List of the oldest newspapers
This list of the oldest newspapers sorts the newspapers of the world by the date of their first publication. The earliest newspapers date to 17th-century Europe when printed periodicals rapidly began to replace hand-written news letters. The emergence of the new media branch has to be seen in close connection with the simultaneous spread of the printing press from which the publishing press derives it name.
By region 
|1605||Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien||German||Straßburg||Holy Roman Empire||World's first newspaper|
|1609||Avisa Relation oder Zeitung||German||Wolfenbüttel||Holy Roman Empire|
|1610||Name not given in source||German||Basel||Swiss Confederacy|
|1615||Name not given in source||German||Frankfurt||Holy Roman Empire|
|1617||Name not given in source||German||Berlin||Holy Roman Empire|
|1618||Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c.||Dutch||Amsterdam||Dutch Republic ||Considered the world's first broadsheet because it was published in folio instead of quarto-size size. Defunct 1664|
|1620||Nieuwe Tijdinghen||Dutch||Antwerp||Spanish Netherlands||Defunct 1629|
|1631||La Gazette||French||Paris||France||First French-speaking newspaper and first weekly magazine published in France. It existed between May 30, 1631 and September 30, 1915.|
|1645||Ordinari Post Tijdender||Swedish||Stockholm||Sweden||Oldest still published newspaper in the world. Currently online-only.|
|1656||Weeckelycke Courante van Europa||Dutch||Haarlem||Dutch Republic||The name was changed to Oprechte Haerlemsche Courant in 1664. The newspaper merged with the Haarlems Dagblad in 1942, which is still published.|
|1661||La Gazeta||Spanish||Madrid||Kingdom of Spain||Oldest print edition still published in the world, under the name "Boletín Oficial del Estado".|
|1661||Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny||Polish||Kraków||Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth||Moved to Warsaw in May 1661, last issues published 22 July 1661.|
|1664||Gazzetta di Mantova||Italian||Mantua||Province of Mantua||Oldest private newspaper still published in the world.|
|1665||Oxford Gazette||English||Oxford||England||From issue 24 in 1666, the paper was printed in London and renamed London Gazette; this is still published.|
|1702||Vedomosti||Russian||Moscow||Russia||Moved to St. Petersburg in 1711, in 1728 renamed Sankt-Petersburgskie Vedomosti, in 1914 renamed Petrogradskie Vedomosti. Last issue in 1917.|
|1703||Wiener Zeitung||German||Vienna||Austria||still published|
|1705||Hildesheimer Relations-Courier||German||Hildesheim||Germany||Oldest surviving newspaper in Germany, nowadays published as Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung|
|1737||The Belfast News Letter||English||Belfast||Kingdom of Ireland||Still published - oldest English-language daily newspaper still in existence|
|1738||Feuille d’Avis de Neuchâtel||French||Neuchâtel||Swiss Confederacy||Still published - oldest French-language daily newspaper still in existence|
|1747||The Press and Journal||English||Aberdeen||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1749||Berlingske Tidende||Danish||Copenhagen||Denmark–Norway||Still published. Originally titled Kjøbenhavnske Danske Post-Tidender and, as of 2011, published as Berlingske|
|1752||Leeuwarder Courant||Dutch||Leeuwarden||The Netherlands||Still published. Originally titled Leeuwarder Saturdagse Courant. The newspaper also publish articles in Frisian.|
|1767||Adresseavisen||Norwegian||Trondheim||Denmark–Norway||Still published. Originally titled Kongelig allene privilegerede Trondheims Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger|
|1783||The Herald||English||Glasgow||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1785||The Times||English||London||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1791||The Observer||English||London||United Kingdom||The world's first Sunday newspaper. Still published.|
|1817||The Scotsman||English||Edinburgh||United Kingdom||Still published|
|1821||The Guardian||English||Manchester||United Kingdom||Originally known as 'The Manchester Guardian'. Still published.|
|1826||Le Figaro||French||Paris||France||Still published|
|1835||O Açoriano Oriental||Portuguese||Ponta Delgada, Azores||Portugal||Still published|
|1844||Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant||Dutch||Rotterdam||The Netherlands||Still published. The Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (NRC) merged in 1970 with Algemeen Handelsblad (founded in 1828) into the NRC Handelsblad.|
|1863||Church Times||English||London||England||Still published. The Church Times is an independent Anglican weekly newspaper.|
|1881||The Evening News||English||London||England||Considered the first popular newspaper in London. Published until 1980, and briefly again in 1987.|
|1891||Gazet van Antwerpen||Dutch||Antwerp||Flanders, Belgium||Still published|
|1893||Lidove Noviny||Czech||Brno||Lands of the Bohemian Crown||It is the first printed newspaper in the Czech language in the historical lands of Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia during the Habsburg Monarchy period (1526 - 1918). The newspaper is still published today in Prague the Czech Republic, familiarly known as Lidovky.|
|1893||De Telegraaf||Dutch||Amsterdam||The Netherlands||Still published. It is the largest newspaper in The Netherlands.|
|1896||Daily Mail||English||London||England||Second popular newspaper by Lord Northcliffe. Considered to have brought on a major change in the English newspaper market and started the trend for popular mass journalism. Still published.|
The French established the first newspaper in Africa in Mauritius in 1773.
|1773||Annonces, Affiches et Avis Divers pour les Colonies des Isles de France et de Bourbon||French||Isle de France||Mauritius||First newspaper in Mauritius. Published weekly from 1773-01-13 to at least 1790 by the Nicolas Lambert in Mauritius.|
|1800||Cape Town Gazette and African Advertiser||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||First newspaper in South Africa. Published weekly from 1800-08-16 to at least 1829 by the British Government in South Africa.|
|1824||South African Commercial Advertiser||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||First privately run newspaper in South Africa. Numbers 1 to 18 were published weekly from 1824-01-07 to 1824-05-10. numbers 19 to 135 were printed from 1825-08-31 to 1827-03-10 and numbers 136 and onward were printed from 1828 to-10-03 to 1853. Originally edited by the printer George Greig who soon relinquished editing control to Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Pringle left the paper after number 19.|
|1824||South African Journal||English||Cape Town||British South Africa||A bimonthly journal edited by Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Published from 1824-03-05 to 1824-05-07.|
|1824||Nederduitsche Zuid-Afrikaanse Tydschrift||Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||A bimonthly journal edited by Reverend Abraham Faure. It was the Dutch partner to the South African Journal. Published from 1824-04-04.|
|1824||The South African Chronicle and Mercantile Advertiser||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Printed weekly from 1824-08-18 to 1826-12-26. Printed by William Bridekirk and edited by A. J. Jardine.|
|1826||The New Organ||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Only one edition printed on 1826-01-06. Printed by George Greig and edited by John Fairbairn.|
|1827||De Versamelaar||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Printed weekly from 1827-01-07 until between 1829-01-27 to 1835. Edited by J. Duasso de Lima and printed by William Bridekirk.|
|1827||The Colonist||English, Dutch||Cape Town||British South Africa||Printed weekly from 1827-11-22 to 1828-09-30 by William Bridekirk and then George Greig and edited by William Beddy.|
|1828||Al-Waqa'i'a al-Masriya||Arabic||Cairo||Egypt||Still published|
East Asia 
|1806||The Prince of Wales Island Gazette||English||Penang||British Malaya||First newspaper in Southeast Asia; last issue rolled off the press on 7 July 1827; weekly edition survived until January 1830.|
|1845||The Straits Times||English||Singapore||Straits Settlements||Split into The Straits Times (based in Singapore) and The New Straits Times (based in Kuala Lumpur) after Singapore's separation from Malaysia in 1965.|
|1850||North China Herald
(North China Daily News)
|English||Shanghai||China||A weekly newspaper at first, it began daily publication in 1864 under the new name North China Daily News. Ceased publication in 1951.|
|1861||Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser||English||Nagasaki||Japan||Country's first newspaper|
|1862||Kwanpan Batavia Shinbun||Japanese||Tokyo||Japan||First Japanese-language newspaper. A month-by-month government translation of the Dutch Javasche Courant.|
|1868||Chugai Shinbun||Japanese||Tokyo||Japan||First Japanese-language newspaper with original reporting. Ceased with publisher's death in 1869.|
|1870||Yokohama Mainichi Shinbun||Japanese||Yokohama||Japan||First daily Japanese-language newspaper. Closed in 1940.|
|1872||Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun||Japanese||Tokyo||Japan||Merged with Mainichi Shimbun which is still published|
|1881||Chosen shinpo||Japanese||Pusan||Korea||Korea's first newspaper, but published in Japanese.|
|Chinese, Korean||Seoul||Korea||First Korean-language newspaper.|
South Asia 
The first recorded attempt to found a newspaper in South Asia was by William Bolts, a Dutchman in the employ of the British East India Company in September 1768 in Calcutta. The Company deported Bolts back to Europe before he could begin his newspaper.
|1780||Hicky's Bengal Gazette or, The Original Calcutta General Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||First newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-01-29 to 1782-03-23 when James Augustus Hicky's types were seized.|
|1780||India Gazette or Calcutta Public Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||Second newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-11-18. Survived until 1834. Published by Peter Reed (until 1781), B. Messink (until 1793), G. Gordon (1793 to before 1799) In 1799, its proprietors were William Morris, William Fairlie and J. D. Williams.|
|1784||Calcutta Gazette||English||Calcutta||British India||Third newspaper in South Asia. Government sanctioned. Published weekly from 1784-03-04 to 1818-09-29. Its proprietors were Francis Gladwin, an East India Company Officer until January 1787 and Arthur Muir, Herbert Harrington and Edmond Morris afterwards.|
|1785||Bengal Journal||English||Calcutta||British India||Published weekly from 1785-02 to 1791. Its proprietors were William Duane and Thomas Jones.|
|1785||The Oriental Magazine or Calcutta Amusement||English||Calcutta||British India||Published monthly from 1785-04-06. Its proprietors were Gordon and John Hay. It ceased publication sometime prior to 1799-05, when Governor-General Wellesley enacted press regulations.|
|1785||The Asiatick Miscellany||English||Calcutta||British India||Published quarterly from 1785-07-14 to 1789-01. Its proprietor was Francis Gladwin.|
|1785||Madras Courier||English||Madras||British India||Published weekly at first from 1785-10-12 to around 1818, with government sanction. Its proprietor was Richard Johnson.|
|1786||Calcutta Chronicle and General Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||Published weekly from 1786-01 to either 1790 or 1797. Its proprietor was William Baillie.|
|1788||The Asiatic Mirror and Commercial Advertiser||English||Calcutta||British India||Published weekly at first from 1788-02 to 1820-05. Its proprietors were C.K. Bruce and Dr. Shoolbred.|
|1789||Bombay Herald||English||Bombay||British India||Published weekly from 1789 to 1792. Its proprietors are unknown.|
|1803||Sydney Gazette||English||Sydney||Australia||was the first newspaper in Australia Published weekly from 1803 to 1842|
See also 
- Weber 2006, p. 396; World Association of Newspapers: "Newspapers: 400 Years Young!"
- Weber 2006, p. 387: "At the same time, then, as the printing press in the physical, technological sense was invented, 'the press' in the extended sense of the word also entered the historical stage. The phenomenon of publishing was born."
- Weber 2006, p. 396f.
- Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto independent since 1499
- Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto separated since 1556
- FRBNF32780021, catalogue Bn-Opale Plus, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
- Wan-Press.org, A Newspaper Timeline, World Association of Newspapers
- "World's Oldest Newspaper Goes Purely Digital". Associated Press 2007.
- "Weeckelycke Courante van Europa". Museum Enschedé. Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé. 8 January 1656.
- "Boletín Oficial del Estado, La Gazeta, Colección Histórica". Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- London Gazette (o) (1). 7 November 1665. Unknown parameter
- London Gazette (24). 5 February 1666. Unknown parameter
- "Oldest newspapers still in circulation". World Association of Newspapers. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Engel, Matthew (1996). Tickle the Public : One hundred years of the popular press. London: Gollancz. ISBN 978-0575061439.
- Conboy, Martin (2004). Journalism : A critical history. London: Sage. ISBN 0-7619-4100-2.
- Geoff Wade. "New Ways of Knowing: The Prince of Wales Island Gazette - Penang's First Newspaper". Presented at The Penang Story International Conference 2002. Retrieved 2010-08-31. "It is to Penang that the "honour" of being the site of the first newspaper published in Southeast Asia – the Prince of Wales Island Gazette – belongs."
- The Straits Times. "About Us". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- New Straits Times. "Corporate History 1845-1896". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
- Xiaoqun Xu. Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shangahai, 1912–1937. Cambridge University Press, 2001. p. 45.
- Altman 1984, p. 685: "The parallel to the Chosen shinpo in Japan had been Japan's first newspaper in any language, the English-language Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser, published by an Englishman, Albert W. Hansard, from June 1861."
- McGovern 1967, pp. 21
- Busteed, H. E. Echoes from Old Calcutta: Being Chiefly Reminiscences of the Days of Warren Hastings, Francis and Impey. 2d ed. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink And Co., 1888, 182.]
Throughout article 
- Altman, Albert A. (1984), "Korea's First Newspaper: The Japanese Chosen shinpo", The Journal of Asian Studies 43 (4): 685–696
- McGovern, Melvin (1967), "Early Western Presses in Korea", Korea Journal: 21–23
- Weber, Johannes (2006), "Strassburg, 1605: The Origins of the Newspaper in Europe", German History 24 (3): 387–412