List of national capitals by population

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This is a list of national capitals, ordered according to population. Capitals of a dependent territories and disputed territories are marked in italics. The population statistics given refer only to the official capital area, and do not include the wider metropolitan/urban district.

List[edit]

Beijing, China
New Delhi, India
Tokyo, Japan
Jakarta, Indonesia
Lima, Peru
London, United Kingdom
Berlin, Germany
Brasilia, Brazil
Luanda, Angola
Paris, France
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Warsaw, Poland
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Brussels, Belgium & EU Capital
Ottawa, Canada
Stockholm, Sweden
Jerusalem, Israel
Kingston, Jamaica
(Washington) District of Columbia, United States
Asuncion, Paraguay
Tallinn, Estonia
Islamabad, Pakistan
Rank Country/Territory Capital Population Year
1  China Beijing 20,693,000[1] 2012
2  India New Delhi 17,838,842 2014
3  Japan Tokyo 13,189,000[2] 2011
4  Russia Moscow 11,541,000[3] 2011
5  South Korea Seoul 10,528,774[4] 2011
6  Indonesia Jakarta 10,187,595[5] 2011
7  Iran Tehran 9,110,347
8  Mexico Mexico City 8,851,080[6] 2010
9  Peru Lima 8,481,415[7] 2012
10  Thailand Bangkok 8,249,117[8] 2010
11  United Kingdom London 8,174,100[9] 2011
12  Colombia Bogotá 7,613,303[10] 2011
13  Egypt Cairo 7,438,376
14  Iraq Baghdad 7,216,040 [11]
15  Hong Kong (China) Hong Kong 7,136,300[12] 2012
16  Bangladesh Dhaka 6,080,671
17  Singapore Singapore 5,312,000[13] 2012
18  Chile Santiago 5,084,038[14] 2012
19  Turkey Ankara 4,890,893
20  Saudi Arabia Riyadh 4,878,723[15] 2009
21  Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 4,385,264
22  Germany Berlin 3,520,000[16] 2012
23  Syria Damascus 3,500,000
24  Vietnam Hanoi 3,398,889[17]
25  Spain Madrid 3,233,527[18] 2012
26  North Korea Pyongyang 3,144,005
27  Afghanistan Kabul 3,140,853
28  Ethiopia Addis Ababa 3,040,740[19] 2012
29  Ukraine Kiev 2,832,398[20] 2012
30  Argentina Buenos Aires 2,891,082[21] 2010
31  Italy Rome 2,792,508[22] 2012
32  Kenya Nairobi 2,665,657
33  Brazil Brasília 2,648,532[23] 2012
34  Republic of China (Taiwan) Taipei 2,618,772[24] 2010
35  Jordan Amman 2,600,603
36  Angola Luanda 2,453,779
37  South Africa Pretoria 2,345,908
38  France Paris 2,268,265[25] 2010
39  Uzbekistan Tashkent 2,207,850
40  Cuba Havana 2,135,498[26] 2010
41  Cambodia Phnom Penh 2,011,725
42  Romania Bucharest 1,942,254[27]
42  Azerbaijan Baku 1,879,251
43  Venezuela Caracas 1,838,939
44  Morocco Rabat 1,789,635
45  Austria Vienna 1,749,673[28] 2013
46  Sudan Khartoum 1,740,661
47  Hungary Budapest 1,729,040[29] 2011
48  Poland Warsaw 1,711,324[30] 2012
49  Belarus Minsk 1,702,061
50  Philippines Manila 1,652,171[31] 2010
51  Uganda Kampala 1,659,600
52  Ghana Accra 1,640,507
53  Cameroon Yaoundé 1,616,000 [32][needs update]
54  Madagascar Antananarivo 1,613,375[33][unreliable source?]
55  Lebanon Beirut 1,574,387
56  Algeria Algiers 1,518,083
57  Ecuador Quito 1,504,991
58  Zimbabwe Harare 1,487,028
59  Qatar Doha 1,450,000
60  Yemen Sana'a 1,431,649
61  Guinea Conakry 1,399,981
62  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1,381,830
63  Uruguay Montevideo 1,369,797
64  Zambia Lusaka 1,331,254
65  Somaliland Hargeisa 1,300,000
66  Mali Bamako 1,289,626
67  Czech Republic Prague 1,241,664[34] 2011
68  Haiti Port-au-Prince 1,235,227
69  Libya Tripoli 1,184,045
70  Kuwait Kuwait City 1,171,880
71  Serbia Belgrade 1,154,589
72  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1,111,838[35] 2010
73  Somalia Mogadishu 1,097,133
74  Bulgaria Sofia 1,090,295
75  Congo Brazzaville 1,088,044
76  Belgium Brussels 1,080,790[36]
77  Armenia Yerevan 1,080,487[33][unreliable source?]
78  Mozambique Maputo 1,076,689
79  Sierra Leone Freetown 1,070,200
80  Georgia Tbilisi 1,044,993
81  Senegal Dakar 1,030,594
82  Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1,005,231
83  Ireland Dublin 1,045,769
84  Liberia Monrovia 1,010,970
85  Guatemala Guatemala City 1,103,865 [37]
86  Pakistan Islamabad 955,629
87  Nicaragua Managua 926,883
88  Myanmar Naypyidaw[38] 925,000[39]
89  Mongolia Ulan Bator 907,802
90  Malawi Lilongwe 902,388
91  Canada Ottawa 898,150[40]
92  Bolivia La Paz 877,363
93  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 843,240
94  Togo Lomé 824,738
95  Panama Panama City 813,097
96    Nepal Kathmandu 812,026
97  Croatia Zagreb 804,200[41]
98  Oman Muscat 797,000[42]
99  Niger Niamey 794,814[43]
100  Moldova Chişinău 794,800 [44]
101  Israel/ Palestine Jerusalem[45] 780,200[46]
102  Nigeria Abuja 778,567 [47]
103  Sweden Stockholm 770,284[43]
104  Albania Tirana 763,634
105  Tunisia Tunis 767,629
106  Turkmenistan Ashgabat 763,537
107  Chad N'Djamena 751,288
108  Netherlands Amsterdam 810,909[43]
109  Honduras Tegucigalpa 735,982
110  Central African Republic Bangui 731,548
111  Greece Athens 721,477
112  Mauritania Nouakchott 719,167
113  Rwanda Kigali 718,414
114  Latvia Riga 713,016
115  Jamaica Kingston 701,063
116  Kazakhstan Astana 700,000 2007 est.[48]
117  Norway Oslo 630,000[49] 2013
118  United States District of Columbia 601,723
119  Finland Helsinki 596,661[50]
120  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 585,097[51]
121  Tajikistan Dushanbe 582,496
122  Lithuania Vilnius 556,723
123  Gabon Libreville 556,425
124  Eritrea Asmara 543,707
125  Portugal Lisbon 564,657
126  El Salvador San Salvador 521,366
127  Paraguay Asunción 520,722
128  Macau (China) Macau 520,400[52]
129  Macedonia Skopje 668,518[53]
130  Denmark Copenhagen 562,253
131  Djibouti Djibouti (city) 475,332
132  Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 454,929
133  Guinea-Bissau Bissau 452,640
134  Slovakia Bratislava 424,207
135  Puerto Rico (USA) San Juan 421,356
136  Estonia Tallinn 403,547[54]
137  Burundi Bujumbura 384,461[55]
138  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 383,604
139  New Zealand Wellington 381,900[56]
140  South Sudan Juba 372,410
141  Australia Canberra 354,644[57]
142  Costa Rica San José 328,195
143  Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 299,396[58][unreliable source?]
144  Laos Vientiane 287,579
145  Tanzania Dodoma 287,200 2002 est.[59]
146  Lesotho Maseru 267,652[58]
147  Cyprus Nicosia (south) 270,000 late 2004[60]
148  Slovenia Ljubljana 280,140
149  Suriname Paramaribo 254,147
150  Namibia Windhoek 252,721
151  Bahamas Nassau 248,948
152  Botswana Gaborone 225,656[61]
153  Benin Porto-Novo 223,552 [62]
154  Kosovo Prishtina 198,214
155  Western Sahara El Aaiún 194,668 (2009 est.) [63]
156  Transnistria Tiraspol 159,163
157  Mauritius Port Louis 147,251[64]
158  Montenegro Podgorica 141,854
159  Bahrain Manama 140,616
160  Guyana Georgetown 134,599
161  Cape Verde Praia 125,464
162   Switzerland Berne (de facto) 121,631 [65]
163  Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte 118,556[66]
164  Iceland Reykjavík 115,000[67]
165  Barbados Bridgetown 110,000
166  Maldives Malé 103,693
167  Bhutan Thimphu 101,259 [66]
168  Equatorial Guinea Malabo 100,677 [68]
169  New Caledonia (France) Nouméa 89,207[69]
170  Northern Cyprus Nicosia (north) 84,893
171  Fiji Suva 84,410[69]
172  Swaziland Mbabane 81,594
173  Luxembourg Luxembourg 76,420[70]
174  Saint Lucia Castries 70,000[71]
175  Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Saipan 62,392 (2000)[72]
176  Comoros Moroni 60,200
177  Solomon Islands Honiara 59,288[69]
178  East Timor Dili 59,069
179  São Tomé and Príncipe Sao Tome 56,166
180  American Samoa (USA) Pago Pago 52,000 (2003)[73]
181  Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 50,479
182  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Stepanakert 49,986
183  Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad 49,885 [74]
184  Abkhazia Sukhumi 43,700
185  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 40,020
186  Samoa Apia 39,813[75]
187  Vanuatu Port Vila 38,000 [76]
188  Monaco Monaco 35,986 (2011 est.)[77]
189  Gambia Banjul 34,828
190  Kiribati Tarawa 30,000[78]
191  Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad 29,998[79]
192  Seychelles Victoria 29,298
193  Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar 29,286
194  Jersey (UK) Saint Helier 28,380
195  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 28,135
196  Cayman Islands (UK) George Town 26,798
197  Isle of Man (UK) Douglas 26,600
198  French Polynesia (France) Papeete 26,200 [80]
199  West Bank (Israel/PNA) Ramallah (de facto) 25,500[81]
200  Marshall Islands Majuro 25,400
201  Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,884
202  Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 22,679[82]
203  Tonga Nukuʻalofa 22,400
204  Faroe Islands (Denmark) Tórshavn 18,573 [83]
205  Guernsey (UK) St. Peter Port 16,701
206  Greenland Nuuk (Godthåb) 15,469[84]
207  South Ossetia Tskhinvali 15,000
208  Dominica Roseau 14,847
209  Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 13,043 [85]
210  Belize Belmopan 12,300 [86]
211  Åland (Finland) Mariehamn 11,296 [50]
212  United States Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie 10,817
213  Federated States of Micronesia Palikir 9,900
214  British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town 9,400
215  Grenada St. George's 7,500
216  Malta Valletta 6,315
217  Collectivity of Saint Martin (France) Marigot 5,700
218  Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre 5,509
219  Cook Islands (NZ) Avarua 5,445
221  Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,248
222  San Marino City of San Marino 4,493
223  Tuvalu Funafuti 4,492
224  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town 3,700
225  Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia 3,000
226  Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley 2,115 [87]
227  Svalbard (Norway) Longyearbyen 2,075
228  Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove 1,493 [88]
229  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Philipsburg 1,338
230  Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu 1,191
231  Anguilla (UK) The Valley 1,169
232  Nauru Yaren (de facto) 1,100[89]
233  Guam (USA) Hagåtña 1,100
234  Montserrat (UK) Brades (de facto) 1,000
235  Bermuda (UK) Hamilton 969
236  Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston 880 [90]
237  Holy See The Vatican 826 (2009 est.)[91]
238  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) Jamestown 714
239  Niue (NZ) Alofi 616
240  Tokelau (NZ) Nukunonu (de facto) 426
241  Palau Ngerulmud 391
242  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island 120
243  Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown 45
244  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point 18

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "10 Things to know about BEIJING". UNESCO. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Overview of Tokyo. Tokyo's History, Geography, and Population". Tokyo Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Russia 2012 Statistical Pocketbook". Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat). p. 5. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Seoul Population, 2011 est.". Seoul Metropolitan Government. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Jumlah Penduduk Provinsi DKI Jakarta" (in Indonesian). Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil Provinsi DKI Jakarta. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Censo de Población y Vivienda: Distrito Federal" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Estado de la población peruana 2012" (in Spanish). INEI - Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Table 1: Number of population and sex ratio (males per 100 females) by region, province and area". National Statistics Office of the Kingdom of Thailand. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Census result shows increase in population of London as it tops 8 million". Office for National Statistics. 16 July 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Reloj de Poblacion" (in Spanish). secretaria distrital de planeacion (SDP). Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  11. ^ Estimates of total population differ substantially. The Encyclopædia Britannica gives a 2001 population of 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population of 7,216,040 in 2011.
  12. ^ "Population: Overview". Census and Statistics Department. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Population (Mid-Year Estimates)". Statistics Singapore. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Santiago: Población total estimada al 30 de Junio, por sexo. 1990-2020" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Chile (INE). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  15. ^ "ArRiyadh Urban Indicators 2009 / 1430 H". Ar-Riyadh Development Authority. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  16. ^ "Population - Berlin". Federal Statistical Office and the statistical Offices of the Länder. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  17. ^ VnExpress – Ha Noi co 3,4 trieu nguoi Also aligns with who.int figure.
  18. ^ "Madrid: Población por municipios y sexo.". Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  19. ^ "Population Size of Towns by Sex, Region, Zone and Wereda : July 2012.". Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  20. ^ "Population as of November 1, 2012. Average annual populations January-October 2012". State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  21. ^ "Censo 2010. Resultados provisionales: cuadros y gráficos" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  22. ^ "Demographic Balance for the year 2012 June (provisional data)". Istat - Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  23. ^ "IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2012" (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  24. ^ "Demographical Overview". Tapei City Government. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  25. ^ "Paris: Populations légales 2010 de la commune" (in French). Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  26. ^ "Población por municipios y por ciento respecto a la provincia, en orden descendente, año 2010" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas (Cuba). Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "Largest Romanian cities in 2010" (in Romanian). evz.ro. August 28, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011. 
  28. ^ "Bevölkerung zu Quartalsbeginn seit 2002 nach Bundesland" (in German). Statistik Austria. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  29. ^ "Regional data – Budapest". Hungarian Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  30. ^ "Population in Poland. Size and Structure By Territorial Division". Central Statistics Office of Poland. 30 June 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  31. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: National Capital Region". National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 10 August 2013. 
  32. ^ http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/places/maps/map_country_cameroon.html
  33. ^ a b http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_01.html
  34. ^ "Statistical Yearbook of Prague 2012: 4-1. Selected demographic data in the Capital City of Prague". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  35. ^ "Poblacion estimada y proyectada región provincia y municipio 2000-2010" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística (ONE). Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  36. ^ Statistics Belgium; Population de droit par commune au 1 janvier 2008 (excel-file) Population of all municipalities in Belgium, as of 1 January 2008.
  37. ^ http://www.ine.gob.gt/index.php/demografia-y-poblacion/42-demografiaypoblacion/207-
  38. ^ "Burma's new capital stages parade". BBC News. 2006-03-27. Retrieved 2006-06-24. 
  39. ^ "Business big in Myanmar capital". FIN24. 29 April 2007. Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  40. ^ City of Ottawa (2001–2010). "Population and Households (occupied dwellings) Estimates by Sub-Area, Year End 2008". Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  41. ^ http://www.zagreb.hr/UserDocsImages/Vitalna%20statistika%20u%202006..doc
  42. ^ http://population-of.com/en/Oman/06/Muscat/
  43. ^ a b c http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_02.htm
  44. ^ http://www.statistica.md/newsview.php?l=ro&idc=168&id=3719
  45. ^ The Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel" and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. The United Nations and most countries do not accept the Jerusalem Law (see Kellerman 1993, p. 140) and maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya (see the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel) The Palestinian Authority sees East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state and the city's final status awaits future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem", University of Maryland). See Positions on Jerusalem for more information.
  46. ^ "Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  47. ^ http://www.nigerianstat.gov.ng/Connections/Pop2006.pdf
  48. ^ http://aboutkazakhstan.com/Astana_city.shtml
  49. ^ Stein Erik Kirkebøen (19 August 2013) 630.000 Oslo-innbyggere Oslo By. Retrieved 13 December 2013
  50. ^ a b http://vrk.fi/default.aspx?docid=5953&site=3&id=0
  51. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_03.html
  52. ^ http://www.dsec.gov.mo/index.asp?src=/english/indicator/e_dem_indicator_1.html
  53. ^ 2002 census results in English and Macedonian (PDF)
  54. ^ http://www.tourism.tallinn.ee/fpage/travelplanning/practical_information
  55. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_04.html
  56. ^ http://www.stats.govt.nz/~/media/Statistics/Methods%20and%20Services/Tables/Subnational%20population%20estimates/subnational-pop-estimate-jun2008-all-tables.ashx
  57. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (22 April 2009). "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2007–08 – Australian Capital Territory". Retrieved 2 January 2010. 
  58. ^ a b http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_05.html
  59. ^ http://www.tanzania.go.tz/regions/dodoma/profile.htm
  60. ^ The press statement of Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer on the tentative results of 2006 population and housing census (5 May 2006)
  61. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_06.html
  62. ^ http://www.ruaf.org/node/1504
  63. ^ http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&lng=de&dat=32&geo=-70&srt=npan&col=aohdq&men=gcis&lng=en
  64. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_09.html
  65. ^ http://population-of.com/en/Switzerland/05/Bern/
  66. ^ a b http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_10.html
  67. ^ http://www.id.is/default.asp?page_id=4224
  68. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_11.html
  69. ^ a b c http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_14.html
  70. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/luxembourg-city
  71. ^ http://www.phrasebase.com/countries/saint-lucia/
  72. ^ Census Bureau Releases, Census 2000 Population Counts for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, July 3, 2001.
  73. ^ "American Samoa at the MSN Encyclopedia". Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. 
  74. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_21.html
  75. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_23.html
  76. ^ Port Vila – Vanuatu: An Overview
  77. ^ Monaco at the CIA World Factbook
  78. ^ http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/1836.htm
  79. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_25.html
  80. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/papeete
  81. ^ Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics [1]
  82. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_26.html
  83. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_27.html
  84. ^ Grønlands Statistik; see especially this pdf.
  85. ^ http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/2005_city_population_28.html
  86. ^ http://www.tripwolf.com/en/guide/show/1613/Belize/Belmopan
  87. ^ Falkland Islands Government
  88. ^ http://www.citycomparator.com/compare/104_flying_fish_cove_vs_264_santiago.html
  89. ^ http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Nauru-POPULATION.html
  90. ^ http://www.wolframalpha.com/entities/countries/norfolk_island/mo/x0/j8/
  91. ^ Holy See (Vatican City) at the CIA World Factbook