List of national parks of South Korea

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The national parks of South Korea are preserved parcels of public land on which most forms of development are prohibited. They cover a total of 6.6% of the country's area, and are typically located in mountainous or coastal regions.[1] The country's largest mountain park is Jirisan National Park in the southwest; this was also the first national park to be designated in 1967. The largest marine park is Dadohaehaesang, with an area of more than 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi), but almost all of this is water. The smallest park is Wolchulsan, with an area of only 56.1 km2 (21.7 sq mi).

There are currently 21 national parks in South Korea; the parks, with the exception of Hallasan National Park, are managed by the Korea National Park Service, established in 1987.[2] The Authority operates its own police force, and since 1998 has been under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment. It was previously under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Construction.

  Mountainous national parks (16)
  Marine & coastal national parks (4)
  Historical national park (1)
Name
(English, hangul, hanja)
Photo Location Designated Area Land type[3]
Bukhansan
북한산국립공원
北漢山國立公園
Bukhansan National Park 2006-03-28.JPG Seoul,
Gyeonggi
1983 700180000000000000080 km2 (31 sq mi) Mountainous
Byeonsan-bando
변산반도국립공원
邊山半島國立公園
Byeonsan-bando.jpg Jeollabuk-do 1988 7002155000000000000155 km2 (60 sq mi) Marine and coastal
Chiaksan
치악산국립공원
雉岳山國立公園
Chiaksan.jpg Gangwon-do 1984 7002182000000000000182 km2 (70 sq mi) Mountainous
Dadohaehaesang
다도해해상국립공원
多島海海上國立公園
Korea-Hongdo Island-01.jpg Jeollanam-do 1981 70032325000000000002,325 km2 (898 sq mi) Marine and coastal
Deogyusan
덕유산국립공원
德裕山國立公園
Deogyusan from Hyangjeok Peak.jpg Jeollabuk-do,
Gyeongsangnam-do
1975 7002232000000000000232 km2 (90 sq mi) Mountainous
Gayasan
가야산국립공원
伽倻山國立公園
GayaSanghwangbong.jpg Gyeongsangnam-do,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
1972 700177000000000000077 km2 (30 sq mi) Mountainous
Gyeongju
경주국립공원
慶州國立公園
Anapji Pond-Gyeongju-Korea-2006-07.jpg Gyeongsangbuk-do 1968 7002137000000000000137 km2 (53 sq mi) Historical
Gyeryongsan
계룡산국립공원
鷄龍山國立公園
Kyeryongsan4062.JPG Chungcheongnam-do,
Daejeon
1968 700165000000000000065 km2 (25 sq mi) Mountainous
Hallasan
한라산국립공원
漢拏山國立公園
Hallasan 2.jpg Jeju-do 1970 7002153000000000000153 km2 (59 sq mi) Mountainous
Hallyeohaesang
한려해상국립공원
閑麗海上國立公園
Korea-Geoje-Oedo 4078-06.JPG Jeollanam-do,
Gyeongsangnam-do
1968 7002545000000000000545 km2 (210 sq mi) Marine and coastal
Jirisan
지리산국립공원
智異山國立公園
Korea-Mountain-Jirisan-15.jpg Jeollanam-do,
Jeollabuk-do,
Gyeongsangnam-do
1967 7002472000000000000472 km2 (182 sq mi) Mountainous
Juwangsan
주왕산국립공원
周王山國立公園
Juwangsan national park.jpg Gyeongsangbuk-do 1976 7002107000000000000107 km2 (41 sq mi) Mountainous
Naejangsan
내장산국립공원
內藏山國立公園
Naejangsan.jpg Jeollanam-do,
Jeollabuk-do
1971 700181000000000000081 km2 (31 sq mi) Mountainous
Odaesan
오대산국립공원
五臺山國立公園
Korea-Gangwondo-Odaesan National Park 1663-07.JPG Gangwon-do 1975 7002304000000000000304 km2 (117 sq mi) Mountainous
Seoraksan
설악산국립공원
雪嶽山國立公園
Seoraksan1.jpg Gangwon-do 1970 7002398000000000000398 km2 (154 sq mi) Mountainous
Sobaeksan
소백산국립공원
小白山國立公園
Snow in Sobaeksan national park.jpg Chungcheongbuk-do,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
1987 7002322000000000000322 km2 (124 sq mi) Mountainous
Songnisan
속리산국립공원
俗離山國立公園
Gwaneum Peak at Songnisan.jpg Chungcheongbuk-do,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
1970 7002274000000000000274 km2 (106 sq mi) Mountainous
Taeanhaean
태안해안국립공원
泰安海岸國立公園
Taeanhaean.jpg Chungcheongnam-do 1978 7002326000000000000326 km2 (126 sq mi) Marine and coastal
Wolchulsan
월출산국립공원
月出山國立公園
Wolchulsan mountain peak.jpg Jeollanam-do 1988 700156000000000000056 km2 (22 sq mi) Mountainous
Woraksan
월악산국립공원
月岳山國立公園
Mount Worak Korea 242.jpg Chungcheongbuk-do,
Gyeongsangbuk-do
1984 7002288000000000000288 km2 (111 sq mi) Mountainous
Mudeungsan
무등산국립공원
無等山國立公園
Wolchulsan mountain peak.jpg Gwangju,
Jeollanam-do
2012 700175000000000000075 km2 (29 sq mi) Mountainous

References[edit]

  1. ^ e-나라지표 국립공원현황, Statistics Korea
  2. ^ "National Parks: About the Korea National Park Service". Korea National Park Service. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "About National Parks". Korea National Park Service. Retrieved 18 September 2010. 

External links[edit]