List of next general elections

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This is a list of the next general elections around the world in democratic polities. The general elections listed are for the government of each jurisdiction. These elections determine the Prime Minister and makeup of the legislature in a parliamentary democracy, or the president and then the legislature in a system where separate votes are taken for different tiers of government.

In most jurisdictions, general elections are held between every three to five years.[1] Many elections have a fixed timing according to a country's constitution, while some allow the government to dissolve Parliament, Congress or the representative assembly and call a fresh vote up to a certain time limit. In most countries the election for the representative assembly determines the government. In the countries which separately elect a President, the more prevalent best-practice is to hold the Presidential and the legislative election at the same time. A minority of countries split the Presidential and legislative elections, and schedule these at different times. In significant number of countries elections are staged, but are unfair enough to influence the election's outcome. The unfairness frequently involves human rights violations, including compromise of the right to participate in government through free elections,[2] the right to freedom of association,[3] or the right to free expression.[4] Elections may also be unfair according to international standards if political campaign financing favours particular social interest groups, or if ownership rules create significant media bias.[5]

List of next elections[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote
(if different)
Last election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
 Algeria November 2017 4 years May 2012 April 2014 Despotic 37.9 207 no data
 Angola August 2012 .285
 Burkina Faso December 2012 November 2010 .226
 Benin April 2011 March 2011 .280
 Botswana October 2014 5 years October 2009 2.0 18 no data
 Burundi no data
 Cameroon May 2014 7 years Movable May 2009 20.5 25 .330 People's Movement
 Cape Verde no data
 Central African Republic .209
 Chad .203
 Comoros no data
 Democratic Republic of the Congo .183
 Djibouti .285
 Egypt 2014 4 years May 2012 Coup, violence 84.5 264 .503
 Equatorial Guinea no data
 Ethiopia .269
 Gabon .550
 Gambia no data
 Ghana December 2016 4 years December 2012 24.2 42 .379 New Democrat
 Guinea .217
 Guinea-Bissau .213
 Ivory Coast .265
 Kenya August 2018 5 years Same time March 2013 Violence, ICC crime 44.3 41 .344 National
 Lesotho May 2016 4 years May 2012 2.0 3 .296 Democratic Congress
 Liberia .251
 Libya June 2014 4 years July 2012 Recent civil war 6.2 79 no data National Forces Alliance
 Madagascar .335
 Malawi May 2014 5 years May 2009 16.4 4 .287
 Mali no data
 Mauritania .306
 Mauritius .639
 Morocco November 2015 4 years November 2011 Political suppression 32.8 107 .415
 Mozambique October 2014 5 years October 2009 23.9 15 .220
 Namibia November 2014 4 years November 2009 2.1 12 .344
 Niger .200
 Nigeria April 2015 4 years Same time April 2011 Violence 170.1 268 .276 People's Democrats
 Republic of the Congo .368
 Rwanda August 2017 5 years Mid term, September 2013 August 2010 Violence, fraud 12.0 8 .287 Patriotic Front
 São Tomé and Príncipe .358
 Senegal .315
 Seychelles no data
 Sierra Leone November 2017 5 years November 2012 6.1 4 .210 All People's Congress
 South Africa April 2014 5 years[6] April 2009 52.9 375 no data ANC
 Sudan no data
 Tanzania October 2015 5 years October 2010 44.9 29 .346 Party of Revol.
 Togo .305
 Tunisia December 2013 4 years October 2011 10.7 46 .523[7] Ennahda Movement
 Uganda February 2016 5 years February 2011 35.8 21 .304 National Resist.
 Zambia September 2016 4 years September 2011 14.3 20 .283 Patriotic
 Zimbabwe July 2018 4 years July 2013 Fraud, voter suppression 12.6 11 .284 Zanu-PF
  •  Somalia and  Swaziland do not currently hold general elections
  •  Eritrea and  South Sudan have not held general elections since independence in 1991 and 2011, respectively.

America[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote
(if different)
Last election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
 Antigua and Barbuda no data
 Argentina October 2015 4 years Same time October 2011 40.1 448 .653 Front for Victory
 Bahamas .658 [7]
 Barbados no data
 Belize March 2016 4 years Same time March 2012 .312 1 no data United Democrat
 Bolivia .444
 Bermuda no data
 Brazil October 2014 Polls 4 years[8] Same time October 2010 193.9 2,476 .531 Workers' Party
 Canada October 2015 Polls 4 years[9] May 2011 35.1 1,736 .832 Conservative
 Chile November 2013 Polls 4 years Same time December 2009 16.6 248 .664 New Majority
 Colombia May 2014 4 years Same time May 2010 47.2 333 .519 Social Party
 Costa Rica February 2014 4 years Same time February 2010 4.6 41 .606 National Liberation
 Cuba no data
 Dominica no data
 Dominican Republic May 2016 4 years Same time (1st since 1994) May 2012 9.4 98.7 .510 Dominican Liberation Party
 Ecuador February 2017 4 years Same time February 2013 15.5 66 .537 PAIS Alliance
 El Salvador March 2014 Polls 5 years 3 years March 2009 6.1 23 .499 National Liberation
 Falkland Islands November 2017 4 years November 2013 .0026 .1645 .874 Non-partisan Coalition
 Grenada no data
 Guatemala September 2015 4 years Same time September 2011 15.4 46 .389 Patriotic
 Guyana .514
 Haiti .273
 Honduras November 2013 4 years Same time November 2009 8.3 17 .458 National
 Jamaica .591
 Mexico July 2018 6 years 3 yr, July 2015 July 2012 117.4 1,155 .593 PRI
 Nicaragua November 2016 5 years Same time November 2011 6.0 7 .434 Sandinista
 Panama May 2014 5 years Same time May 2009 3.4 30 .588 Democratic Change/Coal.
 Paraguay April 2013 .505 [7] Colorado
 Peru April 2016 5 years Same time April 2011 30.4 180 .561 Gana Perú
 Puerto Rico no data
 Saint Kitts and Nevis no data
 Saint Lucia no data
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines no data
 Suriname .526
 Trinidad and Tobago .640
 United States November 2016 4 years[10] Midterm, 2014 November 2012 316.4 14,991 .821 Democratic
 Uruguay October 2014 5 years Same time October 2009 3.3 46 .662 Broad Front
 Venezuela December 2018 6 years Mid-term April 2013 28.9 315 .549 United Socialist

Asia[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote
(if different)
Last election Fairness Pop.
(m)
GDP
($bn)
IHDI In power now
 Afghanistan no data
 Bahrain no data
 Bangladesh January 2014 4 years December 2008 150.1 122 .374 Awami League
 Bhutan .430
 Burma no data
 Cambodia .402
 Hong Kong September 2016 4 years September 2012 7.1 243 no data Pro-Beijing camp
 India May 2019 Polls 5 years[11] May 2014 1,232.7 1,897 .392 BJP
 Indonesia July 2014 Polls 5 years 3 months earlier July 2009 Voter suppression 237 946 .514 Democrat
 Iran June 2017 4 years June 2013 77.3 551 no data Reformists
 Iraq March 2014 4 years March 2010 Civil war 31.1 150 no data
 Israel November 2017 4 years January 2013 Palestinians excluded 8.0 240 .790[12] Likud/Yesh Atid
 Japan December 2016 Polls 4 years December 2012 126.6 5,150 no data Liberal Democratic
 Jordan .568
 Kazakhstan no data
 Kuwait no data
 Kyrgyzstan .516
 Laos .409
 Lebanon .575
 Malaysia May 2017 4 years May 2013 Alleged fraud 28.3 240 no data UMNO
 Maldives .515
 Mongolia June 2017 4 years Year before June 2013 2.8 10 .568 Democrats
   Nepal November 2013 5 years April 2008 26.5 20 .304 Communist/Coal.
 Pakistan May 2018 5 years May 2013 Violence 182.5 230 .356 Muslim League
 Palestine no data
 Philippines May 2016 6 years 3 years May 2010 Violence, vote suppr. 98.2 284 .524 Liberal
 Qatar no data
 Singapore January 2017 4 years May 2011 5.3 270 no data PAP
 South Korea April 2016 4 years April 2012 50.0 1,259 .758 Saenuri Party
 Sri Lanka November 2016[13][14] 6 years[15][16] April 2016[17][18] January 2010 Violence 20.2 65 .607 UPFA
 Syria .515
 Taiwan January 2016 4 years Same time January 2012 23.3 473 no data KMT
 Tajikistan .507
 Thailand July 2015 4 years July 2011 Military interference, fraud 66.7 425 .543 Military junta
 Timor-Leste .386
 Turkmenistan no data
 Uzbekistan .551
 Vietnam .531
 Yemen .310

Europe[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote (if different) Last election Fairness Pop. (m) GDP ($bn) IHDI In power now
 Andorra April 2011
 Armenia February 2018 5 years May 2012 February 2013 Protests 3.3 10 .649 RPA
 Austria September 2018 5 years September 2013 8.5 418 .837 Social Democrat
 Azerbaijan
 Belarus
 Belgium May 2019 Polls 5 years 25 May 2014 11.2 514 .825 Socialists/Christian Democrats/Liberals
 Bosnia and Herzegovina October 2014 4 years October 2010 3.8 17 .650 Multiple
 Bulgaria 2014 4 years May 2013 Protests 7.4 51 .704 Socialist/Coalition
 Croatia February 2016 Polls 4 years December 2011 4.2 64 .683 Social Democrats
 Cyprus February 2018 5 years Mid term February 2013 1.1 23 .751 Democratic Rally
 Czech Republic October 2017 Polls 5 years October 2013 10.5 214 .826 Civic Democratic Party
 Denmark September 2015 Polls 4 years October 2010 5.6 332 .845 Social Democrat
 Estonia March 2015 4 years March 2011 1.3 21 .770 Estonian Reform Party
 Finland April 2015 Polls 4 years April 2011 5.4 263 .839 National Coalition
 France April 2017 Polls 5 years Same time April 2012 65.7 2,775 .812 Socialist
 Georgia
 Germany September 2017 Polls 4 years[19] September 2013 80.4 3,604 .856 Christian Democrat
 Gibraltar December 2015 4 years December 2011 .030 1.106 .961 GSLP/Liberal Alliance
 Greece June 2016 Polls 4 years June 2012 10.8 299 .760 New Democracy
 Hungary April 2018 4 years April 2014 9.9 138 .769 Fidesz
 Iceland April 2017 4 years April 2013 0.3 13 .848 Progressive
 Ireland April 2016 Polls 5 years[20] February 2011 4.6 221 .850 Fine Gael
 Italy February 2018 Polls 5 years February 2013 59.7 2,195 .776 Democrat/NCD
 Kosovo
 Latvia October 2014 4 years September 2011 2.0 28 .726 Unity
 Lithuania October 2016 4 years October 2012 2.9 42 .727 Social Democrat
 Luxembourg October 2017 4 years October 2013 .537 42 .813 DP/LSAP/DG
 Macedonia
 Malta June 2018 5 years March 2013 .452 9 .778 Labour
 Monaco
 Moldova November 2014 4 years November 2010 3.6 7 .660 Liberal Democratic
 Montenegro
 Netherlands March 2017 Polls 5 years September 2012 16.8 836 .857 VVD/PvdA
 Norway September 2017 Polls 4 years September 2013 5.0 483 .894 Conservative/|Progress
 Poland October 2015 5 years 4 years October 2010 38.5 514 .740 Civic Platform
 Portugal October 2015 Polls 4 years June 2011 10.6 237 .729 PSD/CDS–PP
 Romania December 2016 4 years December 2012 20.1 187 .687 Social Liberal Union
 Russia March 2018 6 years 5 years March 2012 Disputed 143.4 1,858 .670[7] United Russia
 San Marino
 Serbia May 2017 5 years 4 years May 2012 7.1 53 .696 Progressive
 Slovakia March 2016 4 years March 2014 March 2012 5.4 91 .788 Social Democrat
 Slovenia 4 years July 2014 2.1 45 .840 Positive Slovenia/Social Democrat
 Spain December 2015 Polls 4 years[21] November 2011 46.7 1,478 .796 People's Party
 Sweden September 2014 Polls 4 years September 2010 9.6 539 .859 Moderate Party/Coal.
  Switzerland October 2015 4 years October 2011 8.0 632 .849 coalition with main parties
 Turkey June 2014 4 years June 2011 75.6 774 .542 AKP
 Ukraine February 2019 5 years Mid-term May 2014 Disputed 44.8 180 .672 Batkivshchyna/UDAR
 United Kingdom May 2015 Polls 5 years[22] May 2010 63.7 2,429 .802 Conservative/Lib Dem
 European Union 2019 5 years May 2014 507.9 17,577 no data EPP

Oceania[edit]

Country Next election Polls Term Legis. vote (if different) Last election Fairness Pop. (m) GDP ($bn) IHDI In power now
 Australia January 2017 Polls 3 years[23] September 2013 23.1 1,541 .864 Liberal/National
 Cook Islands
 Federated States of Micronesia
 Fiji
 Kiribati
 Marshall Islands
 Nauru
 New Zealand September 2014 Polls 3 years November 2011 4.3 161 no data National
 Niue
 Palau
 Papua New Guinea July 2016 4 years July 2012 7.1 13 no data PNCP
 Samoa
 Solomon Islands
 Tonga
 Tuvalu
 Vanuatu

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ nb in Germany where there are elections each 4 years, the Federal Constitutional Court has held that five years is the limit that is compatible with living in a democratic society. The only democratic country which exceeds this period is Mexico with 6 years in Presidential elections. France exceeded this period until constitutional reform in 2012, reducing Presidential terms from 7 to 5 years.
  2. ^ Universal Declaration of Human Rights article 21
  3. ^ UDHR article 20
  4. ^ UDHR article 19
  5. ^ OSCE, Election Observation Handbook (6th edn 2010) 18-22, 31, 37 and Annex A
  6. ^ South African Constitution
  7. ^ a b c d 2011 data, as country missing from 2013 UN report.
  8. ^ Brazilian Constitution
  9. ^ Canada Elections Act 2000
  10. ^ US Constitution
  11. ^ Constitution of India art 83
  12. ^ This does not include the Occupied Palestinian Territory, where people under Israeli authority have no vote.
  13. ^ "Amendments passed in Sri Lanka S". The Hindu. 8 September 2010. 
  14. ^ Shihar Aneez; Ranga Sirilal (21 November 2013). "UPDATE 3-Sri Lanka targets banks in tax-raising budget". Reuters. 
  15. ^ Haviland, Charles (19 November 2010). "Sri Lanka's President Rajapaksa sworn in for new term". BBC News. 
  16. ^ "Sri Lanka swears in president". Al Jazeera. 19 November 2010. 
  17. ^ Hettiarachchi, Rohana (7 August 2011). "Reduction in Parliamentary Seats in Jaffna — Arbitrary or Not?". The Island (Sri Lanka). 
  18. ^ Ranawaka, Champika (11 November 2012). "Budget 2013 and the challenges ahead of motherland". The Nation (Sri Lanka). 
  19. ^ Grundgesetz art 39, between 46 and 48 months after the last election
  20. ^ Electoral (Amendment) Act 1927 s 7
  21. ^ Spanish Constitution of 1978 art 68
  22. ^ Parliament Act 1911 and Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011. A government could collapse at an earlier date, triggering an election.
  23. ^ Australian Constitution

External links[edit]