List of national parks of Indonesia

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This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia.[1] Of the 50 national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 7 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves[2] and 5 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine.

The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980.[3] This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50.[4]

Java[edit]

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Alas Purwo 1992 434 168
Baluran 1980 250 96
Bromo Tengger Semeru 1983 503 194
Gunung Ciremai 2004 155 60
Gunung Gede Pangrango 1980 150 58 World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Gunung Halimun 1992 400 150
Gunung Merapi 2004 64 25
Gunung Merbabu 2004 57 21
Karimunjawa 1986 1,116 431 most
Kepulauan Seribu 1982 1,080 420 most
Meru Betiri 1982 580 224
Ujung Kulon 1992 1,206 466 443 km² World Heritage Site[5]


Kalimantan[edit]

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Betung Kerihun 1995 8,000 3,100 Proposed World Heritage Site[6]
Bukit Baka Bukit Raya 1992 1,811 699
Danau Sentarum 1999 1,320 510 Ramsar site
Gunung Palung 1990 900 350
Kayan Mentarang 1996 13,605 5,252
Kutai 1982 1,986 767
Sabangau 2004 5,687 2,196
Tanjung Puting 1982 4,150 1,370 World Network of Biosphere Reserves

Lesser Sunda Islands[edit]

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Bali Barat 1995 190 73
Gunung Rinjani 1990 413 159
Kelimutu 1992 50 20
Komodo 1980 1,817 701 66% World Heritage Site;[7]
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Laiwangi Wanggameti 1998 470 180
Manupeu Tanah Daru 1998 880 340
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National parks on Bali
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National parks on Lombok
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National parks on and around Flores

Maluku and Papua[edit]

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Aketajawe-Lolobata 2004 1,673 646
Lorentz 1997 25,050 9,670 World Heritage Site[8]
Manusela 1982 1,890 729
Teluk Cenderawasih 2002 14,535 5,611 90%
Wasur 1990 4,138 1598 Ramsar site

Sulawesi[edit]

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Bantimurung - Bulusaraung 2004 480 185
Bogani Nani Wartabone 1991 2,871 1,108
Bunaken 1991 890 305 97% Proposed World Heritage Site [9]
Kepulauan Togean[10] 2004 3,620 1,400 700 km²
Lore Lindu 1982 2,290 884 World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Rawa Aopa Watumohai 1989 1,052 406 Ramsar site
Taka Bone Rate 2001 5,308 2,049 most Proposed World Heritage Site[11]
Wakatobi 2002 13,900 5,370 most World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Proposed World Heritage Site[12]

Sumatra[edit]

Name Year Total Area Marine area International status
km²   mi²
Batang Gadis[13] 2004 1,080 417
Berbak 1992 1,627 628 Ramsar site
Bukit Barisan Selatan 1999 3,650 1410 World Heritage Site unit[14]
Bukit Duabelas 2000 605 233
Bukit Tigapuluh 1995 1,277 493
Gunung Leuser 1980 7,927 3,061 World Heritage Site unit[14]
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Kerinci Seblat 1999 13,750 5,310 World Heritage Site unit[14]
Sembilang 2001 2,051 792 Ramsar site
Siberut 1992 1,905 735 World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Tesso Nilo[15] 2004 386 149
Way Kambas 1989 1,300 500


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]