National parks of Russia

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There are currently forty-one national parks in Russia, a list of which is given below. Together they cover approximately 71,700 square kilometers (27,700 sq mi).

Overview[edit]

The oldest parks in Russia are Sochinsky and Losiny Ostrov (1983); Samarskaya Luka (1984); Mariy Chodra (1985); Bashkiriya, Prielbrusye, Pribaykalsky, and Zabaykalsky (1986).[1]

According to the law on the protected areas of Russia, national parks are areas of land and water devoted to nature protection, ecological education, and scientific research. They contain sites of particular ecological, historical and aesthetic value. Regulated tourism is permitted.[2][3]

The area of each park is divided into zones according to various functions. There should be a strictly protected area managed as a zapovednik, and also recreational and buffer zones in which economic activity is allowed, such as tourism, traditional land use, and benign forms of agriculture and forestry. The strictly protected function is sometimes fulfilled by a neighbouring official zapovednik; for instance, Barguzin Zapovednik adjoins Zabaykalsky National Park on the east side of Lake Baikal.[3]

In 2001 Vodlozersky National Park received UNESCO Biosphere Reserve status, followed by Smolenskoye Poozerye and Ugra National Park in 2002, and two others (Valdaysky and Kenozersky) in 2004.[3]

The national parks are currently the responsibility of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia.[3]

Parks listed[edit]

For each park the date of foundation is given, and also the region of Russia and coordinates on the map. The external links lead to the Biodiversity Conservation Center (Russian: Центр дикой природы) in Moscow (in Russian).

Map of national parks in Russia
# Name Russian name Location Area (ha) Established
1 Alaniya National Park Алания Republic of North Ossetia–Alania 54,926 1998
2 Alkhanay National Park Алханай Zabaykalsky Krai 138,234 1999
3 Anuysky National Park Ануйский Khabarovsk Krai 429,370 2008
4 Bashkiriya National Park Башкирия Republic of Bashkortostan 79,800 1986
5 Buzuluksky Bor National Park Бузулукский Бор Orenburg Oblast 106,000 2007
6 Chavash Varmane Bor National Park Чаваш Вармане Chuvash Republic 25,200 1993
7 Kalevalsky Bor National Park Калевальский Republic of Karelia 74,343 2006
8 Kenozersky National Park Кенозерский Arkhangelsk Oblast 139,663 1991
9 Khvalynsky National Park Хвалынский Saratov Oblast 25,514 1994
10 Kurshskaya Kosa National Park Куршская коса Kaliningrad Oblast 6,621 1987
11 Losiny Ostrov National Park Лосиный остров Moscow, Moscow Oblast 12,881 1983
12 Mariy Chodra National Park Марий Чодра Mari El Republic 36,600 1985
13 Meshchyora National Park Мещёра Vladimir Oblast 118,900 1992
14 Meshchyorsky National Park Мещёрский Ryazan Oblast 103,014 1992
15 Nechkinsky National Park Нечкинский Udmurt Republic 20,753 1997
16 Nizhnyaya Kama National Park Нижняя Кама Republic of Tatarstan 26,587 1991
17 Orlovskoye Polesye National Park Орловское Полесье Oryol Oblast 77,745 1994
18 Paanajärvi National Park Паанаярви Republic of Karelia 104,473 1992
19 Pleshcheyevo Ozero National Park Плещеево Озеро Yaroslavl Oblast 23,790 1988
20 Pribaykalsky National Park Прибайкальский Irkutsk Oblast 418,000 1986
21 Prielbrusye National Park Приэльбрусье Kabardino-Balkar Republic 100,400 1986
22 Pripyshminskiye Bory National Park Припышминские Боры Sverdlovsk Oblast 49,050 1993
23 Russkaya Arktika National Park Русская Арктика Arkhangelsk Oblast 1,426,000 2009
24 Russky Sever National Park Русский Север Vologda Oblast 166,400 1992
25 Samarskaya Luka National Park Самарская Лука Samara Oblast 134,000 1984
26 Sebezhsky National Park Себежский Pskov Oblast 50,021 1996
27 Shorsky National Park Шорский Kemerovo Oblast 418,200 1989
28 Shushensky Bor National Park Шушенский Бор Krasnoyarsk Krai 39,173 1995
29 Smolenskoye Poozerye National Park Смоленское Поозерье Smolensk Oblast 146,237 1992
30 Smolny National Park Смольный Republic of Mordovia 36,500 1995
31 Sochi National Park Сочи Krasnodar Krai 193,737 1983
32 Taganay National Park Таганай Chelyabinsk Oblast 56,400 1991
33 Tunkinsky National Park Тункинский Buryat Republic 1,183,662 1991
34 Udegeyskaya Legenda National Park Удэгейская Легенда Primorsky Krai 88,600 2007
35 Ugra National Park Угра Kaluga Oblast 98,623 1997
36 Valdaysky National Park Валдайский Novgorod Oblast 158,500 1990
37 Vodlozersky National Park Водлозерский Republic of Karelia 468,915 1991
38 Yugyd Va National Park Югыд Ва Komi Republic 1,891,701 1994
39 Zabaykalsky National Park Забайкальский Buryat Republic 267,177 1986
40 Zov Tigra National Park Зов Тигра Primorsky Krai 82,152 2007
41 Zyuratkul National Park Зюраткуль Chelyabinsk Oblast 88,249 1993

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Nature Press
  2. ^ "About Special Protected Nature Areas", a Russian Federation federal law of March 14, 1995.(Russian)
  3. ^ a b c d Biodiversity Conservation Centre Moscow

External links[edit]