List of current heads of state and government
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This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.
The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.
States recognised by the United Nations 
- Legend: Names in small font denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives. Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
States recognised by at least one United Nations member 
States not recognised by any United Nations members 
|State||Head of state||Head of government|
|Nagorno-Karabakh||President Bako Sahakyan||Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan|
|Transnistria||President Yevgeny Shevchuk||Prime Minister Pyotr Stepanov|
See also 
- List of heads of state by diplomatic precedence
- List of current foreign ministers
- List of current presidents of assembly
- List of current vice presidents
- List of current dependent territory leaders
- List of elected or appointed female heads of government
- List of elected or appointed female heads of state
- Lists of office-holders
- List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office
- List of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders
- List of longest ruling non-royal national leaders since 1870
- Lists of state leaders by year
- List of state leaders in 2013
- Lists of state leaders
- List of current Permanent Representatives to the United Nations
- List of countries by system of government
- List of leaders of dependent territories
- The Royal Household. "Commonwealth members". Queen's Printer. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign countries sometimes known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominately resides) she is represented by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as governor general) at national level. In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
- Williams, George (31 January 2008). "Speculation on Queen before any choice needs to be made". Herald Sun. Retrieved 18 February 2011.
- The three-member presidency is the head of state collectively.
- "Jamaica to break links with Queen, says Prime Minister Simpson Miller". BBC News. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- The Preface to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea states, "The DPRK and the entire Korean people will uphold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung as the eternal President of the Republic, defend and carry forward his ideas and exploits and complete the Juche revolution under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea." Kim Il-sung died in 1994.
- The Palestinian Authority renamed itself the State of Palestine on 6 January 2013 (a move not recognized by Israel). Do not confuse with the "State of Palestine" proclaimed on 15 November 1988 by the Palestinian National Council (PNC) in Algiers which remains a putative state, de facto ineffective despite partial international recognition.
- The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
- Abbas's presidency expired on 9 January 2009 but he unilaterally extended his term for another year. Haniyeh, as the Speaker of the House, would succeed Abbas were he to have died or been expelled from office. The two major political parties in Palestine, Fatah and Hamas disagree about who the legitimate President currently is.
- As part of the Fatah-Hamas conflict, essentially a civil war, Abbas dismissed Haniyeh and chose Fayyed as PM without parliamentary approval. The two major political parties in Palestine, Fatah and Hamas disagree about who the legitimate Prime Minister currently is.