List of natural Orchidaceae genera

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This is a list of genera in the Orchid family (Orchidaceae), originally according to The Families of Flowering Plants - L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. This list is adapted on a regular basis with the changes published in the Orchid Research Newsletter which is published twice a year by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The most up to date list of accepted; genera, natural nothogenera, species and natural nothospecies with their synonyms can be found on the World Checklist of Selected Plants Families Search Page published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This list is reflected on Wikispecies Orchidaceae and the new eMonocot website Orchidaceae Juss.

This taxonomy undergoes constant change, mainly through evidence from DNA study. Orchids were traditionally defined by morphological similarity (structure of their flowers and other parts). However, recent changes to nomenclature have been driven primarily by DNA studies and also by re-examination of herbarium specimens. This has led to a reduction of genera and species as well as re-circumscription of sub-families, tribes and sub-tribes. Orchid taxonomy is still being revised and each year about another 150 new species are being discovered. The list of genera alone currently stands just short of 1000 entries.

From a cladistic point of view, the orchid family is considered to be monophyletic, i.e. the group incorporates all the taxa derived from an ancestral group.

The taxonomy of the orchids is explained on the page Taxonomy of the Orchid family.

Ansellia africana


Subfamilies[edit]

There are five recognized subfamilies:

Genera[edit]

A[edit]

Ascocentrum miniatum

B[edit]

Barkeria spectabilis
Barkeria shoemakeri
Brassia girouldiana
Brassia maculata

C[edit]

Calanthe triplicata
Chysis bractescens
Chloraea crispa
Cochleanthes amazonica
Cochlioda noezliana
Coelogyne cristata
Coelogyne tomentosa
Coelogyne speciosa
Comparettia macroplectrum
Comparettia speciosa
Cycnoches peruviana
Cymbidiella pardalina
Cypripedium acaule

D[edit]

E[edit]

Encyclia alata
Encyclia cordigera
Epidendrum ciliare
Epidendrum radicans
Eria stricta

F[edit]

G[edit]

Gastrochilus japonicus
Gomesa crispa
Gomesa recurva

H[edit]

Haraella retrocalla

I[edit]

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

Leptotes bicolor
Ludisia discolor
Lycaste Cassiopeia (a cultivar)

M[edit]

Macodes lowii
Macodes petola
Maxillaria cucullata
Maxillaria picta
Mexicoa ghiesbrechtiana
Oncidium schroederianum

N[edit]

O[edit]

Oerstedella centropetalla
Ornithophora radicans

P[edit]

Phaius tankervilleae
Northern Green Orchid (Platanthera hyperborea)
Western Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera praeclara)
Polystachya pubescens
Prosthechea cochleata
Prosthechea garciana
Prosthechea radiata

Q[edit]

R[edit]

Rhyncholaelia glauca
Rhynchostele bictoniensis
Rhynchostele cordatum
Rossioglossum ampliatum

S[edit]

Spiranthes romanzoffiana

T[edit]

U[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN) (2000).
  • Dressler, R.L. (1993). Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Cambridge Univ. Press
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (1999). Genera Orchidacearum 1. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2001). Genera Orchidacearum 2. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2006). Genera Orchidacearum 4. Oxford Univ. Press.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.A. & Rasmussen, F. eds. (2009). Genera Orchidacearum 5. Oxford Univ. Press

External links[edit]