Protected areas of Nepal

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Protected areas of Nepal

Nepal’s landmass of 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi) occupies the central part of the Himalayas between the Palearctic and Indomalaya ecozones. Altitude ranges from 67 m (220 ft) above sea level in the south-eastern Terai to 8,848 m (29,029 ft) at Sagarmatha within a short horizontal span. This extreme altitudinal gradient has resulted in 11 bio-climatic zones ranging from lower tropical below 500 m (1,600 ft) to nival above 5,000 m (16,000 ft) in the High Himalaya, encompassing nine terrestrial ecoregions with 36 vegetation types. Botanists recorded 1,120 species of non-flowering plants and 5,160 species of flowering plants. Nepal ranks 10th in terms of richest flowering plant diversity in Asia. Zoologists recorded 181 mammal species, 844 bird species, 100 reptile species, 43 amphibian species, 185 freshwater fish species, and 635 butterfly species. In recognition of the magnitude of biodiversity the Government of Nepal has established a network of 17 protected areas since 1973, consisting of ten national parks, three wildlife reserves, three conservation areas and one hunting reserve. Additionally, three Ramsar sites were declared in 2003.[1][2]

National parks[edit]

Wildlife reserves[edit]

Conservation areas[edit]

Hunting Reserve[edit]

Ramsar Sites[edit]


  1. ^ Bhuju, U. R., Shakya, P. R., Basnet, T. B., Shrestha, S. (2007) Nepal Biodiversity Resource Book. Protected Areas, Ramsar Sites, and World Heritage Sites. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, in cooperation with United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Kathmandu, ISBN 978-92-9115-033-5
  2. ^ Bhushal, R. P. (2010) Nod to Banke National Park. The Himalayan Times, 13 May 2010

External links[edit]