Vijaya, created by Vishwakarma for Indra who later gave it to Parshurama, who in turn gave it to Karna who used it during the Kurukshetra war.
  • Kaundinya's bow, a magic bow wielded by the Brahman Kaundinya, who used it to make the Naga princess Mera fall in love with him.[10]

Rods and Staffs[edit]

Clothing[edit]

  • Aphrodite's Magic Girdle, a magic material that made whoever you desired fall in love with you. (Greek mythology)
  • Babr-e Bayan, the mythical coat worn by the Persian legendary hero Rostam in combat.
  • The Falcon Cloak, owned by Freyja, it allows the wielder to turn into a falcon and fly.
  • The Girdle of Hippolyta, sometimes called a magical girdle and sometimes a magical belt. It was a symbol of Hippolyta's power over the Amazons; given to her by Ares. Heracles' 9th Labor was to retrieve it. (Greek mythology)
  • The Hide of Leviathan was supposedly able to be turned into everlasting clothing or impenetrable suits of armor.
  • The Hide of the Nemean lion, which Heracles earned overcoming the Nemean lion, was supposedly able to endure every weapon and was unbreakable. (Greek mythology)
  • Llen Arthyr yng Nghernyw: The Mantle of Arthur in Cornwall, whoever was under it could not be seen, and he could see everyone. One of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain.
  • Pais Badarn Beisrydd, The Coat of Padarn Red-Coat: if a well-born man put it on, it would be the right size for him; if a churl, it would not go upon him. One of the Thirteen Treasures of the Island of Britain.
  • The Shoes of Víðarr, these shoes gave the god Vidar unparalleled foot protection. (Norse mythology)
  • Talaria, Hermes's winged sandals which allowed him to fly. (Greek mythology)
  • Tarnkappe, Sigurd's magical cloak that made the wearer invisible. (Norse mythology)
  • Ǒusībùyúnlǚ (”cloud-stepping boots” or “cloud-stepping shoes”), made of lotus fiber, these are one of the treasures of the Dragon Kings; Ào Ming gives them to Sun Wukong in order to get rid of him when he acquires the Ruyi Jingu Bang. (Chinese mythology)
  • Seven-league boots from European folklore were said to allow the wearer to make strides of seven leagues in length.
  • Shirt of Nessus is the poisoned shirt that killed Heracles. (Greek mythology)
  • Fast-walker Boots (сапоги-скороходы), allows the person wearing them to walk and run at an amazing pace. (Russian folklore)
  • Helskór ("hel-shoes"), were put on the dead so that they could go to Valhöll. (Norse mythology)
  • Tyet is an ancient Egyptian symbol of the goddess Isis. It seems to be called "the Knot of Isis" because it resembles a knot used to secure the garments that the Egyptian gods wore (also tet, buckle of Isis, girdle of Isis, and the blood of Isis). (Egyptian mythology)

Jewelry[edit]

Necklaces[edit]

Rings[edit]

  • Andvarinaut, a magical ring capable of producing gold, first owned by Andvari. (Norse mythology)
  • Draupnir, a golden arm ring possessed by Odin. The ring was a source of endless wealth. (Norse mythology)
  • Ring of Dispel, a ring given to Sir Lancelot by the Lady of the Lake which could dispel any enchantment. In Le Chevalier de la Charrette it is given to him by a fairy instead. He used the ring to cross the Sword Bridge.
  • Ring of Mudarra, the ring that Gonzalo Bustos breaks in two pieces to later on recognize his future son. When Mudarra joins the two halves, it becomes again a complete ring and Gonzalo Bustos heals his blindness, as shown in the epic poem Cantar de los siete infantes de Lara.[11]
  • Ring of Gyges, a mythical magical artifact that granted its owner the power to become invisible at will. (Greek mythology)
  • Seal of Solomon, a magical brass or steel ring that could imprison demons. (JudeoChristian mythology)
  • Svíagris, Adils' prized ring in the Hrólfr Kraki's saga. (Norse mythology)

Vehicles[edit]

Airborne[edit]

Ships[edit]

Chariots[edit]

Treasures[edit]

Relics[edit]

Books[edit]

Stones[edit]

  • Baetylus, a sacred stone which was supposedly endowed with life.
  • Cintamani or the Chintamani Stone, a wish-fulfilling jewel within both Hindu and Buddhist traditions, equivalent to the philosopher's stone in Western alchemy.
  • Philosopher's stone could turn lead into gold.
  • Sessho-seki, a stone that kills anyone who comes into contact with it.
  • Stone of Giramphiel, a stone described in Diu Crône. Sir Gawain wins from the knight Fimbeus and it offers him protection against the fiery breath of dragons and the magic of the sorcerer Laamorz.
  • Singasteinn (Old Norse "singing stone" or "chanting stone"), an object that appears in the account of Loki and Heimdallr's fight in the form of seals. (Norse mythology)
  • Llech Ronw or the Slate of Gron, a holed stone located along Afon Bryn Saeth in Blaenau Ffestiniog, Wales. The stone is described as being roughly forty inches by thirty inches with a hole of about an inch in diameter going through it.
  • Adder stone were believed to have magical powers such as protection against eye diseases or evil charms, preventing nightmares, curing whooping cough, the ability to see through fairy or witch disguises and traps if looked at through the middle of the stone, and of course recovery from snakebite.
  • Lyngurium or Ligurium, the name of a mythical gemstone believed to be formed of the solidified urine of the lynx (the best ones coming from wild males).
  • Toadstone also known as Bufonite, a mythical stone or gem thought to be found in, or produced by, a toad, and is supposed to be an antidote to poison.
  • Stone of Scone also known as the Stone of Destiny, an oblong block of red sandstone.
  • Sledovik, a most widespread type of sacred stones, venerated in Slavic (Russian, Belarussian, Ukrainian) and Uralic (Karela, Merya) pagan practices.

Plants and Herbs[edit]

  • Aglaophotis, an herb. According to Dioscorides, peony is used for warding off demons, witchcraft, and fever.
  • Fern flower, a magic flower that blooms for a very short time on the eve of the Summer solstice. The flower brings fortune to the person who finds it. (Slavic mythology)
  • Hungry grass (Féar Gortach), a patch of cursed grass. Anyone walking on it was doomed to perpetual and insatiable hunger. (Irish mythology)
  • Lotus tree, a plant that occurs in stories from Greek mythology and later in the Book of Job.
  • Moly a magical herb Hermes gave to Odysseus to protect him from Circe's magic when he went to her home to rescue his friends.
  • Raskovnik, a magical herb in Slavic mythology. According to lore, the raskovnik has the magical property to unlock or uncover anything that is locked or closed.
  • Ausadhirdipyamanas, healing plants. Used for healing and rejuvenations in battles. These are used by Ashvins. (Hindu mythology)

Foods[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • The Bone of Ullr, the god Ullr had a bone upon which spells were carved. (Norse mythology)
  • The Clue of Ariadne, the magical ball of string given to Theseus by Ariadne to help him navigate the Labyrinth. (Greek Mythology)
  • The Cup of Jamshid, a cup of divination in the Persian mythology. It was long possessed by rulers of ancient Persia and was said to be filled with an elixir of immortality. The whole world was said to be reflected in it.
  • Eldhrímnir, the cauldron in which Andhrímnir cooks Sæhrímnir. (Norse mythology)
  • Gleipnir, the magic chain that bound the wolf Fenrir. It was light and thin as silk but strong as creation itself and made from six wonderful ingredients. (Norse mythology)
  • The Hand of Glory, a disembodied pickled hand of a man who was hung alive. Said to have the power to unlock any door and, if a candle was placed within made from some body part of the same person, would freeze in place anyone who it was given to.
  • Hlidskjalf, Odin's all-seeing throne in his palace Valaskjálf.
  • Horn of Gabriel, the name refers to the tradition identifying the Archangel Gabriel with the angel who blows the horn to announce Judgement Day, associating the infinite with the divine.
  • The Lantern of Diogenes, according to popular legend, carried in broad daylight by the Cynic philosopher Diogenes of Sinope to aid in his fruitless search for an honest man.
  • Māui's Fishhook, used to catch the fish that would become New Zealand's North Island; the hook was also used to create the Hawaiian Islands. (Polynesian mythology)
  • Olivant is the horn of Roland, paladin of Charlemagne in the Song of Roland. It was won from the giant Jutmundus and is made of ivory. When blown, it is so loud that it kills birds flying in the sky and causes whole armies to rout.
  • Palladium was a wooden statue that fell from the sky. As long as it stayed in Troy, the city-state could not lose a war. (Greek mythology)
  • Reginnaglar, (Old Norse "god nails") are nails used for religious purposes.
  • Sampo, a magical artifact of indeterminate type constructed by Ilmarinen that brought good fortune to its holder. (Finnish mythology)
  • The Smoking Mirror, the mirror that the god Tezcatlipoca uses to see the whole cosmos.
  • Winnowing Oar is an object that appears in Books XI and XXIII of Homer's Odyssey. (Greek mythology)
  • Pair Dadeni is a magical cauldron able to revive the dead. (Welsh mythology)
  • Nanteos Cup is a medieval wood mazer bowl, since the late 19th century it has been attributed with a supernatural ability to heal those who drink from it.
  • Óðrerir refers either to one of the vessels that contain the mead of poetry (along with Boðn and Són) or to the mead itself. (Norse mythology)
  • Ankh appears frequently in Egyptian tomb paintings and other art, often at the fingertips of a god or goddess. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Rati is the name of a drill or auger that was used by Odin during his quest to obtain the mead of poetry. (Norse mythology)
  • Gjallarhorn is a mystical horn blown at the onset of Ragnarök associated with the god Heimdallr and the wise being Mímir. (Norse mythology)
  • Benben was the mound that arose from the primordial waters, Nu, and on which the creator god Atum settled. (Egyptian mythology)
  • Elixir of life, is a mythical potion that, when drunk from a certain cup at a certain time, supposedly grants the drinker eternal life and/or eternal youth.
  • Orichalcum, is a metal mentioned in several ancient writings, including a story of Atlantis in the Critias dialogue, recorded by Plato. According to Critias, orichalcum was considered second only to gold in value, and was found and mined in many parts of Atlantis in ancient times.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carmen Campidoctoris o Poema latino del Campeador, Madrid, Sociedad Estatal España Nuevo Milenio, 2001
  2. ^ Sri Dharmaraja
  3. ^ Smith, Bardwell L. "Hinduism: New Essays in the History of Religions". 
  4. ^ The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. 3 Ch. XXXIV Part 1. 
  5. ^ Garbáty, Thomas Jay (1962). The Fallible Sword: Inception of a Motif. The Journal of American Folklore. American Folklore Society. ISBN 1-898577-10-2
  6. ^ Cantar de mio Cid Edition of Alberto Montaner. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg, 2007.
  7. ^ Cantar de mio Cid. Edition of Alberto Montaner. Ed. Galaxia Gutenberg, 2007.
  8. ^ Don Juan Manuel. El Conde Lucanor. Barcelona: Losada, 1997.
  9. ^ Florus. Epitomae, 1.33.
  10. ^ D'après l'épigraphie cambodgienne du X° siècle, les rois des "Kambuja" prétendaient descendre d'un ancêtre mythique éponyme, le sage ermite Kambu, et de la nymphe céleste Mera, dont le nom a pu être forgé d'après l'appellation ethnique "khmèr" (George Coedes). [1]; See also: Indianised States of Southeast Asia, 1968, p 66, George Coedes.
  11. ^ Épica medieval española (Cantar de los Siete Infantes de Lara). Madrid, Cátedra, 1991