List of non-marine molluscs of Cuba

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Location of Cuba
The topography of Cuba: Cuba has mostly flat terrain to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast.

The non-marine molluscs of Cuba are a part of the molluscan wildlife of Cuba. Numerous species of non-marine molluscs are found in the wild in Cuba, which is in fact one of the richest places for the malacological fauna in the world, especially in land snails, hosting a high degree of endemism.[1] Cuba has some highly charismatic species of land snails, such as those of the genus Polymita and Liguus.[1]

A total of 42 species of freshwater molluscs occur in Cuba.[1] Introduced species such as Tarebia granifera and Melanoides tuberculata are spread throughout the country and might be a threat for endemics and other native snails.[1]

History[edit]

There are many works regarding taxonomic and systematic studies in marine and land molluscs with a fewer number on ecology and distribution.[1] Freshwater molluscs, however, are scarcer and have received less attention.[1]

Freshwater molluscs overview[edit]

A total of 10 (23.8%) out of 42 described freshwater snails and mussels are endemic in Cuba.[1] The percentage of endemism shown in Cuban freshwater molluscs (23.8%) is characteristic of the fauna of islands.[1] Only one endemic species exhibits a wide distribution range throughout the country while the others have small populations in a few or only one locality.[1] Of the 42 freshwater molluscs of Cuba, 24 species occur within the limits of protected areas.[1] Of these, Tarebia granifera and Physa acuta seem to be the most common snails while the endemics of the genus Hemisinus, Nephronaias, and Viviparus are quite rare in the protected areas, and have scarce populations in Cuba.[1] Of the 253 protected areas in Cuba, only 35 have populations of freshwater molluscs (endemic and non-endemic species).[1] A remarkable point is that 54% of protected areas host introduced species.[1]

Five species of introduced freshwater molluscs occur in Cuba.[1] The main species are the thiarids Tarebia granifera and Melanoides tuberculata (family Thiaridae). Other species are Pomacea diffusa and Marisa cornuarietis (family Ampullariidae), and Corbicula fluminea (family Corbiculidae).[1]

The most of the freshwater mollusc endemic species in Cuba might be endangered or vulnerable.[1] Shrinkage in distribution range of populations, introduction of exotic species, and habitat loss due to human activity are probably the main drivers of population declines.[1] The continuous growth of the Cuban population has forced many populations of endemic molluscs to withdraw from many localities.[1] This has been the result of, first, the construction of buildings near these species populations, which generate an associated pollution of the freshwater environment, and, second, a direct transformation to the ecosystems where the molluscs occur due to water consumption.[1] The Cauto River, the largest river in Cuba, is an example of this transformation with the rerouting of some segments to build dams in order to provide water for the nearby cities.[1] Many recreational infrastructures for tourism have been built in Cuba in the vicinity of areas where endemic freshwater molluscs are found.[1] This is a common problem in places like Viñales, Soroa, Zapata Swamp, and Baracoa, which are among the most important tourist destinations in Cuba.[1]

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

apertural and abapertural view of the shell of endemic Cuban species Pomacea poeyana

Ampullariidae

Viviparidae

Pachychilidae

shells of endemic Cuban species Hemisinus brevis
shells of endemic Cuban species Hemisinus cubanianus

Thiaridae

Hydrobiidae

  • Nanivitrea alcaldei (Jaume & Abbot, 1947) - endemic to Cárdenas, Cuba with one population, this small snail of less than 3 mm have not been currently found and have perhaps disappeared[1]
  • Nanivitrea helicoides (Gundlach, 1865) - endemic to Trinidad, Cuba with one population, this small snail of less than 3 mm have not been currently found and have perhaps disappeared[1]
shell of Galba cubensis

Lymnaeidae

Physidae

  • Physella acuta (Draparnaud, 1805) - also with Tarebia granifera it is the most common freshwater snail in Cuba[1]

Planorbidae

freshwater snails or freshwater bivalve family ?

Land gastropods[edit]

an unidentified land snail from Cuba
an unidentified land snail from Cuba
an unidentified land snail from Cuba

There are about 1300[2] or 1387 species[3] of land gastropods in Cuba.

Land snails have a large degree of endemism and represent almost 94% of the species.[1]

There is enormous number of species in the family Urocoptidae in Cuba, over 580 species.

Helicinidae

Proserpinidae

Megalomastomatidae

Neocyclotidae

Pomatiidae

Truncatellidae

Veronicellidae

Succineidae

Pupillidae

Strobilopsidae

Vertiginidae

Orthalicidae

Cerionidae

Urocoptidae

Ferussaciidae

Subulinidae

Oleacinidae

Spiraxidae

Streptaxidae

Haplotrematidae

Helicodiscidae

Sagdidae

Gastrodontidae

Euconulidae

Zonitidae

Agriolimacidae

Vitrinidae

Bradybaenidae

Camaenidae

Cepolidae

Polygyridae

Thysanophoridae

Cepolidae or Helminthoglyptidae or Xanthonychidae[3] or

  • genus Polymita Beck, 1837 is endemic to Cuba

Bivalvia[edit]

Unionidae

Corbiculidae

See also[edit]

Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries:

References[edit]

This article incorporates CC-BY-3.0 text from the reference [1]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc Vázquez A. A. & Perera S. (2010). "Endemic Freshwater molluscs of Cuba and their conservation status". Tropical Conservation Science 3(2): 190-199. HTM, PDF.
  2. ^ (18 October 2009). "Cifras Diversidad Biológica Cubana". HTM, PDF. Centro Nacional de Biodiversidad Cuba, accessed 31 August 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn mo mp mq mr ms mt mu mv mw mx my mz na nb nc nd ne nf ng nh ni nj nk nl nm nn no np nq nr ns nt nu nv nw nx ny nz oa ob oc od oe of og oh oi oj ok ol om on oo op oq or os ot ou ov ow ox oy oz pa pb pc pd pe pf pg ph pi pj pk pl pm pn po pp pq pr ps pt pu pv pw px py pz qa qb qc qd qe qf qg qh qi qj qk ql qm qn qo qp qq qr qs qt qu qv qw qx qy qz ra rb rc rd re rf rg rh ri rj rk rl rm rn ro rp rq rr rs rt ru rv rw rx ry rz sa sb sc sd se sf sg sh si sj sk sl sm sn so sp sq sr ss st su sv sw sx sy sz ta tb tc td te tf tg th ti tj tk tl tm tn to tp tq tr ts tt tu tv tw tx ty tz ua ub uc ud ue uf ug uh ui uj uk ul um un uo up uq ur us ut uu uv uw ux uy uz va vb vc vd ve vf vg vh vi vj vk vl vm vn vo vp vq vr vs vt vu vv vw vx vy vz wa wb wc wd we wf wg wh wi wj wk wl wm wn wo wp wq wr ws wt wu wv ww wx wy wz xa xb xc xd xe xf xg xh xi xj xk xl xm xn xo xp xq xr xs xt xu xv xw xx xy xz ya yb yc yd ye yf yg yh yi yj yk yl ym yn yo yp yq yr ys yt yu yv yw yx yy yz za zb zc zd ze zf zg zh zi zj zk zl zm zn zo zp zq zr zs zt zu zv zw zx zy zz aaa aab aac aad aae aaf aag aah aai aaj aak aal aam aan aao aap aaq aar aas aat aau aav aaw aax aay aaz aba abb abc abd abe abf abg abh abi abj abk abl abm abo abp abq abr abs abt abu abv abw abx aby abz aca acb acc acd ace acf acg ach aci acj ack acl acm acn aco acp acq acr acs act acu acv acw acx acy acz ada adb adc add ade adf adg adh adi adj adk adl adm adn ado adp adq adr ads adt "Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011.
  4. ^ Rios O. M. & Quinta M. H. (2010). "Larval Feeding Habits of the Cuban Endemic Firefly Alecton discoidalis Laporte (Coleoptera: Lampyridae)". Psyche 2010, Article ID 149879, 5 pages, doi:10.1155/2010/149879.
  5. ^ a b c d e Maceira D. F. (2003). "Las especies de la familia Veronicellidae (Mollusca, Soleolifera) en Cuba". Revista de Biología Tropical 51(3): 453-461. PDF.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs ft fu fv fw fx fy fz ga gb gc gd ge gf gg gh gi gj gk gl gm gn go gp gq gr gs gt gu gv gw gx gy gz ha hb hc hd he hf hg hh hi hj hk hl hm hn ho hp hq hr hs ht hu hv hw hx hy hz ia ib ic id ie if ig ih ii ij ik il im in io ip iq ir is it iu iv iw ix iy iz ja jb jc jd je jf jg jh ji jj jk jl jm jn jo jp jq jr js jt ju jv jw jx jy jz ka kb kc kd ke kf kg kh ki kj kk kl km kn ko kp kq kr ks kt ku kv kw kx ky kz la lb lc ld le lf lg lh li lj lk ll lm ln lo lp lq lr ls lt lu lv lw lx ly lz ma mb mc md me mf mg mh mi mj mk ml mm mn mo mp mq mr ms mt mu mv mw mx my mz na nb nc nd ne nf ng nh ni nj nk nl nm nn no np nq nr ns nt nu nv nw nx ny nz oa ob oc od oe of og oh oi oj ok ol om on oo op oq or os ot ou ov ow ox oy oz pa pb pc pd pe pf pg ph pi pj pk pl pm pn po pp pq pr ps pt pu pv pw px py pz qa qb qc qd qe qf qg qh qi qj qk ql qm qn qo qp qq qr qs qt qu qv qw qx qy qz ra rb rc rd re rf rg rh ri rj rk rl rm rn ro rp rq rr rs rt ru rv rw rx ry rz sa sb sc sd se sf sg sh si sj sk sl sm sn so sp sq sr ss st su sv sw sx sy sz ta tb tc td te tf tg th ti tj tk tl tm tn to tp tq tr ts tt tu tv tw tx ty tz ua ub uc ud ue uf ug uh ui uj uk ul um un uo up uq ur us ut uu uv uw ux uy uz va vb vc vd ve vf vg vh vi vj vk vl "Mollusca". Diversidad Biológica Cubana, accessed 23 March 2011.
  7. ^ Pérez M. (1994). "Primer registro de Beckianum beckianum (Pulmonata: Subulinidae) para Cuba". Revista Biología Tropical 41(3): 915-916.
  8. ^ Franke S. & Fernández A. (2008). "Beckianum beckianum (Gastropoda: Subulinidae): new records from Havana, Cuba". Cocuyo 17: 57. PDF.
  9. ^ Fernández A., Franke S. & González P. (2010). "Primer registro de Beckianum beckianum (Gastropoda: Subulinidae) para la Región Centro Oriental de Cuba". Cocuyo 18: 35-37. PDF.

Further reading[edit]

  • Hance J. (28 June 2010). "Long-ignored freshwater molluscs in Cuba under threat". mongabay.com
  • (Spanish) Espinosa J. & Ortea J. (1999). "Moluscos terrestres del archipiélago cubano". Avicennia 2: 1-137.
  • Espinosa J. & Ortea J. (2009). "Moluscos terrestres de Cuba". Vaasa. Finlandia, 191 pp.
  • Fernández A., Pellicier K., Ríos D. & Salazar R. (2010). "Registros nuevos de moluscos terrestres para el Sector La Melba del Parque Nacional "Alejandro de Humboldt", Cuba". Cocuyo 18: 35-37. PDF.
  • (Spanish) (English) Guillén A. G. (2008). Cuba the landshells paradise. 308 pp.
  • Kabat A. R., Herschler R. & González G. A. (2012). "Resolution of taxonomic problems associated with the complex publication history of the seminal Torre and Bartsch monograph on Cuban Urocoptidae (Gastropoda, Pulmonata)". Zootaxa 3362: 43-53. PDF.
  • (Spanish) Mesa García R & Jaume García ML. (1979). [Quantitative Synopsis of the Cuban ground mollusc fauna]. Rev. Cubana Med. Trop. 31(1): 73-82. PubMed
  • Pointier J. P., Yong M. & Gutiérrez A. (2005). Guide to the Freshwater Molluscs of Cuba. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, Germany.