List of national parks

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This is a list of national parks as defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature ordered by nation. Nearly 100 countries around the world have lands classified as a national park by this definition.

Africa[edit]

Mountain Gorillas, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda.
Oryx in the Awash National park, Ethiopia.
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Algeria 1972 10 122,352 5.1%
Botswana 1968 4 56,258 9.67%
Burkina Faso 1954 4
Burundi 1934 3
Chad 1963 4 14,540 1.13%
Côte d'Ivoire 1953 8
Egypt 1983 3 4,353 4.3%
Ethiopia 1959 13 2,026 1.8%
Gabon 2002 13 10.0%
Gambia 1978 3
Ghana 1971 8
Kenya 1946 23
Madagascar 1958 18
Malawi 1966 9
Morocco 1942 10
Mozambique 1960 6
Namibia 1907 8 10,878 13.2%
Niger 1954 1
Nigeria 1979 8 20,156 3.0%
Seychelles 8
Sierra Leone 1986 2
Somalia 6
South Africa 1926 19 37,000 3%
Tanzania 1951 16 42,000 4.44%
Tunisia 8
Uganda 1952 10
Zambia 1971 19
Zimbabwe 1926 11


Asia[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Afghanistan 2009 1
Azerbaijan 2003 9
Bhutan 4
Burma 9
Cambodia 7
People's Republic of China 1982 208
India 1936 102 1.16%
Indonesia 1980 50
Iran 1974 28 19,757 1.2%
Israel 1964 69 6,400 30%
Japan 1934 29 20,482 5.4%
Kazakhstan 10
Laos 21
Malaysia 4
Mongolia 1965 24
Nepal 10
Pakistan 1972 25
Philippines 54
Russia 1983 41 71,700
South Korea 1967 21 6,656 6.67%[1]
Sri Lanka 22
Republic of China (Taiwan) 1984 8 3,124 8.6%
Thailand 1961 138
Turkey 1958 41 8,481 1%
Vietnam 1962 30


Europe[edit]

A wisent in the Białowieża Forest, Poland
A Welsh Mountain Pony in the Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales
A sunset over the lakes in Mljet National Park in Croatia
Borjomi National Park in Georgia is one of the biggest in Europe
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Albania 14 1,177 4.1%
Austria 1981 7 2,521 3.0%
Belarus 1939 4 2,222 1.0%
Belgium 2006 1 57 0.2%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1965 3 404 0.8%
Bulgaria 1963 3 1,930 1.8%
Croatia 1949 8 994 1.8%
Czech Republic 1963 4 1,190 1.5%
Denmark 1974 3* 1,889
Estonia 1971 5 1,927 4.3%
Finland 1956 37 8,873 2.7%
France 1963 10 60,728[2] 9.5%
Georgia 1946 9 2,707 3.7%
Germany 1970 14 9,620 2.7%
Greece 1938 10 6,960 3.6%
Hungary 1972 10 4,819 5.2%
Iceland 1928 3 12,407 12.1%
Ireland 1932 6 590 0.8%
Italy 1922 24 15,000 5.0%
Kazakhstan 1985 10 18,876 0.7%
Latvia 1973 4 2,065 3.2%
Lithuania 1974 5 1,554 2.4%
Macedonia 1948 3 974 3.8%
Malta 2007 1 2.5 0.69%
Montenegro 1952 5 1,096 7.9%
Netherlands 1930 20 1,251 3.0%
Norway 1962 36 24,060 6.3%
Poland 1932 23 3,149 1.0%
Portugal 1971 1 702 0.8%
Romania 1935 12 3,158 1.3%
Russia 1983 40 73,000 0.4%
Serbia 1974 5 1,775 2.3%
Slovakia 1949 9 3,690 7.5%
Slovenia 1961 1 838 4.1%
Spain 1918 14 3,447 0.7%
Sweden 1909 29 7,199 1.6%
Switzerland 1914 1 170 0.4%
Turkey 1958 40 8,481 1%
Ukraine 1980 17 7,020 1.2%
United Kingdom 1951 15 19,989 8.2%
*Refers to European portion of Denmark only. For Greenland, see Northeast Greenland National Park, Greenland's only national park, which was established in 1974 and is the world's largest at 971,000 km² (44.8% of Greenland's area).
By region


North and Central America[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Bahamas 27
Belize 1986 56 8,867 38%
Canada 1885 43 377,000 3.78%
Costa Rica 1955 26 12,913 25.1%
Dominica 1975 3 107
Dominican Republic 1956 12
Guatemala 1955 22
Haiti 1983 2
Mexico 1917 67 14,320 0.73%
Panama 1976 15
United States 1872 59 210,000 2.18%

South America[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Argentina[3] 1934 33 35,844 1.30%
Bolivia 1939 17
Brazil[4] 1937 68 250,000 2.968%
Chile[5] 1926 36 91,403 12.09%
Colombia 1975 58
Ecuador 1959 11
Guyana 1929 1
Paraguay 1966 16
Peru 1961 11
Uruguay 1916 7
Venezuela 1937 43 21.76%

Oceania[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Australia 1879 685 335,062 4.36%
Fiji 6
New Zealand 1887 14 25,000 10%
Hawaii: see United States
Easter Island: see Chile

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ e-나라지표 국립공원현황, Statistics Korea
  2. ^ Les dix parcs nationaux français, Parcs nationaux de France, retrieved 2012-07-22 
  3. ^ "Administracion de Parques Nacionales - Republica Argentina". Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Federal conservation units of Brasil". Retrieved September 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ Corporación Nacional Forestal (Chile National Forest Corporation), retrieved 8 February 2012