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The names for the Wild Turkey, the North American species, in other languages also frequently reflect its exotic origins, seen from an Old World viewpoint, and confusion about where it actually comes from. See Turkey for the etymology of the English name and the scientific name Meleagris.
From geographic names 
- In Irish, it is turcaí, an English borrowing.
- In Welsh, it is called twrci, borrowed from the English word.
- In Armenian, it is called hndkahav or hntkahav (Հնդկահավ), literally meaning “Indian chicken”.
- In Catalan, it is called gall d’indi, literally meaning “Indian chicken”.
- In French, it is called (la) dinde, which comes from (poulet) d’Inde or "(chicken) from India".
- In Hebrew, the turkey is called tarnegol hodu (תרנגול הודו), literally meaning "rooster of India".
- In Italian it is known as pollo d'India, with clear reference to India, although the most common name is tacchino, that apparently refers to the sound that turkey makes.
- In Maltese, it is called dundjan (pronounced doonDYAHN), another, maybe not so obvious, reference to India.
- In Polish, it is Indyk, a reference to India. Similarly it is indik (אינדיק) in Yiddish, also referring to India.
- In Turkish, the bird is called hindi which means “from & related to India,"
- The Dutch word is "kalkoen", derived from the city Calicut in India, likewise Danish, Estonian and Norwegian kalkun, Icelandic kalkúnn, Swedish kalkon, and Finnish kalkkuna, as well as in Papiamento kalakuna.
- In Indonesian, it is called kalkun and derived from Dutch word kalkoen.
- In Icelandic, it is villi kalkúnn.
- In Lithuanian, it is kalakutas.
- In Norwegian, it is kalkun.
- In Sinhala, it is called kalukuma, derived from Dutch word kalkoen.
- In Greek, it is gallopoúla (γαλοπούλα), which means “French chicken”.
- In Khmer, the turkey is called moan barang (មាន់បារាំង), which translates as "French chicken". (The term "French" is frequently used in Cambodia to refer to things and people of Western origin, as historically Cambodia's primary contact with the West was via French colonization.)
- In Scottish Gaelic, it is called cearc frangach, meaning “French chicken”.
- In Croatian, it is called puran, derived from the Italian peruano, meaning "Peruvian."
- In Hawaiian, it is called pelehu, from the Portuguese. The Hawaiian nobleman Boki acquired turkeys during the South American leg of his world tour and introduced both the bird and the Hawaiian transliteration of the Portuguese term peru to Hawai'i and later, in 1827, to Rotuma.
- In Hindi, it is called Peru (पीरू), a borrowing from Portuguese.
- In Portuguese, the word for turkey is peru, which also refers to the country Peru.
- In Rotuman, it is called perehu, from the Portuguese via Hawaiian pelehu. The Hawaiian nobleman Boki acquired turkeys during the South American leg of his world tour. He introduced both the bird and the Hawaiian transliteration of the Portuguese term peru to Hawai'i and later, in 1827, to Rotuma.
Other places 
- In Arabic, it is called dīk rūmī (ديك رومي) or daǧāǧ rūmī (دجاج رومي) meaning “Roman/Greek/Byzantine rooster/chicken”. The term derives from Rûm, a word which, while derived from the word "Rome", most commonly referred to the Greeks of the Eastern Roman/Byzantine Empire or certain parts of Anatolia.
- In Moroccan Arabic, it is more commonly called بيبي bibi.
- In Egyptian Arabic, use of the term daǧāǧ is generally deprecated and dīk rūmī is used exclusively.
- In Russian, it is called indeyka (индейка), relating to the Native American Indian (индеец).
- In Vietnamese, it is called gà tây, meaning “Western chicken”.
From other origins 
Seven-faced bird 
- In Japanese, the turkey is called shichimenchō (シチメンチョウ / 七面鳥), which literally means "seven-faced bird".
- In Korean, the turkey is called chilmyeonjo (칠면조 / 七面鳥), which translates as "seven-faced bird". This is said to reflect the ability of the bird, particularly the male, to change the form of its face depending on its mood.
- In Albanian, it is called gjel deti meaning “sea rooster” (or pule deti meaning “sea hen”). It is also called "biba" (female turkey) and "biban" (male turkey).
- In Bengali, titir pakhi (তিতির পাখি)
- In Blackfoot, it is called ómahksipi'kssíí, meaning “big bird”.
- In Bulgarian, it is Пуйка (puijka) but a dialect version is Мисирка (misirka), which comes from the Arabic word for Egypt.
- In Cherokee Native language it is called Kv-na(kuh-nuh)
- In Mandarin Chinese, it is called huoji (火雞 / 火鸡) meaning "fire chicken" for the color of the head. Other names in Mandarin Chinese include qimianniao (七面鳥 / 七面鸟) meaning "seven-faced bird", tujinji (吐錦雞 / 吐锦鸡) meaning "cough up a brocade chicken" and tushouji (吐綬雞 / 吐绶鸡) meaning "cough up a ribbon chicken" due to their red wattles.
- In Cree, it is called misihew (Plains Cree), mišihyew (East Cree), mišilew (Moose Cree), miširew (Atikamekw), etc... All are modern dialectal versions of the historical form, *mišihrew, meaning "large gallinaceous bird."
- In Czech, it is called krocan divoký.
- In Fijian, it is called taki (transliteration from English) or pipi, an enigmatic term shared with Samoan with undefined origin in either language.
- In German, it is called (der) Truthahn, derived from "trut" - the call used to lure the bird, and "Hahn" - rooster.
- In Hungarian, it is called vadpulyka.
- In Italian, it is called tacchino.
- In Lakota, it is waglekšun.
- In Malay, it is called either “Ayam Piru” from the Portuguese name for the bird or “Ayam Belanda” (Dutch chicken).
- In Miami, it is nalaaohki pileewa, meaning “native fowl”.
- In Nahuatl, it is oaxolotl, which is reflected in Mexican Spanish as Guajolote.
- In Ojibwe, it is mizise (ᒥᓯᐦᓭ / ᒥᓯᓭ) (plural: miziseg).
- In Passamaquoddy, it is nem.
- In Persian it is called Booghalamoon (بوقلمون) which may be an onomatopoeia of the male bird's distinctive gobble.
- In Romanian, the word for turkey is curcan (fem. curca)
- In Samoan, it is called pipi, an enigmatic term shared with Fijian with undefined origin in either language.
- In Serbian, it is called ћурка (ćurka).
- In Spanish, the turkey is called pavo, Latin for peafowl. In Mexican Spanish, it is also known as guajolote, a name of Nahuatl origin, from hueyxolotl meaning ‘big xolotl’; among other names used in specific regions are cócono, pípila, güíjolo, the later cognate with guajolote, used in Sinaloa and Southern Sonora. In Central American Spanish, it is also known as chompipe, chunto or chumpe
- In Swahili, the turkey is called "bata mzinga", meaning "the great duck".
- In Tagalog, the turkey is called "pabo", from the Spanish word pavo.
- In Tamil, it is called Vaan Kozhi,(வான் கோழி), meaning “Sky Chicken”.
- In Telugu, it is called Seema Kodi/Maga Seema Kodi (సీమ కోడి/మగ సీమ కోడి)
- In Urdu, it is called feel murgh, meaning “elephant chicken”.
- In Yoruba, it is called Tòlótòló.
- ^ Duden, Band 7, das Herkunfstwörterbuch, 1963, ISBN 3-411-00907-1