List of leaders of Ukraine

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This is a comprehensive chronological list of national leaders of Ukraine since its independence in 1917, including its presidents both before and after the Soviet era, and the Soviet leaders themselves, who, unlike the presidents, were not formal heads of state.

Ukraine has had only eight Presidents since 1917, divided into two periods (1917–1921 and 1991–present). In between, the country was a part of the Soviet Union (1922–1991) with the name of Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Non-Soviet leaders of Ukraine 1917–1991[edit]

Ukrainian People's Republic (1917–1921)[edit]

The Ukrainian People's Republic was formed after the Russian Revolution of 1917, and lasted until the Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Russia in March 1921. The state leadership position title varied and, despite a rather widespread misconception, none of them had an official "Presidential" title.

Chairman of the Central Rada (Council)[edit]

Hetman of the Ukrainian State[edit]

Chairmen of the Directory[edit]

Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine (1939)[edit]

Ukrainian People's Republic in Exile (1921–1992)[edit]

Presidents[edit]

(in Paris and Prague to 1945, Munich 1945–1992)

Western Ukrainian People's Republic (1918–1919)[edit]

The government of the Western Ukrainian People's Republic, which was proclaimed on 19 October 1918, united with the Ukrainian People's Republic on 22 January 1919, although this was mostly a symbolic act because the western Ukrainians retained their own Ukrainian Galician Army and government structure. After the Polish-Ukrainian War, Poland took over most of territory of the West Ukrainian People's Republic by July 1919.

President of the Ukrainian National Council[edit]

Soviet leaders of Ukraine (1918/1921–1991)[edit]

Ukraine was incorporated into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on 30 December 1922.

Head of State[edit]

The nomenclature for the head of state position was changing. At first it was called as the chairman of the Central Executive Committee, then it was called as the Uprising Nine (Povstanburo) which was later reorganized into the Central Military-Revolutionary Committee (sort of revkom). In mid July 1918 there were some biases about the idea of the Ukrainian SSR, but with the help of more nationally inclined bolsheviks such as Skrypnyk, Zatonsky, and others the government of the Soviet Ukraine was preserved. After the defeat of Directoria the head of state was again called as the chairman of the Central Executive Committee. Since 1938 the position began to be called as the chairman of the Presidium of Verkhovna Rada which was abolished in 1990. From 1990 to 1991 it was simply the head of the Verkhovna Rada until the introduction of the office of the President of Ukrainian SSR.

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee[edit]

  • Yukhym Medvediev (25 December 1917 – 18 March 1918)
  • Volodymyr Zatonsky (18 March 1918 – 18 April 1918) (the Ukrainian Republic was virtually liquidated)
  • All-Ukrainian Bureau For Directing the Partisan Resistance Against the German Occupiers (18 April 1918 – 28 November 1918)

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee[edit]

First speaker of Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Chairmen of the Presidium of Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Speaker of Verkhovna Rada[edit]

The Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine (CP(b)U) leaders[edit]

The following list is composed of the secretary of the Central Committee of the party who were the leaders of the Party. The position also was changing names between being called the First Secretary or the General Secretary, depending on a political atmosphere in the Soviet Union. The position was not officially of the head of state, but certainly was very influential, especially within the republic. The longest serving secretary was Vladimir Shcherbitsky with some 17 years as the head of the Communist Party, the second best is split between Stanislav Kosior and Nikita Khrushchev, both of which have 11 years.

# Secretary Took office Left office Deputy Congress
1 Yury Pyatakov.jpg Yurii Leonidovych Pyatakov 12 July 1918 9 September 1918 None 1
2 Serafima Ilyinichna Gopner 9 September 1918 22 October 1918 None
3 1988 CPA 5986 cropped.jpg Emanuil Ionovich Kviring 23 October 1918 6 March 1919 None 2
4 Yury Pyatakov.jpg Yurii Leonidovych Pyatakov 6 March 1919 30 May 1919 None 3
5 Stanislaw Kosior2.jpg Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior 30 May 1919 10 December 1919 None
- Rafail Borisovich Farbman
(acting)
10 December 1919 23 March 1920 None
6 Nikolai Ilyich Beschetvertnoi 23 March 1920 25 March 1920 None 4
- Stanislaw Kosior2.jpg Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior
(temporary)
25 March 1920 17 October 1922 None
7 Molotov.bra.jpg Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov 23 November 1920 22 March 1921 Dmitriy Lebed 5
- Feliks Yakovlevich Kon
(acting)
22 March 1921 13 December 1921
8 Dmitry Manuilsky.PNG Dmitry Zakharovich Manuilsky 14 December 1921 10 April 1923 6
9 1988 CPA 5986 cropped.jpg Emanuil Ionovich Kviring 10 April 1923 16 May 1924 7
17 May 1924 7 April 1925 Aleksei Medvedev 8
Ivan Klimenko
10 Lazar Kaganovich.jpg Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich 7 April 1925 12 December 1925
12 December 1925 29 November 1927 9
Aleksei Medvedev
29 November 1927 14 July 1928 10
11 Stanislaw Kosior2.jpg Stanislav Vikentevich Kosior 14 July 1928 15 June 1930
Lavrentiy Kartvelishvili
15 June 1930 23 January 1934 11
Vasiliy Stroganov
Mendel Khatayevich
Pavel Postyshev
23 January 1934 3 June 1937 12
Mendel Khatayevich
3 June 1937 27 January 1938 13
Sergei Kudryavtsev
12 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpg Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev
(acting until 18 June 1938)
27 January 1938 17 May 1940 Mikhail Burmistenko
(acting until 18 June 1938)
14
17 May 1940 3 March 1947 15
Demian Korotchenko
13 Lazar Kaganovich.jpg Lazar Moiseyevich Kaganovich 3 March 1947 26 December 1947
14 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpg Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev 26 December 1947 28 January 1949 Leonid Melnikov
28 January 1949 16 December 1949 16
15 Leonid Georgyevich Melnikov 16 December 1949 27 September 1952 Aleksei Kirichenko
27 September 1952 4 June 1953 17
16 Aleksey Illarionovich Kirichenko 4 June 1953 26 March 1954 Nikolai Podgorny
26 March 1954 21 January 1956 18
21 January 1956 26 December 1957 19
17 Nicolai Podgorny.jpg Nikolay Viktorovich Podgorny 26 December 1957 19 February 1960 Leontiy Naidek
19 February 1960 30 September 1961 Ivan Kazanets 20
30 September 1961 2 July 1963 21
18 Petro Shelest.JPG Petro Yukhymovych Shelest 2 July 1963 18 March 1966 Nikolai Sobol
18 March 1966 20 March 1971 Oleksandr Liashko 22
Ivan Lutak
20 March 1971 25 May 1972 23
19 Vladimir Vasilyevich Shcherbitsky 25 May 1972 13 February 1976
13 February 1976 12 February 1981 Ivan Sokolov 24
12 February 1981 8 February 1986 25
Oleksiy Titarenko
8 February 1986 28 September 1989 26
Vladimir Ivashko
20 Vladimir Antonovich Ivashko 28 September 1989 23 June 1990 Stanislav Hurenko 27
21 Stanislav Ivanovich Hurenko 23 June 1990 1 September 1991 Leonid Kravchuk 28
Hryhoriy Kharchenko

Ukraine (1991–present)[edit]

On 5 July 1991, the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian SSR passed a law establishing the post of the President of the Ukrainian SSR. The title was changed to the President of Ukraine upon the proclamation of independence (24 August 1991). The first election of the President of Ukraine was held on 1 December 1991.

      People's Union "Our Ukraine"       Supported by the Party of Regions       All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"       Non-partisan, without support or independent

# President Elected Took office Left office Party
1 Leonid Kravchuk.jpg Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk 1991 5 December 1991
Inauguration: 22 August 1992[c]
19 July 1994 Independent / Non-partisan
2 Kuchmaukraine.jpg Leonid Danylovych Kuchma 1994 19 July 1994 14 November 1999 Independent / Non-partisan
1999 14 November 1999 23 January 2005
3 Wiktor Juschtschenko, Präsident der Ukraine, in der Universität Zürich.jpg Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko 2004 23 January 2005 25 February 2010 People's Union "Our Ukraine"
4 President V Yanukovych.jpg Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych 2010 25 February 2010 22 February 2014 Non-partisan[1]
(Supported by Party of Regions)
Turchynov March 2014 (cropped).jpg Oleksandr Valentynovych Turchynov
(acting)
23 February 2014 7 June 2014 All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"
5 Petro Porochenko au Conseil de l’Europe Strasbourg 26 juin 2014 04.jpg Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko 2014 7 June 2014 Incumbent Independent / Non-partisan

Former country leaders still alive[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Янукович припинив членство у Партії регіонів : Новини УНIАН