List of non-marine molluscs of India

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Location of India

The non-marine molluscs of India are a part of the molluscan fauna of India.

There are 5070 species of marine and non-marine molluscs living in the wild in India.[1] There are 3371 species of marine molluscs in India.[2]

There are 1671 species of non-marine molluscs living in the wild in India. This includes 1488 terrestrial species in 140 genera and 183 freshwater species in 53 genera.[2]

There are a total of species of gastropods, which breaks down to ?? species of freshwater gastropods, and 1488 species of land gastropods, plus ?? species of bivalves living in the wild.

Summary table of number of species
India
freshwater gastropods  ??
land gastropods 1488 (??? species of snails and ??? species of slugs)
gastropods altogether  ???
bivalves  ??
non-marine molluscs altogether 1671
non-indigenous gastropods in the wild  ? freshwater and ? land
non-indigenous synanthropic gastropods  ?
non-indigenous bivalves in the wild  ?
non-indigenous synanthropic bivalves  ?
non-indigenous molluscs altogether  ?

Freshwater gastropods[edit]

Neritidae

Viviparidae

Ampullariidae

Valvatidae

Littorinidae

Pomatiopsidae

Hydrobiidae

Assimineidae

Thiaridae

Lymnaeidae

Planorbidae

Land gastropods[edit]

An unidentified snail from Nandi Hills, India.
A sinistral snail from Torna Fort, Pune District, Maharashtra, India
an unidentified gastropod from Kodachadri, southwestern India
an unidentified gastropod from India
closeup to an unidentified gastropod from India
an unidentified gastropod from India. This snail has the caudal mucous pit on its tail end.

Species of gastropods of India include:[2][7][8][9]

Hydrocenidae

Helicinidae

Achatinidae

Camaenidae

Cerastidae

Charopidae

Cyclophoridae

Diplommatinidae

Endodontidae

Enidae

Staffordiidae - this family lives only in India[11]

Helicarionidae

Indrella ampulla is a large tropical snail from the Western Ghats of India.

Ariophantidae

A slug from the Western Ghats of India. The species is tentatively identified as Mariaella dussumieri, family Ariophantidae

Pupillidae

Pyramidulidae

Streptaxidae

Diapheridae

Succineidae

Subulinidae

Valloniidae

Veronicellidae

Vertiginidae

Pleurodontidae

unsorted:

Freshwater bivalves[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alfred, J.R.B. (1998) Faunal Diversity in India: An Overview: In Faunal Diversity in India, i-viii, 1-495. (Editors. Alfred, JRB, et al., 1998). ENVIS Centre, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta.
  2. ^ a b c Aravind N. A., Rajshekhar K. P. & Madhaystha N. A. Patterns of Land Snail Distribution in the Western Ghats. last change 10 October 2006, accessed 1 March 2009.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab (file created 29 July 2010) FRESH WATER MOLLUSCAN SPECIES IN INDIA. 11 pp. accessed 31 July 2010.
  4. ^ Davis G. S. (1996). Tricula montana. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 7 August 2007.
  5. ^ Madhyastha A. (2010). Melanoides tuberculatus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 3 December 2010.
  6. ^ Liu L. et al. (2010) "The phylogeography of Indoplanorbis exustus (Gastropoda: Planorbidae) in Asia". Parasites & Vectors 3: 57. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-3-57.
  7. ^ Madhyastha N. A. & Kamalesh D. Mumbrekar The land snails of Sharavathi river basin, Karnataka, India.
  8. ^ Mavinkurve R. G., Shanbhag S. P. & Madhyastha N. A. 2004. Checklist of terrestrial gastropods of Karnataka, India. Zoos' Print Journal 19(11):1684-1686.
  9. ^ Terrestrial fauna of Tamil Nadu http://tnenvis.nic.in/terrestrial.doc accessed 1 March 2009.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ramakrishna, Dey A. & Mitra S. C. (PDF created 6 April 2010). "Checklist of Indian Land Mollusca". Zoological Survey of India. accessed 30 June 2010. 65 pp.
  11. ^ Hausdorf B. (2000). "Biogeography of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora): Vicariance Events and Long-Distance Dispersal". Journal of Biogeography 27(2): 379-390. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00403.x, JSTOR.
  12. ^ Sutcharit C., Naggs F., Wade C. M., Fontanilla I. & Panha S. (2010). "The new family Diapheridae, a new species of Diaphera Albers from Thailand, and the position of the Diapheridae within a molecular phylogeny of the Streptaxoidea (Pulmonata: Stylommatophora)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 1-16. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00598.x.

Further reading[edit]

(sorted chronologically)

External links[edit]