List of national capitals by latitude

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This is a list of official national capitals by latitude, including territories and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states and entities whose sovereignty is disputed. Sovereign states are shown in bolded text.

City Latitude (- indicates southern hemisphere) Country Notes
Abu Dhabi 24.47  United Arab Emirates
Abuja 9.07  Nigeria
Accra 5.55  Ghana
Adamstown -25.07  Pitcairn Islands British Overseas Territory
Addis Ababa 9.02  Ethiopia
Algiers 36.77  Algeria
Alofi -19.07  Niue Self-governing in free association with New Zealand
Amman 31.93  Jordan
Amsterdam 52.37  Netherlands The Dutch constitution refers to Amsterdam as the "capital". The Dutch government is located in The Hague. See Capital of the Netherlands.
Andorra la Vella 42.5  Andorra
Ankara 39.87  Turkey
Antananarivo -18.93  Madagascar
Apia -13.83  Samoa
Ashgabat 37.93  Turkmenistan
Asmara 15.33  Eritrea
Astana 51.17  Kazakhstan
Asunción -25.27  Paraguay
Athens 37.97  Greece
Avarua -21.2  Cook Islands Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
Baghdad 33.33  Iraq
Baku 40.38  Azerbaijan
Bamako 12.65  Mali
Bandar Seri Begawan 4.88  Brunei
Bangkok 13.75  Thailand
Bangui 4.37  Central African Republic
Banjul 13.45  Gambia
Basseterre 17.3  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Beijing 39.9  China See also: List of historical capitals of China
Beirut 33.88  Lebanon
Belgrade 44.82  Serbia
Belmopan 17.25  Belize
Berlin 52.52  Germany
Bern 46.95   Switzerland
Bishkek 42.87  Kyrgyzstan
Bissau 11.85  Guinea-Bissau
Bogotá 4.58  Colombia
Brasília -15.78  Brazil
Bratislava 48.13  Slovakia
Brazzaville -4.27  Republic of the Congo
Bridgetown 13.1  Barbados
Brussels 50.85  Belgium Also the de facto capital of the  European Union
Bucharest 44.42  Romania
Budapest 47.47  Hungary
Buenos Aires -34.6  Argentina
Bujumbura -3.38  Burundi
Cairo 30.05  Egypt
Canberra -35.3  Australia
Caracas 10.5  Venezuela
Castries 14.02  Saint Lucia
Cayenne 4.92  French Guiana Overseas department of France
Charlotte Amalie 18.35  United States Virgin Islands Territory of the United States
Chisinau 47  Moldova
Conakry 9.52  Guinea
Copenhagen 55.67  Denmark
Dakar 14.68  Senegal
Damascus 33.5  Syria
Dhaka 23.7  Bangladesh
Dili -8.57  East Timor (Timor-Leste)
Djibouti 11.58  Djibouti
Dodoma (official)
Dar es Salaam (former capital; some government offices remaining)
-6.17  Tanzania
Doha 25.28  Qatar
Douglas 54.13  Isle of Man British Crown Dependency
Dublin 53.33  Ireland
Dushanbe 38.53  Tajikistan
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas -37.07  Tristan da Cunha Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
El Aaiún(declared) 27.15  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic [c] The Sahrawi Republic, recognised by 82 states, claims the mostly Moroccan controlled Western Sahara. Moroccan controlled territory includes El Aaiún, and Morocco claims all Sahrawi controlled territory. The Sahrawi government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.[1] See Politics of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
Episkopi Cantonment 34.67  Akrotiri and Dhekelia British Overseas Territory
Flying Fish Cove -10.42  Christmas Island External territory of Australia
Freetown 8.48  Sierra Leone
Funafuti -8.52  Tuvalu
Gaborone -24.65  Botswana
George Town 19.3  Cayman Islands British Overseas Territory
Georgetown -7.92  Ascension Island Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Georgetown 6.8  Guyana
Gibraltar 36.13  Gibraltar British Overseas Territory
Grytviken -54.27  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands British Overseas Territory
Guatemala City 14.6  Guatemala
Gustavia 17.88  Saint Barthélemy Overseas collectivity of France
Hagåtña 13.47  Guam Territory of the United States
Hamilton 32.28  Bermuda British Overseas Territory
Hanga Roa -27.15  Easter Island Special territory of Chile
Hanoi 21.03  Vietnam
Harare -17.85  Zimbabwe
Hargeisa 10  Somaliland De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.[2]
Havana 23.13  Cuba
Helsinki 60.17  Finland
Honiara -9.43  Solomon Islands
Islamabad 33.72  Pakistan
Jakarta -6.2  Indonesia
Jamestown -15.92  Saint Helena Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Jerusalem (declared, de facto) 31.78  Israel Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the president's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem. The United Nations and all member states maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya, and do not recognise Jerusalem as the capital.[3] Many countries officially adhere to the proposal that Jerusalem have international status, as called for in the Partition Plan of 1947.[4] The Palestinian National Authority claims East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. See Positions on Jerusalem.
Jerusalem (declared)
Ramallah and Gaza (de facto)
31.78  State of Palestine The State of Palestine claims the territories occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War in 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital. The proclaimed state is currently occupied by Israel and has no effective control over the territories it claims. Administration is based in Ramallah and Gaza, rather than Jerusalem. Most members of the United Nations regard East Jerusalem as occupied territory, and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Arab League and the Non-Aligned Movement recognise it as the capital of a future Palestinian state.[5] See Positions on Jerusalem.
Juba 4.85  South Sudan
Kabul 34.53  Afghanistan
Kampala 0.3  Uganda
Kathmandu 27.7    Nepal
Khartoum 15.63  Sudan
Kiev 50.45  Ukraine
Kigali -1.93  Rwanda
Kingston 17.98  Jamaica
Kingston -29.05  Norfolk Island External territory of Australia
Kingstown 13.15  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kinshasa -4.32  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kuala Lumpur (official, legislative and royal)
Putrajaya (administrative and judicial)
3.13  Malaysia
Kuwait City 29.37  Kuwait
Libreville 0.38  Gabon
Lilongwe -13.98  Malawi
Lima -12.03  Peru [Note 1]
Lisbon 38.7  Portugal
Ljubljana 46.05  Slovenia
Lomé 6.12  Togo
London 51.5  United Kingdom Prior to the Acts of Union in 1707, London was the capital of England only. Edinburgh was the capital of the Kingdom of Scotland
Luanda -8.83  Angola
Lusaka -15.42  Zambia
Luxembourg 49.6  Luxembourg
Madrid 40.38  Spain
Majuro 7.07  Marshall Islands
Malabo 3.75  Equatorial Guinea
Malé 4.17  Maldives
Managua 12.13  Nicaragua
Manama 26.22  Bahrain
Manila 14.58  Philippines
Maputo -25.97  Mozambique
Marigot 18.07  Saint Martin Overseas collectivity of France
Maseru -29.3  Lesotho
Mata-Utu -13.28  Wallis and Futuna Overseas collectivity of France
Mbabane (administrative)
Lobamba (royal and legislative)
-26.32  Swaziland
Melekeok (official)
Ngerulmud (seat of government)
7.48  Palau
Mexico City 19.43  Mexico
Minsk 53.9  Belarus
Mogadishu 2.03  Somalia
Monaco 43.72  Monaco City-state
Monrovia 6.3  Liberia
Montevideo -34.88  Uruguay
Moroni -11.68  Comoros
Moscow 55.75  Russia
Muscat 23.6  Oman
Nairobi -1.28  Kenya
Nassau 25.07  Bahamas
Naypyidaw 19.75  Burma
N'Djamena 12.1  Chad
New Delhi 28.6  India
Niamey 13.52  Niger
Nicosia 35.17  Cyprus
Nicosia 35.17  Northern Cyprus De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.[6]
Nouakchott 18.1  Mauritania
Nouméa -22.27  New Caledonia Sui generis collectivity of France
Nukuʻalofa -21.13  Tonga
Nuuk 64.17  Greenland Self-governing territory of the Danish Realm
Oranjestad 12.52  Aruba Self-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Oslo 59.95  Norway
Ottawa 45.42  Canada
Ouagadougou 12.35  Burkina Faso
Pago Pago -14.27  American Samoa Territory of the United States
Palikir 6.92  Federated States of Micronesia
Panama City 8.98  Panama
Papeete -17.53  French Polynesia Overseas collectivity of France
Paramaribo 5.87  Suriname
Paris 48.85  France
Philipsburg 18.02  Sint Maarten Self-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Phnom Penh 11.55  Cambodia
Plymouth (official)
Brades Estate (de facto)
16.7  Montserrat British Overseas Territory. Plymouth was abandoned after the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano in 1997. Government offices since then have been moved to Brades Estate, which is in the northwestern part of Montserrat.
Podgorica (official)
Cetinje (seat of the President)
42.43  Montenegro
Port Louis -20.15  Mauritius
Port Moresby -9.5  Papua New Guinea
Port Vila -17.75  Vanuatu
Port-au-Prince 18.53  Haiti
Port of Spain 10.67  Trinidad and Tobago
Porto-Novo (official)
Cotonou (de facto)
6.48  Benin
Prague 50.08  Czech Republic
Praia 14.92  Cape Verde
Pretoria (executive) -25.73  South Africa
Pristina 42.67  Kosovo[g] De facto independent state that is recognised by 107 UN member states and by Taiwan. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Pyongyang 39.02  North Korea
Quito -0.25  Ecuador Highest official capital.[7]
Rabat 34.03  Morocco
Reykjavík 64.13  Iceland
Riga 56.93  Latvia
Riyadh 24.63  Saudi Arabia
Road Town 18.42  British Virgin Islands British Overseas Territory
Rome 41.9  Italy
Roseau 15.3  Dominica
Saipan 15.17  Northern Mariana Islands Territory of the United States
San José 9.93  Costa Rica
San Juan 18.45  Puerto Rico Territory of the United States
San Marino 43.93  San Marino
San Salvador 13.68  El Salvador
Sana'a 15.33  Yemen
Santiago (official)
Valparaíso (legislative)
-33.45  Chile
Santo Domingo 18.47  Dominican Republic
São Tomé 0.33  São Tomé and Príncipe
Sarajevo 43.87  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Seoul 37.55  South Korea
Singapore 1.28  Singapore City-state
Skopje 42  Macedonia
Sofia 42.7  Bulgaria
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official)
Colombo (former capital; has some government offices)
6.9  Sri Lanka Also known as "Kotte". Until the 1980s, the capital was Colombo, where many important governmental institutions still remain and which is still designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
St. George's 12.05  Grenada
St. Helier 49.18  Jersey British Crown Dependency
St. John's 17.12  Antigua and Barbuda
St. Peter Port 49.45  Guernsey British Crown Dependency
St. Pierre 46.77  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas collectivity of France
Stanley -51.68  Falkland Islands British Overseas Territory
Stepanakert 39.8  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic The self-declared country remains diplomatically unrecognised by UN-member states, including Armenia. Transnistria, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia, all UN non-member states, recognise the state. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.
Stockholm 59.32  Sweden
Sucre (constitutional)
La Paz (administrative)
-16.5  Bolivia La Paz is the highest administrative capital, higher than Quito.[7]
Sukhumi 43  Abkhazia De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Republic of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Suva -18.13  Fiji
Taipei 25.03  Taiwan Officially the Republic of China (ROC), it has been competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the sole Chinese government since 1949. Taiwan controls the island of Taiwan and its associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas, and part of the Spratly Islands[Note 2] The territory of Taiwan is claimed in whole by China.[Note 3] The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.
Tallinn 59.43  Estonia
Tarawa 1.43  Kiribati
Tashkent 41.27  Uzbekistan
Tbilisi (official)
Kutaisi (legislative)
41.72  Georgia
Tegucigalpa 14.1  Honduras
Tehran 35.68  Iran
Thimphu 27.47  Bhutan
Tirana 41.32  Albania
Tiraspol 46.85  Transnistria De facto independent state, not recognized by any UN-member, but by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
Tokyo 35.68  Japan
Tórshavn 62  Faroe Islands Self-governing territory of the Danish Realm
Tripoli 32.9  Libya
Tskhinvali 42.23  South Ossetia De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
Tunis 36.8  Tunisia
Ulan Bator 47.92  Mongolia
Vaduz 47.13  Liechtenstein
Valletta 35.88  Malta
The Valley 18.22  Anguilla British Overseas Territory
Vatican City 41.9   Vatican City City-state
Victoria -4.62  Seychelles
Vienna 48.2  Austria
Vientiane 17.97  Laos
Vilnius 54.68  Lithuania
Warsaw 52.23  Poland
Washington, D.C. 38.88  United States
Wellington -41.28  New Zealand
West Island -12.18  Cocos (Keeling) Islands External territory of Australia
Willemstad 12.12  Curaçao Self-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Windhoek -22.57  Namibia
Yamoussoukro (official)
Abidjan (former capital; still has many government offices)
6.82  Ivory Coast
Yaoundé 3.87  Cameroon
Yaren (de facto) -0.53  Nauru Country does not have an official capital; however, the government offices are in Yaren.
Yerevan 40.18  Armenia
Zagreb 45.82  Croatia

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cusco city was declared by the art. 49 of the Peruvian Constitution as "Historical Capital" (in Spanish Capital Histórica), a statement merely symbolic.
  2. ^ The sovereignty over the Spratly Islands is disputed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, the Philippines (part), Malaysia (part), and Brunei (part). Except Brunei, each of these countries occupies part of the islands (see List of territorial disputes).
  3. ^ In 1949, the Republic of China government led by the Kuomintang (KMT) lost the Chinese Civil War to the Communist Party of China (CPC) and set up a provisional capital in Taipei. The CPC established the People's Republic. As such, the political status of the ROC and the legal status of Taiwan (alongside the territories currently under ROC jurisdiction) are in dispute. In 1971, the United Nations gave the China seat to the PRC instead of the ROC: most states recognize the PRC to be the sole legitimate representative of all China, and the UN classifies Taiwan as "Taiwan, Province of China". The ROC has de facto relations with most sovereign states. A significant political movement within Taiwan advocates Taiwan independence.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/wi.html
  2. ^ See Regions and territories: Somaliland (30 December 2005). BBC News. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  3. ^ See the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel
  4. ^ Sharkansky, Ira (1996). Governing Jerusalem: Again on the world's agenda. Wayne State University Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-8143-2592-0. 
  5. ^ See the following:
  6. ^ See The World Factbook|Cyprus (10 January 2006). Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2006.
  7. ^ a b Jacobs, Frank (19 June 2012). "Amazonia or Bust!". New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2012.